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The Academy Award for Best Director
Academy Award for Best Director
(officially known as the Academy Award for Best Directing) is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
(AMPAS). It is given in honor of a film director who has exhibited outstanding directing while working in the film industry. The 1st Academy Awards
1st Academy Awards
ceremony was held in 1929 with the award being split into "Dramatic" and "Comedy" categories; Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
and Lewis Milestone won for 7th Heaven and Two Arabian Knights, respectively.[1] However, these categories were merged for all subsequent ceremonies.[2] Nominees are determined by single transferable vote within the directors branch of AMPAS; winners are selected by a plurality vote from the entire eligible voting members of the Academy.[3][4][5] For the first eleven years of the Academy Awards, directors were allowed to be nominated for multiple films in the same year. However, after the nomination of Michael Curtiz
Michael Curtiz
for two films, Angels with Dirty Faces and Four Daughters, at the 11th Academy Awards, the rules were revised so that an individual could only be nominated for one film at each ceremony.[6] That rule has since been amended, although the only director who has received multiple nominations in the same year was Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
for Erin Brockovich and Traffic in 2000, winning the award for the latter. The Academy Awards
Academy Awards
for Best Director and Best Picture have been very closely linked throughout their history. Of the 90 films that have been awarded Best Picture, 64 have also been awarded Best Director.[7] Since its inception, the award has been given to 69 directors or directing teams. John Ford
John Ford
has received the most awards in this category with four. William Wyler
William Wyler
was nominated on twelve occasions, more than any other individual. Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
became the youngest director in history to receive this award, at the age of 32 for his work on La La Land. Two directing teams have shared the award; Robert Wise and Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
for West Side Story in 1961 and Joel and Ethan Coen for No Country for Old Men in 2007. The Coen brothers
Coen brothers
are the only siblings to have won the award.[8] Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
is the only woman to have won the award, for 2009's The Hurt Locker. As of the 2018 ceremony, Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
is the most recent winner in this category for his work on The Shape of Water.

Contents

1 Winners and nominees 2 Multiple wins and nominations 3 Age superlatives 4 Diversity of nominees/winners

4.1 Asian nominees/winners 4.2 Black nominees/winners 4.3 Female nominees/winners 4.4 Hispanic/Latino nominees/winners

5 Notes 6 See also 7 References 8 Bibliography 9 External links

Winners and nominees[edit] In the following table, the years are listed as per Academy convention, and generally correspond to the year of film release in Los Angeles County, California; the ceremonies are always held the following year.[9] For the first five ceremonies, the eligibility period spanned twelve months from August 1 to July 31.[10] For the 6th ceremony held in 1934, the eligibility period lasted from August 1, 1932, to December 31, 1933.[10] Since the 7th ceremony held in 1935, the period of eligibility became the full previous calendar year from January 1 to December 31.[10]

Table key

Indicates the winner

Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
won in the "Dramatic" category at the first ceremony.

Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
won in the "Comedy" category at the first ceremony and later received a second award for All Quiet on the Western Front.

Frank Capra
Frank Capra
won three awards in this category, for It Happened One Night, Mr. Deeds Goes to Town, and You Can't Take It with You.

Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(right) was nominated eight times, winning twice.

Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
won in 1947 for Gentleman's Agreement and again for On the Waterfront.

John Huston
John Huston
received the award in 1948 for The Treasure of the Sierra Madre.

George Stevens
George Stevens
won twice, five years apart, for A Place in the Sun and Giant.

Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
received two awards (for From Here to Eternity
From Here to Eternity
and A Man for All Seasons).

David Lean
David Lean
won for The Bridge on the River Kwai
The Bridge on the River Kwai
and Lawrence of Arabia and was nominated for five other films.

Robert Wise
Robert Wise
earned two awards in this category, co-winning for West Side Story and winning for The Sound of Music.

George Cukor
George Cukor
won in 1964 for My Fair Lady.

Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
won for 1967's The Graduate.

William Friedkin
William Friedkin
won in 1971 for The French Connection.

Bob Fosse
Bob Fosse
won for his direction of Cabaret in 1972.

Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
earned the award for The Godfather
The Godfather
Part II.

Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
won for both 1975's One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest and 1984's Amadeus.

Woody Allen
Woody Allen
received seven nominations in the category, winning only once (for Annie Hall).

Actor Robert Redford
Robert Redford
won for Ordinary People.

Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
won in 1981 for directing Reds.

Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
won in 1982 for his epic biopic, Gandhi.

James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
won for his 1983 film Terms of Endearment.

Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
earned two awards in this category in the 1980s—one for Platoon (1986), and the other for Born on the Fourth of July (1989).

Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
won as director of The Last Emperor
The Last Emperor
in 1987.

Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
earned the award in 1990 for directing Dances with Wolves.

Jonathan Demme
Jonathan Demme
won for his direction of The Silence of the Lambs (1991).

