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Copyright
Copyright is a type of intellectual property Intellectual property (IP) is a category of property that includes intangible creations of the human intellect. There are many types of intellectual property, and some countries recognize more than others. The most well-known types are copyright ... that gives its owner the exclusive right to copy and distribute a creative workA creative work is a manifestation of creative effort including fine artwork (sculpture Sculpture is the branch of the visual arts that operates in three dimensions. It is one of the plastic arts. Durable sculptural processes originally used c ..., usually for a limited time. The creative work may be in a literary, artistic, educational, or musical form. Copyright is intended to protect the original expression of an idea in the form of a creative work, but not the idea itself. A copyright is subject to limitationsLimitation may refer to: *A disclaimer for research done in an experiment An experi ...
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Latin Language
Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), gestures (Signed language, sign language) and writing. Most languages have a writing system composed of ... belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages The Indo-European languages are a language family native to western and southern Eurasia. It comprises most of the languages of Europe together with those of the northern Indian subcontinent and the Iranian Plateau. A few of these languages, su .... Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium Latium ( , ; ) is the region of central western Italy in which the city of Rome was founded and grew to be the capital city of the Roman Empire. Definition Latium was originally a small triangle of fertile, volcanic soil (Latium vetus) on wh .... Through the power of the Roman Republic, it became the do ...
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Greek Language
Greek ( el, label=Modern Greek Modern Greek (, , or , ''Kiní Neoellinikí Glóssa''), generally referred to by speakers simply as Greek (, ), refers collectively to the dialects of the Greek language spoken in the modern era, including the official standardized form of the l ..., Ελληνικά, Elliniká; grc, Ἑλληνική, Hellēnikḗ) is an independent branch of the Indo-European The Indo-European languages are a language family native to western and southern Eurasia. It comprises most of the languages of Europe together with those of the northern Indian subcontinent and the Iranian Plateau. Some European languages of t ... family of languages, native to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, Elláda, ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeastern Europe Southeast Europe or Southeastern Europe () is a geographical region of Europe Europe is a continent A contin ..., Cyprus Cyprus ; tr, Kıbrıs (), of ...
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Etruscan Language
Etruscan () was the language of the , in , in the ancient region of (modern , western , northern , , , and ). Etruscan influenced but was eventually completely superseded by it. The Etruscans left around 13,000 that have been found so far, only a small minority of which are of significant length; some bilingual inscriptions with texts also in Latin, , or ; and a few dozen s. Attested from 700 BCE to 50 CE, the relation of Etruscan to other languages has been a source of long-running speculation and study, with its being referred to at times as an , one of the , and a number of other less well-known theories. The consensus among linguists and Etruscologists is that Etruscan was a , and a and is closely related to the spoken in the ,Schumacher, Stefan (1994) Studi Etruschi in Neufunde ‘raetischer’ Inschriften Vol. 59 pp. 307–320 (German)Schumacher, Stefan (1994) Neue ‘raetische’ Inschriften aus dem Vinschgau in Der Schlern Vol. 68 pp. 295-298 (German)Schumacher, Stefa ...
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Latin Script
Latin script, also known as Roman script, is an alphabetic An alphabet is a standardized set of basic written symbols A symbol is a mark, sign, or word In linguistics, a word of a spoken language can be defined as the smallest sequence of phonemes that can be uttered in isolation with semantic ... writing system A writing system is a method of visually representing verbal communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share" or "to be in relation with") is "an apparent answer to the painful divisions between self and other, p ... based on the letters of the classical Latin alphabet The Latin alphabet or Roman alphabet is the collection of letters originally used by the ancient Romans In historiography Historiography is the study of the methods of historians in developing history as an academic discipline, a ..., derived from a form of the Cumaean Greek version of the Greek alphabet The Greek alphabet has been us ...
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Alphabet
An alphabet is a standardized set of basic written symbols A symbol is a mark, sign, or word In linguistics, a word of a spoken language can be defined as the smallest sequence of phonemes that can be uttered in isolation with semantic, objective or pragmatics, practical meaning (linguistics), meanin ... or graphemes In linguistics Linguistics is the science, scientific study of language. It encompasses the analysis of every aspect of language, as well as the methods for studying and modeling them. The traditional areas of linguistic analysis include ... (called letters Letter, letters, or literature may refer to: Characters typeface * Letter (alphabet) A letter is a segmental symbol A symbol is a mark, sign, or word that indicates, signifies, or is understood as representing an idea, Object (philosophy ...) that represent the phoneme In phonology and linguistics, a phoneme is a unit of sound that distinguishes one word from another in a par ...
