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Akita Prefecture
Akita Prefecture
(秋田県, Akita-ken) is a prefecture located in the Tōhoku region
Tōhoku region
of Japan.[2] The capital is the city of Akita.[3]

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Cities 2.2 Towns and villages 2.3 Mergers

3 Economy 4 Culture

4.1 Food

5 Tourism 6 Famous festival and events 7 Transportation

7.1 Railroad 7.2 Road

7.2.1 Expressway 7.2.2 National Highway

7.3 Airport

8 Education

8.1 Universities in Akita Prefecture

9 Media

9.1 Television

10 Notes 11 References 12 External links

History[edit] See also: Historic Sites of Akita Prefecture The area of Akita has been created from the ancient provinces of Dewa and Mutsu.[4] Separated from the principal Japanese centres of commerce, politics, and population by several hundred kilometres and the Ōu and Dewa mountain ranges to the east, Akita remained largely isolated from Japanese society until after the year 600. Akita was a region of hunter-gatherers and principally nomadic tribes.[citation needed] The first historical record of what is now Akita Prefecture
Akita Prefecture
dates to 658, when the Abe no Hirafu
Abe no Hirafu
conquered the native Ezo tribes at what are now the cities of Akita and Noshiro. Hirafu, then governor of Koshi Province
Koshi Province
(the northwest part of Honshū bordering the Sea of Japan), established a fort on the Mogami River, and thus began the Japanese settlement of the region. In 733, a new military settlement—later renamed Akita Castle—was built in modern-day Akita city at Takashimizu, and more permanent roads and structures were developed. The region was used as a base of operations for the Japanese empire as it drove the native Ezo people from northern Honshū. It shifted hands several times. During the Tokugawa shogunate
Tokugawa shogunate
it was appropriated to the Satake clan, who ruled the region for 260 years, developing the agriculture and mining industries that are still predominant today. Throughout this period, it was classified as part of Dewa Province.[2] In 1871, during the Meiji Restoration, Dewa Province was reshaped and the old daimyō domains were abolished and administratively reconstructed, resulting in the modern-day borders of Akita. The famous Heian period
Heian period
waka poet, Ono no Komachi, is said to have been born in Yuzawa City, Ogachi Town, located in the southeast of the prefecture. Geography[edit]

Mount Chokai

Located in the north of Honshu, Akita Prefecture
Akita Prefecture
faces the Sea of Japan
Japan
in the west and is bordered by four other prefectures: Aomori in the north, Iwate in the east, Miyagi in the southeast, and Yamagata in the south. Akita Prefecture
Akita Prefecture
is rectangular in shape, roughly 181 km from north to south and 111 km from west to east. The Ōu Mountains mark the eastern border of the prefecture, and the higher Dewa Mountains run parallel through the center of the prefecture. Like much of northern Japan, the prefecture has cold winters, particularly away from the sea. The Oga Peninsula
Oga Peninsula
is a prominent feature of the coastline.

Akita City

Yokote

Cities[edit] Thirteen cities are located in Akita Prefecture:

Akita (capital) Daisen Katagami Kazuno

Kitaakita Nikaho Noshiro

Oga Ōdate Semboku

Yokote Yurihonjō Yuzawa

Towns and villages[edit]

Map of Akita Prefecture

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Kazuno District

Kosaka

Kitaakita
Kitaakita
District

Kamikoani

Minamiakita District

Gojōme Hachirōgata Ikawa Ōgata

Ogachi District

Higashinaruse Ugo

Semboku District

Misato

Yamamoto District

Fujisato Happō Mitane

Mergers[edit] Main article: List of mergers in Akita Prefecture Economy[edit]

Note: Data in the chart above was taken over the course of five years (2003-2008). The graph shows how many people migrated to Akita City from other prefectures. Overall the net gain of new residents was 4,981 people, or 1.5%.[5]

Like much of the Tōhoku Region, Akita's economy remains dominated by traditional industries, such as agriculture, fishing, and forestry. This has led many young people to migrate to Tokyo
Tokyo
and other large cities. Akita Prefecture
Akita Prefecture
is where declines in population are most severe in Japan; it is one of four prefectures in Japan
Japan
registering declines in population since 1945.[citation needed] It also has the lowest number of children as a percentage of the population, at 11.2%.[6] As of 2010[update], it has a population of just over 1 million people.[7] The high rate of depopulation in Akita Prefecture
Akita Prefecture
has led to the merging of smaller communities, which has affected the smallest of the merged communities. As depopulation in these communities and the migration to larger communities continues, educational and health facilities have closed in some areas, leading to the continuation of the migration of families to larger cities for better access to health and educational opportunities. The decline in younger generations has led to concerns for sustaining rural communities facing issues of aging and depopulation.[5] Culture[edit] Akita is famous for rice farming and its sake breweries.[8] It is well known for having the highest consumption of sake in Japan,[9] and thought to be the origin of the Akita breed of dog which carries the prefecture's name. The women of the region, referred to as Akita bijin (秋田美人, 'beauties of Akita'), have also gained widespread renown for their white skin, rounded faces and high voices, all of which are considered highly desirable.[10] Ono no Komachi
Ono no Komachi
is a famous example of an Akita bijin. Food[edit]

