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Otto Haxel
Otto Haxel
Otto Haxel
(2 April 1909, in Neu-Ulm
Neu-Ulm
– 26 February 1998, in Heidelberg) was a German nuclear physicist. During World War II, he worked on the German nuclear energy project. After the war, he was on the staff of the Max Planck Institute for Physics
Max Planck Institute for Physics
in Göttingen. From 1950 to 1974, he was an ordinarius professor of physics at the University of Heidelberg, where he fostered the use of nuclear physics in environmental physics; this led to the founding of the Institute of Environmental Physics in 1975. During 1956 and 1957, he was a member of the Nuclear Physics Working Group of the German Atomic Energy Commission
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University Of Heidelberg
Coordinates: 49°24′37″N 8°42′23″E / 49.41028°N 8.70639°E / 49.41028; 8.70639 Heidelberg
Heidelberg
University (German: Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg; Latin: Universitas Ruperto Carola Heidelbergensis) is a public research university in Heidelberg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Founded in 1386 on instruction of Pope
Pope
Urban VI, Heidelberg
Heidelberg
is Germany's oldest university and one of the world's oldest surviving universities. It was the third university established in the Holy Roman Empire.[6] Heidelberg
Heidelberg
has been a coeducational institution since 1899
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American Institute Of Physics
The American Institute of Physics
Institute of Physics
(AIP) promotes science, the profession of physics, publishes physics journals, and produces publications for scientific and engineering societies. The AIP is made up of various member societies. Its corporate headquarters are at the American Center for Physics in College Park, Maryland, but the institute also has offices in Melville, New York
Melville, New York
and Beijing.[1]Contents1 Core activities 2 Historical overview 3 Member societies 4 Affiliated societies 5 List of publications 6 See also 7 References 8 External linksCore activities[edit] The focus of the AIP appears to be organized around a set of core activities. The first delineated activity is to support member societies regarding essential society functions. This is accomplished by annually convening the various society officers to discuss common areas of concern
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Special
Special
Special
or specials may refer to:Contents1 Music 2 Film and television 3 Other uses 4 See alsoMusic[edit] Special
Special
(album), a 1992
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Hans Suess
Hans Eduard Suess (December 16, 1909 – September 20, 1993)[1] was an Austrian born American physical chemist and nuclear physicist. He was a grandson of the Austrian geologist Eduard Suess.Contents1 Career 2 Death 3 Name confusion 4 Notes 5 ReferencesCareer[edit] Suess earned his Ph.D. in chemistry from the University of Vienna in 1935. During World War II, he was part of a team of German scientists studying nuclear power and was advisor to the production of heavy water in a Norwegian plant (see Operation Gunnerside). After the war, he collaborated on the shell model of the atomic nucleus with future (1963) Nobel Prize winner Hans Jensen.[2] In 1950, Suess emigrated to the United States. He did research in the field of cosmochemistry, investigating the abundance of certain elements in meteorites with Harold Urey (Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 1934) at the University of Chicago
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University Of Göttingen
The University of Göttingen
Göttingen
(German: Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, GAU, known informally as Georgia Augusta) is a public research university in the city of Göttingen, Germany. Founded in 1734 by George II, King of Great Britain and Elector of Hanover, and starting classes in 1737, the university is the oldest in the state of Lower Saxony
Lower Saxony
and the largest in student enrollment, which stands at around 31,500.[5] Home to many noted figures, it represents one of Germany's historic and traditional institutions
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Heidelberg
Heidelberg
Heidelberg
(German pronunciation: [ˈhaɪdl̩bɛʁk] ( listen)) is a college town in Baden-Württemberg
Baden-Württembe

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International Standard Book Number
"ISBN" redirects here. For other uses, see ISBN (other).International Standard Book
Book
NumberA 13-digit ISBN, 978-3-16-148410-0, as represented by an EAN-13 bar codeAcronym ISBNIntroduced 1970; 48 years ago (1970)Managing organisation International ISBN AgencyNo. of digits 13 (formerly 10)Check digit Weighted sumExample 978-3-16-148410-0Website www.isbn-international.orgThe International Standard Book
Book
Number (ISBN) is a unique[a][b] numeric commercial book identifier. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.[1] An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation (except reprintings) of a book. For example, an e-book, a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, and 10 digits long if assigned before 2007
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Die Naturwissenschaften
The Science of Nature, formerly Naturwissenschaften, is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by Springer Science+Business Media covering all aspects of the natural sciences relating to questions of biological significance. It was founded in 1913 and intended as a German-language equivalent of the English-language journal Nature, at a time when German was still a dominant language of the natural sciences. The journal is now published in English.Contents1 History1.1 Editors2 References 3 External linksHistory[edit] Die Naturwissenschaften was founded in 1913 by Arnold Berliner and published by Julius Springer Verlag.[1] Berliner intended to create a German equivalent to the English-language journal Nature
