Adrian Pelt
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Adriaan Pelt (8 May 1892, in
Koog aan de Zaan Koog aan de Zaan () is a town in the Netherlands, Dutch province of North Holland. It is a part of the municipality of Zaanstad, and lies about 11 km northwest of Amsterdam. Koog aan de Zaan was a separate municipality until 1974, when the ...
– 11 April 1981, in
Hermance Hermance is a municipality A municipality is usually a single administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, ...

Hermance
near Geneva, Switzerland) was a Dutch journalist, international civil servant and diplomat, most famous for drafting the post war constitution of
Libya Libya (; ar, ليبيا, Lībiyā), officially the State of Libya ( ar, دولة ليبيا, Dawlat Lībiyā), is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to Egypt–Libya border, th ...

Libya
. As a reporter for the newspaper
De Telegraaf ''De Telegraaf'' (; en, The Telegraph) is the largest Dutch Dutch commonly refers to: * Something of, from, or related to the Netherlands * Dutch people () * Dutch language () *Dutch language , spoken in Belgium (also referred as ''flemish'') ...

De Telegraaf
he lived during the
First World War World War I, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainmen ...
in London and Paris. There he studied diplomacy at the
École Libre des Sciences Politiques The Paris Institute of Political Studies (french: Institut d'études politiques de Paris), commonly referred to as Sciences Po Paris or just Sciences Po (), is a ''Grandes écoles, grande école'' and ''grands établissements, grand établisseme ...
. He married a Frenchwoman. From 1920 to 1940 he worked as an adviser to the
League of Nations The League of Nations (french: Société des Nations ), was the first worldwide intergovernmental organisation An intergovernmental organization (IGO) is an organization composed primarily of sovereign states (referred to as ''member state ...
and from 1934 as head of information. He visited many of the inter-war trouble spots in the world, such as Manchuria and India. During the
Second World War World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
he was head of the Government Press Office, later
Netherlands Government Information Service The Netherlands Government Information Service (''Dutch:'' Rijksvoorlichtingsdienst, abbrev.: RVD) is a Dutch Dutch commonly refers to: * Something of, from, or related to the Netherlands * Dutch people () * Dutch language () *Dutch language , sp ...
(RVD,
Rijksvoorlichtingsdienst The Netherlands Government Information Service (''Dutch:'' Rijksvoorlichtingsdienst, abbrev.: RVD) is a The Netherlands, Dutch government agency. The RVD is the official information service of the Dutch government and is the spokesbody for the Pri ...
now), in London. There he founded the Anep Aneta-on, the free counterpart to the
Algemeen Nederlands Persbureau The Algemeen Nederlands Persbureau BV (ANP) is the largest news agency in the Netherlands. ANP was founded on 11 December 1934 by the association of Netherlands, Dutch newspapers (NDP). The news agency's founders sought to produce a fast, fair an ...

Algemeen Nederlands Persbureau
(ANP) in the occupied territories. He started radio Orange Brandaris broadcasting Dutch programs to the occupied territories using English channels. And he also helped monitor the Dutch Radio news. In 1945 he went San Francisco with the Dutch delegation to help draft the
United Nations Charter The Charter of the United Nations (also known as the UN Charter) is the foundational treaty A treaty is a formal, legally binding written agreement between actors in international law International law, also known as public internation ...

United Nations Charter
. Early 1946 following his election as Under-Secretary-General, under
Trygve Lie Trygve Halvdan Lie ( , ; 16 July 1896 – 30 December 1968) was a Norwegians, Norwegian politician, labour leader, government official and author. He served as Norwegian foreign minister during the critical years of the Nygaardsvold's Cabinet, N ...

Trygve Lie
, he was responsible for UN conferences and general services, and later for European issues. On December 10, 1949, he was appointed High Commissioner for
Libya Libya (; ar, ليبيا, Lībiyā), officially the State of Libya ( ar, دولة ليبيا, Dawlat Lībiyā), is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to Egypt–Libya border, th ...

Libya
by the UN. He was the last of the colonial heads of Libya. He brought together the English regions of
Tripolitania Tripolitania ( ar, طرابلس '; Berber Berber or Berbers may refer to: Culture * Berbers Berbers or ''Imazighen'' ( ber, translit=Imaziɣen, ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵏ, ⵎⵣⵗⵏ; singular: , ) are an ethnic group mostly concentrated ...

Tripolitania
and
Cyrenaica Cyrenaica ( ; ar, برقة, Barqah; grc-koi, Κυρηναϊκή παρχία Kurēnaïkḗ parkhíā after the city of Cyrene, Libya, Cyrene) is the eastern coastal region of Libya. Also known as ''Pentapolis'' ("Five Cities") in A ...

Cyrenaica
, with the French region of
Fezzan Fezzan ( , ; ber, ⴼⵣⵣⴰⵏ, Fezzan; ar, فزان, Fizzān; la, Phazania) is the southwestern region of modern . It is largely , but broken by mountains, uplands, and dry river valleys (s) in the north, where oases enable ancient towns an ...
to form a Libyan state, before its independence on January 1, 1952. He successfully brought together the tribes and peoples from the three regions, they helped with administration and drawing up a constitution. The mutual distrust of the people who had to form the new state was great. Even so, Pelt timely drafting of a constitution, and on December 24 he transferred state power to
King Idris Idris ( ar, إدريس الأول; El Sayyid Prince Muhammad Idris bin Muhammad al-Mahdi as-Senussi; 13 March 1890 – 25 May 1983) was a Demographics of Libya, Libyan political and religious leader who served as the Emir of Cyrenaica and then a ...
. He returned to the headquarters of the UN, and from 1952 until his retirement in 1957 was director of the European Office of the UN in Geneva. Adriaan Pelt became very popular in Libya, and a main street in
Benghazi () , ; it, Bengasi; tr, Bingazi; ber, Bernîk, script=Latn; also: ''Bengasi'', ''Benghasi'', ''Banghāzī'', ''Binghāzī'', ''Bengazi''; grc, Βερενίκη (') and '., group=note (''lit. Son of he'') is a city in . Located on the in t ...
is named after him.


Publications (selection)

* Adrian Pelt: ''Libyan independence and the United Nations. A case of planned decolonization'' (Foreword by U Thant). Yale University Press, New Haven, 1970. * Ismail Raghib Khalidi: ''Constitutional development in Libya'' (Foreword by A. Pelt). Beirut, 1956. {{DEFAULTSORT:Pelt, Adriaan 1892 births 1981 deaths Dutch diplomats Dutch journalists People from Zaanstad 20th-century journalists