45th parallel north
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The 45th parallel north is a that is 45 of Earth's . It crosses Europe, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America, and the Atlantic Ocean. The 45th parallel north is often called the halfway point between the equator and the , but the true halfway point is north of it because Earth is an oblate ; that is, it at the equator and is at the poles. At this latitude, the sun is visible for 15 hours 37 minutes during the , and 8 hours 46 minutes during the . The Sun stands 21.6° above the southern horizon at the , 68.4° at the , and exactly 45.0° at either .


Around the world

Starting at the and heading eastwards, the parallel 45° north passes through: :


Europe

In the 45th parallel hits the coast of in the west. It crosses the river at , just north of and through . It then continues across the and into the region. The city of is just south of the parallel. In northern it parallels the river , near , passing by , then just south of before passing into in the . Further east it passes through the : (just north of , and through ), the n autonomous province of , the eastern tip of , the northern edge of , and a section of Croatia. The capital city of – is just south of the parallel. In Russia it runs from the west coast of the Caspian Sea to the east coast of the , through the , and its capital , and and its capital . In it crosses the and its capital .


Asia

After leaving Russia the parallel passes through southern , skirting the northern edge of the . It intersects the city of at the southern tip of and the city of further west. At the border with it bisects the and its toxic peninsula, site of an abandoned Soviet laboratory. In it passes through the in and the oil city of . Transecting southern it passes through the provinces of , (and its capital ), , , , , and . At it enters , cutting across and continuing through part of and eastern . It leaves the Asian mainland on the coast of in , north of and continues through the northern part of the . It passes through and the adjacent town of on the northern tip of , the northernmost of 's main islands, before heading east across the North Pacific Ocean.


North America

Throughout the United States the parallel is marked in many places on highways by a sign proclaiming that the location is halfway between the North Pole and the equator.Due to the fact that the , the 45th parallel line is not exactly half way between the equator and the north pole when traversing the surface of the Earth. The 45th parallel line represents a perfect between the equator and the north pole when seen from the Earth's center. See for exact distance values. The 45th parallel forms some boundaries of or passes through many U.S. states: , , , , , , , , , , and , as well as going through the Canadian provinces of , , and . Going from west to east, the line makes landfall at the coast in Oregon. After crossing Idaho and the , it makes up most of the boundary between Montana and Wyoming. It then passes through the and further east roughly bisects the of . In Michigan, the in ends just shy of the 45th parallel. Many guidebooks and signs at the describe it as being halfway between the equator and north pole. When the Grand Traverse Bay recedes below normal level, it is possible to walk out to the exact line. Further east, the 45th parallel roughly marks the between the and rivers, between the Canadian province of and the states of New York and Vermont. The parallel is sometimes called the "Canada line". After the , the 45th parallel was declared the boundary between New York and Quebec. Under the of 1842, original measurement errors stand so that the boundary is not exactly at 45 degrees north but is where the survey monuments were erected in 1772. The actual boundary of Vermont lies approximately north of the parallel due to an error in the 1772 survey. All of mainland New Brunswick lies north of the 45th parallel. Approximately two-thirds of , plus all of and islands, are south of the 45th parallel. The parallel roughly bisects . is approximately south of the parallel. File:45th Parallel I-5 Keizer OR.jpg, Marker on Interstate 5 near File:45thParallelRosevilleMN.jpg, 45th parallel marker in File:45th parallel north.png, () for the 45th parallel


See also

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Notes


References


External links


The 45th Parallel
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*From th
Minas Astronomy Group45th Parallel MarkersDegree Confluence Project
{{DEFAULTSORT:45th Parallel North Borders of Wyoming