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The Info List - 14 Regions Of Augustan Rome


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In 7 BC, Augustus
Augustus
divided the city of Rome
Rome
into 14 administrative regions ( Latin
Latin
regiones, sing. regio). These replaced the four regiones or "quarters" traditionally attributed to Servius Tullius, sixth King of Rome. They were further divided into official neighborhoods (vici).[1] Originally designated by number, the regions acquired nicknames from major landmarks or topographical features within them.

Contents

1 The 14 regions

1.1 I: Regio I Porta Capena 1.2 II: Regio II Caelimontium 1.3 III: Regio III Isis
Isis
et Serapis 1.4 IV: Regio IV Templum Pacis 1.5 V: Regio V Esquiliae 1.6 VI: Regio VI Alta Semita 1.7 VII: Regio VII Via Lata 1.8 VIII: Regio VIII Forum Romanum 1.9 IX: Regio IX Circus Flaminius 1.10 X: Regio X Palatium 1.11 XI: Regio XI Circus Maximus 1.12 XII: Regio XII Piscina Publica 1.13 XIII: Regio XIII Aventinus 1.14 XIV: Regio XIV Transtiberim

2 See also 3 Notes 4 References

The 14 regions[edit]

Currently ancient Rome
Rome
covers the modern municipio 1.

I: Regio I Porta Capena[edit] Regio I took its name from the Porta Capena
Porta Capena
("Gate to Capua"), a gate through the Servian Walls which the Appian Way
Appian Way
takes to get into the city. Beginning from this to the south of the Caelian Hill, it runs to the future track of the Aurelian Walls. II: Regio II Caelimontium[edit] Regio II encompassed the Caelian Hill. III: Regio III Isis
Isis
et Serapis[edit] Regio III took its name from the sanctuary of Isis, in the area of the modern Labicana street, containing the valley which was to be the future site of the Colosseum, and parts of the Oppian and Esquiline hills. IV: Regio IV Templum Pacis[edit] Regio IV took its name from the Temple of Peace built in the region by Vespasian. It includes the valley between the Esquiline and the Viminal hills, the popular area of the Subura, and the Velian Hill (the hill between the Palatine and the Oppian Hill, removed in the early 20th century to make way for the via dei Fori Imperiali, the street passing between the Forum Romanum
Forum Romanum
and the Forum of Augustus). V: Regio V Esquiliae[edit] The name of Regio V derives from the Esquiline hill. It contains parts of the Oppian and Cispian (two minor hills close to the city center) and of the Esquiline, plus the plain just outside the Servian walls. VI: Regio VI Alta Semita[edit] The name of Regio VI derives from the street (Alta Semita, "High Path") passing over the Quirinal Hill. It was a large regio that encompassed also the Viminal Hill, the lower slopes of the Pincian, and the valleys between these. Its major landmarks included the Baths of Diocletian, the Baths of Constantine, and the Gardens of Sallust; gardens (horti) covered much of its northern part. Temples to Quirinus, Salus, and Flora were also located in Regio VI, and the Castra Praetoria. The Aurelian Wall
Aurelian Wall
marked most of its eastern and northern edge, with the Argiletum
Argiletum
and Vicus Patricius on the south and southeast.[2] VII: Regio VII Via Lata[edit] The name of Regio VII was derived from the via Flaminia which runs between the Servian walls and the future Aurelian Walls. This was a wide urban street (Via Lata, "Broadway"), corresponding to the modern via del Corso. The regio contained part of the Campus Martius
Campus Martius
on the east of the street plus the Collis Hortulorum (Hill of the Hortuli), the Pincian Hill
Pincian Hill
(modern Pincio). VIII: Regio VIII Forum Romanum[edit] The central region contains the Capitoline Hill, the valley between the Palatine and the Capitoline hills (where the Forum Romanum
Forum Romanum
is located), and the area between Velian Hill
Velian Hill
and the Palatine up to the Arch of Titus
Arch of Titus
and the Temple of Venus and Roma. IX: Regio IX Circus Flaminius[edit] The name derives from the racecourse located in the southern end of the Campus Martius, close to Tiber Island. The region contains part of the Campus Martius, on the west side of via Lata. X: Regio X Palatium[edit] The Palatine Hill
Palatine Hill
gave its name to Regio X. XI: Regio XI Circus Maximus[edit] Regio XI took its name from the Circus Maximus, located in the valley between the Palatine and the Aventine. It contained the Circus Maximus, the Velabrum
Velabrum
(the valley between the Palatine and Capitoline), as well as the areas next to the Forum Boarium
Forum Boarium
and the Forum Holitorium. XII: Regio XII Piscina Publica[edit] Regio XII took its name from the Piscina Publica, a monument that disappeared during the Empire. It had the high ground where the church of San Saba is at present, plus its ramifications towards the Appian Way, where Caracalla's baths were. In the 180s, a bank and exchange for Christians
Christians
operated in the area.[3] XIII: Regio XIII Aventinus[edit] Regio XIII contained the Aventine Hill
Aventine Hill
and the plain in front of it, along the Tiber. Here was the Emporium, the first port on the river. XIV: Regio XIV Transtiberim[edit] Regio XIV (the region "across the Tiber") contained Tiber Island
Tiber Island
and all the parts of Rome
Rome
west beyond the Tiber. This is modern Trastevere. See also[edit]

Topography of ancient Rome

Notes[edit]

^ J. Bert Lott (19 April 2004). The Neighborhoods of Augustan Rome. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-82827-7.  ^ Lawrence Richardson, A New Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome (Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992), p. 6. ^ Peter Lampe, Christians
Christians
at Rome
Rome
in the First Two Centuries (Continuum, 2003), p. 42 online.

References[edit]

DISCRIPTIO XIIII REGIONVM VRBIS ROMÆ, Curiosum - Notitia. 4th century descriptions of the regions of Rome
Rome
and th

.