1st Troop of Horse Guards
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The 1st (His Majesty's Own) Troop of Horse Guards was formed from King Charles II's exiled followers in the
Netherlands ) , anthem = ( en, "William of Nassau") , image_map = , map_caption = , subdivision_type = Sovereign state , subdivision_name = Kingdom of the Netherlands , established_title = Before independence , established_date = Spanish Neth ...
(the Stuart monarchs had been overthrown during the
English Civil War The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of civil wars and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists led by Charles I ("Cavaliers"), mainly over the manner of Kingdom of England, England's governanc ...
, and replaced with the
Commonwealth A commonwealth is a traditional English term for a political community founded for the common good In philosophy, economics, and political science, the common good (also commonwealth, general welfare, or public benefit) is either what is share ...
). The regiment was formed in 1658, and placed on the English establishment three years later, with the official formation of the "modern"
British Army The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a country in Europe, off the north-western ...
. It fought at Dettingen, along with four other troops of the
Royal Horse Guards The Royal Regiment of Horse Guards (The Blues) (RHG) was a Cavalry regiments of the British Army, cavalry regiment of the British Army, part of the Household Cavalry. Raised in August 1650 at Newcastle upon Tyne and County Durham by Arthur Hase ...
, and eventually absorbed the 3rd Troop of Horse Guards and the 1st Troop,
Horse Grenadier Guards The Horse Grenadier Guards, usually referred to ''Horse Grenadiers'' were a series of cavalry troops in the British Household Cavalry between 1687 and 1788, who used grenades and other explosives in battle. Originally attached to the Troops of H ...
. On 25 June 1788, the regiment became the 1st Regiment of Life Guards.


Colonels and former names of the 1st Troop, Horse Guards

* 1660 Charles, Baron Gerard —Lord Gerard's Horse Guards
(17 May 1660 - 16 September 1668) * 1668 James, Duke of Monmouth —Duke of Monmouth's Horse Guards
(16 September 1668 - 29 November 1679) * 1679 Christopher, Duke of Albemarle —Monck's or Duke of Albemarle's Horse Guards
(29 November 1679 - 1 August 1685) * 1685 Louis, Earl of Feversham —Duras' or Earl of Feversham's Horse Guards
(1 August 1685 - 2 April 1689) * 1689 Richard, Viscount Lumley —Lord Lumley's or Earl of Scarbrough's Horse Guards
(2 April 1689 - 9 March 1699) * 1699 Arnold, Earl of Albemarle —Keppel's or Earl of Albemarle's Horse Guards
(9 March 1699 - 26 July 1710) * 1710 Henry, Earl of Portland —Bentinck's or Earl of Portland's Horse Guards
(26 July 1710 -7 July 1713) * 1713 John, Baron Ashburnham —Ashburnham's Horse Guards
(7 July 1713 - 10 May 1715) * 1715
John Montagu, 2nd Duke of Montagu John Montagu, 2nd Duke of Montagu, (1690 – 5 July 1749), styled Viscount Monthermer until 1705 and Marquess of Monthermer between 1705 and 1709, was a Kingdom of Great Britain, British peer. Life Montagu was an owner of a coal mine. Montagu ...
—Duke of Montagu's Horse Guards
(10 May 1715 - 20 September 1721) * 1721 Henry, Lord Herbert —Herbert's or Earl of Pembroke's Horse Guards
(20 September 1721 - 4 July 1733) * 1733 John, Baron Catherlough —Lord Catherlough's or Earl of Westmorland's Horse Guards
(4 July 1733 - 21 June 1737) * 1737 John, Duke of Montagu —Duke of Montagu's Horse Guards
(21 June 1737 - 30 August 1737) * 1737 John, Baron De La Warr —West's or (1st) Earl De La Warr's Horse Guards
(30 August 1737 - 16 March 1766) in 1746 absorbed 3rd Troop of Horse Guards On 1 July 1751 a royal warrant provided that in future regiments would not be known by their colonels' names, but by their "number or rank". * 1766 John, Earl De La Warr
(21 March 1766 - 12 December 1777) * 1777 William, Marquess of Lothian
(12 December 1777 - 25 June 1788) in 1788 absorbed 1st Troop, Horse Grenadier Guards On 25 June 1788 became 1st Regiment of Life Guards


References

* *{{Rayment, date=February 2012 1-001 Troop of Horse Guards 1658 establishments in the Dutch Republic Military units and formations established in 1658 Household Cavalry