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Trickster
In mythology , and in the study of folklore and religion , a TRICKSTER is a character in a story (god , goddess , spirit , man , woman , or anthropomorphisation ), which exhibits a great degree of intellect or secret knowledge, and uses it to play tricks or otherwise disobey normal rules and conventional behaviour. It is suggested by G. P. Hansen that the term "trickster" was probably first used in this context by Daniel G. Brinton in 1885. CONTENTS * 1 Mythology
Mythology
* 2 Archetype * 3 Role in African American literature * 4 In Native American tradition * 4.1 Coyote * 5 In Internet and multimedia studies * 6 In oral stories * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 Sources * 10 External links MYTHOLOGYTricksters are archetypal characters who appear in the myths of many different cultures. Lewis Hyde describes the trickster as a "boundary-crosser"
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Isaac
According to the biblical Book of Genesis
Book of Genesis
, ISAAC (/ˈaɪzək/ ; Hebrew : יִצְחָק, Modern Yiṣḥāq, Tiberian Jisˤħɔ̆q; "he will laugh"; Arabic : إسحٰق/إسحاق‎‎, Isḥāq) was the son of Abraham
Abraham
and Sarah
Sarah
and father of Jacob
Jacob
; his name means "he laughs", reflecting Sarah's response when told that she would have a child. He was one of the three patriarchs of the Israelites , the only one whose name was not changed, and the only one who did not move out of Canaan
Canaan
. He died when he was 180 years old, the longest-lived of the three. The biblical narrative of Isaac
Isaac
has influenced various religious traditions, including Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Modern scholarship doubts the existence of figures from Genesis, including Isaac
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Laban (Bible)
LABAN (Hebrew : לָבָן, Modern Lavan, Tiberian Lāḇān; "White") is a figure in the Book of Genesis
Book of Genesis
of Old Testament
Old Testament
. He was the brother of Rebecca
Rebecca
, who married Isaac
Isaac
and bore Jacob
Jacob
. Laban welcomed his nephew as a young man, and set him the stipulation of seven years' labour before he permitted him to marry his daughter Rachel
Rachel
. Laban tricked Jacob
Jacob
into marrying his elder daughter Leah instead. Jacob
Jacob
then took both women as wives. Laban and his family were described as dwelling in Paddan Aram , in Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia

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Froggy The Gremlin
FROGGY THE GREMLIN was a character created by Smilin\' Ed McConnell and brought to radio in the 1940s and television in 1950s on the Smilin\' Ed\'s Gang show, and later Andy\'s Gang TV show, hosted by actor Andy Devine
Andy Devine
after McConnell's death. CONTENTS * 1 Character * 2 Quotes and errata * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links CHARACTERFroggy was a troublemaker. Disrespectful of adult authority figures, Froggy played practical jokes and disrupted the presentations of other guests. If a guest were to demonstrate how to paint a wall, he might say, "And now I'm going to take this can of paint..." Froggy would chime in, "And dump it over my head." And the confused guest would proceed to do so. On radio and the early TV shows, Froggy's voice was frequently supplied by Arch ("Archie") Presby , who was also the program's announcer
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Esau
ESAU (/ˈiːsɔː/ ; Hebrew : עֵשָׂו‎; Standard Hebrew
Standard Hebrew
: Esav; Tiberian Hebrew
Tiberian Hebrew
: ʿĒśāw; ISO 259-3 ʕeśaw; Greek : Ἡσαῦ Hēsau; Latin : Hesau, Esau; Arabic : عِيسُو‎‎ ‘Īsaw; meaning "Hairy" or "Rough"), in the Hebrew Bible
Hebrew Bible
, is the older son of Isaac
Isaac
. He is mentioned in the Book of Genesis
Book of Genesis
, and by the prophets , Obadiah and Malachi . The New Testament
New Testament
of the Christian Bible alludes to him in the Epistle to the Romans
Epistle to the Romans
and in the Epistle to the Hebrews
Epistle to the Hebrews

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Sleipnir
In Norse mythology
Norse mythology
, SLEIPNIR ( Old Norse
Old Norse
"slippy" or "the slipper" ) is an eight-legged horse . Sleipnir
Sleipnir
is attested in the Poetic Edda
Poetic Edda
, compiled in the 13th century from earlier traditional sources, and the Prose Edda
