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The 42nd parallel north
42nd parallel north
is a circle of latitude that is 42 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Europe, the Mediterranean Sea, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America, and the Atlantic Ocean. At this latitude the sun is visible for 15 hours, 15 minutes during the summer solstice and 9 hours, 7 minutes during the winter solstice.[1]

Contents

1 Around the world 2 United States 3 Canada 4 See also 5 References

Around the world[edit] Starting at the Prime Meridian
Prime Meridian
and heading eastwards, the parallel 42° north passes through:

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes

42°0′N 0°0′E / 42.000°N 0.000°E / 42.000; 0.000 (Prime Meridian)  Spain Passing near Laluenga
Laluenga
and Laperdiguera
Laperdiguera
(Huesca province)

42°0′N 3°11′E / 42.000°N 3.183°E / 42.000; 3.183 (Mediterranean Sea) Mediterranean Sea

42°0′N 8°39′E / 42.000°N 8.650°E / 42.000; 8.650 (France)  France Island of Corsica

42°0′N 9°27′E / 42.000°N 9.450°E / 42.000; 9.450 (Mediterranean Sea) Mediterranean Sea Tyrrhenian Sea

42°0′N 11°58′E / 42.000°N 11.967°E / 42.000; 11.967 (Italy)  Italy Passing just north of Rome

42°0′N 15°0′E / 42.000°N 15.000°E / 42.000; 15.000 (Adriatic Sea) Mediterranean Sea Adriatic Sea

42°0′N 19°9′E / 42.000°N 19.150°E / 42.000; 19.150 (Montenegro)  Montenegro

42°0′N 19°23′E / 42.000°N 19.383°E / 42.000; 19.383 (Albania)  Albania

42°0′N 20°37′E / 42.000°N 20.617°E / 42.000; 20.617 (Serbia/Kosovo)   Kosovo
Kosovo
or  Serbia Kosovo
Kosovo
is a partially recognised state. Some nations consider its territory to be part of Serbia.

42°0′N 20°46′E / 42.000°N 20.767°E / 42.000; 20.767 (Macedonia)  Macedonia Passing through Skopje

42°0′N 22°52′E / 42.000°N 22.867°E / 42.000; 22.867 (Bulgaria)  Bulgaria

42°0′N 26°56′E / 42.000°N 26.933°E / 42.000; 26.933 (Turkey)  Turkey

42°0′N 27°25′E / 42.000°N 27.417°E / 42.000; 27.417 (Bulgaria)  Bulgaria

42°0′N 27°51′E / 42.000°N 27.850°E / 42.000; 27.850 (Turkey)  Turkey For about 300 m

42°0′N 27°51.42′E / 42.000°N 27.85700°E / 42.000; 27.85700 (Bulgaria)  Bulgaria For about 100 m

42°0′N 27°51.52′E / 42.000°N 27.85867°E / 42.000; 27.85867 (Turkey)  Turkey For about 500 m

42°0′N 27°52.08′E / 42.000°N 27.86800°E / 42.000; 27.86800 (Bulgaria)  Bulgaria

42°0′N 28°2′E / 42.000°N 28.033°E / 42.000; 28.033 (Black Sea) Black Sea

42°0′N 33°17′E / 42.000°N 33.283°E / 42.000; 33.283 (Turkey)  Turkey

42°0′N 33°34′E / 42.000°N 33.567°E / 42.000; 33.567 (Black Sea) Black Sea

42°0′N 34°52′E / 42.000°N 34.867°E / 42.000; 34.867 (Turkey)  Turkey

42°0′N 35°7′E / 42.000°N 35.117°E / 42.000; 35.117 (Black Sea) Black Sea

42°0′N 41°45′E / 42.000°N 41.750°E / 42.000; 41.750 (Georgia)  Georgia

42°0′N 46°5′E / 42.000°N 46.083°E / 42.000; 46.083 (Russia)  Russia Dagestan
Dagestan
- For about 2 km

42°0′N 46°7′E / 42.000°N 46.117°E / 42.000; 46.117 (Georgia)  Georgia For about 3 km

