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Abdulmejid II
Abdulmejid II
(Ottoman Turkish: عبد المجید الثانی‎, Abd al-Madjeed al-Thâni – Turkish: Halife İkinci Abdülmecit Efendi, 29 May 1868 – 23 August 1944) was the last Caliph
Caliph
of Islam, nominally the 37th Head of the Ottoman Imperial House from 1922 to 1924.

Contents

1 Biography

1.1 Artist 1.2 Death

2 Family 3 References 4 External links

Biography[edit] On 30 May 1868,[1][2] he was born at Dolmabahçe Palace
Dolmabahçe Palace
or at Beşiktaş
Beşiktaş
Palace, Beşiktaş, Istanbul, to then Sultan Abdülaziz
Abdülaziz
and his wife Hayranidil Kadın. He was educated privately. According to custom, Abdulmecid was confined to the palace until he was 40. On 4 July 1918, his first cousin Mehmed VI
Mehmed VI
became Sultan and Abdul Mejid was named Crown Prince.[1] Following the deposition of his cousin on 1 November 1922, the Sultanate was abolished. But on 19 November 1922, the Crown Prince
Prince
was elected Caliph
Caliph
by the Turkish National Assembly at Ankara.[1] He established himself in Constantinople[3][4] on 24 November 1922. On 3 March 1924, six months after the foundation of the Turkish Republic, the Ottoman Caliphate
Ottoman Caliphate
was abolished and the Ottoman dynasty was deposed and expelled from Turkey.[5][6] Artist[edit]

Abdulmejid's painting of his wife.

Abdulmejid was given the title of General in the Ottoman Army, but did not in fact have strong military inclinations, and his more significant role was as Chairman of the Ottoman Artists' Society. He is considered as one of the most important painters of late period Ottoman art. His paintings of the Harem, showing a modern musical gathering, and of his wife, Şehsuvar Hanım, reading Goethe's Faust.[7] were displayed at an exhibition of Ottoman paintings in Vienna
Vienna
in 1918. His personal self-portrait can be seen at Istanbul
Istanbul
Modern. Abdulmejid was an avid collector of butterflies, an activity that he occupied himself with during the last 20 years of his life. His favourite magazine was Revue des deux Mondes.[7] Death[edit] On 23 August 1944, Abdulmejid II
Abdulmejid II
died at his house in the Boulevard Suchet, Paris. His death coincided with the Liberation of Paris
Paris
from the German occupation. He was buried in Medina, Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
by the order of King Saud
King Saud
of Saudi Arabia. Family[edit]

Photo of Abdulmejid II
Abdulmejid II
during his exile

Standard of Abdulmejid II

Princess Dürrüşehvar Sultan, Princess of Berar; Caliph
Caliph
Abdulmecid II of the Ottoman Empire, and Nawab
Nawab
Azam Jah, Prince
Prince
of Berar

Consorts

Abdulmejid had five consorts:

Şehsuvar Hanım[8] (m. Ortaköy
Ortaköy
Palace, 23 December 1896; Istanbul, 2 May 1881 – Paris, 1945, buried there at Bobigny cemetery); Mihrimah Hanım (died at Nakkaştepe Palace, 23 May 1899, buried in Nuhkuyusu Mosque, Istanbul);[9] Hayrünissa Hanım[8] (m. Ortaköy
Ortaköy
Palace, 18 June 1902; Bandırma, c. 1877 – Nice, 3 September 1936); Mehisti Hanım[8] (m. Çamlıca Palace, 16 April 1912, Adapazarı, c. 1896 – London, Middlesex, 1964, buried in Brookwood cemetery), daughter of Akalsba Hacımaf Bey, and Safiye Hanım; Bihruz Hanım[8] (m. Çamlıca Palace, 21 March 1921; born Izmir, c. 1905).

son

Şehzade Ömer
Şehzade Ömer
Faruk (Constantinople, Ortaköy, Ortaköy
Ortaköy
Palace, 27/29 February 1898 – 28 March 1969/1971) - with Şehsuvar, married firstly at Yıldız Palace
Yıldız Palace
on 29 April 1920 to his cousin Rukiye Sabiha Sultan (Constantinople, Ortaköy, Ortaköy
Ortaköy
Palace, 19 March/1 April 1894 – Istanbul, 26 August 1971), and had three daughters, and married secondly in İskenderiye
İskenderiye
on 31 July 1948 to his cousin Mihriban Mihrishah Sultan (Constantinople, Beşiktaş, Beşiktaş Palace, 1 June 1916 – Istanbul, 25 January 1987), without issue:

Fatma Neslişah
Fatma Neslişah
Osmanoğlu Sultan (Constantinople, Nişantaşı, Nişantaşı
Nişantaşı
Palace, 4 February 1921 – 1 April 2012), married in Heliopolis Palace, Cairo, on 26 September 1940 to her cousin Damat Prince Muhammad Abdel Moneim
Prince Muhammad Abdel Moneim
(Alexandria, Montaza Palace, 20 February 1899 – Istanbul, 1/2 December 1979, buried in Cairo), heir apparent to the throne of Egypt
Egypt
from 1899 to 1914, created HH in 1922, created HRH in 1952, Regent
Regent
of Egypt
Egypt
from 1952 to 1953, and had issue Zehra Hanzade Sultan (Constantinople, Dolmabahçe Palace, 12 September 1923 – Paris, 19 March 1998, buried on 26 March 1998), married in Cairo
Cairo
in September 1940 to Damat
Damat
Prince
Prince
Muhammad Ali Ibrahim (Cairo, 29 April 1900 – Paris, 2 July 1977), and had issue:

Nabila Sabiha Fazila Ibrahim Hanımsultan (b. Neuilly-sur-Seine, 8 August 1941), was the fiance of King Faisal II
King Faisal II
of Iraq until 1958 when the king was killed. Few years later she married Kheri Oglu, together they had two sons Ali and Saleem Nabil Sultanzade Ahmad Rifat Ibrahim (b. 31 August 1942), married on 26 June 1969 to Emine Ushakidil, without issue

Necla Heybetullah Sultan (Nice, 15 May 1926 – 16 October 2006), married in Cairo
Cairo
in February 1943 to Nabil Amr Ibrahim (Cairo, 18 April 1903 – 1977), and had issue:

Nabil Sultanzade Osman Rifat Ibrahim (b. 20 May 1951), unmarried and without issue

Daughter

Hatice Hayriye Ayşe Dürrüşehvar Sultan
Dürrüşehvar Sultan
(Constantinople, Üsküdar, Çamlıca Palace, 26 January 1914 – 7 February 2006) - with Mehisti, married in Nice
Nice
on 12 November 1931 to Damat
Damat
Walashan Nawab
Nawab
Sir
Sir
Mir Himayat Ali Khan Azam Jah
Azam Jah
Bahadur (22 February 1907 – 9 October 1970), Prince
Prince
of Berar, son of the last Nizam of Hyderabad India, and had issue.

References[edit]

^ a b c d Hoiberg, Dale H., ed. (2010). "Abdümecid II". Encyclopædia Britannica. I: A-ak Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, Illinois: Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. p. 23. ISBN 978-1-59339-837-8.  ^ a b There are sources that give the 29th as the day of his birth. ^ The Encyclopædia Britannica, Vol.7, Edited by Hugh Chisholm, (1911), 3; Constantinople, the capital of the Ottoman Empire... ^ Britannica, Istanbul:When the Republic of Turkey
Turkey
was founded in 1923, the capital was moved to Ankara, and Constantinople
Constantinople
was officially renamed Istanbul
Istanbul
in 1930. ^ Finkel, Caroline (2007). "Osman's Dream: The History of the Ottoman Empire". Basic Books. p. 546. ISBN 9780465008506.  ^ Özoğlu, Hakan (2011). From Caliphate
Caliphate
to Secular State: Power Struggle in the Early Turkish Republic. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9780313379567.  ^ a b "The Ottoman caliphate: Worldly, pluralist, hedonistic—and Muslim, too". The Economist. 19 December 2015. Retrieved 26 December 2015.  ^ a b c d Hülagü, M. Metin (2008). Yurtsuz İmparator: Vahdeddin : İngiliz gizli belgelerinde Vahdeddin ve Osmanlı hanedanı. Timaş. p. 53. ISBN 978-9-752-63690-3.  ^ Haskan, Mehmet Nermi (2001). Yüzyıllar boyunca Üsküdar
Üsküdar
- Volume 1. Üsküdar
Üsküdar
Belediyesi. p. 298. ISBN 978-9-759-76062-5. 