Steven Spielberg, a two-time winner for Schindler's List
Schindler's List
and Saving Private Ryan.

Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
won for his direction of Forrest Gump
Forrest Gump
(1994).

James Cameron
James Cameron
received the award for Titanic (1997).

Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
won in 1999 for his directorial debut—American Beauty.

Ron Howard, 2001
2001
winner for A Beautiful Mind.

Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
won in 2002 for his direction of The Pianist.

Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
won for The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King.

Ang Lee
Ang Lee
has won twice in this category—in 2005 for Brokeback Mountain and in 2012 for Life of Pi.

Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
has received eight nominations for Best Director, but has only won for The Departed in 2006.

Joel Coen and Ethan Coen won for 2007's No Country for Old Men.

Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
won for 2008's Slumdog Millionaire.

Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
is the first and only woman to date to win the award. She won for The Hurt Locker
The Hurt Locker
in 2009.

Tom Hooper
Tom Hooper
won this award for The King's Speech
The King's Speech
in 2010.

Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
became the first French director to win the award for his work on The Artist.

In 2013, Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
became the first Mexican director to win the award for his work on Gravity.

Alejandro G. Iñárritu won this award two years in a row becoming the third director to achieve this since 1950 for directing Birdman (2014) and The Revenant (2015).

Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
won this award for directing La La Land (2016), making him the youngest winner of the category.

Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
won this award for directing The Shape of Water (2017).

Year Director(s) Film Ref.

1920s

1927/28 (1st) Borzage ! Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(Dramatic) 7th Heaven [11]

Brenon ! Herbert Brenon (Dramatic) Sorrell and Son

Vidor ! King Vidor
King Vidor
(Dramatic) Crowd !The Crowd

Milestone ! Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(Comedy) Two Arabian Knights

Wilde ! Ted Wilde (Comedy) Speedy

1928/1929 (2nd) [note 1] Lloyd !Frank Lloyd Divine !The Divine Lady [12]

Barrymore !Lionel Barrymore Madame X

Beaumont !Harry Beaumont Broadway !The Broadway Melody

Cummings !Irving Cummings In Old Arizona

Lloyd !Frank Lloyd Drag

Weary River

Lubitsch !Ernst Lubitsch Patriot !The Patriot

1930s

1929/1930 (3rd) Milestone !Lewis Milestone All Quiet on the Western Front [13]

Brown !Clarence Brown Anna Christie

Romance

Leonard !Robert Z. Leonard Divorcee !The Divorcee

Lubitsch !Ernst Lubitsch Love !The Love Parade

Vidor !King Vidor Hallelujah!

1930/1931 (4th) Taurog !Norman Taurog Skippy [14]

Brown !Clarence Brown Free !A Free Soul

Milestone !Lewis Milestone Front !The Front Page

Ruggles !Wesley Ruggles Cimarron

Sternberg !Josef von Sternberg Morocco

1931/1932 (5th) Borzage !Frank Borzage Bad Girl [15]

Vidor !King Vidor Champ !The Champ

Sternberg !Josef von Sternberg Shanghai Express

1932/1933 (6th) Lloyd !Frank Lloyd Cavalcade [16]

Capra !Frank Capra Lady for a Day

Cukor !George Cukor Little Women

1934 (7th) Capra !Frank Capra It Happened One Night [17]

Schertzinger !Victor Schertzinger One Night of Love

Van Dyke !W. S. Van Dyke Thin !The Thin Man

1935 (8th) Ford !John Ford Informer !The Informer [18]

Hathaway !Henry Hathaway Lives !The Lives of a Bengal Lancer

Lloyd !Frank Lloyd Mutiny on the Bounty

1936 (9th) Capra !Frank Capra Mr. Deeds Goes to Town [19]

La Cava !Gregory La Cava My Man Godfrey

Leonard !Robert Z. Leonard Great !The Great Ziegfeld

Van Dyke !W. S. Van Dyke San Francisco

Wyler !William Wyler Dodsworth

1937 (10th) McCarey !Leo McCarey Awful !The Awful Truth [20]

Dieterle !William Dieterle Life !The Life of Emile Zola

Franklin !Sidney Franklin Good !The Good Earth

La Cava !Gregory La Cava Stage Door

Wellman !William A. Wellman Star !A Star Is Born

1938 (11th) Capra !Frank Capra You Can't Take It with You [21]

Curtiz !Michael Curtiz Angels with Dirty Faces

Four Daughters

Taurog !Norman Taurog Boys Town

Vidor !King Vidor Citadel !The Citadel

1939 (12th) Fleming !Victor Fleming Gone with the Wind [22]

Capra !Frank Capra Mr. Smith Goes to Washington

Ford !John Ford Stagecoach

Wood !Sam Wood Goodbye, Mr. Chips

Wyler !William Wyler Wuthering Heights

1940s

1940 (13th) Ford !John Ford Grapes !The Grapes of Wrath [23]