42°0′N 46°9′E / 42.000°N 46.150°E / 42.000; 46.150 (Russia)  Russia Dagestan

42°0′N 48°20′E / 42.000°N 48.333°E / 42.000; 48.333 (Caspian Sea) Caspian Sea

42°0′N 52°27′E / 42.000°N 52.450°E / 42.000; 52.450 (Kazakhstan)  Kazakhstan

42°0′N 52°48′E / 42.000°N 52.800°E / 42.000; 52.800 (Turkmenistan)  Turkmenistan

42°0′N 54°51′E / 42.000°N 54.850°E / 42.000; 54.850 (Kazakhstan)  Kazakhstan

42°0′N 56°0′E / 42.000°N 56.000°E / 42.000; 56.000 (Uzbekistan)  Uzbekistan

42°0′N 57°10′E / 42.000°N 57.167°E / 42.000; 57.167 (Turkmenistan)  Turkmenistan

42°0′N 60°0′E / 42.000°N 60.000°E / 42.000; 60.000 (Uzbekistan)  Uzbekistan

42°0′N 66°0′E / 42.000°N 66.000°E / 42.000; 66.000 (Kazakhstan)  Kazakhstan

42°0′N 70°20′E / 42.000°N 70.333°E / 42.000; 70.333 (Uzbekistan)  Uzbekistan

42°0′N 70°50′E / 42.000°N 70.833°E / 42.000; 70.833 (Kyrgyzstan)  Kyrgyzstan

42°0′N 79°50′E / 42.000°N 79.833°E / 42.000; 79.833 (China)  People's Republic of China Xinjiang Gansu Inner Mongolia

42°0′N 103°3′E / 42.000°N 103.050°E / 42.000; 103.050 (Mongolia)  Mongolia

42°0′N 105°56′E / 42.000°N 105.933°E / 42.000; 105.933 (China)  People's Republic of China Inner Mongolia Hebei Inner Mongolia Hebei Inner Mongolia Hebei Inner Mongolia Liaoning Inner Mongolia Liaoning Jilin

42°0′N 128°3′E / 42.000°N 128.050°E / 42.000; 128.050 (North Korea)  North Korea Passing through Baekdu Mountain

42°0′N 128°29′E / 42.000°N 128.483°E / 42.000; 128.483 (China)  People's Republic of China Jilin
Jilin
(for about 8 km)

42°0′N 128°34′E / 42.000°N 128.567°E / 42.000; 128.567 (North Korea)  North Korea North Hamgyeong Province
North Hamgyeong Province
- Kaema Plateau - Passing just north of Cheongjin Passing just south of Raseon

42°0′N 130°2′E / 42.000°N 130.033°E / 42.000; 130.033 (Sea of Japan) Sea of Japan Passing just south of Okushiri Island,  Japan

42°0′N 140°7′E / 42.000°N 140.117°E / 42.000; 140.117 (Japan)  Japan Island of Hokkaidō

42°0′N 140°53′E / 42.000°N 140.883°E / 42.000; 140.883 (Pacific Ocean) Pacific Ocean

42°0′N 143°9′E / 42.000°N 143.150°E / 42.000; 143.150 (Japan)  Japan Island of Hokkaidō

42°0′N 143°15′E / 42.000°N 143.250°E / 42.000; 143.250 (Pacific Ocean) Pacific Ocean

42°0′N 124°13′W / 42.000°N 124.217°W / 42.000; -124.217 (United States)  United States Oregon
Oregon
/ California
California
border Oregon
Oregon
/ Nevada
Nevada
border Idaho
Idaho
/ Nevada
Nevada
border Idaho
Idaho
/ Utah
Utah
border Wyoming Nebraska Iowa Illinois
Illinois
- passing through Chicago

42°0′N 87°39′W / 42.000°N 87.650°W / 42.000; -87.650 (Lake Michigan) Lake Michigan

42°0′N 86°33′W / 42.000°N 86.550°W / 42.000; -86.550 (United States)  United States Michigan

42°0′N 83°11′W / 42.000°N 83.183°W / 42.000; -83.183 (Lake Erie) Lake Erie

42°0′N 82°58′W / 42.000°N 82.967°W / 42.000; -82.967 (Canada)  Canada Ontario

42°0′N 82°29′W / 42.000°N 82.483°W / 42.000; -82.483 (Lake Erie) Lake Erie

42°0′N 80°26′W / 42.000°N 80.433°W / 42.000; -80.433 (United States)  United States Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
(Erie County) New York / Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
border New York Connecticut
Connecticut
- running just south of the border with Massachusetts Rhode Island
Rhode Island
- running just south of the border with Massachusetts Massachusetts

42°0′N 70°42′W / 42.000°N 70.700°W / 42.000; -70.700 ( Cape Cod
Cape Cod
Bay) Cape Cod
Cape Cod
Bay

