19th Lancers (Fane's Horse)
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The 19th Lancers is an armoured regiment of the
Pakistan Army The Pakistan Army (; ) is the land Land is the solid surface of Earth that is not permanently submerged in water. Most but not all land is situated at elevations above sea level (variable over geologic time frames) and consists mainly o ...
. Before 1956, it was known as 19th King George V's Own Lancers, which was a regular
cavalry Historically, cavalry (from the French word ''cavalerie'', itself derived from "cheval" meaning "horse") are soldier A soldier is a person who is a member of a professional army An army (from Latin ''arma'' "arms, weapons" via O ...

cavalry
regiment A regiment is a military unit Military organization or military organisation is the structuring of the armed force A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intend ...
of the
British Indian Army The British Indian Army was the main military of the British Indian Empire The British Raj (; from ''rāj'', literally, "rule" in Sanskrit Sanskrit (, attributively , ''saṃskṛta-'', nominalization, nominally , ''saṃskṛtam' ...
. It was formed in 1922, by the amalgamation of 18th King George's Own Lancers and 19th Lancers (Fane's Horse). On
Partition of India The partition of India was the division of British India The Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the Indian subcon ...

Partition of India
in 1947, the regiment was allotted to
Pakistan Pakistan, . Pronounced variably in English as , , , and . officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world's List of countries and dependencies by population, fifth-most populous country, with a popul ...

Pakistan
.Gaylor, John. (1992). ''Sons of John Company: The Indian and Pakistan Armies 1903–91''. Stroud: Spellmount.


18th King George's Own Lancers

The regiment was raised at
Gwalior Gwalior () is a major city in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh lies at upper Madhya Pradesh and one of the National Capital Region (India)#Counter magnets, Counter-magnet cities. Located south of Delhi, the capital city of India, fr ...

Gwalior
during the upheaval of the
Indian Mutiny The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a major, but ultimately unsuccessful, uprising in India in 1857–58 against Company rule in India, the rule of the East India Company, British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on beha ...
in 1858, as the 2nd Regiment of Mahratta Horse. In December, it was joined by a small body of independent cavalry of Punjabi Rajput Muslims called the
TiwanaTiwana is a surname. Notable people with this surname include: * Dalip Kaur Tiwana (born 1935), Indian writer * Harpal Tiwana (born 1935), Indian playwright * Malik Fateh Khan Tiwana (died 1848), Punjabi landowner and politician during the Sikh Emp ...
Horse. In 1861, it was redesignated as the 18th Regiment of Bengal Cavalry, becoming Lancers in 1886. The regiment served in the
Second Afghan War The Second Anglo-Afghan War (Dari: جنگ دوم افغان و انگلیس, ps, د افغان-انګرېز دويمه جګړه) was a military conflict fought between the British Raj and the Emirate of Afghanistan from 1878 to 1880, when the l ...
during 1879–80 and took part in the 1897 Tirah Campaign on the North West Frontier of India. During
World War I World War I, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war A world war is "a war engaged in by all or most of the principal nations of the world". The term is usually reserved for ...

World War I
, the regiment was sent to
France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one continent A continent is one of several large landmasses ...

France
in 1914 with the
Indian Cavalry Corps The Indian Cavalry Corps was a formation of the British Indian Army in World War I. It was formed in France in December 1914. It remained in France until March 1916, when it was broken up. The corps consisted of the 1st Indian Cavalry Division and ...
and participated in the Battles of the
Somme __NOTOC__ Somme or The Somme may refer to: Places *Somme (department) Somme (; pcd, Sonme) is a department Department may refer to: * Departmentalization, division of a larger organization into parts with specific responsibility Government and ...
and
Cambrai Cambrai (, ; pcd, Kimbré; nl, Kamerijk), formerly Cambray and historically in English Camerick or Camericke, is a Communes of France, commune in the Nord (French department), Nord Departments of France, department and in the Hauts-de-France R ...
. In 1918, it moved to
Egypt Egypt ( ar, مِصر, Miṣr), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one continent A continent is one of several large landmasses. Generally identi ...

