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In the Vedas, Aditi
Aditi
(Sanskrit: अदिति "limitless")[1] is mother of the gods (devamata) and all twelve zodiacal spirits from whose cosmic matrix, the heavenly bodies were born. As celestial mother of every existing form and being, the synthesis of all things, she is associated with space (akasa) and with mystic speech (Vāc). She may be seen as a feminized form of Brahma
Brahma
and associated with the primal substance (mulaprakriti) in Vedanta. She is mentioned nearly 80 times in the Rigveda: the verse " Daksha
Daksha
sprang from Aditi
Aditi
and Aditi from Daksha" is seen by Theosophists as a reference to "the eternal cyclic re-birth of the same divine Essence"[2] and divine wisdom.[3] In contrast, the Puranas, such as the Shiva
Shiva
Purana and the Bhagavata Purana, suggest that Aditi
Aditi
is wife of sage Kashyap
Kashyap
and gave birth to the Adityas such as Indra, Surya, and also Vamana.[4]

Contents

1 Origin 2 Attributes

2.1 Motherhood 2.2 Creativity 2.3 Freedom 2.4 Might 2.5 Others 2.6 Temple

3 See also 4 References 5 Further reading 6 External links

Origin[edit] The name is mentioned in Vedas
Vedas
as mother of Surya
Surya
(Sun) and other celestial bodies or gods Adityas (meaning sons of Aditi). The first mention of goddess Aditi
Aditi
is found in Rigveda, which is estimated to have been composed roughly during 1700-1100 BC.[5] Attributes[edit] Motherhood[edit] Aditi
Aditi
with sage Kashyapa
Kashyapa
had 33 sons or 33boy child, out of which twelve are called Aditya including Surya, eleven are called Rudras
Rudras
and eight are called Vasus.[6] Aditi
Aditi
is said to be the mother of the great god Indra, the mother of kings (Mandala 2.27) and the mother of gods (Mandala 1.113.19). In the Vedas, Aditi
Aditi
is Devamata (mother of the celestial gods) as from and in her cosmic matrix all the heavenly bodies were born. She is preeminently the mother of 12 Adityas whose names include Vivasvān, Aryamā, Pūṣā, Tvaṣṭā, Savitar, Bhaga, Dhātā, Varuṇa, Mitra, Śakra, and Vishnu
Vishnu
(Lord Vishnu
Vishnu
was born in his Vamana
Vamana
avatar to her)[7] She is also the mother of the Vamana
Vamana
avatar of Vishnu. Accordingly, Lord Vishnu
Vishnu
was born in his Vamana
Vamana
avatar as the of Aditi
Aditi
in the month of Shravana (fifth month of the Hindu Calendar, also called Avani) under the star Shravana. Many auspicious signs appeared in the heavens, foretelling the good fortune of this child. In the Rigveda, Aditi
Aditi
is one of the most important figures of all. As a mothering presence, Aditi
Aditi
is often asked to guard the one who petitions her (Mandala 1.106.7; Mandala 8.18.6) or to provide him or her with wealth, safety, and abundance (Mandala 10.100; 1.94.15). Creativity[edit] Aditi
Aditi
is usually mentioned in the Rigveda
Rigveda
along with other gods and goddesses. There is no one hymn addressed exclusively to her, unlike other Vedic
Vedic
gods. She is perhaps not related to a particular natural phenomenon like other gods. Compared to Usha and Prithvi, Aditi
Aditi
can be defined as the cosmic creatrix, the creativity of the all-creating. Freedom[edit] The name Aditi
Aditi
includes the root "da" (to bind or fetter) and suggests another attribute of her character. As A-diti, she is un-bound, free one, and it is evident in the hymns to her that she is often called to free the petitioner from different hindrances, especially sin and sickness. (Mandala 2.27.14). In one hymn, she is asked to free a petitioner who has been tied up like a thief (Mandala 8.67.14). As one who unbinds, her role is similar to her son Varuna's as guardian of Rta, cosmic moral order. She is called the supporter of creatures (Mandala 1.136). It also means 'one of its kind' or 'unique.' Might[edit] Aditi
Aditi
challenges the modern idea that the Vedic
Vedic
peoples were patriarchal. Aditi
Aditi
was regarded as both the sky goddess, and earth goddess, which is very rare for a prehistoric civilization. Most prehistoric civilizations venerated a dual principle, Sky Father
Sky Father
and Earth Mother, which appears to be borrowed from the concept of Prithivi
Prithivi
and Dyaus Pita. Aditi
Aditi
was attributed the status of first deity by the Vedic
Vedic
culture, although she is not the only one attributed this status in the Vedas. She is addressed, in the Rigveda as "Mighty".[citation needed] Others[edit] Like many other Hindu gods and goddesses, Aditi
Aditi
has a savari (a mount). Aditi
Aditi
flies across the boundless sky on a rooster . The rooster symbolizes strength and honour. Her weapons include the famous Trishul and a sword. Temple[edit] We can find one old temple of Aditi
Aditi
devi near rock cut cave in Vizhinjam, Kerala. See also[edit]

Payovrata Kashyapa

References[edit]

^ From a- (privative a) and diti "bound," which is from the Proto Indo-European root *da- "to bind." ^ The Secret Doctrine
The Secret Doctrine
2:247n ^ "Adi-Ag: Encyclopedic Theosophical Glossary". Theosociety.org.  ^ Gopal, Madan (1990). K.S. Gautam, ed. India through the ages. Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. p. 62.  ^ Oberlies (1998:155) gives an estimate of 1100 BC for the youngest hymns in book 10. Estimates for a terminus post quem of the earliest hymns are more uncertain. Oberlies (p. 158) based on 'cumulative evidence' sets wide range of 1700–1100 ^ Sathyamayananda, Swami. Ancient sages. Mylapore, Chennai: Sri Ramakrishna Math. p. 173. ISBN 81-7505-356-9.  ^ "Srimad Bhagavatam Canto 6 Chapter 6 Verses 38-39". Vedabase.net. Archived from the original on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-13. 

Further reading[edit]

Kinsley, David. Hindu Goddesses: Vision of the Divine Feminine in the Hindu Religious Traditions, Motilal Banarsidass Publications, 1998. ISBN 978-81-208-0394-7

External links[edit]

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