Kiritanpo
Kiritanpo
Nabe Gakko[11] Rice – Akita komachi Sake

Tourism[edit]

Samurai
Samurai
house in Kakunodate

Recently there have been efforts to revitalize rural communities facing depopulation with different forms of green tourism as well as agritourism.[12] These efforts primarily aim at urbanites and in some cases foreign tourists, advertising the pristine forests of Akita prefecture as well as its many intangible cultures and sprawling rice fields.[5] In Akita there has been a push for home stays, farmers markets for locally produced foods, and the integration of outsiders into local cultural practices, for example the Namahage
Namahage
ritual on New Year’s Eve, which draws a large number of tourists to Akita Prefecture every year.[13] Near Lake Tazawa, there are a number of hot springs resorts (onsen). These are popular with tourists from all over Japan. In addition, its numerous season al festivals (matsuri) offer a glimpse of rural or traditional Japan. Some famous examples are the Akita Kantō, the Omagari Fireworks, Namahage
Namahage
Festival, and the Yokote
Yokote
Kamakura Festivals. Kakunodate is a particularly charming old town, known as the little Kyoto, full of preserved samurai houses. The Aoyagi house is the former residence of Odano Naotake, the man who illustrated Japan's first modern guide to the human anatomy. The house is now a museum and gallery of medical illustrations and traditional crafts. Starting in 2009, Akita began experiencing a huge surge in Korean tourism after the airing of the popular drama Iris, which featured several scenes shot in Akita, most notably at Lake Tazawa
Lake Tazawa
and Oga's GAO Aquarium.[14] Famous festival and events[edit]

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Kariwano Big Tug Festival, Daisen (February[15]) Amekko Festival, Odate (February[16]) Kamakura Snow Statue Event, Yokote
Yokote
(February[17]) Tsuchizaki Shinmei Festival, Akita (July) Akita Kanto Festival, Akita (August) Nishimonai Bon Dancing Festival, Ugo (August[18][19]) Kemanai Bon Dancing Festival, Daisen (August[20]) All Japan
Japan
Firework Competition, Daisen (August[21]) Kakunodate Festival, Semboku (September)

Transportation[edit] Railroad[edit]

JR East

Akita Shinkansen Gono Line Hanawa Line Kitakami Line Ōu Main Line Uetsu Main Line Oga Line Tazawako Line

Akita Trans Inland Railway (Akita Nairiku Jyukan Railway) Yuri Plateau Railway (Yuri Kogen Railway)

Road[edit] Expressway[edit]

Akita Expressway Nihonkai-Tohoku Expressway Tohoku Expressway Yuzawa- Yokote
Yokote
Road

National Highway[edit]

Route 7 (-Nikaho-Yurihonjō-Akita-Katagami-Ikawa-Gojōme-Hachirōgata-Mitane-Noshiro-Kitaakita-Ōdate-) Route 13 (-Yuzawa-Yokote-Misato-Daisen-Akita) Route 46 (-Semboku-Daisen-Akita) Route 101 (-Happō-Noshiro-Mitane-Oga-Katagami-Akita) Route 103 (-Kosaka-Kazuno-Ōdate) Route 104 (-Kazuno-Ōdate) Route 105 (Yurihonjō-Daisen-Semboku-Kitaakita) Route 107 (-Yokote-Yurihonjō) Route 108 (-Yuzawa-Yurihonjō) Route 282 (-Kazuno-Kosaka-) Route 341 (Kazuno-Semboku-Daisen-Akita-Yurihonjō) Route 342 (Yokote-Higashinaruse-) Route 397 (-Higashinaruse-Yokote) Route 398 (-Yuzawa-Ugo-Yurihonjō) Route 454 (-Kazuno-Towada, Aomori-Kosaka-)

Airport[edit]

Akita Airport Odate-Noshiro Airport

JR Akita Station

Odate Noshiro Airport

Education[edit] Universities in Akita Prefecture[edit]

Akita International University Akita Prefectural University Akita University Akita University
Akita University
of Nursing and Welfare North Asia University

Media[edit] Television[edit]

NHK Akita Broadcasting (NHK) Akita Asahi Broadcasting
Akita Asahi Broadcasting
(AAB) Akita Broadcasting System
Akita Broadcasting System
(ABS) Akita Television
Akita Television
(AKT)

Notes[edit]