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Egyptian Hieroglyphs
Egyptian hieroglyphs () were the formal writing system A writing system is a method of visually representing verbal communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share") is the act of developing Semantics, meaning among Subject (philosophy), entities or Organization, grou ... used in Ancient Egypt Ancient Egypt was a civilization of Ancient history, ancient North Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile, Nile River, situated in the place that is now the country Egypt. Ancient Egyptian civilization followed prehistoric ..., used for writing the Egyptian language The Egyptian language or Ancient Egyptian ( egy, 𓂋𓏺𓈖 𓆎𓅓𓏏𓊖, , cop, ϯⲙⲉⲧⲣⲉⲙⲛ̀ⲭⲏⲙⲓ) is an Afroasiatic languages, Afro-Asiatic language which was spoken in ancient Egypt. Its attestation stretches over .... Hieroglyphs combined logograph In a written language A written language is the representation of a spoken or ...
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ISO Basic Latin Alphabet
The ISO basic Latin alphabet is a and consists of two sets of 26 letters, codified in various national and international standards and used widely in international communication. They are the same letters that comprise the . The two sets contain the following 26 letters each: History By the 1960s it became apparent to the and s industries in the that a non-proprietary method of encoding characters was needed. The (ISO) encapsulated the in their () 7-bit character-encoding standard. To achieve widespread acceptance, this encapsulation was based on popular usage. The standard was based on the already published ''American Standard Code for Information Interchange'', better known as , which included in the the 26 × 2 letters of the . Later standards issued by the ISO, for example (8-bit character encoding) and (), have continued to define the 26 × 2 letters of the English alphabet as the basic Latin script with extensions to handle other letters in other languages. ...
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Latin Alphabet
The Latin alphabet or Roman alphabet is the collection of letters originally used by the ancient Romans In historiography Historiography is the study of the methods of historian ( 484– 425 BC) was a Greek historian who lived in the 5th century BC and one of the earliest historians whose work survives. A historian is a person who studi ... to write the Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the Roman Republic, it became the dominant la ... language and its extensions used to write modern languages. Etymology The term ''Latin alphabet'' may refer to either the alphabet used to write Latin (as described in this article) or other alphabets based on the Latin script Latin script, also known as Roman script, is an alphabetic An alphabet is a standardized set of basic written symbols ...
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Staff-sling
A sling is a projectile weapon A weapon, arm or armament is any implement or device that can be used with the intent to inflict physical damage or harm. Weapons are used to increase the efficacy and efficiency of activities such as hunting Hunting is the practice of see ... typically used to throw a blunt projectile A projectile is a missile propelled by the exertion of a which is allowed to move free under the influence of and . Although any objects in motion through space are projectiles, they are commonly found in and s (for example, a thrown , kicked ... such as a stone, clay, or lead " sling-bullet". It is also known as the shepherd's sling. Someone who specializes in using slings is called a slinger. A sling has a small cradle or ''pouch'' in the middle of two cords (retention cords). A projectile is placed in the pouch. There is a loop on the end of one side of the retention cords. The middle finger (although some slings have a wrist loop) is placed t ...
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Old Italic Script
The Old Italic scripts are a family of similar ancient writing systems used in the Italy, Italian Peninsula between around 700 and 100 BC, for various languages spoken in that time and place. The most notable member is the Etruscan alphabet, which was the immediate ancestor of the Latin alphabet currently used by English language, English and many other languages of the world. The runic alphabets used in northern Europe are believed to have been separately derived from one of these alphabets by the 2nd century AD. Origins The Old Italic alphabets clearly derive from the Phoenician alphabet, although the precise chain of cultural transmission is unknown. Some scholars argue that the Etruscan alphabet was imported from the Euboean Greek colonisation, Greek colonies of Cumae and Ischia, Ischia (Pithekoūsai) in the Gulf of Naples in the 8th century BC; this Archaic Greek alphabets#Euboean, Euboean alphabet is also called 'Cumaean' (after Cumae), or 'Chalcid ...
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𐌂
The Old Italic scripts are a family of similar ancient writing systems A writing system is a method of visually representing verbal communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share" or "to be in relation with") is "an apparent answer to the painful divisions between self and other, p ... used in the Italian Peninsula The Italian Peninsula (Italian Italian may refer to: * Anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Italy ** Italians, an ethnic group or simply a citizen of the Italian Republic ** Italian language, a Romance language *** Regi ... between around 700 and 100 BC, for various languages spoken in that time and place. The most notable member is the Etruscan alphabet The Etruscan alphabet was the alphabet An alphabet is a standardized set of basic written symbols A symbol is a mark, sign, or word In linguistics, a word of a spoken language can be defined as the smallest sequence of phonemes that ...
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