Gravitational Metric System
The gravitational metric system (original French term ) is a nonstandard system of units, which does not comply with the International System of Units (SI). It is built on the three base quantity, base quantities length, time and force with base unit (measurement), base units metre, second and kilopond respectively. Internationally used abbreviations of the system are MKpS, MKfS or MKS (from French or ). However, the abbreviation MKS is also used for the MKS system of units, which, like the SI, uses mass in kilogram as a base unit. Disadvantages Nowadays, the mass as a property of an object and its weight, which depends on the gravity of the earth at its position are strictly distinguished. However historically, the kilopond was also called kilogram, and only later the kilogrammass (today's kilogram) was separated from the kilogramforce (today's kilopond). A kilopond originally referred to the weight of a mass of one kilogram. Since the gravitational acceleration on the surf ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

International System Of Units
The International System of Units, known by the international abbreviation SI in all languages and sometimes pleonastically as the SI system, is the modern form of the metric system and the world's most widely used system of measurement. Established and maintained by the General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM), it is the only system of measurement with an official status in nearly every country in the world, employed in science, technology, industry, and everyday commerce. The SI comprises a coherent system of units of measurement starting with seven base units, which are the second (symbol s, the unit of time), metre (m, length), kilogram (kg, mass), ampere (A, electric current), kelvin (K, thermodynamic temperature), mole (mol, amount of substance), and candela (cd, luminous intensity). The system can accommodate coherent units for an unlimited number of additional quantities. These are called coherent derived units, which can always be represented as p ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Horsepower
Horsepower (hp) is a unit of measurement of power, or the rate at which work is done, usually in reference to the output of engines or motors. There are many different standards and types of horsepower. Two common definitions used today are the mechanical horsepower (or imperial horsepower), which is about 745.7 watts, and the metric horsepower, which is approximately 735.5 watts. The term was adopted in the late 18th century by Scottish engineer James Watt to compare the output of steam engines with the power of draft horses. It was later expanded to include the output power of other types of piston engines, as well as turbines, electric motors and other machinery. The definition of the unit varied among geographical regions. Most countries now use the SI unit watt for measurement of power. With the implementation of the EU Directive 80/181/EEC on 1 January 2010, the use of horsepower in the EU is permitted only as a supplementary unit. History The development of the stea ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

List Of Metric Units
Metric units are units based on the metre, gram or second and decimal (power of ten) multiples or submultiples of these. The most widely used examples are the units of the International System of Units (SI). By extension they include units of electromagnetism from the CGS and SI units systems, and other units for which use of SI prefixes has become the norm. Other unit systems using metric units include: * International System of Electrical and Magnetic Units * Metre–tonne–second (MTS) system of units * MKS system of units (metre, kilogram, second) Metric units that are part of the SI The first group of metric units are those that are at present defined as units within the International System of Units (SI). In its most restrictive interpretation, this is what may be meant when the term ''metric unit'' is used. The SI defines 30 named units and associated symbols: * The unit one (1) is the unit of a quantity of dimension one. * The second (s) is the unit of time. ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Quintal
The quintal or centner is a historical unit of mass in many countries which is usually defined as 100 base units, such as pounds or kilograms. It is a traditional unit of weight in France, Portugal, and Spain and their former colonies. It is commonly used for grain prices in wholesale markets in Ethiopia and India, where 1 quintal = 100 kg. In British English, it referred to the hundredweight; in American English, it formerly referred to an uncommon measure of 100 kilograms. Languages drawing its cognate name for the weight from Romance languages include French, Portuguese, Romanian and Spanish , Italian , Esperanto , Polish . Languages taking their cognates from Germanicized ''centner'' include the German , Lithuanian , Swedish , Polish , Russian and Ukrainian (), Estonian and Spanish . Many European languages have come to translate both the imperial and American hundredweight as their cognate form of ''quintal'' or ''centner''. Name The concept has resulted in two ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Poncelet
The poncelet (symbol p) is an obsolete unit of power, once used in France and replaced by (ch, metric horsepower). The unit was named after JeanVictor Poncelet.François Cardarelli, ''Encyclopaedia of Scientific Units, Weights and Measures: Their Si Equivalences and Origins'', Springer, 2003, , page 527 One poncelet is defined as the power required to raise a hundredkilogram mass (quintal) at a velocity of one metre per second (100 kilogramforce The kilogramforce (kgf or kgF), or kilopond (kp, from la, pondus, lit=weight), is a nonstandard gravitational metric unit of force. It does not comply with the International System of Units (SI) and is deprecated for most uses. The kilogram ...·m/s). : 1 p = 980.665 W = {{sfrac, 4, 3 ch ≈ 1.315 hp (imperial horsepower) References Units of power Obsolete units of measurement Metrication in France ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Kilogramforce
