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The Info List - ARVN





Regular Forces: 410,000 Territorial Militias: 532,000

Regional Forces: 284,000 Popular Force: 248,000

Total: 942,000 in 1972[1]

Part of Republic of Vietnam
Vietnam
Military Forces

Garrison/HQ Saigon, South Vietnam

Nickname(s) QLVNCH (SVA, ARVN
ARVN
in English)

Motto(s) Tổ Quốc, Danh dự, Trách Nhiệm (Country, Honor, Duty)

Anniversaries Army
Army
Day (December 30, 1955)

Engagements Vietnam
Vietnam
War Cambodian Civil War Laotian Civil War Battle of the Paracel Islands

Commanders

Notable commanders Dương Văn Minh Cao Văn Viên Ngô Quang Trưởng

The Army
Army
of the Republic of Vietnam
Vietnam
(ARVN; Vietnamese: Lục quân Việt Nam Cộng hòa), also known as the South Vietnamese army (SVA), were the ground forces of the South Vietnamese military from its inception in 1955 until the Fall of Saigon
Saigon
in 1975.[2] It is estimated to have suffered 1,394,000 casualties (killed and wounded) during the Vietnam
Vietnam
War.[3] After the fall of Saigon
Saigon
to the North Vietnamese army
North Vietnamese army
(NVA), the ARVN was dissolved. While some high-ranking officers had fled the country to the United States or elsewhere, thousands of former ARVN
ARVN
officers were sent to so-called reeducation camps by the communist government of the new, unified Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Vietnamese National Army
Army
(VNA) 1949–55 1.2 Army
Army
of the Republic of Vietnam
Vietnam
(ARVN) 1955–75 1.3 Final campaigns

2 Major units

2.1 Corps 2.2 Divisions 2.3 Elite forces

3 Notable ARVN
ARVN
generals 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links

History[edit] Vietnamese National Army
Army
(VNA) 1949–55[edit]

The TDND 5 airborne unit fought several battles including Dien Bien Phu.

Main article: Vietnamese National Army On March 8, 1949, after the Élysée Accords the State of Vietnam
State of Vietnam
was recognized by France as an independent country ruled by the Vietnamese Emperor Bảo Đại, and the Vietnamese National Army
Army
(VNA) was soon created. The VNA fought in joint operations with the French Union's French Far East Expeditionary Corps
French Far East Expeditionary Corps
against the Viet Minh
Viet Minh
forces led by Ho Chi Minh. The VNA fought in a wide range of campaigns including but not limited to the Battle of Nà Sản
Battle of Nà Sản
(1952), Operation Atlas (1953) and the Battle of Dien Bien Phu
Battle of Dien Bien Phu
(1954).[4] Benefiting from French assistance, the VNA quickly became a modern army modelled after the Expeditionary Corps. It included infantry, artillery, signals, armored cavalry, airborne, airforce, navy and a national military academy. By 1953 troopers as well as officers were all Vietnamese, the latter having been trained in Ecoles des Cadres such as Da Lat, including Chief of Staff General Nguyễn Văn Hinh who was a French Union
French Union
airforce veteran. After the 1954 Geneva agreements, French Indochina
French Indochina
ceased to exist and by 1956 all French Union
French Union
troops had withdrawn from Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia. In 1955, by the order of Prime Minister Diệm, the VNA crushed the armed forces of the Bình Xuyên.[5][6] Army
Army
of the Republic of Vietnam
Vietnam
(ARVN) 1955–75[edit]

USCGC Sherman's doctor and a South Vietnamese corpsman at a medical Civil Action Patrol in a small Vietnamese village.

