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Sufi
Sufism
Sufism
or Taṣawwuf[1] (Arabic: الْتَّصَوُّف; personal noun: صُوفِيّ ṣūfiyy/ṣūfī, مُتَصَوّف mutaṣawwuf), which is often defined as " Islamic
Islamic
mysticism",[2] "the inward dimension of Islam",[3][4] or "the phenomenon of mysticism within Islam",[5][6] is a mystical trend in
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Manzil
For the convenience of people who wish to read the Qur'an in a week the text may be divided into 7 portions, each portion is known as Manzil.[1] The following division to 7 equal portions is by Hamza Al-Zayyat (d.156/772):[1] Al-Fatihah
Al-Fatihah
(chapter 1) through An-Nisa' (chapter 4) consisting of 4 surahs. Al-Ma'ida (chapter 5) through At-Tawba (chapter 9) consisting of 5 surahs. Yunus (chapter 10) through An-Nahl (chapter 16) consisting of 7 surahs. Al Isra' (chapter 17) through Al-Furqan (chapter 25) consisting of 9 surahs. Ash-Shuara' (chapter 26) through Ya-Seen (chapter 36) consisting of 11 surahs. As-Saaffat (chapter 37) through Al-Hujurat (chapter 49) consisting of 13 surahs. Qaf (chapter 50) through An-Nas (chapter 114) consisting of 65 surahs.See also[edit]Juz'References[edit]^ a b Jaffer, Abbas (2009)
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Ihsan
Ihsan
Ihsan
(Arabic: إحسان‎ ʾiḥsān, also Romanized ehsan), is an Arabic term meaning "perfection" or "excellence" (Ara. husn). It is a matter of taking one's inner faith (iman) and showing it in both deed and action, a sense of social responsibility borne from religious convictions.[1] In Islam, ihsan is the Muslim
Muslim
responsibility to obtain perfection, or excellence, in worship, such that Muslims
Muslims
try to worship God
God
as if they see him, and although they cannot see him, they undoubtedly believe that he is constantly watching over them. That definition comes from the Hadith of Gabriel in which Muhammad
Muhammad
states, "[ Ihsan
Ihsan
is] to worship God
God
as though you see Him, and if you cannot see Him, then indeed He sees you"
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Sophism
A sophist (Greek: σοφιστής, sophistes) was a specific kind of teacher in ancient Greece, in the fifth and fourth centuries BC. Many sophists specialized in using the tools of philosophy and rhetoric, though other sophists taught subjects such as music, athletics, and mathematics. In general, they claimed to teach arete ("excellence" or "virtue", applied to various subject areas), predominantly to young statesmen and nobility. The term originated from Greek σόφισμα, sophisma, from σοφίζω, sophizo "I am wise"; confer σοφιστής, sophistēs, meaning "wise-ist, one who does wisdom," and σοφός, sophós means "wise man". There are not many writings from and about the first sophists
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Yaqeen
Yaqeen
Yaqeen
(Arabic: یقین‎) is generally translated as "certainty", and is considered the summit of the many stations by which the path of walaya (sometimes translated as Sainthood) is fully completed. This is the repository of liberating experience in Islam. In relation to the exoteric religious life, certainty is the sister of religious life in its perfection (ehsân), that is, to say the adoration of Allah according to the visionary way; through this channel it is the pillar of Islam
Islam
in the accomplishment of its external practices, as it is the foundation of faith (iman) in its internal dogma. It is, in fact, ihsân which gives the external religion its true meaning and the domain of faith its real values
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Ziyarat
In Islam, ziyara(h) (Arabic: زيارة‎ ziyārah, "visit") or ziyarat (Persian: زیارت‎, ziyārat, "pilgrimage") is a form of pilgrimage to sites associated with Muhammad, his family members and descendants (including the Shī‘ī Imāms), his companions and other venerated figures in Islam
Islam
such as the prophets, Sufi Saints and Islamic scholars
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Ashrafi Family
The Ashrafi's are the descendants of the illustrious Sufi Saint Hazrat Syed Ashraf Jahangir Semnani
Ashraf Jahangir Semnani
who had settled at Kichhauchha Sharif (Ashrafpur Kichhauchha) in the Ambedkar Nagar District, Uttar Pradesh, India, after relinquishing his throne in Semnan ( Iran). His shrine is situated at Dargah, Rasoolpur between Kichaucha Sharif and Baskhari Sharif and is visited by thousands of devotees irrespective of caste, creed and sex. The Ashrafiyya family members' chief meeting place are Baskhari Sharif & Kichaucha Sharif, where their main family members reside
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Muraqaba
Muraqaba (مراقبة, an Arabic word meaning "to watch over", "to take care of", or "to keep an eye"), is the Sufi word for meditation. It implies that with meditation, a person watches over or takes care of his spiritual heart (or soul), and acquires knowledge about it, its surroundings, and its creator. This form of meditation is common amongst most Sufi orders and is a core concept for many tariqas.Contents1 Stages1.1 Somnolence 1.2 Adraak 1.3 Warood 1.4 Gnosis of the universe1.4.1 Kashaf' / Ilhaam 1.4.2 Shahood 1.4.3 Fatah1.5 Gnosis of Allah1.5.1 Fanaa 1.5.2 Sair illallah 1.5.3 Fana fillah 1.5.4 Sair min Allah1.6 Baqaa billah2 Types2.1 Beginning muraqabas 2.2 Middle muraqabas 2.3 Higher muraqabas 2.4 35 Lessons of the Naqshbandi Mujaddidi Order3 See also 4 References 5 Further readingStages[edit] Here are the maqamat (Arabic: مقامات stages) in which Sufis have broadly categorised their journey of ascension
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Wali
Walī (Arabic: ولي‎, plural ʾawliyāʾ أولياء) is an Arabic
Arabic
word whose literal meanings include "custodian", "protector", "helper", and "friend".[1] In the vernacular, it is most commonly used by Muslims to indicate an Islamic saint, otherwise referred to by the more literal "friend of God".[2][3][4] In the traditional Islamic understanding of saints, the saint is portrayed as someone "marked by [special] divine favor ..
