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The 8th SS Cavalry
Cavalry
Division "Florian Geyer" was a German Waffen-SS cavalry division during World War II. It was formed in 1942 from a cadre of the SS Cavalry
Cavalry
Brigade which was involved in the Bandenbekämpfung
Bandenbekämpfung
("bandit-fighting") operations behind the front line and was responsible for the killing of tens of thousands of the civilian population.[1] It continued "pacification" operations in the occupied Soviet Union, leading to further atrocities.

Contents

1 Formation 2 Operational history 3 Commanders 4 References

Formation[edit] About 40% of the division were ethnic Germans from Transylvania
Transylvania
and Banat
Banat
(Serbia and Romania). The training and replacement battalion of the division was involved in suppressing the 1943 Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. In March 1944, it was named after Florian Geyer (1490–1525), the Franconian nobleman who led the Black Company during the German Peasants' War. Veterans from the division formed the core of the 22nd SS Volunteer Cavalry
Cavalry
Division Maria Theresia, following the latter's creation on 29 April 1944. Operational history[edit]

SS cavalry in the occupied Soviet Union, June 1942

The newly created division was soon sent back to the Eastern Front and was stationed in the Rzhev
Rzhev
and Orel sectors in central Russia until the spring of 1943, in the Army Group Centre Rear Area. As the Ninth Army planned the evacuation from the Rzhev
Rzhev
salient in Operation Büffel in March 1943, the division took part in large-scale Bandenbekämpfung
Bandenbekämpfung
("bandit-fighting") actions in the weeks before the operation, alongside elements of four Wehrmacht divisions and other SS and police units. An estimated 3,000 Russians were killed, the great majority of whom were unarmed: only 277 rifles, 41 pistols, 61 machine guns and 17 mortars were recovered. As part of the withdrawal, Ninth Army's commander Walter Model
Walter Model
personally ordered the deportation of all male civilians, wells poisoned, and at least two dozen villages razed in a scorched earth policy to hinder the Red Army's follow up in the area.[2] The division was then moved to the area around Bobruisk, on internal security and Bandenbekämpfung
Bandenbekämpfung
duties until September 1943. In September the division was moved to the Southern front and took part in the German retreat to the Dnieper
Dnieper
river.[3] The division was then sent to Hungary
Hungary
in October 1943, where the Panzerjager
Panzerjager
and Sturmgeschütz
Sturmgeschütz
battalions were combined and the Reconnaissance Battalion became a Panzer Reconnaissance Battalion. Following this reorganization the division was posted to Croatia
Croatia
but many new recruits were Shwoveh[clarification needed] Danube Swabians drawn from Hungary
Hungary
in March 1944. In April 1944, they returned to Hungary
Hungary
and took part in the fighting in Transylvania
Transylvania
after the Romanian front collapsed.[3] The division was trapped in the Siege of Budapest
Siege of Budapest
with the IX SS Mountain Corps when the Soviet and Romanian forces surrounded the city in December 1944. The division was destroyed in the fighting for Budapest, and by the end of the siege, of the 30,000 men of the SS Corps, only about 800 reached the German lines.[3] Commanders[edit]

SS Cavalry
Cavalry
Division on a Bandenbekämpfung
Bandenbekämpfung
sweep, May 1943

SS-Brigadeführer Gustav Lombard, (March 1942 - April 1942) SS-Gruppenführer Hermann Fegelein, (April 1942 - August 1942) SS-Obergruppenführer Wilhelm Bittrich, (August 1942 - 15 February 1943) SS-Brigadeführer Fritz Freitag, (15 February 1943 - 20 April 1943) SS-Brigadeführer Gustav Lombard, (20 April 1943 - 14 May 1943) SS-Gruppenführer Hermann Fegelein, (14 May 1943 - 13 September 1943) SS-Gruppenführer Bruno Streckenbach, (13 September 1943 - 22 October 1943) SS-Gruppenführer Hermann Fegelein, (22 October 1943 - 1 January 1944) SS-Gruppenführer Bruno Streckenbach, (1 January 1944 - 14 April 1944) SS-Brigadeführer Gustav Lombard, (14 April 1944 - 1 July 1944) SS-Brigadeführer Joachim Rumohr, (1 July 1944 - 11 February 1945)

References[edit]

^ Hannes Heer, War of Extermination, p.136 ^ Newton 2006, pp. 212–216. ^ a b c Mitcham, German Order of Battle, Volume 3. p 150

Charles Trang, Florian Geyer
Florian Geyer
Division, 2000, ISBN 2-84048-141-3 Newton, Steven H. (2006). Hitler's Commander: Field Marshal Walter Model – Hitler's Favorite General. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo. ISBN 978-0-306-81399-3. 

Wikimedia Commons has media related to 8th SS Cavalry
Cavalry
Division Florian Geyer.

