In 7 BC,
Augustus divided the city of
Rome into 14 administrative
Latin regiones, sing. regio). These replaced the four
regiones or "quarters" traditionally attributed to Servius Tullius,
sixth King of Rome. They were further divided into official
Originally designated by number, the regions acquired nicknames from
major landmarks or topographical features within them.
1 The 14 regions
1.1 I: Regio I Porta Capena
1.2 II: Regio II Caelimontium
1.3 III: Regio III
Isis et Serapis
1.4 IV: Regio IV Templum Pacis
1.5 V: Regio V Esquiliae
1.6 VI: Regio VI Alta Semita
1.7 VII: Regio VII Via Lata
1.8 VIII: Regio VIII Forum Romanum
1.9 IX: Regio IX Circus Flaminius
1.10 X: Regio X Palatium
1.11 XI: Regio XI Circus Maximus
1.12 XII: Regio XII Piscina Publica
1.13 XIII: Regio XIII Aventinus
1.14 XIV: Regio XIV Transtiberim
2 See also
The 14 regions
Rome covers the modern municipio 1.
I: Regio I Porta Capena
Regio I took its name from the
Porta Capena ("Gate to Capua"), a gate
through the Servian Walls which the
Appian Way takes to get into the
city. Beginning from this to the south of the Caelian Hill, it runs to
the future track of the Aurelian Walls.
II: Regio II Caelimontium
Regio II encompassed the Caelian Hill.
III: Regio III
Isis et Serapis
Regio III took its name from the sanctuary of Isis, in the area of the
modern Labicana street, containing the valley which was to be the
future site of the Colosseum, and parts of the Oppian and Esquiline
IV: Regio IV Templum Pacis
Regio IV took its name from the Temple of Peace built in the region by
Vespasian. It includes the valley between the Esquiline and the
Viminal hills, the popular area of the Subura, and the Velian Hill
(the hill between the Palatine and the Oppian Hill, removed in the
early 20th century to make way for the via dei Fori Imperiali, the
street passing between the
Forum Romanum and the Forum of Augustus).
V: Regio V Esquiliae
The name of Regio V derives from the Esquiline hill. It contains parts
of the Oppian and Cispian (two minor hills close to the city center)
and of the Esquiline, plus the plain just outside the Servian walls.
VI: Regio VI Alta Semita
The name of Regio VI derives from the street (Alta Semita, "High
Path") passing over the Quirinal Hill. It was a large regio that
encompassed also the Viminal Hill, the lower slopes of the Pincian,
and the valleys between these. Its major landmarks included the Baths
of Diocletian, the Baths of Constantine, and the Gardens of Sallust;
gardens (horti) covered much of its northern part. Temples to
Quirinus, Salus, and Flora were also located in Regio VI, and the
Castra Praetoria. The
Aurelian Wall marked most of its eastern and
northern edge, with the
Vicus Patricius on the south and
VII: Regio VII Via Lata
The name of Regio VII was derived from the via Flaminia which runs
between the Servian walls and the future Aurelian Walls. This was a
wide urban street (Via Lata, "Broadway"), corresponding to the modern
via del Corso. The regio contained part of the
Campus Martius on the
east of the street plus the Collis Hortulorum (Hill of the Hortuli),
Pincian Hill (modern Pincio).
VIII: Regio VIII Forum Romanum
The central region contains the Capitoline Hill, the valley between
the Palatine and the Capitoline hills (where the
Forum Romanum is
located), and the area between
Velian Hill and the Palatine up to the
Arch of Titus
Arch of Titus and the Temple of Venus and Roma.
IX: Regio IX Circus Flaminius
The name derives from the racecourse located in the southern end of
the Campus Martius, close to Tiber Island. The region contains part of
the Campus Martius, on the west side of via Lata.
X: Regio X Palatium
Palatine Hill gave its name to Regio X.
XI: Regio XI Circus Maximus
Regio XI took its name from the Circus Maximus, located in the valley
between the Palatine and the Aventine. It contained the Circus
Velabrum (the valley between the Palatine and
Capitoline), as well as the areas next to the
Forum Boarium and the
XII: Regio XII Piscina Publica
Regio XII took its name from the Piscina Publica, a monument that
disappeared during the Empire. It had the high ground where the church
of San Saba is at present, plus its ramifications towards the Appian
Way, where Caracalla's baths were.
In the 180s, a bank and exchange for
Christians operated in the
XIII: Regio XIII Aventinus
Regio XIII contained the
Aventine Hill and the plain in front of it,
along the Tiber. Here was the Emporium, the first port on the river.
XIV: Regio XIV Transtiberim
Regio XIV (the region "across the Tiber") contained
Tiber Island and
all the parts of
Rome west beyond the Tiber. This is modern
Topography of ancient Rome
^ J. Bert Lott (19 April 2004). The Neighborhoods of Augustan Rome.
Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-82827-7.
^ Lawrence Richardson, A New Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome
(Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992), p. 6.
^ Peter Lampe,
Rome in the First Two Centuries
(Continuum, 2003), p. 42 online.
DISCRIPTIO XIIII REGIONVM VRBIS ROMÆ, Curiosum - Notitia. 4th century
descriptions of the regions of
Rome and th