2nd Regiment of Life Guards
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The 2nd Regiment of Life Guards was a cavalry regiment in the British Army, part of the
Household Cavalry The Household Cavalry (HCav) is made up of the two most senior regiments of the British Army, the Life Guards (United Kingdom), Life Guards and the Blues and Royals, Blues and Royals (Royal Horse Guards and 1st Dragoons). These regiments are div ...
. It was formed in 1788 by the union of the 2nd Troop of Horse Guards and 2nd Troop of
Horse Grenadier Guards The Horse Grenadier Guards, usually referred to ''Horse Grenadiers'' were a series of cavalry troops in the British Household Cavalry between 1687 and 1788, who used grenades and other explosives in battle. Originally attached to the Troops of H ...
. In 1922, it was amalgamated with the 1st Life Guards to form the Life Guards.


History

The regiment was formed in 1788 by the union of the 2nd Troop of Horse Guards and 2nd Troop of
Horse Grenadier Guards The Horse Grenadier Guards, usually referred to ''Horse Grenadiers'' were a series of cavalry troops in the British Household Cavalry between 1687 and 1788, who used grenades and other explosives in battle. Originally attached to the Troops of H ...
. It fought in the
Peninsular War The Peninsular War (1807–1814) was the war, military conflict fought in the Iberian Peninsula by Spain, Kingdom of Portugal, Portugal, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, United Kingdom against the invading and occupying ...
, under the command of Major-General Charles Barton, and at the Waterloo. In 1877, it was renamed 2nd Life Guards and contributed to the Household Cavalry Composite Regiment in the
Anglo-Egyptian War The British conquest of Egypt (1882), also known as Anglo-Egyptian War (), occurred in 1882 between Egyptian and Sudanese forces under Ahmed ‘Urabi and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, United Kingdom. It ended a ‘Urabi Revol ...
, in the
Second Boer War The Second Boer War ( af, Tweede Vryheidsoorlog, , 11 October 189931 May 1902), also known as the Boer War, the Anglo–Boer War, or the South African War, was a conflict fought between the British Empire and the two Boer Republics (the South ...
and in the
First World War World War I (28 July 1914 11 November 1918), often abbreviated as WWI, was List of wars and anthropogenic disasters by death toll, one of the deadliest global conflicts in history. Belligerents included much of Europe, the Russian Empire, ...
from August to November 1914. From 1916 to 1918, the Reserve Regiment contributed to the Household Battalion. In 1918, the regiment was converted to the 2nd Battalion, Guards Machine Gun Regiment. It was reconstituted in 1919 and was amalgamated with the 1st Life Guards in 1922 to form the Life Guards.


Battle honours

The battle honours of the regiment were: * ''Early Wars'': Dettingen,
Peninsula A peninsula (; ) is a landform that extends from a mainland and is surrounded by water on most, but not all of its borders. A peninsula is also sometimes defined as a piece of land bordered by water on three of its sides. Peninsulas exist on all ...
, Waterloo, Tel-el-Kebir, Egypt 1882, Relief of Kimberley, Paardeberg, South Africa 1899–1900 * ''The Great War'':
Mons Mons (; German language, German and nl, Bergen, ; Walloon language, Walloon and pcd, Mont) is a City status in Belgium, city and Municipalities of Belgium, municipality of Wallonia, and the capital of the Hainaut Province, province of Hainaut ...
, Le Cateau,
Retreat from Mons The Great Retreat (), also known as the retreat from Mons, was the long withdrawal to the River Marne in August and September 1914 by the British Expeditionary Force (World War I), British Expeditionary Force (BEF) and the French Fifth Army (Fra ...
,
Marne 1914 Marne can refer to: Places France *Marne (river), a tributary of the Seine *Marne (department), a département in northeastern France named after the river *La Marne, a commune in western France *Marne, a legislative constituency (France) Netherl ...
, Aisne 1914, Messines 1914, Armentières 1914, Ypres 1914 '15 '17, Langemarck 1914, Gheluvelt, Nonne Bosschen, St. Julien, Frezenberg, Somme 1916 '18, Albert 1916, Arras 1917 '18, Scarpe 1917, Broodseinde, Poelcappelle, Passchendaele, Bapaume 1918,
Hindenburg Line The Hindenburg Line (German: , Siegfried Position) was a German defensive position built during the winter of 1916–1917 on the Western Front during the First World War. The line ran from Arras to Laffaux, near Soissons on the Aisne. In 19 ...
, Épehy, St. Quentin Canal, Beaurevoir, Cambrai 1918, Selle, France and Flanders 1914–18


Colonels-in-Chief

The Colonels-in-Chief of the regiment were: *1815 King George IV *1830 King William IV *1837 ''vacant'' *1880 F.M. The Prince of Wales, later King Edward VII *1910 F.M. King George V


Regimental Colonels

The Colonels of the regiment were: *1788–1797: F.M. Sir Jeffrey Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst, KB *1797–1843: Gen. William Cathcart, 1st Earl Cathcart, KT *1843–1854: Gen. Charles Stewart, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry, KG, GCB, GCH *1854–1863: F.M. Sir
John Colborne, 1st Baron Seaton Field Marshal Field marshal (or field-marshal, abbreviated as FM) is the most senior military rank, ordinarily senior to the general officer ranks. Usually, it is the highest rank in an army and as such few persons are appointed to it. I ...
, GCB, GCMG, GCH *1863: Gen. Henry Beauchamp Lygon, 4th Earl Beauchamp *1863–1876: F.M.
George Hay, 8th Marquess of Tweeddale Field marshal (United Kingdom), Field Marshal George Hay, 8th Marquess of Tweeddale (1 February 1787 – 10 October 1876) was a British people, British soldier and administrator. He served as a staff officer in the Peninsular War under Arthur W ...
, KT, GCB *1876–1890: Gen. George Upton, 3rd Viscount Templetown, GCB *1890–1900: Gen. Richard William Penn Curzon-Howe, 3rd Earl Howe, GCVO, CB *1900–1905: Gen. Frederick Augustus Thesiger, 2nd Baron Chelmsford, GCB, GCVO *1905–1907: F.M. Sir Francis Grenfell, 1st Baron Grenfell, GCB, GCMG *1907–1919: Lt-Gen.
Douglas Cochrane, 12th Earl of Dundonald Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom), Lieutenant General Douglas Mackinnon Baillie Hamilton Cochrane, 12th Earl of Dundonald, (29 October 1852 – 12 April 1935), styled Lord Cochrane between 1860 and 1885, was a Scottish Scottish representative ...
, KCB, KCVO *1919–1922: Maj-Gen. Sir Cecil Edward Bingham, GCVO, KCMG, CB


See also

* Life Guards * British cavalry during the First World War


References


Sources

* {{DEFAULTSORT:2nd Regiment Of Life Guards 2-002 Regiment of Life Guards LG2 Household Cavalry Former guards regiments Military units and formations established in 1788 Military units and formations disestablished in 1922