The kilogramforce (kgf or kgF), or kilopond (kp, from la, pondus, lit=weight), is a nonstandard gravitational metric unit of force. It does not comply with the International System of Units (SI) and is deprecated for most uses. The kilogramforce is equal to the magnitude of the force exerted on one kilogram of mass in a gravitational field (standard gravity, a conventional value approximating the average magnitude of gravity on Earth). That is, it is the weight of a kilogram under standard gravity. Therefore, one kilogramforce is by definition equal to .NISTbr>''Guide for the Use of the International System of Units (SI)''Special Publication 811, (1995) page 51 Similarly, a gramforce is , and a milligramforce is . Kilogramforce is a nonstandard unit and is classified in the International System of Units (SI) as a unit that is not accepted for use with SI. History The gramforce and kilogramforce were never welldefined units until the CGPM adopted a ''standard accele ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Pascal (unit)
The pascal (symbol: Pa) is the unit of pressure in the International System of Units (SI), and is also used to quantify internal pressure, stress, Young's modulus, and ultimate tensile strength. The unit, named after Blaise Pascal, is defined as one newton per square metre and is equivalent to 10 barye (Ba) in the CGS system. The unit of measurement called standard atmosphere (atm) is defined as 101,325 Pa. Common multiple units of the pascal are the hectopascal (1 hPa = 100 Pa), which is equal to one millibar, and the kilopascal (1 kPa = 1000 Pa), which is equal to one centibar. Meteorological observations typically report atmospheric pressure in hectopascals per the recommendation of the World Meteorological Organization, thus a standard atmosphere (atm) or typical sealevel air pressure is about 1013 hPa. Reports in the United States typically use inches of mercury or millibars (hectopascals). In Canada these reports are given in kilopascal ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Technical Atmosphere
Technical may refer to: * Technical (vehicle), an improvised fighting vehicle * Technical analysis, a discipline for forecasting the future direction of prices through the study of past market data * Technical drawing, showing how something is constructed or functions (also known as drafting) * Technical file, set of technical drawings * Technical death metal, a subgenre of death metal that focuses on complex rhythms, riffs, and song structures * Technical foul, an infraction of the rules in basketball usually concerning unsportsmanlike noncontact behavior * Technical rehearsal for a performance, often simply referred to as a technical * Technical support, a range of services providing assistance with technology products * Vocational education, often known as technical education * Legal technicality, an aspect of law See also * Lego Technic, a line of Lego toys * Tech (other) * Technicals (other) * Technics (other) * Technique (other) Te ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Slug (unit)
The slug is a derived unit of mass in a weightbased system of measures, most notably within the British Imperial measurement system and the United States customary measures system. Systems of measure either define mass and derive a force unit ''or'' define a base force and derive a mass unit (cf. ''poundal'', a derived unit of force in a forcebased system). A slug is defined as the mass that is accelerated by 1 ft/s2 when a net force of one pound (lbf) is exerted on it. : 1~\text = 1~\text\frac \quad\Longleftrightarrow\quad 1~\text = 1~\text\frac One slug is a mass equal to based on standard gravity, the international foot, and the avoirdupois pound.Shigley, Joseph E. and Mischke, Charles R. ''Mechanical Engineering Design'', Sixth ed, pp. 31–33. McGraw Hill, 2001. . At the Earth's surface, an object with a mass of 1 slug weighs approximately .Shevell, R.S. ''Fundamentals of Flight'', Second ed, p. xix. PrenticeHall, 1989. History The ''slug'' is part of a ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Dyne
The dyne (symbol: dyn; ) is a derived unit of force specified in the centimetre–gram–second (CGS) system of units, a predecessor of the modern SI. History The name dyne was first proposed as a CGS unit of force in 1873 by a Committee of the British Association for the Advancement of Science. Definition The dyne is defined as "the force required to accelerate a mass of one gram at a rate of one centimetre per second squared". An equivalent definition of the dyne is "that force which, acting for one second, will produce a change of velocity of one centimetre per second in a mass of one gram". One dyne is equal to 10 micronewtons, 10−5 N or to 10 nsn (nano sthenes) in the old metre–tonne–second system of units. : 1 dyn = 1 g⋅cm/s2 = 10−5 kg⋅m/s2 = 10−5 N : 1 N = 1 kg⋅m/s2 = 105 g⋅cm/s2 = 105 dyn Use The dyne per centimetre is a unit traditionally used to measure surface tension. For example, the surface tension of distilled water is 71.99 dyn/c ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Poundforce
The pound of force or poundforce (symbol: lbf, sometimes lbf,) is a unit of force used in some systems of measurement, including English Engineering units and the foot–pound–second system. Poundforce should not be confused with poundmass (lb), often simply called ''pound'', which is a unit of mass, nor should these be confused with footpound (ft⋅lbf), a unit of energy, or poundfoot (lbf⋅ft), a unit of torque. Definitions The poundforce is equal to the gravitational force exerted on a mass of one avoirdupois pound on the surface of Earth. Since the 18th century, the unit has been used in lowprecision measurements, for which small changes in Earth's gravity (which varies from equator to pole by up to half a percent) can safely be neglected. The 20th century, however, brought the need for a more precise definition, requiring a standardized value for acceleration due to gravity. Product of avoirdupois pound and standard gravity The poundforce is the product ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Kilogramforce
The kilogramforce (kgf or kgF), or kilopond (kp, from la, pondus, lit=weight), is a nonstandard gravitational metric unit of force. It does not comply with the International System of Units (SI) and is deprecated for most uses. The kilogramforce is equal to the magnitude of the force exerted on one kilogram of mass in a gravitational field (standard gravity, a conventional value approximating the average magnitude of gravity on Earth). That is, it is the weight of a kilogram under standard gravity. Therefore, one kilogramforce is by definition equal to .NISTbr>''Guide for the Use of the International System of Units (SI)''Special Publication 811, (1995) page 51 Similarly, a gramforce is , and a milligramforce is . Kilogramforce is a nonstandard unit and is classified in the International System of Units (SI) as a unit that is not accepted for use with SI. History The gramforce and kilogramforce were never welldefined units until the CGPM adopted a ''standard accele ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 