National Medal Of Science
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National Medal Of Science
The National Medal of Science is an honor bestowed by the President of the United States to individuals in science and engineering who have made important contributions to the advancement of knowledge in the fields of behavioral science, behavioral and social sciences, biology, chemistry, engineering, mathematics and physics. The twelve member presidential Committee on the National Medal of Science is responsible for selecting award recipients and is administered by the National Science Foundation (NSF). History The National Medal of Science was established on August 25, 1959, by an act of the Congress of the United States under . The medal was originally to honor scientists in the fields of the "physical, biological, mathematical, or engineering sciences". The Committee on the National Medal of Science was established on August 23, 1961, by Executive order (United States), executive order 10961 of President John F. Kennedy. On January 7, 1979, the American Association for the Ad ...
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Chemistry
Chemistry is the study of the properties and behavior of . It is a that covers the that make up matter to the composed of s, s and s: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a with other . In the scope of its subject, chemistry occupies an intermediate position between and . It is sometimes called because it provides a foundation for understanding both and scientific disciplines at a fundamental level. For example, chemistry explains aspects of plant chemistry (), the formation of igneous rocks (), how atmospheric ozone is formed and how environmental pollutants are degraded (), the properties of the soil on the moon (), how medications work (), and how to collect evidence at a crime scene (s). Chemistry addresses topics such as how atoms and molecules interact via s to form new s. There are two types of chemical bonds: 1. primary chemical bonds e.g bonds, in which atoms share one or more electron(s); s, in which an a ...
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