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National Assembly Of Pakistan
GOVERNMENT COALITION (208) * PML–N (188) * JUI–F (13) * PML–F (5) * NPP (2)OPPOSITION (132) * PPP (47) * PTI (33) * MQM (24) * JI (4) * PkMAP (3) * ANP (2) * PML–Q (2) * AJIP (1) * AML (1) * APML (1) * BNP (1) * NP (1) * PML–Z (1) * QWP (1) * Ind (10) ELECTIONS VOTING SYSTEM Mixed member majoritarian ( First past the post
First past the post
for most seats, 60 seats reserved for women and 10 seats reserved for religious minorities by proportional representation ) LAST ELECTION 11 May 2013 MEETING PLACE Parliament House, Islamabad WEBSITE www.na.gov.pkThe PAKISTANI NATIONAL ASSEMBLY ( Urdu
Urdu
: قومی اسمبلئ پاکستان‎— Qaumī Asimbli'e Pākistān); is the lower house of the bicameral Majlis-e-Shura , which also comprises the President of Pakistan
Pakistan
and Senate (upper house )
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Proportional Representation
PROPORTIONAL REPRESENTATION (PR) characterizes electoral systems by which divisions in an electorate are reflected proportionately in the elected body. If n% of the electorate support a particular political party , then roughly n% of seats will be won by that party. The essence of such systems is that all votes contribute to the result: not just a plurality , or a bare majority , of them. Proportional representation requires the use of multiple-member voting districts (also called super-districts); it is not possible using single-member districts alone. In fact, the most proportional representation is achieved when just one super-district is used. The two most widely used families of PR electoral systems are party list PR and single transferable vote (STV). Mixed member proportional representation (MMP), also known as the Additional Member System , is a hybrid Mixed Electoral System that uses party list PR as its proportional component
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Urdu Language
Pakistan
Pakistan
(national and official) India
India
(official as per the 8th Schedule of the Constitution and in the following states/union territories) Official: * <
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Mixed Member Majoritarian
PARALLEL VOTING describes a mixed electoral system where voters in effect participate in two separate elections for a single chamber using different systems, and where the results in one election have little or no impact on the results of the other. Specifically, it usually refers to the semi-proportional system used in Japan , South Korea , Taiwan , some regions of Russia and elsewhere, sometimes known as the SUPPLEMENTARY MEMBER (SM) system or, by some political scientists, MIXED MEMBER MAJORITARIAN (MMM), which combines first-past-the-post voting (FPTP) with party-list proportional representation (PR). Parallel voting or MMM is distinct from mixed-member proportional representation (MMP) where a single election takes place, and the party vote determines what share of seats each party will receive in the legislature to "top up" its constituency seats. Whilst FPTP-PR is the most common pairing in parallel systems, any other combination is effectively possible
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Voting System
An ELECTORAL SYSTEM is the set of rules that determines how elections and referendums are conducted and how their results are determined. Political electoral systems are organized by governments, while non-political elections may take place in business, non-profit organisations and informal organisations. Electoral systems consist of sets of rules that govern all aspects of the voting process: when elections occur, who is allowed to vote , who can stand as a candidate, how ballots are marked and cast , how the ballots are counted (electoral method), limits on campaign spending , and other factors that can affect the outcome. Political electoral systems are defined by constitutions and electoral laws, are typically conducted by election commissions , and can use multiple types of elections for different offices
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Independent (politician)
An INDEPENDENT or NONPARTISAN POLITICIAN is an individual politician not affiliated with any political party . There are numerous reasons why someone may stand for office as an independent. * Independents may support policies which are different from those of the major political parties. * In some parts of the world electors may have a tradition of electing independents, so standing for a political party is a disadvantage. * In some countries (including Russia
Russia
) a political party can only be registered if it has a huge number of members in more than one region, but in certain regions only a minority of electors support the major parties. * In some countries (including Kuwait
Kuwait
), political parties are unlawful and all candidates thus stand as independents
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Upper House
An UPPER HOUSE, sometimes called a senate , is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature (or one of three chambers of a tricameral legislature ), the other chamber being the lower house . The house formally designated as the upper house is usually smaller and often has more restricted power than the lower house. Examples of upper houses in countries include the United Kingdom's House of Lords
House of Lords
, India's Rajya Sabha , Russia's Federation Council , Ireland's Seanad
Seanad
, Malaysia's Dewan Negara , Germany's Bundesrat and the United States Senate
Senate

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First Past The Post
A FIRST-PAST-THE-POST (abbreviated as FPTP, 1STP, 1PTP or FPP) voting method is one in which voters indicate on a ballot the candidate of their choice, and the candidate who receives most votes wins. First-past-the-post voting
First-past-the-post voting
is one of several plurality voting methods. It is a common, but not universal, feature of electoral systems with single-member electoral divisions ; in fact, first-past-the-post voting is widely practiced in close to one third of the world's countries. Some notable examples include the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, the United States
United States
, Canada
Canada
, India
India