Egypt
joining the 13th Cavalry Brigade and took part in General
Edmund Allenby Field marshal (United Kingdom), Field Marshal Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby, (23 April 1861 – 14 May 1936) was an English soldier and British Imperial Governor. He fought in the Second Boer War and also in the First ...
's campaign in
Palestine __NOTOC__ Palestine may refer to: * State of Palestine, a ''de jure'' sovereign state in Western Asia * Palestine (region), a geographic region in Western Asia * Palestinian territories, territories occupied by Israel since 1967, namely the West ...
. The regiment fought in the Battle of Megiddo and the subsequent dash towards
Damascus )), is an adjective which means "spacious". , motto = , image_flag = Flag of Damascus.svg , image_seal = Emblem of Damascus.svg , seal_type = Seal , m ...
– riding 550 miles in 38 days.Hudson, Havelock. (1937). ''History of the 19th King George's Own Lancers, 1858–1921''. Aldershot: Gale & Polden. * 1861: 18th Regiment of Bengal Cavalry * 1886: 18th Regiment of Bengal Lancers * 1901: 18th Bengal Lancers * 1906: 18th Prince of Wales's Own Tiwana Lancers * 1910: 18th King George's Own Lancers


19th Lancers (Fane's Horse)

The regiment was raised as the Fane's Horse by Captain Walter Fane at Kanpur, Cawnpore in 1860 for service in the Second Opium War. In China, the regiment fought in several sharp actions including those at Sinho, Chan-chi-wan and Pa-le-chiao. It then took part in the capture of Chinese capital of Pekin (Beijing). In 1861, the regiment was redesignated as the 19th Regiment of Bengal Cavalry, becoming Lancers in 1864. It served in the Second Afghan War and fought in the Battle of Ahmad Khel in 1880. During World War I, the regiment served in France in the 2nd (Sialkot) Cavalry Brigade and participated in the Battles of the Somme and Cambrai. In 1918, it took part in the Palestinian Campaign and fought with distinction in the Battle of Megiddo. * 1861: 19th Regiment of Bengal Cavalry * 1864: 19th Regiment of Bengal Cavalry (Lancers) * 1874: 19th Regiment of Bengal Lancers * 1901: 19th Bengal Lancers * 1903: 19th Lancers (Fane's Horse)


19th King George V's Own Lancers

After the First World War, the number of Indian cavalry regiments was reduced from thirty-nine to twenty-one. However, instead of disbanding the surplus units, it was decided to amalgamate them in pairs. This resulted in renumbering and renaming of the entire cavalry line. The 18th King George's Own Lancers and 19th Lancers (Fane's Horse) were merged to form the 18th/19th Cavalry. In 1923, the regiment was redesignated as the 19th King George's Own Lancers, and in 1937 as 19th King George V's Own Lancers. Their uniform was scarlet with white facings and blue overalls. The badge consisted of crossed lances with the cypher of King George V at the intersection, a crown above, and the title scroll below. The new class composition of the regiment was one squadron each of Punjabi Muslims, Sikhs and Hindu Jats. During the Second World War, the 19th KGVO Lancers was the divisional Reconnaissance Regiment of 25th Infantry Division (India), 25th Indian Infantry Division and fought in the Burma Campaign 1944–1945, Third Arakan Campaign in Burma. In November 1944, the 25th Indian Division cleared the Mayu Range down to Foul Point and occupied Akyab Island. These actions included the decisive Battle of Kangaw and landings at Myebon and Ru-Ywa to intercept the retreating Japanese. The regiment was actively engaged in these battles. In May, a squadron of 19th KGVO Lancers took part in the seaborne assault landing near Rangoon, which led to the capture of the Burmese capital. In April 1945 the 25th Indian Division was withdrawn to South India to prepare for the invasion of Operation Zipper, Malaya. Although Japan surrendered in August, the operation proceeded as planned and the 25th Division along with 19th KGVO Lancers was the first formation to land in Malaya. It then proceeded to occupy the capital Kuala Lumpur and accepted the surrender of the Japanese Army. In 1947, with the partitioning of the British Indian empire and the creation of a separate state of
Pakistan Pakistan, . Pronounced variably in English as , , , and . officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world's List of countries and dependencies by population, fifth-most populous country, with a popul ...

Pakistan
, the 19th King George V's Own Lancers was transferred to the Pakistan Army. The regiment exchanged its Jat squadron with the Central India Horse for its Punjabi Mussalman squadron, and gave its Sikh squadron to Skinner's Horse in return for its Mussalman squadron.