Prose Edda
, written in the 13th century by Snorri Sturluson
Snorri Sturluson
. In both sources, Sleipnir
Sleipnir
is Odin
Odin
's steed, is the child of Loki
Loki
and Svaðilfari , is described as the best of all horses, and is sometimes ridden to the location of Hel . The Prose Edda
Prose Edda
contains extended information regarding the circumstances of Sleipnir's birth, and details that he is grey in color
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Sif
In Norse mythology
Norse mythology
, SIF is a goddess associated with earth. Sif
Sif
is attested in the Poetic Edda
Poetic Edda
, compiled in the 13th century from earlier traditional sources, and the Prose Edda
Prose Edda
, written in the 13th century by Snorri Sturluson
Snorri Sturluson
, and in the poetry of skalds . In both the Poetic Edda
Poetic Edda
and the Prose Edda, Sif
Sif
is the wife of the thunder god Thor
Thor
and is known for her golden hair . In the Prose Edda, Sif
Sif
is named as the mother of the goddess Þrúðr by Thor
Thor
and of Ullr
Ullr
with a father whose name is not recorded
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Norse Mythology
NORSE MYTHOLOGY is the body of mythology of the North Germanic people stemming from Norse paganism
Norse paganism
and continuing after the Christianization of Scandinavia and into the Scandinavian folklore of the modern period. The northernmost extension of Germanic mythology , Norse mythology consists of tales of various deities, beings, and heroes derived from numerous sources from both before and after the pagan period, including medieval manuscripts, archaeological representations, and folk tradition
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Fairy Tale
A FAIRY TALE is a type of short story that typically features folkloric fantasy characters, such as dwarfs , dragons , elves , fairies , giants , gnomes , goblins , griffins , mermaids , talking animals , trolls , unicorns , or witches , and usually magic or enchantments . Fairy tales may be distinguished from other folk narratives such as legends (which generally involve belief in the veracity of the events described) and explicitly moral tales, including beast fables . The term is mainly used for stories with origins in European tradition and, at least in recent centuries, mostly relates to children\'s literature . In less technical contexts, the term is also used to describe something blessed with unusual happiness, as in "fairy tale ending" (a happy ending ) or "fairy tale romance ", though not all fairy tales end happily
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Pippi Longstocking
PIPPI LONGSTOCKING (Swedish : Pippi Långstrump) is the main character in an eponymous series of children\'s books by the Swedish author Astrid Lindgren . Pippi was named by Lindgren's daughter Karin, then nine years old like Pippi, who asked her mother for a get-well story when she was off school. Pippi is red-haired, freckled, unconventional and superhumanly strong – able to lift her horse one-handed. She is playful and unpredictable. She often makes fun of unreasonable adults, especially if they are pompous and condescending. Her anger comes out in extreme cases, such as when a man ill-treats his horse. Pippi, like Peter Pan , does not want to grow up. She is the daughter of a buccaneer captain and has adventure stories to tell about that too. Her four best friends are her horse and monkey, and the neighbours' children, Tommy and Annika. After being rejected by Bonnier Publishers in 1944, Lindgren's first manuscript was accepted by Rabén and Sjögren
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T. S. Eliot
THOMAS STEARNS ELIOT, OM (26 September 1888 – 4 January 1965) was a British essayist, publisher, playwright, literary and social critic, and "one of the twentieth century's major poets". He moved from his native United States to England in 1914 at the age of 25, settling, working, and marrying there. He eventually became a British subject in 1927 at the age of 39, renouncing his American citizenship. Eliot attracted widespread attention for his poem "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock " (1915), which was seen as a masterpiece of the Modernist movement. It was followed by some of the best-known poems in the English language, including The Waste Land (1922), "The Hollow Men " (1925), "Ash Wednesday " (1930), and Four Quartets (1943). He was also known for his seven plays, particularly Murder in the Cathedral (1935) and The Cocktail Party (1949)