See also: Battle for Saigon, 1960 South Vietnamese coup attempt, 1962 South Vietnamese Independence Palace bombing, Buddhist
Buddhist
crisis, Huế Vesak shootings, Xá Lợi Pagoda raids, 1963 South Vietnamese coup, Arrest and assassination of Ngô Đình Diệm, and 1964 South Vietnamese coup On October 26, 1955, the military was reorganized by the administration of President Ngô Đình Diệm
Ngô Đình Diệm
who then formally established the Army
Army
of the Republic of Vietnam
Vietnam
(ARVN) on December 30, 1955. The air force was known as the Vietnamese Air Force (VNAF). Early on, the focus of the army was the guerrilla fighters of the Vietnam
Vietnam
National Liberation Front (NLF, also known as the Viet Cong (VC)), formed to oppose the Diệm administration. The United States, under President John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
sent advisors and a great deal of financial support to aid the ARVN
ARVN
in combating the insurgents. A major campaign, developed by Ngô Đình Nhu
Ngô Đình Nhu
and later resurrected under another name was the "Strategic Hamlet Program" which was regarded as unsuccessful by Western media because it was "inhumane" to move villagers from the countryside to fortified villages. ARVN
ARVN
leaders and President Diệm were criticized by the foreign press when the troops were used to crush armed anti-government religious groups like the Cao Đài and Hòa Hảo
Hòa Hảo
as well as to raid Buddhist
Buddhist
temples, which according to Diệm, were harboring NLF guerrillas. The most notorious of these attacks occurred on the night of August 21, 1963, during the Xá Lợi Pagoda raids
Xá Lợi Pagoda raids
conducted by the Special
Special
Forces, which caused a death toll estimated to range into the hundreds. In 1963 Ngô Đình Diệm
Ngô Đình Diệm
was killed in a coup d'état carried out by ARVN
ARVN
officers and encouraged by American officials such as Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. In the confusion that followed, General Dương Văn Minh took control, but he was only the first in a succession of ARVN generals to assume the presidency of South Vietnam. During these years, the United States began taking more control of the war against the NLF and the role of the ARVN
ARVN
became less and less significant. They were also plagued by continuing problems of severe corruption amongst the officer corps. Although the US was highly critical of the ARVN, it continued to be entirely US-armed and funded.

Early unmodified ARVN
ARVN
M113
M113
during the Vietnam
Vietnam
War

Although the American news media has often portrayed the Vietnam
Vietnam
War as a primarily American and North Vietnamese conflict, the ARVN carried the brunt of the fight before and after large-scale American involvement, and participated in many major operations with American troops. ARVN
ARVN
troops pioneered the use of the M113
M113
armored personnel carrier as an infantry fighting vehicle by fighting mounted rather than as a "battle taxi" as originally designed, and the armored cavalry (ACAV) modifications were adopted based on ARVN
ARVN
experience. One notable ARVN
ARVN
unit equipped with M113
M113
armored personnel carriers (APCs), the 3d Armored Cavalry Squadron, used the new tactic so proficiently and with such extraordinary heroism against hostile forces that they earned the United States Presidential Unit Citation.[7][8] The Army
Army
of the Republic of Vietnam
Vietnam
suffered 254,256 recorded deaths between 1960 and 1974, with the highest number of recorded deaths being in 1972, with 39,587 combat deaths,[9] while approximately 58,000 U.S. troops died during the war.[3] There were also many circumstances in which Vietnamese families had members on both sides of the conflict.[10]

South Vietnamese Army
Army
Operations, 1965.

South Vietnamese Army
Army
with suspected NLF member, 1965.

South Vietnamese Army
Army
Operations, 1965. A Douglas A-1 Skyraider, A1E, drops napalm on a target spotted by an O-1 Bird Dog.

WAFC (Women's Armed Forces Corps) division in the National Armed Forces Day parade, Saigon, June 19, 1971.

Final campaigns[edit] Starting in 1969 President Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
started the process of "Vietnamization", pulling out American forces and rendering the ARVN capable of fighting an effective war against the People's Army
Army
of Vietnam
Vietnam
(PAVN) of the North (Also called NVA for North Vietnamese Army) and their newly created arm, the National Liberation Front (NLF or Viet Cong). Slowly, the ARVN
ARVN
began to expand from its counter-insurgency role to become the primary ground defense against the NLF and PAVN. From 1969 to 1971 there were about 22,000 ARVN combat deaths per year. Starting in 1968, South Vietnam
South Vietnam
began calling up every available man for service in the ARVN, reaching a strength of one million soldiers by 1972. In 1970 they performed well in the Cambodian Incursion
Cambodian Incursion
and were executing three times as many operations as they had during the American-led war period. However, the ARVN equipment continued to be of lower standards than their American and South Korean allies, even as the U.S. tried to upgrade ARVN technology. The officer corps was still the biggest problem. Leaders were too often inept, being poorly trained, corrupt and lacking morale.[citation needed] Still, Sir Robert Thompson, a British military officer widely regarded as the worlds foremost expert in counterinsurgency warfare during the Vietnam
Vietnam
War, thought that by 1972, the ARVN
ARVN
had developed into one of the best fighting forces in the world, comparing them favorably with the Israeli Defence Forces.[11] Forced to carry the burden left by the Americans, the South Vietnamese Army
Army
actually started to perform rather well, though with continued American air support. In 1972, General Võ Nguyên Giáp
Võ Nguyên Giáp
launched the "Easter Offensive", an all-out attack against South Vietnam
South Vietnam
from the DMZ. The assault combined infantry wave assaults, artillery and the first massive use of armored forces by the PAVN. Although the T-54 tanks proved vulnerable to LAW rockets, the ARVN
ARVN
took heavy losses. The PAVN
PAVN
and NLF forces took Quảng Trị Province
Quảng Trị Province
and some areas along the Laos and Cambodian borders.

