Čazma is a town and municipality in Bjelovar-Bilogora County,
Croatia. It is part of Moslavina.
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Čazma is situated 60 kilometers east of
Zagreb and only 30 kilometres
from the center of the region - Bjelovar.
Čazma is situated on the
slopes of Moslavačka gora, surrounded by fertile lowlands. The river
Česma runs to the east of
Čazma and the smaller river Glogovnica
flows into it nearby, too.
Tourist resort in Grabovnica
The town of
Čazma is one of the oldest towns in the Republic of
Croatia. It was mentioned in 1094, when the Hungarian king Ladislav
Čazma as a possession to the bishop of Zagreb. The year that is
mentioned as the year of Čazma's foundation is 1226, when bishop
Stjepan II Babonić established a parish, built a Dominican monastery
and - today far known for its cultural worth, the Church of saint Mary
Magdalene, which gave the parish its present name. The church is the
only preserved monument of the earliest written eight hundred year
history of the city. It is a unique example of romanic architecture in
Croatia and experts equate its value with the Zagreb
cathedral. The church organ made in 1767 are one of the most beautiful
The town was occupied by the Ottoman Turks in 1552, who established
their sanjak there. The town stayed under Ottoman rule for 54 years
until it was liberated by Croatian Ban Toma Bakač Erdedi and his army
In the late 19th and early 20th century,
Čazma was a district capital
Bjelovar-Križevci County of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia.
Its economy is based on small and middle-sized companies which
manufacture final products from natural goods. Tradespeople, together
with agricultural manufacturers, direct their development to services,
production and tourist potential.
Half of the region where the town of
Čazma is situated spreads out on
agricultural land and as much as 44 percent is forested. Mineral
wealth in the soil: quartz-sand, clay, stone etc., and especially
springs of drinking water of great quality, enable various investments
and building of plants, operation facilities and production lines.
The best known company from
Čazma is Čazmatrans (transport company),
which was established 1949.
The town has a population of 2,801, while the municipality consists of
36 villages, inhabited by a total of 8,077 people.
According to the 2011 census, 98% of the population are Croats.
^ a b "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census:
Čazma". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb:
Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
^ "Population by Ethnicity, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census:
County of Bjelovar-Bilogora". Census of Population, Households and
Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Čazma.
Subdivisions of Bjelovar-Bilogora County
Cities and towns