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Sufi
SUFISM or TAṣAWWUF ( Arabic : التصوف‎‎), which is often defined as " Islamic mysticism ," "the inward dimension of Islam ," or "the phenomenon of mysticism within Islam ," is a mystical trend in Islam "characterized ... values, ritual practices, doctrines and institutions" which began very early on in Islamic history and which represents "the main manifestation and the most important and central crystallization of" mystical practice in Islam. Although the overwhelming majority of Sufis, both pre-modern and modern, have been adherents of Sunni Islam , there nevertheless also developed certain strands of Sufi practice within the ambit of Shia Islam during the late medieval period
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Manzil
For the convenience of people who wish to read the Qur\'an in a week the text may be divided into 7 portions, each portion is known as MANZIL
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Sophism
SOPHISM is a method of teaching. In ancient Greece, sophists were a category of teachers who specialized in using the techniques of philosophy and rhetoric for the purpose of teaching arete —"excellence" or "virtue"—predominantly to young statesmen and nobility. The practice of charging money for education and providing wisdom only to those who could pay led to the condemnations made by Socrates
Socrates
(as he is portrayed by Plato
Plato
in his dialogues ) as well as Xenophon
Xenophon
's Memorabilia . Through works such as these, Sophists were portrayed as "specious" or "deceptive", hence the modern meaning of the term. The term originated from Greek σόφισμα, sophisma, from σοφίζω, sophizo "I am wise"; confer σοφιστής, sophistēs, meaning "wise-ist, one who does wisdom ," and σοφός, sophós means "wise man"
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Ihsan
IHSAN (Arabic : إحسان‎‎), also spelled EHSAN, is an Arabic term meaning "perfection" or "excellence" (Ara. husn). It is a matter of taking one's inner faith (iman ) and showing it in both deed and action, a sense of social responsibility borne from religious convictions. (There is also a similar word "Ihsan", إحصان - with a different Arabic "s", which means "a state of being married" and a married person is called muhsan.) In Islam
Islam
, ihsan is the Muslim responsibility to obtain perfection, or excellence , in worship, such that Muslims
Muslims
try to worship God
God
as if they see him, and although they cannot see him, they undoubtedly believe that he is constantly watching over them
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Ashrafi Family
The ASHRAFI\'s are the descendants of the illustrious Sufi Saint Hazrat Syed Ashraf Jahangir Semnani who had settled at Kichhauchha Sharif ( Ashrafpur Kichhauchha ) in the Ambedkar Nagar District , Uttar Pradesh , India
India
, after relinquishing his throne in Semnan ( Iran). His shrine is situated at Dargah, Rasoolpur between Kichaucha Sharif and Baskhari Sharif and is visited by thousands of devotees irrespective of caste, creed and sex. The Ashrafiyya family members' chief meeting place are Baskhari Sharif "> However the first publication of a poetic composition was in the first quarter of 20th century by Syed Ali Husain Ashrafi in a book entitled, Tahaife Ashrafi. A critical evaluation of his poetry has also been done by Syed Amin Ashraf (1931-2013) and the same is included in Amin Ashraf's book of critical essays entitled BargoBar. Syed Nazar Ashraf who was a Unani physician also penned poetry
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Yaqeen
YAQEEN (Arabic : یقین‎‎) is generally translated as "certainty", and is considered the summit of the many stations by which the path of walaya (sometimes translated as Sainthood) is fully completed. This is the repository of liberating experience in Islam
Islam
. In relation to the exoteric religious life, certainty is the sister of religious life in its perfection (ehsân ), that is, to say the adoration of Allah
Allah
according to the visionary way; through this channel it is the pillar of Islam
Islam
in the accomplishment of its external practices, as it is the foundation of faith (iman ) in its internal dogma. It is, in fact, ihsân which gives the external religion its true meaning and the domain of faith its real values. It occurs in the Quran
Quran
about certainty, "And worship your Lord until there comes to you the certainty". Certainty (yaqeen) comprises three degrees
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Ziyarat
In Islam
Islam
, ZIYARA(H) (Arabic : زيارة‎‎ ziyārah, "visit") or ZIYARAT (Persian : زیارت‎‎, ziyārat, "pilgrimage") is a form of pilgrimage to sites associated with Muhammad
Muhammad
, his family members and descendants (including the Shī‘ī Imāms ), his companions and other venerated figures in Islam
Islam
such as the prophets , Sufi Saints and Islamic scholars . Sites of pilgrimage include mosques , graves, battlefields, mountains, and caves. Ziyārat can also refer to a form of supplication made by the Shia , in which they send salutations and greetings to Muhammad
Muhammad
and his family
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Muraqaba
MURAQABA (مراقبة, an Arabic word meaning "to watch over", "to take care of", or "to keep an eye"), is the Sufi word for meditation . It implies that with meditation, a person watches over or takes care of his spiritual heart (or soul ), and acquires knowledge about it, its surroundings, and its creator. This form of meditation is common amongst most Sufi orders and is a core concept for many tariqas
