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Manilaid
MANILAID is a 1.87 km2 (0.72 sq mi) Estonian islet in the Gulf of Riga , located between the island of Kihnu
Kihnu
and the mainland's Tõstamaa peninsula. Together with the neighbouring smaller uninhabited islets Sorgu
Sorgu
and Annilaid , Manilaid
Manilaid
forms the village of MANIJA. Administratively the village belongs to Tõstamaa Parish
Tõstamaa Parish
in Pärnu County . The island was unpoplulated until 1933, when about 100 residents moved to Manilaid
Manilaid
from the neighbouring Kihnu
Kihnu
. At its peak, there were about 150 residents on the island. During the Soviet era, the population decreased. On January 1, 2011, Manilaid's population was 47. Manilaid
Manilaid
has a ferry connection with the Munalaiu harbour on the mainland
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Municipalities Of Estonia
A MUNICIPALITY (Estonian : omavalitsus, plural omavalitsused) is the smallest administrative subdivision of Estonia
Estonia
. Each municipality is a unit of self-government with its representative and executive bodies. The municipalities in Estonia
Estonia
cover the entire territory of the country. Municipalities in Estonia
Estonia
are of two types: URBAN MUNICIPALITIES or TOWNS (linnad, singular linn) and RURAL MUNICIPALITIES or PARISHES (vallad, singular vald). There is no other status distinction between them. Municipality
Municipality
may contain one or several settlements . All urban municipalities plus 6 rural municipalities contain only one settlement. Of the latter six, 5 are so-called "borough-parishes", consisting of one borough, while Ruhnu Parish consists of one village. Some municipalities are divided into districts
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Islet
An ISLET is a very small island . CONTENTS * 1 Types * 2 Synonymous terms * 3 In international law * 4 List of islets * 5 Notes * 6 References TYPES Danes on the islet Danmark in Norway
Norway
. It is a typical Nordic skerry . As suggested by its origin as islette, an Old French
Old French
diminutive of "isle", use of the term implies small size, but little attention is given to drawing an upper limit on its applicability
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Glacial Erratic
A GLACIAL ERRATIC is a piece of rock that differs from the size and type of rock native to the area in which it rests. "Erratics" take their name from the Latin word errare (to wander), and are carried by glacial ice , often over distances of hundreds of kilometres. Erratics can range in size from pebbles to large boulders such as Big Rock (15,000 tonnes or 17,000 short tons) in Alberta
Alberta
. Geologists identify erratics by studying the rocks surrounding the position of the erratic and the composition of the erratic itself. Erratics are significant because: * They can be transported by glaciers, and they are thereby one of a series of indicators which mark the path of prehistoric glacier movement. Their lithographic origin can be traced to the parent bedrock, allowing for confirmation of the ice flow route. * They can be transported by ice rafting
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Populated Places In Estonia
POPULATED PLACES IN ESTONIA (officially: settlement units ), are cities or settlement units of rural municipalities , but only cities have administrative functions. Settlement units are divided into settlements and urban regions (subdivisions of cities)
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Pärnu County
PäRNU COUNTY (Estonian : Pärnu maakond), or PäRNUMAA (German : Kreis Pernau), is one of 15 counties of Estonia . It is situated in south-western part of the country, on the coast of Gulf of Riga , and borders Lääne and Rapla counties to the north, Järva and Viljandi counties to the east, and Latvia to the south. In January 2013 Pärnu County had a population of 81,428 – constituting 6.3% of the total population of Estonia. Pärnu County is the largest county of Estonia in terms of land area. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 County Government * 3 Tourism * 4 Municipalities * 4.1 Urban municipalities * 4.2 Rural municipalities * 5 Geography * 6 Gallery * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORYIn Pärnu county there is the oldest known human settlement in Estonia, which is the town of Sindi , and it is 2 km up the Pärnu River , near the village of Pulli . It dates back to 8500 BCE in the Mesolithic historical period
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Ice Road
An ICE ROAD (ICE CROSSING, ICE BRIDGE ) is a winter road , or part thereof, that runs on a naturally frozen water surface (a river, a lake or an expanse of sea ice) in cold regions. Ice
Ice
roads allow temporary transport to isolated areas with no permanent road access. They reduce transportation cost of materials that otherwise would ship as expensive air freight , and they allow movement of large or heavy objects for which air freight is impractical. Ice
Ice
roads may be winter substitutes for summer ferry services. Ferry service and an ice crossing may operate yearly at the same time for several weeks
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Counties Of Estonia
COUNTIES (Estonian : maakond, plural maakonnad) are the first-level administrative subdivisions of Estonia
Estonia