42°0′N 70°5′W / 42.000°N 70.083°W / 42.000; -70.083 (United States)  United States Massachusetts
Massachusetts
(Truro, Cape Cod)

42°0′N 70°2′W / 42.000°N 70.033°W / 42.000; -70.033 (Atlantic Ocean) Atlantic Ocean

42°0′N 8°53′W / 42.000°N 8.883°W / 42.000; -8.883 (Spain)  Spain

42°0′N 8°39′W / 42.000°N 8.650°W / 42.000; -8.650 (Portugal)  Portugal

42°0′N 8°7′W / 42.000°N 8.117°W / 42.000; -8.117 (Spain)  Spain

United States[edit]

The 42nd parallel north
42nd parallel north
defining borders between states in the United States

Crossing the parallel in Girard, Pennsylvania

The parallel 42° north forms most of the New York-Pennsylvania border, although due to imperfect surveying in 1785–1786, this boundary wanders around on both sides of the true parallel. The area around the parallel in this region is known as the Twin Tiers. The 42nd parallel became agreed upon as the northward limit of the Spanish Empire
Spanish Empire
by the Adams-Onís Treaty
Adams-Onís Treaty
of 1819 with the United States, which established the parallel as the border between the Viceroyality of New Spain
Spain
of the Kingdom of Spain
Spain
and the western territory of the United States
United States
of America from the meridian of the headwaters of the Arkansas River
Arkansas River
west to the Pacific Ocean.[2] The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
of 1848 then ceded much of what was then northern Mexico
Mexico
to the United States; as a result, the northernmost U.S. states which were created from Mexican territory (California, Nevada, and Utah) have the parallel 42° north as their northern border, and the adjoining U.S. states of Oregon
Oregon
and Idaho
Idaho
have the parallel as their southern border. The parallel passes through the states of Wyoming, Nebraska, Iowa, Illinois, Michigan, Pennsylvania, New York, Connecticut, Rhode Island and Massachusetts, and passes through (or near - within three-tenths degree of latitude) the following cities in the United States:

Crescent City, California Yreka, California Ames, Iowa Chicago, Illinois Kalamazoo, Michigan Erie, Pennsylvania Jamestown, New York Busti, New York Binghamton, New York Plymouth, Massachusetts Springfield, Massachusetts Worcester, Massachusetts Providence, Rhode Island

Canada[edit] The parallel 42° north passes through the southern end of Lake Michigan
Michigan
and Lake Erie. Part of the water boundary between Canada
Canada
and the United States
United States
passes south of the 42nd parallel. The southern tip of the Canadian province of Ontario
Ontario
just barely goes south of it at Point Pelee
Point Pelee
and Pelee Island, while the southernmost portion of the Town of Essex at Colchester is located below the 42nd parallel. See also[edit]

41st parallel north 43rd parallel north The Twin Tiers region of New York and Pennsylvania The "Jefferson" region of Oregon
Oregon
and California

References[edit]

^ http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/Dur_OneYear.php ^ Nugent, Walter (2008). Habits of Empire: A History of American Expansion. Alfred A. Knopf. pp. 161, 166–167. ISBN 978-1-4000-4292-0. 

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Circles of latitude / meridians

Equator Tropic of Cancer Tropic of Capricorn Arctic Circle Antarctic Circle Equator Tropic of Cancer Tropic of Capricorn Arctic Circle Antarctic Circle Equator Tropic of Cancer Tropic of Capricorn Arctic Circle Antarctic Circle W 0° E 30° 60° 90° 120° 150° 180° 30° 60° 90° 120° 150° 180° 5° 15° 25° 35° 45° 55° 65° 75° 85° 95° 105° 115° 125° 135° 145° 155° 165° 175° 5° 15° 25° 35° 45° 55° 65° 75° 85° 95° 105° 115° 125° 135° 145° 155° 165° 175° 10° 20° 40° 50° 70° 80° 100° 110° 130° 140° 160° 170° 10° 20° 40° 50° 70° 80° 100° 110° 130° 140° 160° 170° 0° 10° 20° 30° 40° 50° 60° 70° 80° 90° 10° 20° 30° 40° 50° 60° 70° 80° 90° 5° N 15° 25° 35° 45° 55° 65° 75° 85° 5° S 15° 25° 35° 45° 55° 65° 75° 85° 45x90 45x90

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