Cukor !George Cukor Philadelphia !The Philadelphia Story

Hitchcock !Alfred Hitchcock Rebecca

Wood !Sam Wood Kitty Foyle

Wyler !William Wyler Letter !The Letter

1941 (14th) Ford !John Ford How Green Was My Valley [24]

Hall !Alexander Hall Here Comes Mr. Jordan

Hawks !Howard Hawks Sergeant York

Welles !Orson Welles Citizen Kane

Wyler !William Wyler Little !The Little Foxes

1942 (15th) Wyler !William Wyler Mrs. Miniver [25]

Curtiz !Michael Curtiz Yankee Doodle Dandy

Farrow !John Farrow Wake Island

LeRoy !Mervyn LeRoy Random Harvest

Wood !Sam Wood Kings Row

1943 (16th) Curtiz !Michael Curtiz Casablanca [26]

Brown !Clarence Brown Human !The Human Comedy

King !Henry King Song !The Song of Bernadette

Lubitsch !Ernst Lubitsch Heaven Can Wait

Stevens !George Stevens More !The More the Merrier

1944 (17th) McCarey !Leo McCarey Going My Way [27]

Hitchcock !Alfred Hitchcock Lifeboat

King !Henry King Wilson

Preminger !Otto Preminger Laura

Wilder !Billy Wilder Double Indemnity

1945 (18th) Wilder !Billy Wilder Lost !The Lost Weekend [28]

Brown !Clarence Brown National Velvet

Hitchcock !Alfred Hitchcock Spellbound

McCarey !Leo McCarey Bells !The Bells of St. Mary's

Renoir !Jean Renoir Southerner !The Southerner

1946 (19th) Wyler !William Wyler Best !The Best Years of Our Lives [29]

Brown !Clarence Brown Yearling !The Yearling

Capra !Frank Capra It's a Wonderful Life

Lean !David Lean Brief Encounter

Siodmak !Robert Siodmak Killers !The Killers

1947 (20th) Kazan !Elia Kazan Gentleman's Agreement [30]

Cukor !George Cukor Double !A Double Life

Dmytryk !Edward Dmytryk Crossfire

Koster !Henry Koster Bishop !The Bishop's Wife

Lean !David Lean Great Expectations

1948 (21st) Huston !John Huston Treasure !The Treasure of the Sierra Madre [31]

Litvak !Anatole Litvak Snake !The Snake Pit

Negulesco !Jean Negulesco Johnny Belinda

Olivier !Laurence Olivier Hamlet

Zinnemann !Fred Zinnemann Search !The Search

1949 (22nd) Mankiewicz !Joseph L. Mankiewicz Letter !A Letter to Three Wives [32]

Reed !Carol Reed Fallen !The Fallen Idol

Rossen !Robert Rossen All the King's Men

Wellman !William A. Wellman Battleground

Wyler !William Wyler Heiress !The Heiress

1950s

1950 (23rd) Mankiewicz !Joseph L. Mankiewicz All About Eve [33]

Cukor !George Cukor Born Yesterday

Huston !John Huston Asphalt !The Asphalt Jungle

Reed !Carol Reed Man !The Third Man

Wilder !Billy Wilder Sunset Boulevard

1951 (24th) Stevens !George Stevens Place !A Place in the Sun [34]

Huston !John Huston African !The African Queen

Kazan !Elia Kazan Streetcar !A Streetcar Named Desire

Minnelli !Vincente Minnelli American !An American in Paris

Wyler !William Wyler Detective Story

1952 (25th) Ford !John Ford Quiet !The Quiet Man [35]

DeMille !Cecil B. DeMille Greatest !The Greatest Show on Earth

Huston !John Huston Moulin Rouge

Mankiewicz !Joseph L. Mankiewicz 5 Fingers

Zinnemann !Fred Zinnemann High Noon

1953 (26th) Zinnemann !Fred Zinnemann From Here to Eternity [36]

Stevens !George Stevens Shane

Walters !Charles Walters Lili

Wilder !Billy Wilder Stalag 17

Wyler !William Wyler Roman Holiday

1954 (27th) Kazan !Elia Kazan On the Waterfront [37]

Hitchcock !Alfred Hitchcock Rear Window

Seaton !George Seaton Country !The Country Girl

Wellman !William A. Wellman High !The High and the Mighty

Wilder !Billy Wilder Sabrina

1955 (28th) Mann !Delbert Mann Marty [38]

Kazan !Elia Kazan East of Eden

Lean !David Lean Summertime

Logan !Joshua Logan Picnic

Sturges !John Sturges Bad Day at Black Rock

1956 (29th) Stevens !George Stevens Giant [39]

Anderson !Michael Anderson Around the World in 80 Days

Lang !Walter Lang King !The King and I

Vidor !King Vidor War and Peace

Wyler !William Wyler Friendly Persuasion

1957 (30th) Lean !David Lean Bridge !The Bridge on the River Kwai [40]

Logan !Joshua Logan Sayonara

Lumet !Sidney Lumet 12 Angry Men

Robson !Mark Robson Peyton Place

Wilder !Billy Wilder Witness for the Prosecution

1958 (31st) Minnelli !Vincente Minnelli Gigi [41]

Brooks !Richard Brooks Cat on a Hot Tin Roof

Kramer !Stanley Kramer Defiant !The Defiant Ones

Robson !Mark Robson Inn !The Inn of the Sixth Happiness

Wise !Robert Wise I Want to Live!