External links[edit]

Find more aboutAbdulmejid IIat's sister projects

Media from Wikimedia Commons Texts from Wikisource Data from Wikidata

Abdulmejid II House of Osman Born: 29 May 1868 Died: 23 August 1944

Sunni Islam
Islam
titles

Preceded by Mehmed VI Last Caliph
Caliph
of Islam Ottoman Caliph 19 November 1922 – 3 March 1924 Vacant Caliphate
Caliphate
abolished in 1924 (Briefly claimed by Hussein bin Ali)

Titles in pretence

Preceded by Mehmed VI — TITULAR — Sultan of the Ottoman Empire 19 November 1922 – 23 August 1944 Reason for succession failure: Empire abolished in 1922 Succeeded by Ahmed Nihad

— TITULAR — Caliph
Caliph
of Islam 3 March 1924 – 23 August 1944 Reason for succession failure: Caliphate
Caliphate
abolished on March 3, 1924 Vacant Caliphate
Caliphate
abolished in 1924 (The religious position and the official representation of the caliph's powers was transferred to Diyanet İşleri Başkanlığı)

v t e

Ottoman Sultans / Caliphs

Dynasty Family tree (detailed) Family tree (simplified) Line of succession

Osman I Orhan Murad I Bayezid I Interregnum Mehmed I Murad II Mehmed II Murad II Mehmed II Bayezid II Selim I Suleiman I Selim II Murad III Mehmed III Ahmed I Mustafa I Osman II Mustafa I Murad IV Ibrahim Mehmed IV Suleiman II Ahmed II Mustafa II Ahmed III Mahmud I Osman III Mustafa III Abdul Hamid I Selim III Mustafa IV Mahmud II Abdulmejid I Abdülaziz Murad V Abdul Hamid II Mehmed V Mehmed VI Abdulmejid II
Abdulmejid II
( Caliph
Caliph
only)

§ First Ottoman caliph

Book Category

Related templates: Claimants Valide Sultans

v t e

Pretenders to the Ottoman throne and Head of the House of Osman (since 1926)

Abdulmejid II
Abdulmejid II
(1926-1944) Ahmed Nihad (1944–1954) Osman Fuad
Osman Fuad
(1954–1973) Mehmed Abdulaziz (1973–1977) Ali Vâsib
Ali Vâsib
(1977–1983) Mehmed Orhan
Orhan
(1983–1994) Ertuğrul Osman (1994–2009) Bayezid Osman (2009–2017) Dündar Ali Osman (since 2017)

See also Ottoman Dynasty

v t e

Ottoman princes

1st generation

Alaeddin Pasha Orhan

2nd generation

Süleyman Pasha Murad I Şehzade Halil

3rd generation

Savcı Bey Bayezid I

4th generation

Süleyman Çelebi İsa Çelebi Mehmed I Musa Çelebi Mustafa Çelebi

5th generation

Murad II Küçük Mustafa

6th generation

Mehmed the Conqueror

7th generation

Bayezid II Sultan Cem

8th generation

Şehzade Ahmet Şehzade Korkut Selim I

9th generation

Suleiman the Magnificent

10th generation

Şehzade Mustafa Şehzade Mehmed Şehzade Abdullah Selim II Şehzade Bayezid Şehzade Cihangir

11th generation

Murad III

12th generation

Mehmed III Sultan Yahya

13th generation

Şehzade Mahmud Ahmed I Mustafa I

14th generation

Osman II Murad IV Ibrahim

15th generation

Şehzade Ömer Mehmed IV Suleiman II Ahmed II

16th generation

Mustafa II Ahmed III

17th generation

Mahmud I Osman III Mustafa III Abdul Hamid I

18th generation

Selim III Mustafa IV Mahmud II

19th generation

Abdulmejid I Abdulaziz

20th generation

Abdul Hamid II Murad V Mehmed V Şehzade Ahmed Kemaleddin Mehmed VI Şehzade Yusuf Izzeddin Abdulmejid II

21st generation

Şehzade Mehmed
Şehzade Mehmed
Selaheddin Şehzade Mehmed
Şehzade Mehmed
Selim Şehzade Mehmed
Şehzade Mehmed
Abdülkadir Şehzade Mehmed
Şehzade Mehmed
Abid Şehzade Mehmed
Şehzade Mehmed
Ziyaeddin Şehzade Ömer
Şehzade Ömer
Hilmi

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 32832963 LCCN: no2006102408 ISNI: 0000 0000 4879 519X GND: 120660229 SUDOC: 165250194 BNF:

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