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Adar
Adar
(Hebrew: אֲדָר‬ Adar; from Akkadian adaru) is the sixth month of the civil year and the twelfth month of the ecclesiastical year on the Hebrew calendar, roughly corresponding to the month of March
March
in the Gregorian calendar. It is a winter month of 29 days. The Month of Adar
Adar
in the Holy Scriptures comprises in Esther
Esther
09, 21. In leap years, it is preceded by a 30-day intercalary month named Adar Aleph
Aleph
(Hebrew: אדר א'‬, Aleph
Aleph
being the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet, also known as " Adar
Adar
Rishon" (First Adar) or " Adar
Adar
I") and it is then itself called Adar
Adar
Bet (Hebrew: אדר ב'‬, Bet being the second letter of the Hebrew Alphabet, also known as "Adar Sheni" (Second Adar) or " Adar
Adar
II"). Occasionally instead of Adar
Adar
I and Adar
Adar
II, "Adar" and "Ve'Adar" are used (Ve means 'and' thus: And Adar). Adar
Adar
I and II occur during February– March
March
on the Gregorian calendar. Based on a line in the Mishnah
Mishnah
declaring that Purim
Purim
must be celebrated in Adar
Adar
II in a leap year (Megillah 1:4), Adar
Adar
I is considered the "extra" month. As a result, someone born in Adar
Adar
during a non leap year would celebrate his birthday in Adar
Adar
II during a leap year. However, someone born during either Adar
Adar
in a leap year will celebrate his birthday during Adar
Adar
in a non-leap year, except that someone born on 30 Adar
Adar
I will celebrate his birthday on 1 Nisan
Nisan
in a non-leap year because Adar
Adar
in a non-leap year has only 29 days. During the Second Temple
Second Temple
period, there was a Jewish custom to make a public proclamation on the first day of the lunar month Adar, reminding the people that they are to prepare their annual monetary offering to the Temple treasury, known as the half-Shekel.[1]

Contents

1 Holidays in Adar 2 Adar
Adar
in Jewish history 3 Other uses 4 References

Holidays in Adar[edit] 13 Adar
Adar
(II in leap years) - Fast of Esther
Esther
– on 11 Adar
Adar
when the 13th falls on Shabbat
Shabbat
- (Fast Day) 14 Adar
Adar
(II in leap years) - Purim 14 Adar
Adar
I (does not exist in non-leap years; Karaites celebrate in Adar
Adar
II) - Purim
Purim
Katan 15 Adar
Adar
(II in leap years) - Shushan
Shushan
Purim
Purim
- celebration of Purim
Purim
in walled cities existing during the time of Joshua 17 Adar
Adar
(II in leap years) - Yom Adar
Adar
celebration feast Adar
Adar
in Jewish history[edit]