1959 (32nd) Wyler !William Wyler Ben-Hur [42]

Clayton !Jack Clayton Room at the Top

Stevens !George Stevens Diary !The Diary of Anne Frank

Wilder !Billy Wilder Some Like It Hot

Zinnemann !Fred Zinnemann Nun's !The Nun's Story

1960s

1960 (33rd) Wilder !Billy Wilder Apartment !The Apartment [43]

Cardiff !Jack Cardiff Sons and Lovers

Dassin !Jules Dassin Never on Sunday

Hitchcock !Alfred Hitchcock Psycho

Zinnemann !Fred Zinnemann Sundowners !The Sundowners

1961 (34th) Wise !Robert Wise Robbins !Jerome Robbins West Side Story [44]

Fellini !Federico Fellini La Dolce Vita

Kramer !Stanley Kramer Judgment at Nuremberg

Rossen !Robert Rossen Hustler !The Hustler

Thompson !J. Lee Thompson Guns !The Guns of Navarone

1962 (35th) Lean !David Lean Lawrence of Arabia [45]

Germi !Pietro Germi Divorce Italian Style

Mulligan !Robert Mulligan To Kill a Mockingbird

Penn !Arthur Penn Miracle !The Miracle Worker

Perry !Frank Perry David and Lisa

1963 (36th) Richardson !Tony Richardson Tom Jones [46]

Fellini !Federico Fellini 8½

Kazan !Elia Kazan America America

Preminger !Otto Preminger Cardinal !The Cardinal

Ritt !Martin Ritt Hud

1964 (37th) Cukor !George Cukor My Fair Lady [47]

Cacoyannis !Michael Cacoyannis Zorba the Greek

Glenville !Peter Glenville Becket

Kubrick !Stanley Kubrick Dr. Strangelove
Dr. Strangelove
or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb

Stevenson !Robert Stevenson Mary Poppins

1965 (38th) Wise !Robert Wise Sound !The Sound of Music [48]

Lean !David Lean Doctor Zhivago

Schlesinger !John Schlesinger Darling

Teshigahara !Hiroshi Teshigahara Woman !Woman in the Dunes

Wyler !William Wyler Collector !The Collector

1966 (39th) Zinnemann !Fred Zinnemann Man !A Man for All Seasons [49]

Antonioni !Michelangelo Antonioni Blowup

Brooks !Richard Brooks Professionals !The Professionals

Lelouch !Claude Lelouch Man !A Man and a Woman

Nichols !Mike Nichols Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?

1967 (40th) Nichols !Mike Nichols Graduate !The Graduate [50]

Brooks !Richard Brooks In Cold Blood

Jewison !Norman Jewison In the Heat of the Night

Kramer !Stanley Kramer Guess Who's Coming to Dinner

Penn !Arthur Penn Bonnie and Clyde

1968 (41st) Reed !Carol Reed Oliver! [51]

Harvey !Anthony Harvey Lion !The Lion in Winter

Kubrick !Stanley Kubrick 2001: A Space Odyssey

Pontecorvo !Gillo Pontecorvo Battle !The Battle of Algiers

Zeffirelli !Franco Zeffirelli Romeo and Juliet

1969 (42nd) Schlesinger !John Schlesinger Midnight Cowboy [52]

Gavras !Costa-Gavras Z

Hill !George Roy Hill Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid

Penn !Arthur Penn Alice's Restaurant

Pollack !Sydney Pollack They Shoot Horses, Don't They?

1970s

1970 (43rd) Schaffner !Franklin J. Schaffner Patton [53]

Altman !Robert Altman M*A*S*H

Fellini !Federico Fellini Fellini Satyricon

Hiller !Arthur Hiller Love Story

Russell !Ken Russell Women in Love

1971 (44th) Friedkin !William Friedkin French !The French Connection [54]

Bogdanovich !Peter Bogdanovich Last !The Last Picture Show

Jewison !Norman Jewison Fiddler on the Roof

Kubrick !Stanley Kubrick Clockwork !A Clockwork Orange

Schlesinger !John Schlesinger Sunday Bloody Sunday

1972 (45th) Fosse !Bob Fosse Cabaret [55]

Boorman !John Boorman Deliverance

Coppola !Francis Ford Coppola Godfather !The Godfather

Mankiewicz !Joseph L. Mankiewicz Sleuth

Troell !Jan Troell Emigrants !The Emigrants

1973 (46th) Hill !George Roy Hill Sting !The Sting [56]