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Ezra Pound
EZRA WESTON LOOMIS POUND (30 October 1885 – 1 November 1972) was an expatriate American poet and critic, as well as a major figure in the early modernist movement. His contribution to poetry began with his development of Imagism , a movement derived from classical Chinese and Japanese poetry, stressing clarity, precision and economy of language. His best-known works include Ripostes (1912), Hugh Selwyn Mauberley (1920) and the unfinished 120-section epic, The Cantos (1917–1969). Working in London in the early 20th century as foreign editor of several American literary magazines, Pound helped discover and shape the work of contemporaries such as T. S. Eliot , James Joyce , Robert Frost and Ernest Hemingway . This included arranging for the publication in 1915 of Eliot's " The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock " and the serialization from 1918 of Joyce's Ulysses
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Virginia Opossum
Didelphis marsupialis virginiana The VIRGINIA OPOSSUM ( Didelphis virginiana), commonly known as the NORTH AMERICAN OPOSSUM, is the only marsupial found in North America north of Mexico
Mexico
. In the United States, it is typically referred to simply as a POSSUM. It is a solitary and nocturnal animal about the size of a domestic cat. It is a successful opportunist. It is familiar to many North Americans as it is often seen near towns, rummaging through garbage cans. CONTENTS * 1 Name * 2 Range * 3 Description * 3.1 Tracks * 3.2 Behavior * 3.3 Reproduction * 3.4 Life span * 4 Historical references * 5 Relationship with humans * 6 References * 7 External links NAMEThe Virginia opossum
Virginia opossum
is the original animal named "opossum "
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The Signifying Monkey
THE SIGNIFYING MONKEY: A THEORY OF AFRICAN-AMERICAN LITERARY CRITICISM is a work of literary criticism and theory by American scholar Henry Louis Gates Jr.
Henry Louis Gates Jr.
first published in 1988. The book traces the folkloric origins of the African-American cultural practice of “signifying” and uses the concept of Signifyin(g) to analyze the interplay between texts of prominent African-American writers, specifically Richard Wright , Ralph Ellison
Ralph Ellison
, Zora Neale Hurston and Ishmael Reed . Signifyin(g) is closely related to double-talk and trickery of the type used by the Monkey of these narratives, but, as Gates himself admits, “It is difficult to arrive at a consensus of definitions of signifyin(g).” Bernard W. Bell defines it as an “elaborate, indirect form of goading or insult generally making use of profanity.” Roger D
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Henry Louis Gates, Jr.
HENRY LOUIS "SKIP" GATES JR. (born September 16, 1950, in Keyser, West Virginia ) is an American literary critic , teacher, historian , filmmaker and public intellectual who currently serves as the Alphonse Fletcher University Professor
Professor
and Director of the Hutchins Center for African and African American Research at Harvard University
Harvard University
. He has discovered what are considered the first books by African-American writers , both of them women, and has published extensively on appreciating African-American literature as part of the Western canon . In addition to producing and hosting previous series on the history and genealogy of prominent American figures, since 2012 Gates has been host for three seasons of the series Finding Your Roots on PBS
PBS

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African American Literature
AFRICAN-AMERICAN LITERATURE is the body of literature produced in the United States by writers of African descent. It begins with the works of such late 18th-century writers as Phillis Wheatley
Phillis Wheatley
. Before the high point of slave narratives, African- American literature was dominated by autobiographical spiritual narratives. The genre known as slave narratives in the 19th century were accounts by people who had generally escaped from slavery, about their journeys to freedom and ways they claimed their lives
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