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Technophobia
TECHNOPHOBIA (from Greek τέχνη technē, "art, skill, craft" and φόβος phobos, "fear" ) is the fear or dislike of advanced technology or complex devices, especially computers . Although there are numerous interpretations of technophobia, they seem to become more complex as technology continues to evolve. The term is generally used in the sense of an irrational fear, but others contend fears are justified. It is related to cyberphobia and is the opposite of technophilia . Dr. Larry Rosen, research psychologist, computer educator, and professor at the California State University
California State University
suggests that there are three dominant subcategories of technophobes- the "uncomfortable users", the "cognitive computerphobes", and "anxious computerphobes"
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Environmentalism
ENVIRONMENTALISM or ENVIRONMENTAL RIGHTS is a broad philosophy , ideology , and social movement regarding concerns for environmental protection and improvement of the health of the environment , particularly as the measure for this health seeks to incorporate the concerns of non-human elements. While environmentalism focuses more on the environmental and nature-related aspects of green ideology and politics, ECOLOGISM combines the ideology of social ecology and environmentalism. ‘Ecologism’ is more commonly used in continental European languages while ‘environmentalism’ is more commonly used in English but the words have slightly different connotations. Environmentalism
Environmentalism
advocates the lawful preservation, restoration and/or improvement of the natural environment, and may be referred to as a movement to control pollution or protect plant and animal diversity
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Vietnam War
North Vietnamese victory * Withdrawal of American-led forces from Indochina * Communist governments take power in South Vietnam
South Vietnam
, Cambodia
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Global Warming
GLOBAL WARMING, also referred to as CLIMATE CHANGE, is the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth
Earth
's climate system and its related effects. Multiple lines of scientific evidence show that the climate system is warming. Many of the observed changes since the 1950s are unprecedented in the instrumental temperature record which extends back to the mid-19th century, and in paleoclimate proxy records covering thousands of years. In 2013, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate
Climate
Change (IPCC) Fifth Assessment Report concluded that "It is extremely likely that human influence has been the dominant cause of the observed warming since the mid-20th century." The largest human influence has been the emission of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide , methane and nitrous oxide
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Social Movement
SOCIAL MOVEMENTS are a type of group action . They can be defined as "organizational structures and strategies that may empower oppressed populations to mount effective challenges and resist the more powerful and advantaged elites" .They are large, sometimes informal, groupings of individuals or organizations which focus on specific political or social issues . In other words, they carry out, resist, or undo a social change . They provide a way of social change from the bottom within nations . Modern Western social movements became possible through education (the wider dissemination of literature ) and increased mobility of labor due to the industrialization and urbanization of 19th-century societies. It is sometimes argued that the freedom of expression, education and relative economic independence prevalent in the modern Western culture
Western culture
are responsible for the unprecedented number and scope of various contemporary social movements
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Amish
The AMISH (/ˈɑːmɪʃ/ ; Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
German : Amisch, German : Amische) are a group of traditionalist Christian church fellowships with Swiss Anabaptist origins. They are closely related to, but distinct from, Mennonite churches. The Amish
Amish
are known for simple living , plain dress , and reluctance to adopt many conveniences of modern technology . The history of the Amish
Amish
church began with a schism in Switzerland within a group of Swiss and Alsatian Anabaptists in 1693 led by Jakob Ammann
Jakob Ammann
. Those who followed Ammann became known as Amish. In the early 18th century, many Amish
Amish
and Mennonites emigrated to Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
for a variety of reasons
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Cold War
The COLD WAR was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
and its satellite states ) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States
United States
, its NATO allies and others). Historians do not fully agree on the dates, but a common timeframe is the period between 1947, the year the Truman Doctrine , a U.S. foreign policy pledging to aid nations threatened by Soviet expansionism, was announced, and either 1989, when communism fell in Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe
, or 1991, when the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
collapsed . The term "cold" is used because there was no large-scale fighting directly between the two sides, but they each supported major regional wars known as proxy wars
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Nuclear Proliferation
NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION is the spread of nuclear weapons , fissionable material, and weapons-applicable nuclear technology and information to nations not recognized as "Nuclear Weapon States" by the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons , commonly known as the Non-Proliferation Treaty or NPT. Proliferation has been opposed by many nations with and without nuclear weapons, the governments of which fear that more countries with nuclear weapons may increase the possibility of nuclear warfare (up to and including the so-called "countervalue " targeting of civilians with nuclear weapons), de-stabilize international or regional relations, or infringe upon the national sovereignty of states