M41 Walker Bulldog
M41 Walker Bulldog
was used by the ARVN

President Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
dispatched more bombers in Operation Linebacker to provide air support for the ARVN
ARVN
when it seemed that South Vietnam
South Vietnam
was about to be lost. In desperation, President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu fired the incompetent General Hoàng Xuân Lãm
Hoàng Xuân Lãm
and replaced him with General Ngô Quang Trưởng. He gave the order that all deserters would be executed and pulled enough forces together in order to prevent the PAVN
PAVN
from taking Huế. Finally, with considerable U.S. air and naval support, as well as hard fighting by the ARVN
ARVN
soldiers, the Easter Offensive
Easter Offensive
was halted. ARVN
ARVN
forces counter-attacked and succeeded in driving part of the PAVN
PAVN
out of South Vietnam, though they did retain control of northern Quảng Trị province near the DMZ. At the end of 1972, Operation Linebacker
Operation Linebacker
II helped achieve a negotiated end to the war between the U.S. and the Hanoi government. By 1974, the United States had completely pulled its troops out of Vietnam. The ARVN
ARVN
was left to fight alone, but with all the weapons and technologies that their allies left behind. With massive technological support they had roughly four times as many heavy weapons as their enemies. The U.S. left the ARVN
ARVN
with thousands of aircraft, although the B-52 strategic bombers were removed to the United States, making the South Vietnam
South Vietnam
Airforce the fourth largest air force in the world.[12] These figures are deceptive, however, as the U.S. began to curtail military aid. The same situation happened to the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, since their allies, the Soviet Union, and China has also cut down military support, forcing them to use obsolete T-34
T-34
tanks and SU-100
SU-100
tank destroyers in battle.[citation needed] In the summer of 1974, Nixon resigned under the pressure of the Watergate scandal
Watergate scandal
and was succeeded by Gerald Ford. With the war growing incredibly unpopular at home, combined with a severe economic recession and mounting budget deficits, Congress cut funding to South Vietnam
Vietnam
for the upcoming fiscal year from 1 billion to 700 million dollars. Historians have attributed the fall of Saigon
Saigon
in 1975 to the cessation of American aid along with the growing disenchantment of the South Vietnamese people and the rampant corruption and incompetence of South Vietnam
South Vietnam
political leaders and ARVN
ARVN
general staff. Without the necessary funds and facing a collapse in South Vietnamese troop and civilian morale, it was becoming increasingly difficult for the ARVN
ARVN
to achieve a victory against the NLF. Moreover, the withdrawal of U.S. aid encouraged North Vietnam
Vietnam
to begin a new military offensive against South Vietnam. This resolve was strengthened when the new American administration did not think itself bound to this promise Nixon made to Thieu of a "severe retaliation" if Hanoi broke the 1973 Paris Peace Accords. The fall of Huế
Huế
to NLF forces on March 26 began an organized rout of the ARVN
ARVN
that culminated in the complete disintegration of the South Vietnamese government. Withdrawing ARVN
ARVN
forces found the roads choked with refugees making troop movement almost impossible. North Vietnamese forces took advantage of the growing instability, and with the abandoned equipment of the routing ARVN, they mounted heavy attacks on all fronts. With collapse all but inevitable, many ARVN generals abandoned their troops to fend for themselves and ARVN soldiers deserted en masse. President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu
Nguyễn Văn Thiệu
escaped with large amounts of money and the assistance of the CIA, according to a reporter.[10] Except for one battle by the 18th Division at Xuân Lộc and the perimeters around Saigon, ARVN
ARVN
resistance all but ceased. Less than a month after Huế, Saigon
Saigon