Bergman !Ingmar Bergman Cries and Whispers

Bertolucci !Bernardo Bertolucci Last Tango in Paris

Friedkin !William Friedkin Exorcist !The Exorcist

Lucas !George Lucas American Graffiti

1974 (47th) Coppola !Francis Ford Coppola Godfather ! The Godfather
The Godfather
Part II [57]

Cassavetes !John Cassavetes Woman !A Woman Under the Influence

Fosse !Bob Fosse Lenny

Polanski !Roman Polanski Chinatown

Truffaut !François Truffaut Day for Night

1975 (48th) Forman !Miloš Forman One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest [58]

Altman !Robert Altman Nashville

Fellini !Federico Fellini Amarcord

Kubrick !Stanley Kubrick Barry Lyndon

Lumet !Sidney Lumet Dog Day Afternoon

1976 (49th) Avildsen !John G. Avildsen Rocky [59]

Bergman !Ingmar Bergman Face to Face

Lumet !Sidney Lumet Network

Pakula !Alan J. Pakula All the President's Men

Wertmüller !Lina Wertmüller Seven Beauties

1977 (50th) Allen !Woody Allen Annie Hall [60]

Lucas !George Lucas Star Wars

Ross !Herbert Ross Turning !The Turning Point

Spielberg !Steven Spielberg Close Encounters of the Third Kind

Zinnemann !Fred Zinnemann Julia

1978 (51st) Cimino !Michael Cimino Deer !The Deer Hunter [61]

Allen !Woody Allen Interiors

Ashby !Hal Ashby Coming Home

Beatty !Warren Beatty Henry !Buck Henry Heaven Can Wait

Parker !Alan Parker Midnight Express

1979 (52nd) Benton !Robert Benton Kramer vs. Kramer [62]

Coppola !Francis Ford Coppola Apocalypse Now

Fosse !Bob Fosse All That Jazz

Molinaro !Édouard Molinaro La Cage aux Folles

Yates !Peter Yates Breaking Away

1980s

1980 (53rd) Redford !Robert Redford Ordinary People [63]

Lynch !David Lynch Elephant !The Elephant Man

Polanski !Roman Polanski Tess

Rush !Richard Rush Stunt !The Stunt Man

Scorsese !Martin Scorsese Raging Bull

1981 (54th) Beatty !Warren Beatty Reds [64]

Hudson !Hugh Hudson Chariots of Fire

Malle !Louis Malle Atlantic City

Rydell !Mark Rydell On Golden Pond

Spielberg !Steven Spielberg Raiders of the Lost Ark

1982 (55th) Attenborough !Richard Attenborough Gandhi [65]

Lumet !Sidney Lumet Verdict !The Verdict

Petersen !Wolfgang Petersen Das Boot

Pollack !Sydney Pollack Tootsie

Spielberg !Steven Spielberg E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial

1983 (56th) Brooks !James L. Brooks Terms of Endearment [66]

Beresford !Bruce Beresford Tender Mercies

Bergman !Ingmar Bergman Fanny and Alexander

Nichols !Mike Nichols Silkwood

Yates !Peter Yates Dresser !The Dresser

1984 (57th) Forman !Miloš Forman Amadeus [67]

Allen !Woody Allen Broadway Danny Rose

Benton !Robert Benton Places in the Heart

Joffé !Roland Joffé Killing !The Killing Fields

Lean !David Lean Passage !A Passage to India

1985 (58th) Pollack !Sydney Pollack Out of Africa [68]

Babenco !Héctor Babenco Kiss of the Spider Woman

Huston !John Huston Prizzi's Honor

Kurosawa !Akira Kurosawa Ran

Weir !Peter Weir Witness

1986 (59th) Stone !Oliver Stone Platoon [69]

Allen !Woody Allen Hannah and Her Sisters

Ivory !James Ivory Room !A Room with a View

Joffé !Roland Joffé Mission !The Mission

Lynch !David Lynch Blue Velvet

1987 (60th) Bertolucci !Bernardo Bertolucci Emperor !The Last Emperor [70]

Boorman !John Boorman Hope and Glory

Hallström !Lasse Hallström My Life as a Dog

Jewison !Norman Jewison Moonstruck

Lyne !Adrian Lyne Fatal Attraction

1988 (61st) Levinson !Barry Levinson Rain Man [71]

Crichton !Charles Crichton Fish !A Fish Called Wanda

Nichols !Mike Nichols Working Girl

Parker !Alan Parker Mississippi Burning

Scorsese !Martin Scorsese Last !The Last Temptation of Christ

1989 (62nd) Stone !Oliver Stone Born on the Fourth of July [72]

