Louis (surname)
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Louis (surname)
Louis is a surname. Notable people with the surname include: *Antoine Louis (1723–1792), French surgeon and physiologist *Arthur Louis (1945–2014), British musician *Errol Louis (born 1962), American journalist and television show host *Chris Louis (born 1969), English speedway rider *Christos Louis (born 1948), Greek molecular geneticist *Gaspard Louis, Haitian dancer and choreographer *Godfrey Louis, solid-state physicist *Jean Louis (1907–1997), French-born costume designer *Jefferson Louis (born 1979), English footballer *Joe Louis (1914–1981), professional name of American boxer and heavyweight champion Joseph Louis Barrow *Julia Louis-Dreyfus (born 1961), American actress, comedian, and producer *Lance Louis (born 1985), American football player *Laura Glen Louis, American author & poet, *Laurent Louis (born 1980), Belgian politician *Léopold Louis-Dreyfus (1833–1915), French businessman, founder of the Louis Dreyfus Group, and patriarch of the Louis-Dreyfus fami ...
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Antoine Louis
Antoine Louis (; 13 February 1723, Metz – 20 May 1792) was an 18th-century French surgeon and physiologist. He was originally trained in medicine by his father, a surgeon-major at a local military hospital. As a young man he moved to Paris, where he served as ''gagnant-maîtrise'' at the Salpêtrière. In 1750 he was appointed professor of physiology, a position he held for 40 years. In 1764 he was appointed lifetime secretary to the Académie Nationale de Médecine, Académie Royale de Chirurgie. Louis published numerous articles on surgery, including several biography, biographies of surgeons who died in his lifetime. He also published the surgical aphorisms of Dutch physician Herman Boerhaave (1668–1738). Louis is credited with designing a prototype of the guillotine. For a period of time after its invention, the guillotine was called a ''louisette''. However, it was later named after French physician Joseph Ignace Guillotin (1738–1814), whose advocacy of a more humane m ...
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