fell and South Vietnam ceased to exist as a political entity. The sudden and complete destruction of the ARVN
ARVN
shocked the world. Even their opponents were surprised at how quickly South Vietnam
South Vietnam
collapsed. The U.S. had provided the ARVN
ARVN
with 793,994 M1 carbines,[13] 220,300 M1 Garands and 520 M1C/M1D rifles,[14] 640,000 M-16 rifles, 34,000 M79 grenade launchers, 40,000 radios, 20,000 quarter-ton trucks, 214 M41 Walker Bulldog light tanks, 77 M577
M577
Command tracks (command version of the M113
M113
APC), 930 M113
M113
(APC/ACAVs), 120 V-100s (wheeled armored cars), and 190 M48 tanks; however on the eleventh hour, an American effort in November 1972 managed to transfer 59 more M48A3 Patton tanks, 100 additional M-113A1 ACAVs (Armored Cavalry Assault Vehicles), and over 500 extra aircraft to South Vietnam.[15] Despite such impressive figures, the Vietnamese were not as well equipped as the American GI's they replaced. The 1972 offensive had been driven back only with a massive American bombing campaign against North Vietnam. The VNAF
VNAF
had 200 A1, A-37 Ground Attack Aircraft and F-5 fighters, 30 AC-47 gunships and 600 transport, training and reconnaissance aircraft, and 500 helicopters. But their lightweight attack fighters lacked the punch of offensive bombers and fighters such as the B-52 and F-4 Phantom. Many aircraft were shot down by Soviet-supplied NVA surface-to-air missiles and anti-air batteries. The Case–Church Amendment
Case–Church Amendment
had effectively nullified the Paris Peace Accords, and as a result the United States had cut aid to South Vietnam
Vietnam
drastically in 1974, just months before the final enemy offensive, allowing North Vietnam
Vietnam
to invade South Vietnam
South Vietnam
without fear of U.S. military action. As a result, only a little fuel and ammunition were being sent to South Vietnam. South Vietnamese air and ground vehicles were immobilized by lack of spare parts. Troops went into battle without batteries for their radios, and their medics lacked basic supplies. South Vietnamese rifles and artillery pieces were rationed to three rounds of ammunition per day in the last months of the war.[16] Without enough supplies and ammunition, ARVN
ARVN
forces were quickly thrown into chaos and taken down by the well-supplied PAVN, no longer having to worry about U.S. bombing. The years after the war were not kind to some ARVN
ARVN
soldiers. Many were sent for years to special "reeducation camps", which consisted of forced labor and political indoctrination. The Americans and South Vietnamese had laid large minefields during the war, and former ARVN soldiers were made to clear them. Thousands died from sickness and starvation and were buried in unmarked graves. The South Vietnamese military cemetery at Biên Hòa
Biên Hòa
was vandalized and abandoned, and a mass grave of ARVN
ARVN
soldiers was made nearby. The charity "The Returning Casualty" in the early 2000s attempted to excavate and identify remains from some camp graves and restore the cemetery.[17] Reporter Morley Safer who returned in 1989 and saw the poverty of a former soldier described the ARVN
ARVN
as "that wretched army that was damned by the victors, abandoned by its allies, and royally and continuously screwed by its commanders".[10] Major units[edit] Corps[edit]

I Corps / CTZ II Corps/CTZ III Corps/CTZ IV Corps/CTZ 44th Special
Special
Tactical Zone

Divisions[edit]

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1st Infantry Division – The French formed the 21st Mobile Group in 1953, renamed 21st Division in January 1955, the 1st Division later that year. Considered "one of the best South Vietnamese combat units". Based in Huế, it had four rather than three regiments. Component units:

1st, 3rd, 51st and 54th Infantry Regiments 10th, 11th, 12th and 13th Artillery Battalions 7th Armoured Cavalry Squadron US Advisory Team 3

2nd Infantry Division – The French formed the 32nd Mobile Group in 1953, renamed 32nd Division in January 1955, then the 2nd Division later that year. Based in Quảng Ngãi, it was considered a "fairly good" division. Component units:

4th, 5th and 6th Infantry Regiments 20th, 21st, 22nd and 23rd Artillery Battalions 4th Armoured Cavalry Squadron US Advisory Team 2

3rd Infantry Division – Raised in October 1971 in Quảng Trị. One regiment was from the 1st Division (the 2nd Inf Regt). Based at Da Nang. It collapsed in the 1972 Easter Offensive, was reconstituted, and was destroyed at Da Nang in 1975. Component units:

2nd, 56th and 57th Infantry Regiments 30th, 31st, 32nd and 33rd Artillery Battalions 20th Armoured Cavalry Squadron US Advisory Team 155

5th Infantry Division – Originally formed in North Vietnam
Vietnam
as the 6th Division (commonly known as the "Nung" division), and renamed the 3rd Field Division after its move to Song Mao then to the 5th Division in 1959. Many Nungs originally were in its ranks. It was at Biên Hòa in 1963 and was involved in the overthrow of Diệm. It then operated north of Saigon. It entered Cambodia
Cambodia
in 1970 and defended An Lộc in 1972. Component units:

7th, 8th and 9th Infantry Regiments 50th, 51st, 52nd and 53rd Artillery Battalions 1st Armoured Cavalry Squadron US Advisory Team 70

7th Infantry Division – Formed as the 7th Mobile Group by the French, it became the 7th Division in 1959. Served in Mekong Delta 1961–75. Component units:

10th, 11th and 12th Infantry Regiments 70th, 71st, 72nd and 73rd Artillery Battalions 6th Armoured Cavalry Squadron US Advisory Team 75

9th Infantry Division – Formed in 1962, northern Mekong Delta. Component units:

14th, 15th and 16th Infantry Regiments 90th, 91st, 92nd and 93rd Artillery Battalions 2nd Armoured Cavalry Squadron US Advisory Team 60

18th Infantry Division – Formed as the 10th Division in 1965. Renamed the 18th Division in 1967 (number ten meant the worst in GI slang). Based at Xuân Lộc. Made famous for its defence of that town for a month in March–April 1975. Component units:

43rd, 48th and 52nd Infantry Regiments 180th, 181st, 182nd and 183rd Artillery Battalions 5th Armoured Cavalry Squadron US Advisory Team 87

21st Infantry Division – The ARVN
ARVN
1st and 3rd Light Divisions were formed in 1955, then renamed the 11th and 13th Light Divisions in 1956. They were combined to form the 21st Division in 1959. Served mainly near Saigon
Saigon
and in the Mekong Delta. Component units:

31st, 32nd and 33rd Infantry Regiments 210th, 211st, 212nd and 213rd Artillery Battalions 9th Armoured Cavalry Squadron US Advisory Team 51

22nd Infantry Division – Initially raised as the 4th Infantry Division, which existed briefly in the 1950s, but was renamed the 22nd Division as four is considered an unlucky number in Vietnam
Vietnam
(sounds in Vietnamese like the word for death). The ARVN
ARVN
2nd and 4th Light Divisions were formed in 1955; the 4th was renamed the 14th Light Division in 1956. They were combined to form the 22nd Division in 1959. It served near Kon Tum and elsewhere in the Central Highlands. It collapsed in 1972, and in 1975 was in Bình Định province. It was evacuated south of Saigon
Saigon
as Central Highlands front fell, and was one of the last ARVN
ARVN
units to surrender. Component units:

40th, 41st, 42nd and 47th Infantry Regiments 220th, 221st, 222nd and 223rd Artillery Battalions 19th Armoured Cavalry Squadron US Advisory Team 22

23rd Infantry Division – Originally the 5th Light Division, it was renamed 23rd in 1959. It operated in central Vietnam, and entered Cambodia
Cambodia
in 1970. It fought well in 1972, successfully defending Kon Tum, but was shattered in 1975 while defending Ban Me Thout. Component units:

43rd, 44th, 45th and 53rd Infantry Regiments 230th, 231st, 232nd and 233rd Artillery Battalions 8th Armoured Cavalry Squadron US Advisory Team 33

25th Infantry Division – Formed in Quảng Ngãi in 1962, it moved to south west of Saigon
Saigon
in 1964. It entered Parrot's Break, Cambodia in 1970, and defended the western approaches of Saigon
Saigon
in 1972 and 1975. Component units:

46th, 49th and 50th Infantry Regiments 250th, 251st, 252nd and 253rd Artillery Battalions 10th Armoured Cavalry Squadron US Advisory Team 99

Airborne Division – A branch of the VNAF, which was formed by the French as the Airborne Group in 1955. Brigade strength by 1959, it was formed as division in 1965. Based at Tan Son Nhut
Tan Son Nhut
airbase, it was used as a fire brigade throughout SVN. It included 9 Airborne Battalions and 3 Airborne Ranger Battalions. It fought in Cambodia
Cambodia
in 1970 and Laos
Laos
in 1971. It was used as brigade Groups in 1975, the 1st at Xuân Lộc, the 2nd at Phan Rang, and the 3rd at Nha Trang. A 4th Brigade was added in 1974. Component units:

1st Airborne Brigade

1st, 8th and 9th Airborne Battalions 1st Airborne Artillery Battalion

2nd Airborne Brigade

5th, 7th and 11th Airborne Battalions 2nd Airborne Artillery Battalion

3rd Airborne Brigade

2nd, 3rd and 6th Airborne Battalions 3rd Airborne Artillery Battalion

4th Airborne Brigade

4th and 10th Airborne Battalions

US Airborne Advisory Team 162

Republic of Vietnam
Vietnam
Marine Division - A branch of Navy which was formed in 1954 at first on two battalions, expanded to six in two brigades by 1965, forming a division in 1968. A third brigade was added in 1970 and a fourth in 1975 had a generally good reputation as a combat force. Component units:

147th Marine Brigade

1st "Wild Birds" Marine Battalion 4th "Killer Sharks" Marine Battalion 7th "Grey Tigers" Marine Battalions 1st "Lightning Fire" Marine Artillery Battalion

258th Marine Brigade

2nd "Crazy Buffaloes" Marine Battalion 5th "Black Dragons" Marine Battalion 8th "Sea Eagles" Marine Battalions 2nd "Divine Arrows" Marine Artillery Battalion

369th Marine Brigade

3rd "Sea Wolves" Marine Battalion 6th "Divine Hawks" Marine Battalion 9th "Ferocious Tigers" Marine Battalions 3rd "Divine Crossbows" Marine Artillery Battalion

468th Marine Brigade

14th Marine Battalion 16th Marine Battalion 18th Marine Battalions

USMC Advisory Team 1

Elite forces[edit]

ARVN
ARVN
Rangers fighting in Saigon
Saigon
during the Tet Offensive, 1968.

ARVN
ARVN
Rangers[18] (Biệt Động Quân)

1st Ranger Group:[19] 21st, 37th and 39th Ranger Battalions 2nd Ranger Group:[20] 11th, 22nd and 23rd Ranger Battalions 3rd Ranger Group:[21] 31st, 36th and 52nd Ranger Battalions 4th Ranger Group:[22] 42nd, 43rd and 44th Ranger Battalions 5th Ranger Group:[23] 33rd, 34th and 38th Ranger Battalions 6th Ranger Group:[23] 35th, 51st and 54th Ranger Battalions 7th Ranger Group:[24] 32nd and 85th Ranger Battalions 8th Ranger Group:[25] 84th and 87th Ranger Battalions 9th Ranger Group:[26] 91st and 92nd Ranger Battalions 81st Ranger Group:[27] 81st Ranger Battalion (Airborne)

ARVN Special Forces
ARVN Special Forces
(Lực Lượng Đặc Biệt or LLDB) 3d Armored Cavalry Squadron, II Corps

Notable ARVN
ARVN
generals[edit]