. Estonian territory is composed of 15 counties, including 13 on the mainland and 2 on islands. The government (maavalitsus) of each county is led by a maavanem (governor) who represents the national government (Vabariigi Valitsus) at the regional level. Governors are appointed by the national government for a term of five years. Each county is further divided into municipalities of two types: urban municipalities (towns, linnad) and rural municipalities (parishes, vallad). CONTENTS * 1 List of counties * 2 History * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links LIST OF COUNTIES Population
Population
figures are those of 1 January 2016. List of counties of Estonia
Estonia
Coat of arms COUNTY CAPITAL Area
Area
(km2) POPULATION Pop. density (inhab
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Gulf Of Riga
The GULF OF RIGA, BAY OF RIGA, or GULF OF LIVONIA (Latvian : Rīgas jūras līcis, Estonian : Liivi laht, Russian : Рижский залив) is a bay of the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
between Latvia
Latvia
and Estonia
Estonia
. The island of Saaremaa (Estonia) partially separates it from the rest of the Baltic Sea. The main connection between the gulf and the Baltic Sea is the Irbe Strait
Irbe Strait
. The Gulf of Riga, as a sub-basin of the Baltic, also includes the Väinameri Sea in the West Estonian archipelago
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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List Of Sovereign States
This LIST OF SOVEREIGN STATES provides an overview of sovereign states around the world , with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty . Membership within the United Nations
United Nations
system divides the 206 listed states into three categories: 193 member states , 2 observer states , and 11 other states. The sovereignty dispute column indicates states whose sovereignty is undisputed (191 states) and states whose sovereignty is disputed (15 states, out of which there are 5 member states, 1 observer state and 9 other states). Compiling a list such as this can be a difficult and controversial process, as there is no definition that is binding on all the members of the community of nations concerning the criteria for statehood . For more information on the criteria used to determine the contents of this list, please see the criteria for inclusion section below
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Estonia
ESTONIA (/ɛˈstoʊniə/ ( listen ); Estonian : Eesti ), officially the REPUBLIC OF ESTONIA (Estonian: Eesti Vabariik), is a sovereign state in Northern Europe
Europe
. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland
Gulf of Finland
, to the west by the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
, to the south by Latvia
Latvia
(343 km), and to the east by Lake Peipus and Russia
Russia
(338.6 km). Across the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
lies Sweden
Sweden
in the west and Finland
Finland
in the north
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Hanikatsi Laid
HANIKATSI laid (Swedish : Äpleö, meaning 'Apple Island') is an islet in Estonia , in the Baltic Sea , south east of Hiiumaa island. It has a surface area of 83 hectares and no permanent habitation. The islet belongs to Hiiu County , Pühalepa Parish and is part of Hiiumaa Islets Landscape Reserve, which in turn is part of West Estonian Archipelago Biosphere Reserve . The flora of Hanikatsi is rich, and over 400 species have been found. There are also records of 117 species of lichens. In the northern part of the islet there lies the 12-hectare Lepana broad-leaved forest, rich in species. In the southern part there are mostly birch , poplar and juniper forests. There are records of habitation of the islet from 1623. The last inhabitant left the islet in 1964. There are still some buildings on the islet which have been renovated by the Landscape Reserve and are now used by scientists. Many people originating from the islet have the family name Hanikat
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Harilaid (islet)
HARILAID (Swedish Hares, formerly Gräsö) is small uninhabited island in Estonia . It lies about 4 kilometres west of the island of Vormsi . It should not be confused with the larger former island of Harilaid which is now a peninsula on the northwest coast of the island of Saaremaa . Harilaid has an area of 15 hectares. Its highest point is 2.9 metres above sea level. The island is stony, with a covering of juniper . A lighthouse was first built on Harilaid in 1849. The present lighthouse is 19 metres high
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Hara Island
HARA (Estonian : Hara saar) is a small uninhabited island off the northern coast of Estonia in the Gulf of Finland with an area of 11 hectares. The highest point of the island is 13 meters above the sea level. HISTORYPrior to Second World War , the island had a few families as permanent inhabitants and a small fish factory operated there. After the war, the small harbour facing the island on the mainland was taken over by the Soviet Navy and used as a base for submarines . The island's inhabitants were removed
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Hanemaa
HANEMAA is an island belonging to the country of Estonia . SEE ALSOList of islands of Estonia This Estonia location article is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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