Allen !Woody Allen Crimes and Misdemeanors

Branagh !Kenneth Branagh Henry V

Sheridan !Jim Sheridan My Left Foot

Weir !Peter Weir Dead Poets Society

1990s

1990 (63rd) Costner !Kevin Costner Dances with Wolves [73]

Coppola !Francis Ford Coppola Godfather ! The Godfather
The Godfather
Part III

Frears !Stephen Frears Grifters !The Grifters

Schroeder !Barbet Schroeder Reversal of Fortune

Scorsese !Martin Scorsese Goodfellas

1991 (64th) Demme !Jonathan Demme Silence !The Silence of the Lambs [74]

Levinson !Barry Levinson Bugsy

Scott !Ridley Scott Thelma & Louise

Singleton !John Singleton Boyz n the Hood

Stone !Oliver Stone JFK

1992 (65th) Eastwood !Clint Eastwood Unforgiven [75]

Altman !Robert Altman Player !The Player

Brest !Martin Brest Scent of a Woman

Ivory !James Ivory Howards End

Jordan !Neil Jordan Crying !The Crying Game

1993 (66th) Spielberg !Steven Spielberg Schindler's List [76]

Altman !Robert Altman Short Cuts

Campion !Jane Campion Piano !The Piano

Ivory !James Ivory Remains !The Remains of the Day

Sheridan !Jim Sheridan In the Name of the Father

1994 (67th) Zemeckis !Robert Zemeckis Forrest Gump [77]

Allen !Woody Allen Bullets over Broadway

Kieślowski !Krzysztof Kieślowski Three Colors: Red

Redford !Robert Redford Quiz Show

Tarantino !Quentin Tarantino Pulp Fiction

1995 (68th) Gibson !Mel Gibson Braveheart [78]

Figgis !Mike Figgis Leaving Las Vegas

Noonan !Chris Noonan Babe

Radford !Michael Radford Il Postino: The Postman

Robbins !Tim Robbins Dead Man Walking

1996 (69th) Minghella !Anthony Minghella English !The English Patient [79]

Coen !Joel Coen Fargo

Forman !Miloš Forman People !The People vs. Larry Flynt

Hicks !Scott Hicks Shine

Leigh !Mike Leigh Secrets & Lies

1997 (70th) Cameron !James Cameron Titanic [80]

Cattaneo !Peter Cattaneo Monty !The Full Monty

Egoyan !Atom Egoyan Sweet !The Sweet Hereafter

Hanson !Curtis Hanson L.A. Confidential

Van Sant !Gus Van Sant Good Will Hunting

1998 (71st) Spielberg !Steven Spielberg Saving Private Ryan [81]

Benigni !Roberto Benigni Life Is Beautiful

Madden !John Madden Shakespeare in Love

Malick !Terrence Malick Thin !The Thin Red Line

Weir !Peter Weir Truman !The Truman Show

1999 (72nd) Mendes !Sam Mendes American Beauty [82]

Hallström !Lasse Hallström Cider !The Cider House Rules

Jonze !Spike Jonze Being John Malkovich

Mann !Michael Mann Insider !The Insider

Shyamalan !M. Night Shyamalan Sixth !The Sixth Sense

2000s

2000 (73rd) Soderbergh !Steven Soderbergh Traffic [83]

Daldry !Stephen Daldry Billy Elliot

Lee !Ang Lee Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon

Scott !Ridley Scott Gladiator

Soderbergh !Steven Soderbergh Erin Brockovich

2001 (74th) Howard !Ron Howard Beautiful !A Beautiful Mind [84]

Altman !Robert Altman Gosford Park

Jackson !Peter Jackson Lord !The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring

Lynch !David Lynch Mulholland Drive

Scott !Ridley Scott Black Hawk Down

2002 (75th) Polanski !Roman Polanski Pianist !The Pianist [85]

Almodóvar !Pedro Almodóvar Talk
Talk
to Her

Daldry !Stephen Daldry Hours !The Hours

Marshall !Rob Marshall Chicago

Scorsese !Martin Scorsese Gangs of New York

2003 (76th) Jackson !Peter Jackson Lord !The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King [86]

Coppola !Sofia Coppola Lost in Translation

Eastwood !Clint Eastwood Mystic River

Meirelles !Fernando Meirelles City of God

Weir !Peter Weir Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World

2004 (77th) Eastwood !Clint Eastwood Million Dollar Baby [87]

Hackford !Taylor Hackford Ray

Leigh !Mike Leigh Vera Drake

Payne !Alexander Payne Sideways

Scorsese !Martin Scorsese Aviator !The Aviator

2005 (78th) Lee !Ang Lee Brokeback Mountain [88]

Clooney !George Clooney Good Night, and Good Luck

Haggis !Paul Haggis Crash

Miller !Bennett Miller Capote

Spielberg !Steven Spielberg Munich

2006 (79th) Scorsese !Martin Scorsese Departed !The Departed [89]