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Waffen-SS
divisions

Panzer

1st SS Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler 2nd SS Division Das Reich 3rd SS Division Totenkopf 5th SS Division Wiking 9th SS Division Hohenstaufen 10th SS Division Frundsberg 12th SS Division Hitlerjugend SS heavy Panzer battalions

Panzergrenadier

4th SS Polizei Panzergrenadier Division 11th SS Volunteer Panzergrenadier Division Nordland 16th SS Panzergrenadier Division Reichsführer-SS 17th SS Panzergrenadier Division Götz von Berlichingen 18th SS Volunteer Panzergrenadier Division Horst Wessel 23rd SS Volunteer Panzergrenadier Division Nederland

Mountain

6th SS Mountain Division Nord 7th SS Volunteer Mountain Division Prinz Eugen 13th Waffen Mountain Division of the SS Handschar (1st Croatian) 21st Waffen Mountain Division of the SS Skanderbeg
21st Waffen Mountain Division of the SS Skanderbeg
(1st Albanian) 23rd Waffen Mountain Division of the SS Kama (2nd Croatian) 24th Waffen Mountain Division of the SS Karstjäger

Cavalry

8th SS Cavalry
Cavalry
Division Florian Geyer 22nd SS Volunteer Cavalry
Cavalry
Division Division Maria Theresia 33rd Waffen Cavalry
Cavalry
Division of the SS (3rd Hungarian) 37th SS Volunteer Cavalry
Cavalry
Division Lützow 1st SS Cossack Cavalry
Cavalry
Division

Infantry

14th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (1st Galician) 15th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (1st Latvian) 19th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (2nd Latvian) 20th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (1st Estonian) 25th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS Hunyadi (1st Hungarian) 26th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (2nd Hungarian) 27th SS Volunteer Grenadier Division Langemarck (1st Flemish) 28th SS Volunteer Grenadier Division Wallonien 29th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS RONA (1st Russian) 29th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (1st Italian) 30th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (2nd Russian) 30th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (1st Belarussian) 31st SS Volunteer Grenadier Division 32nd SS Volunteer Grenadier Division 30 Januar 33rd Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS Charlemagne (1st French) 34th SS Volunteer Grenadier Division Landstorm Nederland 36th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS 38th SS Division Grenadier Nibelungen

Police

35th SS and Police Grenadier Division

Deception Divisions

26th SS Panzer Division 27th SS Panzer Division

Lists

Divisional commanders Divisions

Category

v t e

Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
and Einsatzkommandos

People

Director

Reinhard Heydrich Ernst Kaltenbrunner

Commanders of Einsatzgruppen

Humbert Achamer-Pifrader Walther Bierkamp Horst Böhme Erich Ehrlinger Wilhelm Fuchs Heinz Jost Erich Naumann Arthur Nebe Otto Ohlendorf Friedrich Panzinger Otto Rasch Heinrich Seetzen Franz Walter Stahlecker Bruno Streckenbach

Commanders of Einsatzkommandos, Sonderkommandos

Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski Rudolf Batz Ernst Biberstein Wolfgang Birkner Helmut Bischoff Paul Blobel Walter Blume Friedrich-Wilhelm Bock Otto Bradfisch Werner Braune Friedrich Buchardt Fritz Dietrich Karl Jäger Friedrich Jeckeln Waldemar Klingelhöfer Wolfgang Kügler Walter Kutschmann Rudolf Lange Gustav Adolf Nosske Hans-Adolf Prützmann Walter Rauff Martin Sandberger Hermann Schaper Karl Eberhard Schöngarth Erwin Schulz Franz Six Eugen Steimle Eduard Strauch Martin Weiss Udo von Woyrsch

Other members

August Becker Lothar Fendler Joachim Hamann Emil Haussmann Felix Landau Albert Widmann

Collaborators

Viktors Arājs Herberts Cukurs Antanas Impulevičius Konrāds Kalējs Algirdas Klimaitis

Groups

German

SS RSHA SD Orpo 8th SS Cavalry
Cavalry
Division Florian Geyer Volksdeutscher Selbstschutz Sonderdienst

Non-German

Schutzmannschaft
Schutzmannschaft
(Belarusian, Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Ukrainian) Arajs Kommando Lithuanian Security Police Rollkommando Hamann TDA Ypatingasis būrys

Crimes

Belarus

Łachwa Ghetto Minsk Ghetto Slutsk Affair

Estonia

Kalevi-Liiva

Latvia

Burning of the Riga synagogues Dünamünde Action Jelgava Pogulianski Rumbula Liepāja (Šķēde)

Lithuania

Ninth Fort Kaunas June 1941 Kaunas 29 October 1941 Ninth Fort
Ninth Fort
November 1941 Ponary

Poland

Operation Tannenberg Intelligenzaktion AB-Aktion Operation Reinhard

Russia

Gully of Petrushino Zmievskaya Balka Lokot Autonomy

Ukraine

Babi Yar Drobytsky Yar Drohobycz Kamianets-Podilskyi Lviv pogroms Mizocz Ghetto Odessa

Records

The Black Book Commissar Order Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
trial Generalplan Ost Jäger Report Korherr Report Special
Special
Prosecution Book-Poland (Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen) Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
reports

Authority control

.