19th Lancers

In 1956, when Pakistan became a republic, all references to the British royalty were dropped and the regiment became simply the 19th Lancers. During the 1965 Indo-Pakistan War, the regiment had the unique distinction of serving in four theatres of war. Its Recce Troop served with 12 Division in Operation Grand Slam, while the rest of the regiment was deployed near Kasur as part of 1 Armoured Division. From Kasur, it was later sent to Lahore Sector and then finally to Battle of Chawinda, Chawinda as part of 6th Armoured Division (Pakistan), 6 Armoured Division. It was here, that 19th Lancers finally got a chance to go into action. The regiment saw heavy fighting and played an important role in blunting the Indian offensive. In 1993–94, the regiment was deployed in Mogadishu, Somalia, as part of United Nations Peacekeeping Forces (UNOSOM II). The regiment's performance was highly commendable and it played a key role in rescuing the United States Army Rangers, American Rangers, who were trapped by Somali gunmen after the disastrous Battle of Mogadishu (1993), American operation on 3 and 4 October 1993.


Battle honours

Battle of Taku Forts (1860), Pekin 1860, Ahmad Khel, Second Anglo-Afghan War, Afghanistan 1878–80, Tirah, Punjab Frontier, Somme 1916, Battle of Bazentin Ridge, Bazentin, Battle of Flers-Courcelette, Flers-Courcelette, Battle of Morval, Morval, Cambrai 1917, France and Flanders 1914–18, Battle of Megiddo (1918), Megiddo, Sharon, Damascus, Sinai and Palestine Campaign, Palestine 1918, Buthidaung, Mayu Valley, Myebon, Kangaw, Ru-Ywa, Dalet, Tamandu, Rangoon Road, Burma 1942–45, Battle of Chawinda, Chawinda 1965, Lower Dir and Swat (2017-2019).Rodger, Alexander. (2003). ''Battle Honours of the British Empire and Commonwealth Land Forces 1662–1991''. The Crowood Press.


Affiliations & Alliances

* 55th Coke's Rifles (Frontier Force), 7th Battalion The Frontier Force Regiment * The Light Dragoons * 2nd Battalion The Grenadier Guards


References


Further reading

* Ahmad, Lt Col RN. (2011). ''Battle Honours of 19th Lancers''. Rawalpindi: The Author. * Hudson, Havelock. (1937). ''History of the 19th King George's Own Lancers, 1858–1921''. Aldershot: Gale & Polden. * Pocock, Brig JG. (1962). ''The Spirit of a Regiment: Being the History of 19th King George V’s Own Lancers 1921–1947''. Aldershot: Gale & Polden. * 19th King George V's Own Lancers: War News, September 1939 – December 1945. * Gaylor, John. (1992). ''Sons of John Company: The Indian and Pakistan Armies 1903–91''. Stroud: Spellmount. . * Harris, RG, and Warner, C. (1979). ''Bengal Cavalry Regiments 1857–1914''. London: Osprey Publishing. . * Cardew, Lt FG. (1903). ''A Sketch of the Services of the Bengal Native Army to the Year 1895''. Calcutta: Military Department. * Elliott, Maj Gen JG. (1968). ''The Frontier 1839–1947: The Story of the North-West Frontier of India''. London: Cassell. * Kempton, C. (1996). ''A Register of Titles of the Units of the H.E.I.C. & Indian Armies 1666–1947.'' Bristol: British Empire & Commonwealth Museum. * Kirby, Maj Gen S Woodburn. (1965). ''The War against Japan'', volume 4 ''(The Reconquest of Burma)''. London: HMSO. * Lucas, Sir Charles. (1926). ''The Empire at War'', volume 5. London: Oxford University Press. * Maxwell, Leigh. (1979). ''My God – Maiwand! Operations of the South Afghanistan Field Force 1878–80''. London: Leo Cooper. * Swinson, Arthur. (1969). ''North-West Frontier''. London: Corgi. * Trench, CC. (1988). ''The Indian Army and the King’s Enemies, 1900–1947''. London: Thames and Hudson. * Husain, Maj Gen Abrar. (2005). ''Men of Steel: 6 Armoured Division in the 1965 War. War Despatches of Major General Abrar Husain''. Rawalpindi: Army Education Publishing House. * Ahmed, Lt Gen Mahmud. (2006). ''History of Indo-Pak War – 1965''. Rawalpindi: Services Book Club. {{Use dmy dates, date=June 2017 Armored regiments of Pakistan British Indian Army cavalry regiments Military units and formations established in 1858 1858 establishments in India Military units and formations in Burma in World War II, R