Eastwood !Clint Eastwood Letters from Iwo Jima

Frears !Stephen Frears Queen !The Queen

Greengrass !Paul Greengrass United 93

Iñárritu !Alejandro González Iñárritu Babel

2007 (80th) Coen !Joel Coen Coen !Ethan Coen No Country for Old Men [90]

Anderson !Paul Thomas Anderson There Will Be Blood

Gilroy !Tony Gilroy Michael Clayton

Reitman !Jason Reitman Juno

Schnabel !Julian Schnabel Diving !The Diving Bell and the Butterfly

2008 (81st) Boyle !Danny Boyle Slumdog Millionaire [91]

Daldry !Stephen Daldry Reader !The Reader

Fincher !David Fincher Curious !The Curious Case of Benjamin Button

Howard !Ron Howard Frost/Nixon

Van Sant !Gus Van Sant Milk

2009 (82nd) Bigelow !Kathryn Bigelow Hurt !The Hurt Locker [92]

Cameron !James Cameron Avatar

Daniels !Lee Daniels Precious: Based on the Novel 'Push' by Sapphire

Reitman !Jason Reitman Up in the Air

Tarantino !Quentin Tarantino Inglourious Basterds

2010s

2010 (83rd) Hooper !Tom Hooper King's !The King's Speech [93]

Aronofsky !Darren Aronofsky Black Swan

Coen !Joel Coen Coen !Ethan Coen True Grit

Fincher !David Fincher Social !The Social Network

Russell !David O. Russell Fighter !The Fighter

2011 (84th) Hazanavicius !Michel Hazanavicius Artist !The Artist [94]

Allen !Woody Allen Midnight in Paris

Malick !Terrence Malick Tree !The Tree of Life

Payne !Alexander Payne Descendants !The Descendants

Scorsese !Martin Scorsese Hugo

2012 (85th) Lee !Ang Lee Life of Pi [95]

Haneke !Michael Haneke Amour

Russell !David O. Russell Silver Linings Playbook

Spielberg !Steven Spielberg Lincoln

Zeitlin !Benh Zeitlin Beasts of the Southern Wild

2013 (86th) Cuarón !Alfonso Cuarón Gravity [96]

McQueen !Steve McQueen 12 Years a Slave

Payne !Alexander Payne Nebraska

Russell !David O. Russell American Hustle

Scorsese !Martin Scorsese Wolf !The Wolf of Wall Street

2014 (87th) Iñárritu !Alejandro G. Iñárritu Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance) [97]

Anderson !Wes Anderson Grand !The Grand Budapest Hotel

Linklater !Richard Linklater Boyhood

Miller !Bennett Miller Foxcatcher

Tyldum !Morten Tyldum Imitation !The Imitation Game

2015 (88th) Iñárritu !Alejandro G. Iñárritu The Revenant [98]

Abrahamson !Lenny Abrahamson Room

McCarthy !Tom McCarthy Spotlight

McKay !Adam McKay Big !The Big Short

Miller !George Miller Mad Max: Fury Road

2016 (89th) Chazelle !Damien Chazelle La La Land [99]

Gibson !Mel Gibson Hacksaw Ridge

Jenkins !Barry Jenkins Moonlight

Lonergan !Kenneth Lonergan Manchester by the Sea

Villeneuve !Denis Villeneuve Arrival

2017 (90th) del Toro !Guillermo del Toro The Shape of Water [100]

Anderson !Paul Thomas Anderson Phantom Thread

Gerwig !Greta Gerwig Lady Bird

Nolan !Christopher Nolan Dunkirk

Peele !Jordan Peele Get Out

Multiple wins and nominations[edit]

The following individuals have won multiple Best Director awards:

Wins Director

4

John Ford

3 Frank Capra

William Wyler

2 Frank Borzage

Clint Eastwood

Miloš Forman

Alejandro G. Iñárritu

Elia Kazan

David Lean

Ang Lee

Frank Lloyd

Joseph L. Mankiewicz

Leo McCarey

Lewis Milestone

Steven Spielberg

George Stevens

Oliver Stone

Billy Wilder

Robert Wise

Fred Zinnemann

John Ford
John Ford
has the most Best Director wins with four, winning in 1935, 1940, 1941, and 1952.

William Wyler
William Wyler
has the most nominations with twelve, winning in 1942, 1946, and 1959.

Clarence Brown
Clarence Brown
was nominated six times between 1929 and 1946, but never won the award — the most nominations without a success.

The following directors have received four or more Best Director nominations (* indicates no wins):

Nominations Director

12 William Wyler

8 Martin Scorsese

Billy Wilder

7 Woody Allen

David Lean

Steven Spielberg

Fred Zinnemann

6 Clarence Brown*

Frank Capra

5 Robert Altman*

George Cukor

Michael Curtiz

John Ford

Alfred Hitchcock*

John Huston

Elia Kazan

Frank Lloyd

George Stevens

King Vidor*

4 Francis Ford Coppola

Clint Eastwood

Federico Fellini*

Stanley Kubrick*

Sidney Lumet*

Joseph L. Mankiewicz

Mike Nichols

Peter Weir*

Age superlatives[edit]

Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
won in 1992 for Unforgiven
Unforgiven
and became the oldest director to win in the category with Million Dollar Baby in 2004.