and most of the colonies and protectorates either currently or formerly belonging to these countries
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Raza Rabbani
MIAN RAZA RABBANI ( Urdu
Urdu
: رضا ربانى; born 23 July 1953) is a Pakistani politician who currently serves as the Chairman of the Senate of Pakistan
Senate of Pakistan
since March 2015. He served as the chairman of the Senate standing committee on National Security and Constitutional reforms , between 2008 till 2013 and was responsible for the drafting of Amendment XVIII which turned Pakistan from a semi-presidential to a parliamentary republic. He has been elected a senator six times since 1993 from the Sindh Province . He was a close aide to Benazir Bhutto
Benazir Bhutto
who had appointed him the party’s deputy secretary general in 1997 and leader of the opposition in the Senate in 2005. Prior to his work in constitutional politics , he is also a leading nationalist –left-wing figure and has extensively written on the topic of socialism and left-wing ideas
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Constitution
A CONSTITUTION is a set of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is governed. These rules together make up, i.e. constitute, what the entity is. When these principles are written down into a single document or set of legal documents, those documents may be said to embody a written constitution; if they are written down in a single comprehensive document, it is said to embody a codified constitution. Some constitutions (such as the constitution of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
) are uncodified, but written in numerous fundamental Acts of a legislature, court cases or treaties. Constitutions concern different levels of organizations, from sovereign states to companies and unincorporated associations. A treaty which establishes an international organization is also its constitution, in that it would define how that organization is constituted
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First-past-the-post
A FIRST-PAST-THE-POST (abbreviated as FPTP, 1STP, 1PTP or FPP) voting method is one in which voters indicate on a ballot the candidate of their choice, and the candidate who receives most votes wins. First-past-the-post voting
First-past-the-post voting
is one of several plurality voting methods. It is a common, but not universal, feature of electoral systems with single-member electoral divisions ; in fact, first-past-the-post voting is widely practiced in close to one third of the world's countries. Some notable examples include the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, the United States
United States
, Canada
Canada
, India
India
and most of the colonies and protectorates either currently or formerly belonging to these countries
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Universal Adult Suffrage
The concept of UNIVERSAL SUFFRAGE, also known as GENERAL SUFFRAGE or COMMON SUFFRAGE, consists of the right to vote of all except a small number of adult citizens (or subjects). As minors are generally excluded, the concept is frequently described as universal adult suffrage. Many countries make an exception for small numbers of adults that are considered mentally incapable of voting. Other countries also exclude people convicted of serious crimes or people in jail, but this is considered a violation of a basic human right in an increasing number of countries. In some countries, including the United States, it is very difficult and expensive for convicted criminals to regain this right even after having served their jail sentence, but U.S voting laws are not national, but subject to federalism so some states have more lenient voting laws. In any case, where universal suffrage exists, the right to vote is not restricted by race , sex , belief, wealth, or social status
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Directly Elected
DIRECT ELECTION is a system of choosing political officeholders in which the voters directly cast ballots for the person, persons, or political party that they desire to see elected. The method by which the winner or winners of a direct election are chosen depends upon the electoral system used. The most commonly used systems are the plurality system and the two-round system for single-winner elections, such as a presidential election, and party-list proportional representation for the election of a legislature . Examples of directly elected bodies are the European Parliament (since 1979) and the United States House of Representatives
United States House of Representatives
. The MPs (members of parliament), MLAs (members of legislature) and members of the local bodies are elected by direct election. By contrast, in an indirect election , the voters elect a body which in turn elects the officeholder in question
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Awami Muslim League (Pakistan)
AWAMI MUSLIM LEAGUE PAKISTAN (Urdu : عوامی مسلم لیگ پاکستان‎) is a Pakistani political party formed in June 2008 by Shaikh Rasheed Ahmad . CONTENTS * 1 NA-55 (Rawalpindi-VI) * 2 Former party * 3 Footnotes * 4 References NA-55 (RAWALPINDI-VI)This constituency of Rawalpindi
Rawalpindi
is famous for the famous politician of Pakistan
Pakistan
Shaikh Rasheed Ahmad . He won 6 consecutive elections from this area. He lost to Javed Hashmi in 2008. He then again lost in the by-elections to Shakeel Awan after a neck to neck contest. In 2013 general elections he defeated Shakeel Awan
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Lower House
A LOWER HOUSE is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature , the other chamber being the upper house . Inside the Australian House of Representatives Despite its official position "below" the upper house, in many legislatures worldwide, the lower house has come to wield more power. A legislature composed of only one house is described as unicameral
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Pakhtunkhwa Milli Awami Party
The PASHTUNKHWA MILLI AWAMI PARTY (Pashto : پښتونخوا ملي عوامي ګوند‎; Urdu : پشتونخوا ملی عوامی پارٹی‎), abbreviated as PKMAP, is a Pashtun nationalist political party in Pakistan
Pakistan
. REFERENCES * ^ "Achakzai calls for new social contract". Dawn. 26 June 2012
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