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National Palace Museum
www.npm.gov.tw south.npm.gov.twNational Palace MuseumTraditional Chinese 國立故宮博物院Simplified Chinese 国立故宫博物院TranscriptionsStandard MandarinHanyu Pinyin Guólì gùgōng bówùyuànWade–Giles Kuo2-li4 ku4-kung1 po2-wu4-yüan4IPA [kwǒlî kûkʊ́ŋ pwǒ.û.ɥɛ̂n]Southern MinTâi-lô Kok-li̍p Kòo-kiong Phok-bu̍t-īnnThe National Palace Museum,[3] located in Taipei
Taipei
and Taibao, Taiwan, has a permanent collection of nearly 700,000 pieces of ancient Chinese imperial artifacts and artworks, making it one of the largest of its type in the world. The collection encompasses 8,000 years of history of Chinese art
Chinese art
from the Neolithic
Neolithic
age to the modern.[4] Most of the collection are high quality pieces collected by China's emperors
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Forbidden City
The Forbidden City
The Forbidden City
is a palace complex in central Beijing, China. The former Chinese imperial palace from the Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty
to the end of the Qing dynasty—the years 1420 to 1912, it now houses the Palace Museum. The Forbidden City
The Forbidden City
served as the home of emperors and their households as well as the ceremonial and political center of Chinese government for almost 500 years. Constructed from 1406 to 1420, the complex consists of 980 buildings[2] and covers 72 hectares (over 180 acres).[3][4] The palace exemplifies traditional Chinese palatial architecture,[5] and has influenced cultural and architectural developments in East Asia
East Asia
and elsewhere
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Chinese Civil War
Chinese Communist victoryMajor combat ended, but no armistice or peace treaty signed Small pockets of insurgency continued through the 1960sTerritorial changes Communist Party of China
Communist Party of China
takeover of mainland China
China
and Hainan People's Republ
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Summer Palace
The Summer Palace
Summer Palace
(Chinese: 頤和園; pinyin: Yíhéyuán), is a vast ensemble of lakes, gardens and palaces in Beijing, China. It was an imperial garden in Qing Dynasty. Mainly dominated by Longevity Hill (万寿山; 萬壽山; Wànshòu Shān) and Kunming Lake, it covers an expanse of 2.9 square kilometres (1.1 sq mi), three-quarters of which is water. Longevity Hill is about 60 metres (200 feet) high and has many buildings positioned in sequence. The front hill is rich with splendid halls and pavilions, while the back hill, in sharp contrast, is quiet with natural beauty. The central Kunming Lake, covering 2.2 square kilometres (540 acres), was entirely man-made and the excavated soil was used to build Longevity Hill. In December 1998, UNESCO
UNESCO
included the Summer Palace
Summer Palace
on its World Heritage List
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Hanlinyuan
The Hanlin Academy (Chinese: 翰林院; pinyin: Hànlín Yuàn; literally: "Brush Wood Court"; Manchu: bithei yamun) was an academic and administrative institution founded in the eighth-century Tang China by Emperor Xuanzong in Chang'an. Membership in the academy was confined to an elite group of scholars, who performed secretarial and literary tasks for the court. One of its main duties was to decide on an interpretation of the Chinese classics
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Shanghai
Shanghai
Shanghai
(Chinese: 上海; Wu Chinese:  Wu pronunciation; Mandarin: [ʂâŋ.xài] ( listen)) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China
China
and the most populous city in the world, with a population of more than 24 million as of 2017[update].[13][14] It is a global financial centre[15] and transport hub, with the world's busiest container port.[16] Located in the Yangtze
Yangtze
River Delta, it sits on the south edge of the estuary of the Yangtze
Yangtze
in the middle portion of the East China
China
coast
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Nanking
Nanjing
Nanjing
( listen), formerly romanized as Nanking and Nankin,[3] is the capital of Jiangsu
Jiangsu
province of the People's Republic of China and the second largest city in the East
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Taoism
Taoism
Taoism
(/ˈtaʊɪzəm/, also US: /ˈdaʊ-/), also known as Daoism, is a religious or philosophical tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao
Tao
(Chinese: 道; pinyin: Dào; literally: "the Way", also romanized as Dao)
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Chaotian Palace
The Chaotian Palace
Chaotian Palace
(Chinese: 朝天宫; pinyin: Cháotiān Gōng, lit. "Palace of Heaven Veneration"), is located in Nanjing, China. It was built as an imperial palace in the Ming dynasty,[1] and today it is the Nanjing
Nanjing
Municipal Museum.[1] Chaotian Palace
Chaotian Palace
