Adam de la Halle, also known as Adam le Bossu (Adam the Hunchback) (1245–50 – 1285–88?, or after 1306) was a French-born trouvère, poet and musician. Adam's literary and musical works include chansons and jeux-partis (poetic debates) in the style of the trouvères; polyphonic rondel and motets in the style of early liturgical polyphony; and a musical play, "Jeu de Robin et Marion" (c. 1282-83), which is considered the earliest surviving secular French play with music. He was a member of the Confrérie des jongleurs et bourgeois d'Arras.
1 Biography 2 Recordings 3 Notes 4 References 5 External links
Adam's other nicknames, "le Bossu d'Arras" and "Adam d'Arras", suggest
that he came from Arras, France. The sobriquet "the Hunchback" was
probably a family name; Adam himself points out that he was not
one. His father, Henri de la Halle, was a well-known Citizen of
Arras, and Adam studied grammar, theology, and music at the Cistercian
abbey of Vaucelles, near Cambrai. Father and son had their share in
the civil discords in Arras, and for a short time took refuge in
Douai. Adam had been destined for the church, but renounced this
intention, and married a certain Marie, who figures in many of his
songs, rondeaux, motets and jeux-partis. Afterwards he joined the
household of Robert II, Count of Artois; and then was attached to
Charles of Anjou, brother of Louis IX, whose fortunes he followed in
Egypt, Syria, Palestine, and Italy.
At the court of Charles, after Charles became king of Naples, Adam
wrote his Jeu de Robin et Marion, the most famous of his works. Adam's
shorter pieces are accompanied by music, of which a transcript in
modern notation, with the original score, is given in Coussemaker's
Jeu de Robin et Marion is cited as the earliest French
play with music on a secular subject. The pastoral, which tells how
Marion resisted the knight, and remained faithful to Robert the
shepherd, is based on an old chanson, Robin m'aime, Robin m'a. It
consists of dialogue varied by refrains already current in popular
song. The melodies to which these are set have the character of folk
music, and are more spontaneous and melodious than the more elaborate
music of his songs and motets. Fétis considered Le Jeu de Robin et
Marion and Le Jeu de la feuillée forerunners of the comic opera.
An adaptation of Le Jeu Robin et Marion, by Julien Tiersot, was played
1955 – Adam de La Halle. Le jeu de Robin et Marion; 13 rondeaux
(Raimbaut de Vaqueiras, Guillaume d'Amiens, Anon.). Pro Musica
Antiqua, Brussels, Safford Cape, conductor. Recorded June 23, 1953, in
the Palais des Academies, Brussels. Archive Production II. Research
Period: The Central Middle Ages. Series A: Troubadours, Trouvères and
Minnesingers; Series B: Music of the Minstrels; Series C: Early
^ a b Robert Falck, "Adam de la Halle", s.v., Grove Music Online  (subscription access), visited 25 March 2007. ^ a b c One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Adam (or Adan) de le Hale". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 171. ^ François-Joseph Fétis, Revue Musicale 1.1, 1827.
The manuscript which contains almost all of Adam's work is the La
Valliere manuscript, Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, fonds
français 25566, dating from the end of the 13th century.
Many of his pieces are also contained in the manuscript Oxford,
Bodleian Library, Douce 308.
Oeuvres completes (1872), edited by E. de Coussemaker.
article by Paulin Paris in: Histoire litteraire de La France (vol. xx.
G. Raynaud, Recueil des motets francais des XIIe et XIIIe siecles
Canchons et Partures des... Adan delle Hale, a critical edition by
Rudolf Berger,(Halle, 1900)
The edition of Adam's two jeux in: Monmerqué and Michel's Theatre
francais au moyen age (1842)
Ernest Langlois, Le jeu de Robin et Marion (1896), with a translation
in modern French
A Guesnon, La
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Adam de la Halle.
Archives de littérature du Moyen Âge (Arlima) A complete online
Adam de la Halle
WorldCat Identities VIAF: 100907912 LCCN: n50081971 ISNI: 0000 0000 7244 9510 GND: 118500511 SUDOC: 027477096 BNF: cb11950889p (data) MusicBrainz: 43a73eb8-0028-4aa8-a035-89cf466ccc16 NLA: 35000945 BNE: XX1149937