Cao Văn Viên, Chairman of the South Vietnamese Joint Chiefs of Staff Đăng Văn Quang, National Security Adviser to President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu Đỗ Cao Trí, Commander of ARVN's III Corps during 1968–71, known for his fighting prowess, but also his flamboyant lifestyle and allegations to corruption. Dương Văn Minh, leader of the 1963 coup, later become the last President of South Vietnam Lê Minh Đảo, Commander of the 18th Division that fought PAVN forces at Xuân Lộc
Xuân Lộc
in 1975 Lê Nguyên Vỹ, last commander of 5th Division, one of the 5 generals who committed suicide on April 30, 1975 Lê Văn Hưng, defender of An Lộc during the Easter Offensive
Easter Offensive
in 1972, one of the five generals who committed suicide on April 30, 1975 Ly Tong Ba Ngô Quang Trưởng Nguyễn Văn Hiếu Nguyễn Khánh, Head-of-State 1964–65 Nguyễn Ngọc Loan, Chief of the Republic of Vietnam
Vietnam
National Police who fought in Saigon
Saigon
during the 1968 Tet Offensive. Involved in the famous " Saigon
Saigon
Execution". Nguyễn Khoa Nam, last Commander of IV Corps, one of the five generals who committed suicide on April 30, 1975 Nguyen Duc Thang Nguyễn Viết Thanh Nguyễn Chánh Thi, "Coup Specialist", Commander of ARVN's I Corps during 1964–66 Nguyễn Văn Thiệu, President during 1967–71, 1971–75 Phạm Văn Đồng, Military Governor of Saigon
Saigon
1965–1966, suppressed Buddhist
Buddhist
movement Phạm Văn Phú, last Commander of II Corps, one of the 5 generals who committed suicide on April 30, 1975 Phan Trong Chinh Trần Văn Minh, Ambassador of the Republic of Vietnam
Vietnam
to Tunis, Tunisia 1969–75 Trần Văn Hai, Last Commander of 7th Division 1974–75, one of the five generals who committed suicide on April 30, 1975

See also[edit]

Republic of Vietnam
Vietnam
Military Forces Republic of Vietnam
Vietnam
Air Force Republic of Vietnam
Vietnam
Navy Republic of Vietnam
Vietnam
National Police First Indochina War Vietnam
Vietnam
War Cambodian Civil War Laotian Civil War Khmer National Armed Forces Royal Lao Armed Forces Weapons of the Vietnam
Vietnam
War Bình An Cemetery, the ARVN
ARVN
national cemetery

Notes[edit]

^ Pike, John. "Republic of Vietnam
Vietnam
Armed Forces [RVNAF] Strength". globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 15 March 2018.  ^ History of the Army
Army
of the Republic of Vietnam
Vietnam
Archived 2007-03-13 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b Casualties – US vs NVA/VC ^ Vietnamese National Army
Army
gallery (May 1951 – June 1954) French Defense Ministry archives ECPAD Archived March 26, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ *Pierre Darcourt (1977). Bay Vien, le maitre de Cholon [Bay Vien, Cholon's Master] (in French). Hachette. ISBN 978-2-01-003449-7.  ^ *Alfred W. McCoy (2003). The Politics of Heroin. Lawrence Hill Books. ISBN 1-55652-483-8.  ^ "Photo: U.S. advisor confers with ARVN
ARVN
3rd Cav commander in front of a South Vietnamese M113". Archived from the original on 14 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-11.  ^ "3d Armored Cavalry Squadron (ARVN) earned Presidential Unit Citation (United States) for extraordinary heroism" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2010-06-11.  ^ Clarke, Jeffrey J. (1988), United States Army
Army
in Vietnam: Advice and Support: The Final Years, 1965–1973, Washington, D.C: Center of Military History, United States Army, p. 275 ^ a b c "Flashbacks", Morley Safer, Random House / St Martins Press, 1991, p 322 ^ Make For the Hills: The Autobiography of the World's Leading Counter Insurgency Expert. Leo Cooper (1989): page 114. ^ "VNAF, '51–'75". vnaf.net. Retrieved 15 March 2018.  ^ "Foreign Military Assistance". www.bavarianm1carbines.com. Retrieved 15 March 2018.  ^ Walter, John (2006). Rifles of the World (3rd ed.). Iola, WI: Krause Publications. p. 147. ISBN 0-89689-241-7.  ^ Starry/Dunstan ^ "Heroic Allies". vnafmamn.com. Retrieved 1 September 2017.  ^ Excavations of Burial Sites at Vietnamese Re-Education Camps by The Returning Casualty, Julie Martin, MSc in Forensic Archaeology and Anthropology candidate, Cranfield University UK, from southeastasianarchaeology.com ^ The Organization of the Ranger Groups is highly tentative, as the battalions were rather frequently switched between different groups. As an example, the much decorated 34th Battalion served in different periods with the 3rd, 5th and 6th Groups. ^ Formed 1966. Attached to I Corps. ^ Formed 1966. Attached to II Corps. ^ Formed 1966. Attached to III Corps. ^ Formed 1968.Attached to IV Corps. ^ a b Formed 1970. Attached to III Corps. ^ Formed 1973.Attached to the Airborne Division. ^ Formed in 1974. Possibly never fully operational) ^ Formed in 1975. Possibly never fully operational) ^ Actually just one single overstrength battalion. While included in the Ranger Command, it had strong links with the LLDB special forces, and used the LLDB green berrets.