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United States Atomic Energy Commission
The United States Atomic Energy Commission, commonly known as the AEC, was an agency of the United States government established after World War II by U.S. Congress
U.S. Congress
to foster and control the peacetime development of atomic science and technology.[4]:91–102 President Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman
signed the McMahon/Atomic Energy Act on August 1, 1946, transferring the control of atomic energy from military to civilian hands, effective on January 1, 1947.[5] This shift gave the members of the AEC complete control of the plants, laboratories, equipment, and personnel assembled during the war to produce the atomic bomb.[6] During its initial establishment and subsequent operationalization, the AEC played a key role in the institutional development of Ecosystem ecology
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Fritz Houtermans
Friedrich Georg "Fritz" Houtermans (January 22, 1903 – March 1, 1966) was a Dutch-Austrian-German atomic and nuclear physicist born in Zoppot
Zoppot
near Danzig, West Prussia
West Prussia
to a Dutch father, who was a wealthy banker. He was brought up in Vienna, where he was educated, and moved to Göttingen
Göttingen
when he was 18 to study. It was in Göttingen
Göttingen
where he obtained his Ph.D
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Operation Alsos
World War II:Allied invasion of Italy Allied invasion of France Western Allied invasion of GermanyCommandersNotable commanders Boris PashThe Alsos Mission
Alsos Mission
was an organized effort by a team of United States military, scientific, and intelligence personnel to discover enemy scientific developments during World War II. Its chief focus was on the German nuclear energy project, but it also investigated both chemical and biological weapons and the means to deliver them. The Alsos Mission
Alsos Mission
was created following the September 1943 Allied invasion of Italy with a twofold assignment: search for personnel, records, material, and sites to evaluate the above programs and prevent their capture by the Soviet Union. It was established as part of the Manhattan Project's mission to coordinate foreign intelligence related to enemy nuclear activity
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Kernphysikalische Forschungsberichte
Kernphysikalische Forschungsberichte (Research Reports in Nuclear Physics) was an internal publication of the German Uranverein, which was initiated under the Heereswaffenamt
Heereswaffenamt
(Army Ordnance Office) in 1939; in 1942, supervision of the Uranverein was turned over to the Reichsforschungsrat under the Reichserziehungsministerium. Reports in this publication were classified Top Secret, they had very limited distribution, and the authors were not allowed to keep copies. The reports were confiscated under the Allied Operation Alsos
Operation Alsos
and sent to the United States Atomic Energy Commission
United States Atomic Energy Commission
for evaluation. In 1971, the reports were declassified and returned to Germany
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Josef Mattauch
Josef Mattauch (21 November 1895 – 10 August 1976) was a German physicist known for his work in the investigation of the isotopic abundances by mass spectrometry. He developed the Mattauch isobar rule in 1934.[1]Contents1 Mattauch–Herzog geometry mass spectrometer 2 Max Planck Institute 3 Göttinger eighteen 4 Decorations and awards 5 References 6 External linksMattauch–Herzog geometry mass spectrometer[edit] One of Herzog's most important contributions to mass spectrometry was the design of a sector mass spectrometer
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Wilhelm Walcher
Wilhelm Walcher (7 July 1910 in Kaufbeuren – 9 November 2005 in Marburg) was a German experimental physicist. During World War II, he worked on the German nuclear energy project, also known as the Uranium Club; he worked on mass spectrometers for isotope separation. After the war, he was director of the Institute of Physics at the University of Marburg. He was a president of the German Physical Society and a vice president of the German Research Foundation. He helped found the Society for Heavy Ion Research and the German Electron Synchrotron DESY. He was also one of the 18 signatories of the Göttingen Manifest.Contents1 Education 2 Career 3 Honors 4 Internal Reports 5 Books by Walcher 6 Bibliography 7 NotesEducation[edit] From 1929 to 1935, Walcher studied at the Technische Hochschule München (today, the Technische Universität München) and the Technische Hochschule Berlin (today, the Technische Universität Berlin
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Carl Friedrich Von Weizsäcker
Carl Friedrich Freiherr
Freiherr
von Weizsäcker (28 June 1912 – 28 April 2007) was a German physicist and philosopher. He was the longest-living member of the team which performed nuclear research in Germany during the Second World War, under Werner Heisenberg's leadership. There is ongoing debate as to whether or not he and the other members of the team actively and willingly pursued the development of a nuclear bomb for Germany during this time. A member of the prominent Weizsäcker family, he was son of the diplomat Ernst von Weizsäcker, elder brother of the former German President Richard von Weizsäcker, father of the physicist and environmental researcher Ernst Ulrich von Weizsäcker
Ernst Ulrich von Weizsäcker
and father-in-law of the former General Secretary of the World Council of Churches, Konrad Raiser. Weizsäcker made important theoretical discoveries regarding energy production in stars from nuclear fusion processes
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