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Wali
WALī ( Arabic
Arabic
: ولي‎‎, plural ʾawliyāʾ أولياء) is an Arabic
Arabic
word whose literal meanings include "custodian", "protector", "helper", and "friend." In the vernacular, it is most commonly used by Muslims to indicate an Islamic saint , otherwise referred to by the more literal "friend of God." In the traditional Islamic understanding of saints , the saint is portrayed as someone "marked by divine favor ... holiness", and who is specifically "chosen by God and endowed with exceptional gifts, such as the ability to work miracles ." The doctrine of saints was articulated by Islamic scholars very early on in Muslim
Muslim
history, and particular verses of the Quran
Quran
and certain hadith were interpreted by early Muslim
Muslim
thinkers as "documentary evidence" of the existence of saints
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Islam
ISLAM (/ˈɪslɑːm/ ) is a universalizing Abrahamic monotheistic religion teaching that there is only one God
God
( Allah
Allah
) and that Muhammad
Muhammad
is a messenger of God. It is the world\'s second-largest religion and the fastest-growing major religion in the world , with over 1.8 billion followers or 24.1% of the global population, known as Muslims . Muslims make up a majority of the population in 50 countries . Islam
Islam
teaches that God
God
is merciful , all-powerful , unique and has guided mankind through prophets , revealed scriptures and natural signs
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Al-Insān Al-Kāmil
In Islamic theology
Islamic theology
, AL-INSāN AL-KāMIL (Arabic : الإنسان الكامل‎‎) also rendered as Insān-i Kāmil (Persian / Urdu
Urdu
: انسان کامل) and İnsan-ı Kâmil (Turkish ), is a term used as an honorific title to describe the prophet Muhammad
Muhammad
. The phrase means "the person who has reached perfection." It is an important concept in Islamic culture of the prototype human being, pure consciousness , one's true identity, to be contrasted with the material human who is bound by one's senses and materialism. The term was originally used by Sunni
Sunni
Sufis
Sufis
and is still used by them, however it is also used by Alawis and Alevis . This idea is based upon a hadith, which was used by Ibn Arabi , that states about Prophet Muhammad, 'I was a prophet when Adam was between water and clay'
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Salik
A SāLIK is a follower of Sufism
Sufism
, from the verb salaka which means to travel or follow, related to sulūk "pathway". Sulūk here specifically refers to a spiritual path, i.e. the combination of the two "paths" that can be followed in religion, the exoteric path or shariah , and the esoteric path or haqiqa . The "path" metaphor is derived from the Qur'an: see sura 16 , (An-Nahl, The Bees), ayat 69: faslukī subula rabbiki dhululan "and follow the ways of your Lord made easy ", which uses the imperative of the verb salaka which means to follow or to travel A sālik is also called murid when one becomes a disciple to one particular spiritual teacher (murshid ) or a Sufi master. SEE ALSO * Tariqa REFERENCES * L
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Nasheed
A NASHEED (Arabic : singular نشيد nashīd, plural أناشيد anāshīd, meaning: "chants"; also nasyid in Malaysia
Malaysia
and Indonesia
Indonesia
) is a work of vocal music that is either sung a cappella or accompanied by percussion instruments such as the daf . In general, Islamic anasheed do not contain lamellaphone instruments, string instruments, or wind and brass instruments, although digital remastering – either to mimic percussion instruments or create overtones – is permitted. This is because many Muslim
Muslim
scholars state that Islam
Islam
prohibits the use of musical instruments except for some basic percussion . Nasheed
Nasheed
are popular throughout the Islamic world. The material and lyrics of a nasheed usually make reference to Islamic beliefs, history, and religion, as well as current events
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Qalandar
Others * Zahiri * Awza\'i * Thawri * Laythi * Jariri Sunni schools of theology * Ash\'ari * Maturidi * Traditionalist Others: * Mu\'tazila * Murji\'ah Contemporary movements * Ahl-i Hadith
Hadith
* Al-Ahbash * Barelvi * Deobandi * Islamic Modernism * Salafi movement * Wahhabism Holy sites * Jerusalem * Mecca
Mecca
* Medina
Medina
* Mount Sinai
Mount Sinai
Lists * Literature * Kutub al-Sittah Islam
Islam
portal * v * t * e QALANDARS (Arabic : قلندر‎‎), are wandering ascetic Sufi dervishes who may or may not be connected to a specific tariqat
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Qutb
Others * Zahiri * Awza\'i * Thawri * Laythi * Jariri Sunni schools of theology * Ash\'ari * Maturidi * Traditionalist Others: * Mu\'tazila * Murji\'ah Contemporary movements * Ahl-i Hadith
Hadith
* Al-Ahbash * Barelvi * Deobandi * Islamic Modernism * Salafi movement * Wahhabism Holy sites * Jerusalem * Mecca
Mecca
* Medina
Medina
* Mount Sinai
Mount Sinai
Lists * Literature * Kutub al-Sittah Islam
Islam
portal * v * t * e QUTB, QUTUB, KUTB, KUTUB, or KOTB (Arabic : قطب‎), means 'axis', 'pivot' or 'pole'
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Keramat
Part of a series on Nizari -Ismāʿīli Batiniyya , Hurufiyya , Kaysanites and Twelver Shī‘ism ALEVISM Beliefs * Allah
Allah
*
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