Southern Hemisphere
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Southern Hemisphere
The Southern Hemisphere is the half (hemisphere Hemisphere may refer to: * A half of a sphere As half of the Earth * A hemispheres of Earth, hemisphere of Earth ** Northern Hemisphere ** Southern Hemisphere ** Eastern Hemisphere ** Western Hemisphere ** Land and water hemispheres * A half of the ...) of Earth Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbor life. About 29% of Earth's surface is land consisting of continent A continent is one of several large landmasses. Generally identified by con ... that is south South is one of the cardinal directions or compass points. South is the opposite of north and is perpendicular to the east and west. Etymology The word ''south'' comes from Old English ''sūþ'', from earlier Proto-Germanic language, Proto-Germa ... of the Equator The Earth's equator is an imaginary planetary line that is about long in circumference. The equator divides the planet into the Northern ...
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Southern Hemisphere LamAz
Southern may refer to: Businesses * China Southern Airlines China Southern Airlines Company Limited is an airline headquartered in Baiyun District, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province. Established on 1 July 1988 following the restructuring of the CAAC Airlines that acquired and merged a number of domestic ai ..., airline based in Guangzhou, China * Southern Airways Southern Airways was an airline (known at the time as a "local-service air carrier" as designated by the federal Civil Aeronautics Board) in the United States, from its founding by Frank Hulse in 1949 until 1979, when it merged with North Ce ..., defunct US airline * Southern Air Southern Air Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Atlas Air Worldwide Holdings, is a global air cargo carrier headquartered in Florence, Kentucky. It is a certified U.S. FAA part 121 cargo carrier and is one of only three U.S.-based cargo airline ..., air cargo transportation company based in Norwalk, Connecticut, US * Southern Airways ...
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Pacific Ocean
The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbour and support life. 29.2% of Earth's surface is land consisting of continents and islands. The remaining 70.8% is Water distribution on Earth, covered wit ...'s five ocean The ocean (also the sea The sea, connected as the world ocean or simply the ocean The ocean (also the sea or the world ocean) is the body of salt water which covers approximately 71% of the surface of the Earth.
ic divisions. It extends from the
Arctic Ocean The Arctic Ocean is the smallest and shallowest of the world's five major oceans. It spans an ...
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Arctic
The Arctic ( or ) is a located at the northernmost part of . The Arctic consists of the , adjacent seas, and parts of (), , , (), , , , and . Land within the Arctic region has seasonally varying snow and , with predominantly treeless (permanently frozen underground ice) containing . Arctic seas contain seasonal in many places. The Arctic region is a unique area among Earth's ecosystems. The cultures in the region and the Arctic have adapted to its cold and extreme conditions. Life in the Arctic includes and , fish and s, birds, land animals, plants and human societies. Arctic land is bordered by the . Definition and etymology The word Arctic comes from the word (''arktikos''), "near the Bear, northern" and that from the word (''arktos''), meaning . The name refers either to the , the "Great Bear", which is prominent in the northern portion of the , or to the constellation , the "Little Bear", which contains , the Pole Star, also known as the North Star. Ther ...
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Climate
Climate is the long-term pattern of weather Weather is the state of the atmosphere, describing for example the degree to which it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloud cover, cloudy. On Earth, most weather phenomena occur in the lowest layer of the planet's atmosp ... in an area, typically averaged over a period of 30 years. More rigorously, it is the mean and variability of meteorological variables over a time spanning from months to millions of years. Some of the meteorological Meteorology is a branch of the atmospheric sciences which includes atmospheric chemistry and atmospheric physics, with a major focus on weather forecasting Weather forecasting is the application of science and technology to predict the ... variables that are commonly measured are temperature Temperature is a physical quantity that expresses hot and cold. It is the manifestation of thermal energy, present in all matter, which is the source of the occurren ...
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South Pole
The South Pole, also known as the Geographic South Pole, Terrestrial South Pole or 90th Parallel South, is one of the where intersects its surface. It is the southernmost point on Earth and lies on the of Earth from the . Situated on the continent of , it is the site of the United States , which was established in 1956 and has been permanently staffed since that year. The Geographic South Pole is distinct from the , the position of which is defined based on Earth's . The South Pole is at the centre of the . Geography For most purposes, the Geographic South Pole is defined as the southern point of the two points where Earth's intersects its surface (the other being the ). However, Earth's axis of rotation is actually subject to very small "wobbles" (), so this definition is not adequate for very precise work. The s of the South Pole are usually given simply as 90°S, since its longitude is geometrically undefined and irrelevant. When a longitude is desired, it may be ...