^ National Census 2015 Preliminary Results[permanent dead link] ^ a b Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Provinces and prefectures" in Japan
Japan
Encyclopedia, p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books; "Tōhoku" in p. 970, p. 970, at Google Books. ^ Nussbaum, "Akita" in p. 20, p. 20, at Google Books. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books ^ a b c Quinones, C. Kenneth. “Chapter 2: Akita City.” Akita-Beyond the Road's Narrow End, Mineo Nakajima, 2011, pp. 26–27. ^ "Number of children in Japan
Japan
falls to record low for 29th year in row". The Japan
Japan
Times. Kyodo News. May 4, 2010. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved May 26, 2011.  ^ 県人口108万5845人に減少 落ち込み幅最大、国勢調査速報 (in Japanese). December 28, 2010. Archived from the original on July 17, 2011. Retrieved December 28, 2010.  ^ Omura, Mika (November 6, 2009). "Weekend: Sake
Sake
breweries go with the flow to survive". Retrieved December 29, 2009. [dead link] ^ The Appellation System for Sake
Sake
in Akita Prefecture
Akita Prefecture
and Development Program for Akita Shun-ginjo, Kyuichi Saito, Journal of the Brewing Society of Japan; Vol. 87, No.11, 1992 Archived June 16, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Akita Prefecture
Akita Prefecture
- Culture, Sightseeing and History -". nihonscope.com. August 24, 2016. Retrieved March 25, 2018.  ^ Akita Prefectural Guide, AKITA Prefecture Archived January 17, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Sznajder, Michal, Przezborska, Lucyna, Scrimgeour, Frank, et al. “Agritourism.” AbeBooks, CABI, 1 Jan. 1970, www.abebooks.com/book-search/isbn/9781845934828/. ^ Foster, Michael Dylan. “Inviting the Uninvited Guest: Ritual, Festival, Tourism, and the Namahage
Namahage
of Japan.” Journal of American Folklore, American Folklore Society, 1 Aug. 2013, muse.jhu.edu/article/515294/pdf. ^ 笠井 (Kasai), 哲也 (Tetsuya); 矢島大輔 (Yajima Daisuke) (April 21, 2010). 韓国人ファン、秋田に殺到 ドラマ「アイリス」効果. Asahi Shimbun (in Japanese). Japan. Archived from the original on April 23, 2010. Retrieved April 22, 2010.  ^ "刈和野の大綱引き" (pdf) (in Japanese). Daisen City. Retrieved November 26, 2015.  ^ "大館アメッコ市 - 秋田県大館市" (in Japanese). Odate City. Retrieved November 26, 2015.  ^ "(冬)横手のかまくら|横手市" (in Japanese). Yokote City. Retrieved November 26, 2015.  ^ "総合案内|羽後町" (in Japanese). Ugo Town. Retrieved November 26, 2015.  ^ "English|羽後町". Ugo Town. Retrieved November 26, 2015.  ^ "毛馬内の盆踊" (in Japanese). Kazuno City. Archived from the original on November 26, 2015. Retrieved November 26, 2015.  ^ "全国花火競技大会「大曲の花火」オフィシャルサイト|大曲商工会議所" (in Japanese). Omagari Entrepreneurs Group. Retrieved November 26, 2015. 

References[edit]

Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Akita (prefecture).

Media related to Akita prefecture at Wikimedia Commons

Akita Prefecture
Akita Prefecture
Official Website (in Japanese)

v t e

Akita Prefecture

Akita (capital)

Core city

Akita

Cities

Daisen Katagami Kazuno Kitaakita Nikaho Noshiro Oga Ōdate Semboku Yokote Yurihonjō Yuzawa

Kazuno District

Kosaka

Kitaakita
Kitaakita
District

Kamikoani

Minamiakita District

Gojōme Hachirōgata Ikawa Ōgata

Ogachi District

Higashinaruse Ugo

Semboku District

Misato

Yamamoto District

Fujisato Happō Mitane

List of mergers in Akita Prefecture

v t e

Regions and administrative divisions of Japan

Regions

Hokkaido Tōhoku Kantō

Nanpō Islands

Chūbu

Hokuriku Kōshin'etsu Shin'etsu Tōkai

Kansai Chūgoku

San'in San'yō

Shikoku Kyushu

Northern Southern Okinawa

47 Prefectures

Hokkaido

Hokkaido

Tōhoku

Aomori Iwate Miyagi Akita Yamagata Fukushima

Kantō

Ibaraki Tochigi Gunma Saitama Chiba Tokyo Kanagawa

Chūbu

Niigata Toyama Ishikawa Fukui Yamanashi Nagano Gifu Shizuoka Aichi

Kansai

Mie Shiga Kyoto Osaka Hyōgo Nara Wakayama

Chūgoku

Tottori Shimane Okayama Hiroshima Yamaguchi

Shikoku

Tokushima Kagawa Ehime Kōchi

Kyushu

Fukuoka Saga Nagasaki Kumamoto Ōita Miyazaki Kagoshima Okinawa

Coordinates: 39°43′7″N 140°6′9″E / 39.71861°N 140.10250°E / 39.71861; 140.10250

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 137212840 ISNI: 0000 0004 0402

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