References[edit]

Timeline of Vietnam
Vietnam
War Starry, Donn A. General. "Mounted Combat in Vietnam." Vietnam
Vietnam
Studies; Department of the Army; first printing 1978-CMH Pub 90-17. of Vietnam
Vietnam
Air Force.pdf "A Brief Overview of the Vietnam
Vietnam
National Army
Army
and the Republic of Vietnam
Vietnam
Armed Forces (1952–1975)" Check url= value (help) (PDF). Retrieved October 10, 2009.  Dunstan, Simon. " Vietnam
Vietnam
Tracks-Armor in Battle." 1982 edition, Osprey Publications; ISBN 0-89141-171-2. Moyar, Mark (October 2006). Triumph Forsaken: The Vietnam
Vietnam
War, 1954–1965. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-86911-0.  Simpson, Howard R. (August 1992). Tiger in the Barbed Wire: An American in Vietnam, 1952–1991. Brassey's Inc. ISBN 0-7881-5148-7.  Simpson, Howard R. (1998). Bush Hat, Black Tie: adventures of a foreign service officer. Brassey's Inc. ISBN 1-57488-154-X.  AFRVN Military History Section, J-5, Strategic Planning and Policy. Quân Sử 4: Quân lực Việt Nam Cộng Hòa trong giai-đoạn hình-thành: 1946–1955 (reprinted from the 1972 edition in Taiwan, DaiNam Publishing, 1977) [Military History: AFRVN, the formation period, 1946–1955] (in Vietnamese). CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) Tucker, Spencer C. (2000). Encyclopedia of the Vietnam
Vietnam
War. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. pp. 526–533. ISBN 978-0-87436-983-0. 

Further reading[edit]

Collins, Jr., Brigadier General James Lawton (1991) [1975]. The Development and Training of the South Vietnamese Army, 1950–1972. Vietnam
Vietnam
Studies. United States Army
Army
Center of Military History. CMH Pub 90-10. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Army
Army
of the Republic of Vietnam.

Heroic Allies by Harry F. Noyes III Vietnam War
Vietnam War
Bibliography: The ARVN
ARVN
and the RVN History of the Army
Army
of the Republic of Vietnam The Battle for Hue, 1968 by James H. Willbanks ARVN
ARVN
Interviews Interview with ARVN, Ban Van Nguyen 1975 NVA Invasion

v t e

Military of South Vietnam

Corps

I II III IV

Divisions

1 2 3 5 7 9 18 21 22 23 25 Marine Airborne

Branches

Air Force Army Civilian Irregular Defense Group program Navy Popular Forces Regional Forces Junk Force Rangers Cavalry Squadron Special
Special
Forces Presidential Guard Combined Action Program

Air bases

Bien Hoa Binh Thuy Cam Ranh Da Nang Nha Trang Phan Rang Phù Cát Pleiku Tan Son Nhut Tuy Hoa

Coup attempts and mutinies

1960 1962 1963 1964 September 1964 December 1964 1965 1966

Notable officers

Cao Văn Viên Chung Tấn Cang Đỗ Cao Trí Dương Văn Minh Hoàng Xuân Lãm Huỳnh Văn Cao Lâm Văn Phát Lê Minh Đảo Lê Nguyên Khang Lê Văn Hưng Lê Văn Kim Mai Hữu Xuân Nguyễn Cao Kỳ Nguyễn Chánh Thi Nguyễn Hữu Có Nguyễn Khánh Nguyễn Văn Thiệu Nguyễn Viết Thanh Ngô Quang Trưởng Phạm Ngọc Thảo Phạm Văn Phú Tôn Thất Đính Trần Thiện Khiêm Trần Văn Đôn Lê Nguyên Vỹ Nguyễn Khoa Nam Trần Văn Hai

Ranks and insignia

South Vietnamese military ranks

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