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Equinox
An equinox is traditionally defined as the time when the plane In mathematics, a plane is a flatness (mathematics), flat, two-dimensional surface (mathematics), surface that extends infinitely far. A plane is the two-dimensional space, two-dimensional analogue of a point (geometry), point (zero dimensions), ... of Earth Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbour and support life. 29.2% of Earth's surface is land consisting of continents and islands. The remaining 70.8% is Water distribution on Earth, covered wit ...'s equator The Earth's equator is an imaginary planetary line that is about long in circumference. The equator divides the planet into the Northern Hemisphere and Southern Hemisphere and is located at 0 degrees latitude In geography, latitude is ... passes through the geometric center of the Sun The Sun is the star A star is an astronomical object consisting of a luminous spheroid of p ...
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Winter
Winter is the est of the year in and . It occurs between and . The tilt of Earth's axis causes seasons; winter occurs when a is oriented away from the . Different cultures define different dates as the start of winter, and some use a definition based on weather. When it is winter in the , it is in the , and vice versa. In many regions, winter brings and temperatures. The moment of is when the Sun's elevation with respect to the North or South Pole is at its most negative value; that is, the Sun is at its farthest below the horizon as measured from the pole. The day on which this occurs has the shortest day and the longest night, with increasing and decreasing as the season progresses after the solstice. The earliest sunset and latest sunrise dates outside the polar regions differ from the date of the winter solstice and depend on latitude. They differ due to the variation in the solar day throughout the year caused by the Earth's elliptical orbit (see ). Etymolo ...
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Summer
Summer is the hottest of the four temperate In geography, the temperate climates of Earth Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbor life. About 29% of Earth's surface is land consisting of continent A continent is one ... season A season is a division of the year based on changes in weather, ecology, and the number of daylight hours in a given region. On Earth, seasons are the result of Earth's orbit around the Sun and Earth's axial tilt relative to the ecliptic plane. In ...s, occurring after spring Spring(s) may refer to: Common uses * Spring (season), a season of the year * Spring (device), a mechanical device that stores energy * Spring (hydrology), a natural source of water * Spring (mathematics), a geometric surface in the shape of a heli ... and before autumn Autumn, also known as fall in American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United ...
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Ecliptic
The ecliptic is the plane Plane or planes may refer to: * Airplane or aeroplane or informally plane, a powered, fixed-wing aircraft Arts, entertainment and media *Plane (Dungeons & Dragons), Plane (''Dungeons & Dragons''), a location in the multiverse *Plane (Magic: Th ... of Earth's orbit Earth orbits the Sun at an average distance of 149.60 million km (92.96 million mi), and one complete orbit takes  days (1 sidereal year), during which time Earth has traveled 940 million km (584 million mi). Jean Meeus, ''Astron ... around the Sun. From the perspective of an observer on Earth, the Sun's movement around the celestial sphere In astronomy and navigation, the celestial sphere is an abstraction, abstract sphere that has an arbitrarily large radius and is concentric objects, concentric to Earth. All objects in the sky can be conceived as being projective geometry, projec ... over the course of a year traces out a path along the ecliptic against the backg ...
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Earth's Rotation
Earth's rotation or Earth's spin is the rotation A rotation is a circular movement of an object around a center (or point) of rotation. The plane (geometry), geometric plane along which the rotation occurs is called the ''rotation plane'', and the imaginary line extending from the center an ... of planet Earth Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbour and support life. 29.2% of Earth's surface is land consisting of continents and islands. The remaining 70.8% is Water distribution on Earth, covered wit ... around its own axis Axis may refer to: Politics *Axis of evil The phrase "axis of evil" was first used by U.S. President George W. Bush in his State of the Union address on January 29, 2002, less than five months after the 9/11 attacks, and often repeated t ..., as well as changes in the orientation Orientation may refer to: Positioning in physical space * Map orientation, the relationship between direc ...
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