Record Director Film Age (in years) Ref.

Oldest winner Clint Eastwood Million Dollar Baby 74 [101]

Oldest nominee John Huston Prizzi's Honor 79 [101]

Youngest winner Damien Chazelle La La Land 32 [101]

Youngest nominee John Singleton Boyz n the Hood 24 [101]

Diversity of nominees/winners[edit] Asian nominees/winners[edit] As of the 90th Academy Awards, four Asian directors have been nominated a total of six times in this category, and one director has won the award twice.

1965 – Hiroshi Teshigahara
Hiroshi Teshigahara
for Woman in the Dunes 1985 – Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
for Ran 1999 – M. Night Shyamalan
M. Night Shyamalan
for The Sixth Sense 2000 – Ang Lee
Ang Lee
for Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon 2005 – Lee ! Ang Lee
Ang Lee
for Brokeback !Brokeback Mountain 2012 – Lee ! Ang Lee
Ang Lee
for Life !Life of Pi

Black nominees/winners[edit] As of the 90th Academy Awards, five black directors have been nominated in this category one time each, and none have won the award.[102]

1991 – John Singleton
John Singleton
for Boyz n the Hood 2009 – Lee Daniels
Lee Daniels
for Precious 2013 – Steve McQueen for 12 Years a Slave 2016 – Barry Jenkins
Barry Jenkins
for Moonlight 2017 – Jordan Peele
Jordan Peele
for Get Out

Female nominees/winners[edit] As of the 90th Academy Awards, five female directors have been nominated in this category one time each, and one has won the award.[103]

1976 – Wertmüller ! Lina Wertmüller
Lina Wertmüller
for Seven Beauties 1993 – Campion ! Jane Campion
Jane Campion
for Piano !The Piano 2003 – Coppola ! Sofia Coppola
Sofia Coppola
for Lost in Translation 2009 – Bigelow ! Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
for Hurt !The Hurt Locker 2017 – Greta Gerwig
Greta Gerwig
for Lady Bird

Hispanic/Latino nominees/winners[edit] As of the 90th Academy Awards, six Hispanic/Latino directors have been nominated a total of eight times in this category with four wins among them.

1985 – Héctor Babenco
Héctor Babenco
for Kiss of the Spider Woman 2002 – Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
for Talk
Talk
to Her 2003 – Fernando Meirelles
Fernando Meirelles
for City of God 2006 – Alejandro González Iñárritu
Alejandro González Iñárritu
for Babel 2013 – Cuarón ! Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
for Gravity !Gravity 2014 – Iñárritu ! Alejandro González Iñárritu
Alejandro González Iñárritu
for Birdman !Birdman 2015 – Iñárritu ! Alejandro González Iñárritu
Alejandro González Iñárritu
for Revenant !The Revenant 2017 – Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
for The Shape of Water

Notes[edit]

^ The 2nd Academy Awards is unique in being the only occasion where there were no official nominees. Subsequent research by AMPAS has resulted in a list of unofficial or de facto nominees, based on records of which films were evaluated by the judges.

See also[edit]

BAFTA Award for Best Direction Golden Globe Award for Best Director Independent Spirit Award for Best Director Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Director Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing – Feature Film

References[edit]

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Bibliography[edit]

Crouse, Richard (2005). Reel Winners: Movie Award Trivia. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: University of Toronto
Toronto
Press. ISBN 978-1-55002-574-3.  Levy, Emanuel (2003). All About Oscar: The History and Politics of the Academy Awards. New York, United States: Continuum International Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-8264-1452-6. 

External links[edit]

Oscars.org (official Academy site) The Academy Awards
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Database (official site) Oscar.com (official ceremony promotional site)

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Frank Borzage
(1927) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1928) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1929) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1930) Norman Taurog
Norman Taurog
(1931) Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(1932) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1933) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1934) John Ford
John Ford
(1935) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1936) Leo McCarey (1937) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1938) Victor Fleming
Victor Fleming
(1939) John Ford
John Ford
(1940) John Ford
John Ford
(1941) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1942) Michael Curtiz
Michael Curtiz
(1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1946) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950)

1951–1975

George Stevens
George Stevens
(1951) John Ford
John Ford
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Delbert Mann
Delbert Mann
(1955) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
and Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Carol Reed
Carol Reed
(1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Bob Fosse
Bob Fosse
(1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975)

1976–2000

John G. Avildsen
John G. Avildsen
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Sydney Pollack
Sydney Pollack
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Jonathan Demme
Jonathan Demme
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(2000)

2001–present

Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(2001) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Tom Hooper
Tom Hooper
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del

.