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Prawn
PRAWN is a common name for small aquatic crustaceans with an exoskeleton and ten legs (i.e. a member of the order decapoda ), some of which can be eaten. The term "prawn" is used particularly in the United Kingdom, Ireland, and Commonwealth nations, for large swimming crustaceans or shrimp , especially those with commercial significance in the fishing industry . Shrimp that fall in this category often belong to the suborder Dendrobranchiata . In North America, the term is used less frequently, typically for freshwater shrimp. The terms shrimp and prawn themselves lack scientific standing. Over the years, the way shrimp and prawn are used has changed, and nowadays the terms are almost interchangeable. In the United Kingdom, prawn is more common on menus than shrimp, while the opposite is the case in the United States
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Palaemonidae
PALAEMONIDAE is a family of shrimp in the order Decapoda . Two subfamilies are distinguished: PALAEMONINAE and PONTONIINAE. Palaemoninae are mainly carnivores that eat small invertebrates and can be found in any aquatic habitat except the deep sea . The most significant genus is Macrobrachium , which contains commercially fished species. Pontoniinae inhabit coral reefs , where they associate with certain invertebrates such as sponges , cnidarians , mollusks and echinoderms as cleaner shrimps , parasites , or commensals . They generally feed on detritus , though some are carnivores and hunt tiny animals
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Alpheidae
See text ALPHEIDAE is a family of caridean SNAPPING SHRIMP characterized by having asymmetrical claws, the larger of which is typically capable of producing a loud snapping sound. Other common names for animals in the group are PISTOL SHRIMP or ALPHEID SHRIMP. The family is diverse and worldwide in distribution, consisting of about 1119 species within 38 or more genera. The two most prominent genera are Alpheus and Synalpheus, with species numbering well over 250 and 100, respectively. Most snapping shrimp dig burrows and are common inhabitants of coral reefs , submerged seagrass flats, and oyster reefs. While most genera and species are found in tropical and temperate coastal and marine waters, Betaeus inhabits cold seas and Potamalpheops is found only in freshwater caves. When in colonies, the snapping shrimp can interfere with sonar and underwater communication. The shrimp are a major source of noise in the ocean
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Banded Coral Shrimp
STENOPUS HISPIDUS is a shrimp -like decapod crustacean belonging to the infraorder Stenopodidea . Common names include BANDED CORAL SHRIMP and BANDED CLEANER SHRIMP. CONTENTS * 1 Distribution * 2 Description * 3 Ecology * 4 Images * 5 References * 6 External links DISTRIBUTIONStenopus hispidus has a pan-tropical distribution, extending into some temperate areas. It is found in the western Atlantic Ocean from Canada to Brazil , including the Gulf of Mexico . In Australia , it is found as far south as Sydney and it also occurs around New Zealand . DESCRIPTIONStenopus hispidus reaches a total length of 60 millimetres (2.4 in), and has striking colouration. The ground colour is transparent, but the carapace , abdomen and the large third pereiopod are all banded red and white. The antennae and other pereiopods are white. The abdomen, carapace and third pereiopods are covered in spines
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Stenopus Hispidus
STENOPUS HISPIDUS is a shrimp -like decapod crustacean belonging to the infraorder Stenopodidea . Common names include BANDED CORAL SHRIMP and BANDED CLEANER SHRIMP. CONTENTS * 1 Distribution * 2 Description * 3 Ecology * 4 Images * 5 References * 6 External links DISTRIBUTION Stenopus hispidus has a pan-tropical distribution, extending into some temperate areas. It is found in the western Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
from Canada
Canada
to Brazil
Brazil
, including the Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico
. In Australia
Australia
, it is found as far south as Sydney
Sydney
and it also occurs around New Zealand . DESCRIPTION Stenopus hispidus reaches a total length of 60 millimetres (2.4 in), and has striking colouration
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CommonWealth