area has the largest preserved traditional Chinese architectural complex in Jiangnan.Contents1 Overview 2 History 3 Transportation 4 Notes 5 External linksOverview[edit] The palace is a complex of buildings, in the center of which is the Wen Temple, which was built with precious materials, including yellow glazed tile was from Jingdezhen
Jingdezhen
in Jiangxi province
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Second Sino-Japanese War
Chinese Nationalists (including regional warlords):1,700,000 (1937)[1] 2,600,000 (1939)[2] 5,700,000 (1945)[3] Chinese Communists:166,700 (1938)[4] 488,744 (1940)[5] 1,200,000 (1945)[6] Japanese:600,000 (1937)[7] 1,015,000 (1939)[8] 1,124,900 (1945)[9] (excluding Burma campaign
Burma campaign
and Manchuria) Puppet states and collaborators: 900,000 (1945)[10]Casualties and lossesChinese Nationalists:Official ROC data:1,320,000 killed 1,797,000 wounded 120,000 missing Total: 3,237,000[11][12]Othe
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Anshun
Anshun
Anshun
(simplified Chinese: 安顺; traditional Chinese: 安順; pinyin: Ānshùn) is a prefecture-level city of Guizhou
Guizhou
province, near the location of Huangguoshu Waterfall, the tallest in China. Within the borders of its prefecture there are attractions such as The Long Gong Dragon Caves and The Getu River. As of 2010, it had a population of 2,297,339.[1] The city proper had a population of 765,313. The city is known for its aerospace industry.[2]Contents1 History 2 Geography and climate 3 Administrative divisions 4 Demographics4.1 Ethnic groups5 Transportation 6 Education 7 Famous sites 8 Folk art 9 ReferencesHistory[edit]This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed
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Leshan
Leshan, formerly known as Jiading,[a] is a prefecture-level city located at the confluence of the Dadu and Min rivers in Sichuan Province, China. Leshan
Leshan
is located on the southwestern fringe of the Red Basin
Red Basin
in southern Sichuan, about 120 km (75 mi) from Chengdu
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Surrender Of Japan
The surrender of Imperial Japan was announced on August 15 and formally signed on September 2, 1945, bringing the hostilities of World War II
World War II
to a close. By the end of July 1945, the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) was incapable of conducting major operations and an Allied invasion of Japan was imminent. Together with the British Empire and China, the United States
United States
called for the unconditional surrender of the Japanese armed forces in the Potsdam Declaration
Potsdam Declaration
on July 26, 1945—the alternative being "prompt and utter destruction". While publicly stating their intent to fight on to the bitter end, Japan's leaders (the Supreme Council for the Direction of the War, also known as the "Big Six") were privately making entreaties to the still-neutral Soviet Union
Soviet Union
to mediate peace on terms more favorable to the Japanese
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Retrocession Day
Taiwan
Taiwan
Retrocession Day
Retrocession Day
is an annual observance and unofficial holiday in the Republic of China
Republic of China
to commemorate the end of 50 years of Japanese rule of Taiwan
Taiwan
and Penghu, and their handover to China on 25 October 1945.[1][2] However, the idea of " Taiwan
Taiwan
retrocession" is in dispute. Retrocession Day
Retrocession Day
is currently not an official public holiday in Taiwan; however, memorial activities are still being held by civilian organisations and individuals
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Nationalist Government
The Nationalist government, officially the National Government of the Republic of China (Chinese: 中華民國國民政府; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó Guómín Zhèngfǔ; literally: "Chinese People's State Nation-People Government"), refers to the government of the Republic of China between 1 July 1925 to 20 May 1948, led by the Kuomintang
Kuomintang
(KMT, Chinese Nationalist Party). The name derives from the Kuomintang's translated name "Nationalist Party"
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People's Liberation Army
President and General Secretary Xi JinpingVice-chairman of the Central Military Commission Air Force General Xu QiliangVice-chairman of the Central Military Commission General Zhang YouxiaMinister of National Defense General Wei FengheChief of the Joint Staff Department General Li ZuochengManpowerMilitary age 20+Conscription Compulsory by law, but usually not enforcedActive personnel 2,000,000 active (2018)Reserve personnel 2,300,000 reserve (2018)[1]ExpendituresBudget US$175 billion (2018) (official budget)[2] (ranked 2nd)Percent of GDP 1.5% (2018)Related articlesHistory History of the PLA Modernization of the PLA Historical Chinese wars and battles List of wars the People's Republic of China
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