In the Vedas,
Aditi (Sanskrit: अदिति "limitless") is
mother of the gods (devamata) and all twelve zodiacal spirits from
whose cosmic matrix, the heavenly bodies were born. As celestial
mother of every existing form and being, the synthesis of all things,
she is associated with space (akasa) and with mystic speech (Vāc).
She may be seen as a feminized form of
Brahma and associated with the
primal substance (mulaprakriti) in Vedanta. She is mentioned nearly 80
times in the Rigveda: the verse "
Daksha sprang from
Aditi and Aditi
from Daksha" is seen by Theosophists as a reference to "the eternal
cyclic re-birth of the same divine Essence" and divine wisdom.
In contrast, the Puranas, such as the
Shiva Purana and the Bhagavata
Purana, suggest that
Aditi is wife of sage
Kashyap and gave birth to
Adityas such as Indra, Surya, and also Vamana.
3 See also
5 Further reading
6 External links
The name is mentioned in
Vedas as mother of
Surya (Sun) and other
celestial bodies or gods
Adityas (meaning sons of Aditi).
The first mention of goddess
Aditi is found in Rigveda, which is
estimated to have been composed roughly during 1700-1100 BC.
Aditi with sage
Kashyapa had 33 sons or 33boy child, out of which
twelve are called Aditya including Surya, eleven are called
eight are called Vasus.
Aditi is said to be the mother of the great
god Indra, the mother of kings (Mandala 2.27) and the mother of gods
(Mandala 1.113.19). In the Vedas,
Aditi is Devamata (mother of the
celestial gods) as from and in her cosmic matrix all the heavenly
bodies were born. She is preeminently the mother of 12
names include Vivasvān, Aryamā, Pūṣā, Tvaṣṭā, Savitar,
Bhaga, Dhātā, Varuṇa, Mitra, Śakra, and
born in his
Vamana avatar to her) She is also the mother of the
Vamana avatar of Vishnu. Accordingly, Lord
Vishnu was born in his
Vamana avatar as the of
Aditi in the month of
Shravana (fifth month of
the Hindu Calendar, also called Avani) under the star Shravana. Many
auspicious signs appeared in the heavens, foretelling the good fortune
of this child.
In the Rigveda,
Aditi is one of the most important figures of all. As
a mothering presence,
Aditi is often asked to guard the one who
petitions her (Mandala 1.106.7; Mandala 8.18.6) or to provide him or
her with wealth, safety, and abundance (Mandala 10.100; 1.94.15).
Aditi is usually mentioned in the
Rigveda along with other gods and
goddesses. There is no one hymn addressed exclusively to her, unlike
Vedic gods. She is perhaps not related to a particular natural
phenomenon like other gods. Compared to Usha and Prithvi,
Aditi can be
defined as the cosmic creatrix, the creativity of the all-creating.
Aditi includes the root "da" (to bind or fetter) and suggests
another attribute of her character. As A-diti, she is un-bound, free
one, and it is evident in the hymns to her that she is often called to
free the petitioner from different hindrances, especially sin and
sickness. (Mandala 2.27.14). In one hymn, she is asked to free a
petitioner who has been tied up like a thief (Mandala 8.67.14). As one
who unbinds, her role is similar to her son Varuna's as guardian of
Rta, cosmic moral order. She is called the supporter of creatures
(Mandala 1.136). It also means 'one of its kind' or 'unique.'
Aditi challenges the modern idea that the
Vedic peoples were
Aditi was regarded as both the sky goddess, and earth
goddess, which is very rare for a prehistoric civilization. Most
prehistoric civilizations venerated a dual principle,
Sky Father and
Earth Mother, which appears to be borrowed from the concept of
Prithivi and Dyaus Pita.
Aditi was attributed the status of first
deity by the
Vedic culture, although she is not the only one
attributed this status in the Vedas. She is addressed, in the Rigveda
as "Mighty".
Like many other Hindu gods and goddesses,
Aditi has a savari (a
Aditi flies across the boundless sky on a rooster . The
rooster symbolizes strength and honour. Her weapons include the famous
Trishul and a sword.
We can find one old temple of
Aditi devi near rock cut cave in
^ From a- (privative a) and diti "bound," which is from the Proto
Indo-European root *da- "to bind."
The Secret Doctrine
The Secret Doctrine 2:247n
^ "Adi-Ag: Encyclopedic Theosophical Glossary". Theosociety.org.
^ Gopal, Madan (1990). K.S. Gautam, ed. India through the ages.
Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting,
Government of India. p. 62.
^ Oberlies (1998:155) gives an estimate of 1100 BC for the youngest
hymns in book 10. Estimates for a terminus post quem of the earliest
hymns are more uncertain. Oberlies (p. 158) based on 'cumulative
evidence' sets wide range of 1700–1100
^ Sathyamayananda, Swami. Ancient sages. Mylapore, Chennai: Sri
Ramakrishna Math. p. 173. ISBN 81-7505-356-9.
^ "Srimad Bhagavatam Canto 6 Chapter 6 Verses 38-39". Vedabase.net.
Archived from the original on 20 March 2012. Retrieved
Kinsley, David. Hindu Goddesses: Vision of the Divine Feminine in the
Hindu Religious Traditions, Motilal Banarsidass Publications, 1998.
Aditi in Bhagavad-gītā
Hindu deities and texts
Yoga Sutras of Patanjali