COMMONWEALTH is a traditional English term for a political community founded for the common good . Historically it has sometimes been synonymous with "republic ". The noun "commonwealth", meaning "public welfare general good or advantage" dates from the 15th century. Originally a phrase (the common-wealth or the common weal – echoed in the modern synonym "public weal") it comes from the old meaning of "wealth", which is "well-being", and is itself a loose translation of the Latin res publica (republic). The term literally meant "common well-being". In the 17th century, the definition of "commonwealth" expanded from its original sense of "public welfare" or "commonweal" to mean "a state in which the supreme power is vested in the people; a republic or democratic state"
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Lateral (anatomy)
Standard ANATOMICAL TERMS OF LOCATION deal unambiguously with the anatomy of animals , including humans. All vertebrates (including humans) have the same basic body plan – they are strictly bilaterally symmetrical in early embryonic stages and largely bilaterally symmetrical in adulthood. That is, they have mirror-image left and right halves if divided down the centre. For these reasons, the basic directional terms can be considered to be those used in vertebrates. By extension, the same terms are used for many other (invertebrate ) organisms as well. While these terms are standardized within specific fields of biology , there are unavoidable, sometimes dramatic, differences between some disciplines. For example, differences in terminology remain a problem that, to some extent, still separates the terminology of human anatomy from that used in the study of various other zoological categories
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Thomas Pennant
THOMAS PENNANT (14 June OS 1726 – 16 December 1798) was a Welsh naturalist , traveller, writer and antiquarian . He was born and lived his whole life at his family estate, Downing Hall
Downing Hall
near Whitford, Flintshire in Wales. As a naturalist he had a great curiosity, observing the geography, geology, plants, animals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and fish around him and recording what he saw and heard about. He wrote acclaimed books including British Zoology, the History of Quadrupeds, Arctic Zoology and Indian Zoology although he never travelled further afield than continental Europe. He knew and maintained correspondence with many of the scientific figures of his day. His books influenced the writings of Samuel Johnson
Samuel Johnson
. As an antiquarian, he amassed a considerable collection of art and other works, largely selected for their scientific interest
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Dorsoventral
Standard ANATOMICAL TERMS OF LOCATION deal unambiguously with the anatomy of animals , including humans. All vertebrates (including humans) have the same basic body plan – they are strictly bilaterally symmetrical in early embryonic stages and largely bilaterally symmetrical in adulthood. That is, they have mirror-image left and right halves if divided down the centre. For these reasons, the basic directional terms can be considered to be those used in vertebrates. By extension, the same terms are used for many other (invertebrate ) organisms as well. While these terms are standardized within specific fields of biology , there are unavoidable, sometimes dramatic, differences between some disciplines. For example, differences in terminology remain a problem that, to some extent, still separates the terminology of human anatomy from that used in the study of various other zoological categories
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Rostrum (anatomy)
In anatomy, the term ROSTRUM (from the Latin rostrum meaning beak ) is used for a number of phylogenetically unrelated structures in different groups of animals. CONTENTS * 1 Invertebrates * 2 Vertebrates * 3 See also * 4 References INVERTEBRATES * In crustaceans , the rostrum is the forward extension of the carapace in front of the eyes. It is generally a rigid structure, but can be connected by a hinged joint, as seen in Leptostraca . * Among insects , the rostrum is the name for the piercing mouthparts of the order Hemiptera . The long snout of weevils may also be called a rostrum. * Gastropod molluscs have a rostrum or proboscis . * Cephalopod molluscs have hard beak-like mouthparts referred to as the rostrum. * Invertebrate rostrums* Crustacean: the rostrum of the shrimp Macrobrachium rosenbergii is serrated along both edges
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Crangonidae
