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Acheng District, formerly Acheng County, ( Manchu
Manchu
Language : Alcuka Hoton) is one of nine districts of Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
province, People's Republic of China, covering part of the southeastern suburbs. As of 2010[update], it had a population of 596,856 residing in an area of 2,680 square kilometres (1,030 sq mi)[note 1],[2] and is 29 km (18 mi) southeast of downtown Harbin, 190 km (120 mi) north of Jilin City, and around 50 km (31 mi) south of the Songhua River. It lies within the basin of and until 1909 was considered synonymous with the Ashi River[5] which gave its name to the Jurchen Jin
Jurchen Jin
Dynasty. The district administers nine subdistricts, eight towns, one township, and one ethnic township. It borders Daowai District
Daowai District
to the north, Bin County to the northeast, Shangzhi
Shangzhi
to the southeast, and Wuchang to the south, Shuangcheng District
Shuangcheng District
to the west, and Pingfang
Pingfang
and Xiangfang Districts to the northwest.

Contents

1 History 2 Population 3 Administrative divisions 4 Commerce 5 Transport 6 People of note 7 Notes 8 References

8.1 Citations 8.2 Bibliography

9 External links

History[edit] Acheng was known to medieval China as Huining Prefecture, an area of Shangjing. Its eponymous seat served as the first capital of the Jurchen Jin
Jurchen Jin
Dynasty (1122–1234) and served as a subsidiary capital from 1173 until their conquest by the Mongolian Empire.[5] There is currently a museum at the site, about 2 km (1.2 mi) south of the Acheng urban area. Acheng County was established in 1909. It was designated a county-level city in 1987 and turned into a district of Harbin
Harbin
on October 9, 2006.[6] Population[edit]

Year Urban population Total population

1989[5]

188,600

1994[2] 219,500 631,700

2010

596,856

Administrative divisions[edit] Acheng is divided into nine subdistricts, eight towns, one township, and one ethnic township:[7] Subdistricts:

Jincheng Subdistrict (金城街道), Jindu Subdistrict (金都街道), Tongcheng Subdistrict (通城街道), Hedong Subdistrict (河东街道), Ashihe Subdistrict (阿什河街道), Sheli Subdistrict (舍利街道), Xinli Subdistrict (新利街道), Shuangfeng Subdistrict (双丰街道), Yuquan Subdistrict (玉泉街道)

Towns:

Feiketu (蜚克图镇), Jiaojie (交界镇), Xiaoling (小岭镇), Pingshan (平山镇), Yagou (亚沟镇), Songfengshan (松峰山镇), Hongxing (红星镇), Jinlongshan
Jinlongshan
(金龙山镇)

Townships:

Yangshu Township (杨树乡), Liaodian Manchu
Manchu
Ethnic Township (料甸满族乡)

Commerce[edit] The area is rich in mineral resources, including sources of rock, volcanic rock, granite, molybdenum, zinc, lead, iron,[2] and copper. The agricultural strengths of the area are grain production and cattle.[2] Grain production is strong, having produced 33,100 tons of grain in 2002; much of this grain is essential in feeding the important city of Harbin. Acheng is a major industrial area for Heilongjiang, with over 300 types of enterprises, including textile,[2] electromechanics, food, building materials[2] (especially brickworks), metallurgy, breweries fueled by the local grain, sugar refineries, a flax plant,[5] iron, steel,[2] and the production of medicine. In 1996 a new technology industrial development zone was created on the western side of the city to encourage the development of high technology, export-oriented industry. Tourism is also a growing part of the local economy. Acheng is located on the popular tourist route serving Harbin, the Yabuli ski resort, Lake Jingpo, and Xingkai Lake. A number of historic and nature reserves in the area also attract visitors. Transport[edit] The city of Acheng is a 50 km (31 mi) drive from Harbin Taiping International Airport. The Harbin–Suifenhe Railway
Harbin–Suifenhe Railway
(part of the original Chinese Eastern Railway) passes through the district. There are over twenty commuter rail lines in the rural area. The station is Acheng Railway Station. G10 Suifenhe–Manzhouli Expressway
G10 Suifenhe–Manzhouli Expressway
and China National Highway 301 both connect the district to downtown Harbin. People of note[edit]

Huang Taihua: artist born in Acheng (1947), director of the Academy of Fine Arts of Acheng, director of the Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Artists Association. Zhao Weichen: President of China Unicom, born in Acheng (1929)

Notes[edit]

