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Song
A SONG, most broadly, is a single (and often standalone) work of music that is typically intended to be sung by the human voice with distinct and fixed pitches and patterns using sound and silence and a variety of forms that often include the repetition of sections. Written words created specifically for music or for which music is specifically created, are called lyrics . If a pre-existing poem is set to composed music in classical music it is an art song . Songs that are sung on repeated pitches without distinct contours and patterns that rise and fall are called chants . Songs in a simple style that are learned informally are often referred to as folk songs . Songs that are composed for professional singers who sell their recordings or live shows to the mass market are called popular songs. These songs, which have broad appeal, are often composed by professional songwriters , composers and lyricists
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Harmony Vocals
VOCAL HARMONY is a style of vocal music in which a consonant note or notes are simultaneously sung as a main melody in a predominantly homophonic texture. Vocal harmonies are used in many subgenres of European art music , including Classical choral music and opera and in the popular styles from many Western cultures ranging from folk songs and musical theater pieces to rock ballads. In the simplest style of vocal harmony, the main vocal melody is supported by a single backup vocal line, either at a pitch which is above or below the main vocal line, often in thirds or sixths which fit in with the chord progression used in the song. In more complex vocal harmony arrangements, different backup singers may sing two or even three other notes at the same time as each of the main melody notes, mostly with consonant, pleasing-sounding thirds, sixths, and fifths (although dissonant notes may be used as short passing notes )
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Guitar
The GUITAR is a fretted musical instrument that usually has six strings . The sound is projected either acoustically, using a hollow wooden or plastic and wood box (for an acoustic guitar ), or through electrical amplifier and a speaker (for an electric guitar ). It is typically played by strumming or plucking the strings with the fingers, thumb or fingernails of the right hand or with a pick while fretting (or pressing against the frets ) the strings with the fingers of the left hand. The guitar is a type of chordophone , traditionally constructed from wood and strung with either gut, nylon or steel strings and distinguished from other chordophones by its construction and tuning. The modern guitar was preceded by the gittern , the vihuela , the four-course Renaissance guitar , and the five-course baroque guitar , all of which contributed to the development of the modern six-string instrument
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Trio (music)
In music , a TRIO (an Italian word) is a method of instrumentation or vocalization by three different sounds or voices to make a melodious music or song. CONTENTS * 1 Instrumental or vocal ensemble * 2 Popular-music group/band * 3 Common forms * 4 See also * 5 Sources INSTRUMENTAL OR VOCAL ENSEMBLEIn general, "trio" denotes a group of three solo instruments or voices (Randel 2003 ). The term is also used to describe a composition for such a group. The most common types of such compositions are the "piano trio "—piano, violin and cello—and the "string trio "—violin, viola and cello (Schwandt 2001 ). In vocal music, the term "terzet" is sometimes preferred to "trio" (McClymonds, Cook, and Budden 1992 ). From the 17th century onward the word "trio" is used to describe a contrasting second or middle dance appearing between two statements of a principal dance, such as a minuet or bourée
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Duet
A DUET is a musical composition for two performers in which the performers have equal importance to the piece, often a composition involving two singers or two pianists. It differs from a harmony , as the performers take turns performing a solo section rather than performing simultaneously. A piece performed by two pianists performing together on the same piano is a "piano duet " or "piano four hands ". A piece for two pianists performing together on separate pianos is a "piano duo ". "Duet" is also used as a verb for the act of performing a musical duet, or colloquially as a noun to refer to the performers of a duet. A musical ensemble with more than two solo instruments or voices is called trio , quartet , quintet , sextet , septet , octet , etc
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Opera
OPERA (Italian: ; English plural: operas; Italian plural: opere ) is an art form in which singers and musicians perform a dramatic work combining text (libretto ) and musical score , usually in a theatrical setting . In traditional opera, singers do two types of singing: recitative , a speech-inflected style and arias , a more melodic style, in which notes are sung in a sustained fashion. Opera incorporates many of the elements of spoken theatre , such as acting , scenery , and costumes and sometimes includes dance . The performance is typically given in an opera house , accompanied by an orchestra or smaller musical ensemble , which since the early 19th century has been led by a conductor . Opera
Opera
is a key part of the Western classical music tradition
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Jazz Quartet
In music , a QUARTET or QUARTETTE (French : quatuor, German : Quartett, Italian : quartetto, Spanish : cuarteto, Polish : kwartet) is an ensemble of four singers or instrumental performers; or a musical composition for four voices or instruments. CONTENTS* 1 Classical * 1.1 String quartet
String quartet
* 1.2 Piano quartet * 1.3 Other instrumental quartets * 1.4 Vocal quartet * 1.5 Baroque quartet * 2 Jazz
Jazz
* 3 Popular music
Popular music
* 4 References * 5 Further reading CLASSICALSTRING QUARTET Main article: String quartet
String quartet
A string quartet in performance. From left to right - violin 1, violin 2, cello, viola In Classical music, the most important combination of four instruments in chamber music is the string quartet. String quartets most often consist of two violins , a viola , and a cello
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Basso Continuo
FIGURED BASS, or THOROUGHBASS, is a kind of musical notation in which numerals and symbols (often accidentals ) indicate intervals , chords , and non-chord tones that a musician playing piano , harpsichord , organ , lute (or other instruments capable of playing chords) play in relation to the bass note that these numbers and symbols appear above or below. Figured bass
Figured bass
is closely associated with BASSO CONTINUO , a historically improvised accompaniment used in almost all genres of music in the Baroque period of Classical music