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William Blake
WILLIAM BLAKE (28 November 1757 – 12 August 1827) was an English poet, painter, and printmaker. Largely unrecognised during his lifetime, Blake
Blake
is now considered a seminal figure in the history of the poetry and visual arts of the Romantic Age . His so-called prophetic works were said by 20th century critic Northrop Frye
Northrop Frye
to form "what is in proportion to its merits the least read body of poetry in the English language". His visual artistry led 21st-century critic Jonathan Jones to proclaim him "far and away the greatest artist Britain has ever produced". In 2002, Blake
Blake
was placed at number 38 in the BBC's poll of the 100 Greatest Britons
100 Greatest Britons

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World War II
Allied victory * Collapse of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
* Fall of Japanese and Italian Empires * Dissolution of the League of Nations
League of Nations
* Creation of the United Nations
United Nations
* Emergence of the United States
United States
and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
as superpowers * Beginning of the Cold War
Cold War
(more... ) PARTICIPANTS ALLIED POWERS AXIS POWERS COMMANDERS AND LEADERS MAIN ALLIED LEADERS * Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
* Franklin D
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Hiroshima
HIROSHIMA (広島市, Hiroshima-shi, Japanese: ) is the capital of Hiroshima Prefecture and the largest city in the Chūgoku region of western Honshu
Honshu
- the largest island of Japan
Japan
. The city's name, 広島, means "Broad Island" in Japanese. Hiroshima
Hiroshima
gained city status on April 1, 1889. On April 1, 1980, Hiroshima
Hiroshima
became a designated city . As of August 2016 , the city had an estimated population of 1,196,274. The GDP
GDP
in Greater Hiroshima, Hiroshima
Hiroshima
Metropolitan Employment Area , is US$61.3 billion as of 2010. Kazumi Matsui has been the city's mayor since April 2011
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Nagasaki, Nagasaki
NAGASAKI (長崎市, Nagasaki-shi, Japanese: ) ( listen (help ·info )) is the capital and the largest city of Nagasaki
Nagasaki
Prefecture on the island of Kyushu
Kyushu
in Japan. It became a centre of Portuguese and Dutch influence in the 16th through 19th centuries, and the Churches and Christian Sites in Nagasaki
Nagasaki
have been proposed for inscription on the UNESCO World Heritage List . Part of Nagasaki
Nagasaki
was home to a major Imperial Japanese Navy
Imperial Japanese Navy
base during the First Sino-Japanese War
First Sino-Japanese War
and Russo-Japanese War
Russo-Japanese War
. Its name means "long cape"
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Ordnung
The ORDNUNG is a set of rules for Amish , Old Order Mennonite and Conservative Mennonite living. Ordnung is the German word for order , discipline, rule, arrangement, organization, or system. Because the Amish have no central church government, each assembly is autonomous and is its own governing authority. Thus, every local church maintains an individual set of rules, adhering to its own Ordnung, which may vary from district to district as each community administers its own guidelines. These rules are largely unwritten, yet they define the very essence of Amish identity. Conservative Mennonites refer to Ordnung by the English terms "discipline" or "standard" and are usually written. The Amish blueprint for expected behavior, called the Ordnung, regulates private, public, and ceremonial life. Ordnung does not translate readily into English
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Donald Kraybill
DONALD B. KRAYBILL (born 1946) is an author, lecturer, and educator on Anabaptist faiths and living . Kraybill is widely recognized for his studies on Anabaptist groups, and is the foremost living expert on the Old Order Amish . Kraybill is Distinguished College Professor, and Senior Fellow at the Young Center for Anabaptist and Pietist Studies at Elizabethtown College in Elizabethtown, Pennsylvania . He previously served as chair of the Sociology and Social Work Department at Elizabethtown from 1979 to 1985 and as director of the Young Center from 1989 to 1996. He was provost of Messiah College (PA) from 1996 to 2002, before returning to Elizabethtown College in 2003
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Science Fiction
SCIENCE FICTION (often shortened to SF, SCI-FI or SCIFI) is a genre of speculative fiction , typically dealing with imaginative concepts such as futuristic science and technology , space travel , time travel , faster than light travel , parallel universes , and extraterrestrial life . Science
Science
fiction often explores the potential consequences of scientific and other innovations , and has been called a "literature of ideas". It usually avoids the supernatural , and unlike the related genre of fantasy , historically, science-fiction stories were intended to have a grounding in science-based fact or theory at the time the story was created, but this connection is now limited to hard science fiction
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Mary Shelley
MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT SHELLEY (née GODWIN; 30 August 1797 – 1 February 1851) was an English novelist, short story writer, dramatist, essayist, biographer, and travel writer , best known for her Gothic novel Frankenstein: or, The Modern Prometheus
Prometheus
(1818). She also edited and promoted the works of her husband, the Romantic poet and philosopher Percy Bysshe Shelley . Her father was the political philosopher William Godwin
William Godwin
, and her mother was the philosopher and feminist Mary Wollstonecraft
Mary Wollstonecraft
. After Wollstonecraft's death less than a month after her daughter Mary
Mary
was born, Mary
Mary
was raised by Godwin, who was able to provide his daughter with a rich, if informal, education, encouraging her to adhere to his own liberal political theories
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