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Islam
Islam
Islam
(/ˈɪslɑːm/)[note 1] is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion teaching that there is only one God
God
(Allah)[1] and that Muhammad
Muhammad
is the messenger of God.[2][3] It is the world's second-largest religion[4] and the fastest-growing major religion in the world,[5][6][7] with over 1.8 billion followers or 24.1% of the global population,[8] known as Muslims.[9] Muslims make up a majority of the population in 50 countries.[4] Islam
Islam
teaches that God
God
is merciful, all-powerful, unique[10] and has guided mankind through prophets, revealed scriptures and natural signs.[3][11] The primary scriptures of Islam
Islam
are the Quran, viewed by Muslims as the verbatim word of God, and the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad
Muhammad
(c
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Al-Insān Al-Kāmil
In Islamic theology, al-Insān al-Kāmil (Arabic: الإنسان الكامل‎) also rendered as Insān-i Kāmil (Persian/Urdu: انسان کامل) and İnsan-ı Kâmil (Turkish), is a term used as an honorific title to describe the prophet Muhammad. The phrase means "the person who has reached perfection,"[1] literally "the complete person." It is an important concept in Islamic culture of the prototype human being, pure consciousness, one's true identity, to be contrasted with the material human who is bound by one's senses and materialism
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Qalandar
OthersZahiri Awza'i Thawri Laythi JaririSunni schools of theologyAsh'ari Maturidi TraditionalistOthers:Mu'tazila Murji'ahContemporary movementsAhl-i Hadith Al-Ahbash Barelvi Deobandi Islamic Modernism Salafi movement WahhabismHoly sitesJerusalem Mecca Medina Mount SinaiListsLiteratureKutub al-Sittah Islam
Islam
portalv t eQalandars (Persian: قلندر‎) are wandering ascetic Sufi dervishes who may or may not be connected to a specific tariqat
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Salik
A sālik is a follower of Sufism, from the verb salaka which means to travel or follow, related to sulūk "pathway". Sulūk here specifically refers to a spiritual path, i.e. the combination of the two "paths" that can be followed in religion, the exoteric path or shariah, and the esoteric path or haqiqa. The "path" metaphor is derived from the Qur'an: see sura 16, (An-Nahl, The Bees), ayat 69:faslukī subula rabbiki dhululan "and follow the ways of your Lord made easy [for you]", which uses the imperative of the verb salaka which means to follow or to travelA sālik is also called murid when one becomes a disciple to one particular spiritual teacher (murshid) or a Sufi master. See also[edit]TariqaReferences[edit]L
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Nasheed
A nasheed (Arabic: singular نشيد nashīd, plural أناشيد anāshīd, meaning: "chants"; also nasyid in Malaysia
Malaysia
and Indonesia) is a work of vocal music that is either sung acappella or accompanied by percussion instruments such as the daf. In general, Islamic anasheed do not contain lamellaphone instruments, string instruments, or wind and brass instruments, although digital remastering – either to mimic percussion instruments or create overtones – is permitted. This is because many Muslim
Muslim
scholars state that Islam
Islam
prohibits the use of musical instruments except for some basic percussion. Nasheed
Nasheed
are popular throughout the Islamic world
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Qutb
OthersZahiri Awza'i Thawri Laythi JaririSunni schools of theologyAsh'ari Maturidi TraditionalistOthers:Mu'tazila Murji'ahContemporary movementsAhl-i Hadith Al-Ahbash Barelvi Deobandi Islamic Modernism Salafi movement WahhabismHoly sitesJerusalem Mecca Medina Mount SinaiListsLiteratureKutub al-Sittah Islam
Islam
portalv t eQutb, Qutub, Kutb, Kutub, or Kotb (Arabic: قطب‎), means 'axis', 'pivot' or 'pole'.[1]
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Keramat
Part of a series on Nizari-Ismāʿīli Batiniyya, Hurufiyya, Kaysanites and Twelver
Twelver
Shī‘ismAlevismBeliefsAllah Quran Haqq–Muhammad–Ali Prophet
Prophet
Muḥammad ibn `Abd Allāh Muhammad-Ali Islamic prophet Zahir Batin Buyruks Tariqat Haqiqa Marifat Wahdat
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