The family CRANGONIDAE is a taxon of shrimp , of the superfamily Crangonoidea , including the commercially important species Crangon crangon . Its type genus is Crangon . Twenty-four genera are included in the family: * Aegaeon Agassiz, 1846 * Argis Krøyer, 1842 * Crangon Fabricius, 1798 * Lissocrangon Kuris & Carlton, 1977 * Lissosabinea Christoffersen, 1988 * Mesocrangon Zarenkov, 1965 * Metacrangon Zarenkov, 1965 * Morscrangon † Garassino & Jakobsen, 2005 * Neocrangon Zarenkov, 1965 * Notocrangon Coutière, 1900 * Paracrangon Dana, 1852a * Parapontocaris Alcock, 1901 * Parapontophilus Christoffersen, 1988 * Philocheras Stebbing, 1900 * Placopsicrangon Komai & Chan, 2009 * Pontocaris Bate, 1888 * Pontophilus Leach, 1817 * Pseudopontophilus Komai, 2004 * Prionocrangon Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891 * Rhynocrangon Zarenkov, 1965 * Sabinea J. C. Ross, 1835 * Sclerocrangon Sars, 1883 * Syncrangon Kim "> * ^ Sammy De Grave; N. Dean Pentcheff; Shane T
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Processidae
The PROCESSIDAE are a family of shrimp , comprising 65 species in five genera, and the only family in the superfamily PROCESSOIDEA. They are small, nocturnal animals, mostly living in shallow seas, particularly on grass flats. The first pereiopods are usually asymmetrical, with a claw on one, but not the other (Ambidexter forming the exception to this rule). The rostrum is generally a simple projection from the front of the carapace , with two teeth, one at the tip, and one further back. REFERENCES * ^ Sammy De Grave; N. Dean Pentcheff; Shane T. Ahyong; et al. (2009). "A classification of living and fossil genera of decapod crustaceans" (PDF ). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology . Suppl. 21: 1–109. * ^ Raymond B. Manning ">(PDF). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology . 89
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Atyidae
ATYIDAE is a family of shrimp , present in all tropical and most temperate waters of the world. Adults of this family are almost always confined to fresh water . This is the only family in the superfamily ATYOIDEA. GENERA AND SPECIESThe following classification follows De Grave et al. (2010), with subsequent additions. * Antecaridina Edmondson, 1954 * Archaeatya Villalobos, 1959 * Atya Leach, 1816 * Atyaephyra de Brito Capello, 1867 * Atydina Cai, 2010 * Atyella Calman, 1906 * Atyoida Randall, 1840 * Atyopsis Chace, 1983 * Australatya Chace, 1983 * Caridella Calman, 1906 * Caridina H
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Digital Object Identifier
In computing, a DIGITAL OBJECT IDENTIFIER or DOI is a persistent identifier or handle used to uniquely identify objects, standardized by the International Organization for Standardization
International Organization for Standardization
( ISO
ISO
). An implementation of the Handle System , DOIs are in wide use mainly to identify academic, professional, and government information, such as journal articles, research reports and data sets, and official publications though they also have been used to identify other types of information resources, such as commercial videos. A DOI aims to be "resolvable", usually to some form of access to the information object to which the DOI refers. This is achieved by binding the DOI to metadata about the object, such as a URL , indicating where the object can be found
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Food And Agriculture Organization
The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS (FAO; French : Organisation des Nations unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture, Italian : Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite per l'Alimentazione e l'Agricoltura) is a specialised agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger. Serving both developed and developing countries , FAO acts as a neutral forum where all nations meet as equals to negotiate arguments and debate policy. FAO is also a source of knowledge and information, and helps developing countries in transition modernize and improve agriculture , forestry and fisheries practices, ensuring good nutrition and food security for all. Its Latin
Latin
motto, fiat panis, translates as "let there be bread"
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Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall
HUGH CHRISTOPHER EDMUND FEARNLEY-WHITTINGSTALL (born 14 January 1965) is an English celebrity chef , television personality , journalist , food writer and campaigner on food and environmental issues, known for his back-to-basics philosophy. Fearnley-Whittingstall is best known for hosting the River Cottage series on the UK television channel Channel 4
Channel 4
, in which audiences observe his efforts to become a self-reliant, downshifted farmer in rural England
England
— Fearnley-Whittingstall feeds himself, his family and friends with locally produced and sourced fruits, vegetables, fish, eggs and meat. Fearnley-Whittingstall has also become a well-known campaigner on issues related to food production and the environment, such as fisheries management and animal welfare
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