^ Some sources give an area of 2,452.1 square kilometres (946.8 sq mi).[4]

References[edit] Citations[edit]

^ Google, Inc. 2014 ^ a b c d e f g h Cohen 1998, p. 12 ^ 2010 Census Harbin
Harbin
primary statistics report (《哈尔滨市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报》). Accessed 8 July 2014. ^ Ming 2011 ^ a b c d Hoiberg 2010, p. 1 ^ 哈尔滨日报 (2006). 哈尔滨市撤销阿城市 设立阿城区_振兴东北 (in Chinese). 哈尔滨日报. Retrieved 2015-08-17.  ^ Anon 2012[dead link]

Bibliography[edit]

Cohen, Saul B., ed. (1998) [1952]. "Acheng". The Columbia Gazetteer of the World. New York, NY: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-11040-5.  "Acheng, Harbin, Heilongjiang, China, 150300" (Map). Google Maps. 2014. Retrieved 31 Jul 2014.  Hoiberg, Dale H., ed. (2010). "A-ch'eng". Encyclopædia Britannica. I: A-Ak - Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, Illinois: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. ISBN 978-1-59339-837-8.  Ming, Ben She. Yi (2011). Harbin
Harbin
Statistical Yearbook 2011 (Chinese: 《哈尔滨统计年鉴2011》). China Statistics Press. ISBN 7-5037-6314-0.  Anon (2012). 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:阿城区 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Archived from the original on November 5, 2013. Retrieved 2013-01-25. 

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Acheng.

Official website of Acheng District
Acheng District
Government

v t e

County-level divisions of Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Province

Harbin
Harbin
(capital)

Sub-provincial city

Harbin

Daoli District Nangang District Daowai District Xiangfang District Pingfang
Pingfang
District Songbei District Hulan District Acheng District Shuangcheng District Shangzhi
Shangzhi
City Wuchang City Yilan County Fangzheng County Bin County Bayan County Mulan County Yanshou County Tonghe County

Prefecture-level cities

Qiqihar

Longsha District Jianhua District Tiefeng District Ang'angxi District Fularji District Nianzishan District Meilisi Daur District Nehe
Nehe
City Longjiang County Yi'an County Tailai County Gannan County Fuyu County Keshan County Kedong County Baiquan County

Jixi

Jiguan District Hengshan District Didao District Lishu District Chengzihe District Mashan District Hulin
Hulin
City Mishan
Mishan
City Jidong County

Hegang

Xingshan District Xiangyang District Gongnong District Nanshan District Xing'an District Dongshan District Luobei County Suibin County

Shuangyashan

Jianshan District Lingdong District Sifangtai District Baoshan District Jixian County Youyi County Baoqing County Raohe County

Daqing

Sartu District Longfeng District Ranghulu District Datong District Honggang District Zhaozhou County Zhaoyuan County Lindian County Dorbod Mongol Autonomous County

Yichun

Yichun District Nancha District Youhao District Xilin District Cuiluan District Xinqing District Meixi District Jinshantun District Wuying District Wumahe District Tangwanghe District Dailing District Wuyiling District Hongxing District Shangganling District Tieli
Tieli
City Jiayin County

Jiamusi

Qianjin District Xiangyang District Dongfeng District Jiao District Tongjiang City Fujin City Fuyuan City Huanan County Huachuan County Tangyuan County

Qitaihe

Taoshan District Xinxing District Qiezihe District Boli County

Mudanjiang

Aimin District Dong'an District Yangming District Xi'an District Muling
Muling
City Suifenhe
Suifenhe
City Hailin
Hailin
City Ning'an
Ning'an
City Dongning City Linkou County

Heihe

Aihui District Bei'an
Bei'an
City Wudalianchi
Wudalianchi
City Nenjiang County Xunke County Sunwu County

Suihua

Beilin District Anda City Zhaodong
Zhaodong
City Hailun
Hailun
City Wangkui County Lanxi County Qinggang County Qing'an County Mingshui County Suiling County

Prefecture

Daxing'anling

Huma County Tahe County Mohe County

Jiagedaqi Administrative Zone1 2 Songling Administrative Zone1 2 Huzhong Administrative Zone1 3 Xinlin Administrative Zone1 3

1 These are administrative zones, which are not standard units of local government, though they do function as such. 2 Formally part of Oroqen Autonomous Banner
Oroqen Autonomous Banner
in Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
but administered de facto by Daxing'anling Prefecture
Daxing'anling Prefecture
in Heilongjiang. 3 Formally pa

.