1 Adar
Adar
(circa 1313 BCE) - Plague of Darkness, the ninth plague upon the Egyptians
Egyptians
(Exodus 10:23). This started on the 1st of Adar, six weeks before the Exodus.[citation needed] 1 Adar
Adar
(1164) - Death of the Ibn Ezra 1 Adar
Adar
(circa 1663) - Death of the Shach 2 Adar
Adar
(598 BCE) - Jerusalem
Jerusalem
falls to Nebuchadnezzar
Nebuchadnezzar
and Jeconiah
Jeconiah
is captured.[2] 3 Adar
Adar
(515 BCE) - Second Temple
Second Temple
completed 4 Adar
Adar
(1307) - Maharam's body ransomed 14 years after his death by Alexander ben Shlomo (Susskind) Wimpfen. 4 Adar
Adar
(1796) - Death of Rabbi Leib Sarah's, a disciple of the Rabbi Israel Baal Shem Tov. One of the "hidden tzaddikim," Rabbi Leib spent his life wandering from place to place to raise money for the ransoming of imprisoned Jews and the support of other hidden tzaddikim. 5 Adar
Adar
(1st century CE) - Lulianos and Paphos voluntarily gave themselves up to be killed, in order to save innocent Jewish lives in Laodicea.[3] 7 Adar
Adar
(1393 BCE) - Birth of Moses 7 Adar
Adar
(1273 BCE) - Death of Moses 7 Adar
Adar
(1828) - Death of Rebbe
Rebbe
Isaac Taub of Kalov, founder of the Kalover Hasidic dynasty, and a student of Rabbi Leib Sarah's. 9 Adar
Adar
(1st century BCE) - Academic dissension between Beit Hillel and Beit Shammai, erupted into a violent and destructive conflict over a vote on 18 legal matters leading to the death of 3,000 students. The day was later declared a fast day by the Shulchan Aruch, however, it was never observed as such. 11 Adar
Adar
(18th century) - Death of Reb Eliezer Lipman (Elezer Lippe), father of the prominent Chassidic Rebbes Rabbi Elimelech of Lizhensk and Rabbi Zusha of Hanipol. 13 Adar
Adar
(474BCE) - War between Jews and their enemies in Persia
Persia
(Book of Esther, chapter 9). 13 Adar
Adar
(161 BCE) - Yom Nicanor - The Maccabees defeated Syrian general Nicanor, in a battle fought four years after the Maccabees' liberation of the Holy Land
Holy Land
and the miracle of Hanukkah. 13 Adar
Adar
(1895-1986) - Death of Rabbi Moshe Feinstein 14 Adar
Adar
(474 BCE) - Purim
Purim
victory celebrated in the Persian Empire 15 Adar
Adar
(474 BCE) - Purim
Purim
Victory Celebrated in Shushan 15 Adar
Adar
(1st century CE) - Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Gate Day - King Agrippa I
Agrippa I
(circa 21 CE) began construction of a gate for the wall of Jerusalem; the day used to be celebrated as a holiday. 17 Adar
Adar
(522 BCE) - Yom Adar
Adar
- the day the Jewish people
Jewish people
left Persia following the Purim
Purim
story[citation needed] 20 Adar
Adar
(1st century BCE) - Choni the Circle Maker prays for rain (Talmud, Taanit 23a) 20 Adar
Adar
(1616 CE) - ' Purim
Purim
Vinz': downfall of Vinzenz Fettmilch and triumphant return of the Jews of Frankfurt under Imperial protection. The day was established as a community Purim
Purim
for generations and to this day the Washington Heights community does not recite Tachanun on this day.[4] 20 Adar
Adar
(1640) - Death of the "Bach" 21 Adar
Adar
( Adar
Adar
II, 1786) - Death of Rabbi Elimelech of Lizhensk 23 Adar
Adar
(circa 1312 BCE) - Mishkan assembled for the first time; "Seven Days of Training" begin. 23 Adar
Adar
(1866) - Death of Yitzchak Meir Alter, first Rebbe
Rebbe
of Ger 24 Adar
Adar
(1817) - The Blood Libel, the accusation that Jews murdered Christian
Christian
children for their blood, declared false by Czar Alexander I. Nevertheless, nearly a hundred years later the accusation was officially leveled against Mendel Beilis in Kiev. 25 Adar
Adar
(561 BCE) - Death of Nebuchadnezzar
Nebuchadnezzar
( Jeremiah
Jeremiah
52:31). 25 Adar
Adar
(1761) - Death of Rabbi Abraham Gershon of Kitov
Abraham Gershon of Kitov
the brother-in-law and leading foe-turned-disciple of the Baal Shem Tov.[5] 27 Adar
Adar
(561 BCE) - Death of Zedekiah
Zedekiah
in Babylonian captivity. Meroduch, Nebuchadnezzar's son and successor, freed him (and his nephew Jeconiah) on the 27th of Adar, but Zedekiah
Zedekiah
died that same day. 28 Adar
Adar
(from the 2nd century onwards) - Talmudic
Talmudic
holiday to commemorate the rescinding of a Roman decree against Torah
Torah
study, ritual circumcision, and keeping the Shabbat. The decree was revoked through the efforts of Rabbi Yehudah ben Shamu'a and his colleagues. (Megillat Taanit, a baraita on this matter can still be found in Ta'anit 18a and Rosh Hashanah
Rosh Hashanah
19a) 28 Adar
Adar
(1524) - the Jews of Cairo
Cairo
were saved from the plot of Ahmad Pasha, who sought revenge against the Jewish minister Abraham de Castro who had informed Selim II of Ahmad's plan to cede from the Ottoman Empire. To this day, Adar
Adar
28th is considered the Purim
Purim
of Cairo, with festivities including a special Megilah reading.

This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. Other uses[edit] Main article: Arabic names of calendar months

Azar or Adhar (Arabic: آذار‎) is the name for the month of March in the Levant. Adar
Adar
or Ada is Sindarin
Sindarin
for "father".

References[edit]

^ Mishnah
Mishnah
Shekalim 1:1 ^ No 24 WA21946, The Babylonian Chronicles, The British Museum ^ Mordechai Margoliouth (ed.), Halakhot Eretz Yisrael min ha-Genizah, Mossad Harav Kook: Jerusalem
Jerusalem
1973, p. 142 (Hebrew). The Scroll of Fasting places this event on the 12th day of the lunar month Adar. ^ "CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Frankfort-on-the-Main".  ^ Rabbi Gershon's gravestone, which lists 25 Adar
Adar
as his day of passing, was discovered in the Mount of Olives
Mount of Olives
cemetery in Jerusalem after the Six-day War.

This Month in Jewish History Resources on the Month of Adar

v t e

Jewish and Israeli holidays and observances

Jewish holidays
Jewish holidays
and observances

Shabbat

Shabbat

High Holy Days

Rosh Hashanah Fast of Gedalia Ten Days of Repentance Yom Kippur

Three Pilgrimage Festivals

Passover Fast of the Firstborn Pesach Sheni

Shavuot

Sukkot Hoshana Rabbah Shemini Atzeret Simchat Torah

Yom tov sheni shel galuyot Chol HaMoed Isru chag

Rosh Chodesh Hanukkah Tenth of Tevet Tu BiShvat Fast of Esther Purim Purim
Purim
Katan Counting of the Omer Lag BaOmer 17th of Tammuz The Three Weeks The Nine Days Tisha B'Av Tu B'Av Rosh Hashanah
Rosh Hashanah
LaBehema

Holidays / memorial days of the State of Israel

Yom HaAtzmaut (Independence Day) Yom HaZikaron
Yom HaZikaron
(Memorial Day) Yom HaShoah
Yom HaShoah
(Holocaust Remembrance Day) Yom Yerushalayim ( Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Day) Yom HaAliyah
Yom HaAliyah
(Aliyah Day) Ben-Gurion Day Herzl Day Jabotinsky Day Rabin Day

Ethnic minority holidays

Mimouna Seharane Sigd

Hebrew calendar
Hebrew calendar
months

Tishrei Cheshvan Kislev Tevet Shevat Adar
Adar
and Adar
Adar
Sheni Nisan Iyar Sivan Tammuz Av Elul

Jewish and Israeli holidays

.