Classical music
(c.1600–1750), though rarely in modern music
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Sacred
SACRED means revered due to SANCTITY and is generally the state of being perceived by religious individuals as associated with divinity and considered worthy of spiritual respect or devotion; or inspiring awe or reverence among believers. From an anthropological or atheistic perspective, the religious view of the sacred is an emic perspective on a culture's collection of thoughts and practices that function as a basis for the community's social structure. Objects are often considered sacred if used for spiritual purposes, such as the worship or service of gods . The property is often ascribed to objects (a "sacred artifact" that is venerated and blessed ), or places ("sacred ground")
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Categorization
CATEGORIZATION is the process in which ideas and objects are recognized, differentiated, and understood. Categorization implies that objects are grouped into categories, usually for some specific purpose. Ideally, a category illuminates a relationship between the subjects and objects of knowledge. Categorization is fundamental in language, prediction, inference , decision making and in all kinds of environmental interaction. It is indicated that categorization plays a major role in computer programming . There are many categorization theories and techniques
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Orchestra
An ORCHESTRA (/ˈɔːrkᵻstrə/ or US : /ˈɔːrˌkɛstrə/ ; Italian: ) is a large instrumental ensemble typical of classical music , which mixes instruments from different families, including bowed string instruments such as violin , viola , cello and double bass , as well as brass , woodwinds , and percussion instruments , each grouped in sections. Other instruments such as the piano and celesta may sometimes appear in a fifth keyboard section or may stand alone, as may the concert harp and, for performances of some modern compositions, electronic instruments . The term orchestra derives from the Greek ὀρχήστρα (orchestra), the name for the area in front of a stage in ancient Greek theatre reserved for the Greek chorus . A full-size orchestra may sometimes be called a symphony orchestra or philharmonic orchestra
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Big Band
A BIG BAND is a type of musical ensemble associated with playing jazz or jazz-influenced popular music and which was popular during the Swing Era from the mid-1930s until the late 1940s. A big band typically consists of approximately 12 to 25 musicians and contains saxophones , trumpets , trombones , and a rhythm section . The terms JAZZ BAND, JAZZ ENSEMBLE, STAGE BAND, JAZZ ORCHESTRA, and DANCE BAND are also used to refer to this type of ensemble. This does not, however, mean that each one of these names is technically correct for naming a "big band" specifically. In contrast to smaller jazz combos, in which most of the music is improvised , or created spontaneously, music played by big bands is highly "arranged " in advance and written down as sheet music . The written arrangements are traditionally called "charts"
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Mass Market
The MASS MARKET is the largest group of end consumers for a specified product. It is the opposite of the term niche market . CONTENTS * 1 General * 2 References * 3 External links * 4 See also GENERAL This section DOES NOT CITE ANY SOURCES . Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed . (March 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message )The mass market is the group of end consumers of common household products who occupy the overwhelming mass under a bell curve , i.e., they could be tagged as being "average ". This group encompasses such a wide variety of people, their need for, uses for, and price point for market offerings may vary greatly. The myriad of customers' needs makes it difficult to target each and every customer in the mass market, via mass marketing
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Vocal Harmony
VOCAL HARMONY is a style of vocal music in which a consonant note or notes are simultaneously sung as a main melody in a predominantly homophonic texture. Vocal harmonies are used in many subgenres of European art music , including Classical choral music and opera and in the popular styles from many Western cultures ranging from folk songs and musical theater pieces to rock ballads. In the simplest style of vocal harmony, the main vocal melody is supported by a single backup vocal line, either at a pitch which is above or below the main vocal line, often in thirds or sixths which fit in with the chord progression used in the song. In more complex vocal harmony arrangements, different backup singers may sing two or even three other notes at the same time as each of the main melody notes, mostly with consonant, pleasing-sounding thirds, sixths, and fifths (although dissonant notes may be used as short passing notes )
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Melody
A MELODY ("singing, chanting"), also TUNE, VOICE, or LINE, is a linear succession of musical tones that the listener perceives as a single entity. In its most literal sense, a melody is a combination of pitch and rhythm , while more figuratively, the term can include successions of other musical elements such as tonal color . It may be considered the foreground to the background accompaniment . A line or part need not be a foreground melody. Melodies often consist of one or more musical phrases or motifs , and are usually repeated throughout a composition in various forms. Melodies may also be described by their melodic motion or the pitches or the intervals between pitches (predominantly conjunct or disjunct or with further restrictions), pitch range, tension and release, continuity and coherence, cadence , and shape. The true goal of music—its proper enterprise—is melody
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Chants
A CHANT (from French chanter, from Latin
Latin
cantare, "to sing") is the iterative speaking or singing of words or sounds , often primarily on one or two main pitches called reciting tones . Chants may range from a simple melody involving a limited set of notes to highly complex musical structures, often including a great deal of repetition of musical subphrases, such as Great Responsories and Offertories of Gregorian chant
Gregorian chant
. Chant may be considered speech, music, or a heightened or stylized form of speech. In the later Middle Ages
Middle Ages
some religious chant evolved into song (forming one of the roots of later Western music). Pange Lingua sung in Latin
Latin
The Latin
Latin
text of Pange Lingua sung to its traditional melody, mode iii Gregorian chant
Gregorian chant

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