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List Of Castles In Syria
This is a list of castles in Syria.Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap · Google MapsDownload coordinates as: KML · GPXContents1 Key 2 List of castles 3 See also 4 References 5 BibliographyKey[edit]KeyName Name of the surviving building, either how it is popularly known in English, its medieval name or its Arabic nameType Usually the type of castle represented by the predominant surviving fortified remainsDate Usually the dates of the principal building works relating to the surviving remainsCondition An indication as to what remains of the original castle structureImage Building or site as it currently existsCoordinates Location of the castleGovernorate Governorate in which the castle is locatedNotes Brief description or information of noteList of castles[edit]Name Type Date Condition Image Coordinates Governorate NotesAleppoCitadel of Aleppo
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Castle
A castle (from Latin: castellum) is a type of fortified structure built in Europe
Europe
and the Middle East
Middle East
during the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
by European nobility. Scholars debate the scope of the word castle, but usually consider it to be the private fortified residence of a lord or noble. This is distinct from a palace, which is not fortified; from a fortress, which was not always a residence for nobility; and from a fortified settlement, which was a public defence – though there are many similarities among these types of construction. Usage of the term has varied over time and has been applied to structures as diverse as hill forts and country houses
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Qasr Al-Hayr Al-Sharqi
Qasr al-Hayr al-Sharqi
Qasr al-Hayr al-Sharqi
(Eastern al-Hayr Palace
Palace
or the "Eastern Castle") is a castle (qasr) in the middle of the Syrian Desert
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Citadel Of Hama
Hama Castle (Arabic: قلعة حماة‎) is located in Hama, Syria, Located on the Orontes River. Excavated by a Danish expedition between 1931 and 1938.[1] See also[edit]List of castles in SyriaReferences[edit]Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hama Castle.^ Shaw & Jameson 1999, p. 167v t e Hama GovernorateHama DistrictHama SubdistrictHama Abu Dardah Abu Mansaf Adabas al-Alamein Amarat Aslan Arzah Awja al-Janah Ayyubiyah Bahra Bayad Besirin al-Buraq Billin al-Daminah Ghor al-Assi al-Hashimiyah Hawayiz Umm Jurn Hawir al-Salib Jahiyah Jarjara Jarjisa Jibrin Jinan Jumaqliyah Juziyah Kafraa Kafr Amim Kafr Buhum Kafr al-Tun Kasun Eljabal Khala al-Khalidiyah Khitab Maar Daftein Maarin al-Jabal Maar Shuhur al-Mubattan Madbaa Maqtaa al-Hajar Matnin Mubarakat Muraywid Al-Narjis al-Nazaza Qamhana Qubaybat al-Assi al-Rabiaa Raabun al-Ruqaita Safinah Samrah Sawa Shihat Hama Shiraaya Surayhin Suwak al-Shamali al-Suwayda
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Denmark
Denmark
Denmark
(/ˈdɛnmɑːrk/ ( listen); Danish: Danmark, pronounced [ˈdanmɑɡ] ( listen)), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,[N 9] is a Nordic country and a sovereign state. The southernmost of the Scandinavian nations, it is south-west of Sweden
Sweden
and south of Norway,[N 10] and bordered to the south by Germany. The Kingdom of Denmark
Denmark
also comprises two autonomous constituent countries in the North Atlantic Ocean: the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Denmark
Denmark
proper consists of a peninsula, Jutland, and an archipelago of 443 named islands,[N 2][10] with the largest being Zealand, Funen
Funen
and the North Jutlandic Island. The islands are characterised by flat, arable land and sandy coasts, low elevation and a temperate climate
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Qalaat Al-Madiq
Qalaat al-Madiq
Qalaat al-Madiq
(Arabic: قلعة المضيق‎ also spelled Kal'at al-Mudik or Qal'at al-Mudiq; also known as Afamiyya or Famiyyah) is a town and medieval fortress in northwestern Syria, administratively part of the Hama
Hama
Governorate, located northeast of Hama. It is situated in the al-Ghab plain, on the eastern bank of the Orontes River. Nearby localities include the district center al-Suqaylabiyah to the south, Bureij and Karnaz
Karnaz
to the southeast, Kafr Nabudah
Kafr Nabudah
to the east, al-Huwash to the north, Huwayjah al-Sallah
Huwayjah al-Sallah
and Shathah
Shathah
to the northwest and Tuwaini and Inab to the west. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Qalaat al-Madiq
Qalaat al-Madiq
had a population of 12,925 in the 2004 census
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Masyaf Castle
Masyaf
Masyaf
Castle (Arabic: قلعة مصياف‎) is located in the town of Masyaf
Masyaf
in Hama
Hama
Governorate, Syria, situated in the Orontes Valley, approximately 40 kilometers to the west of Hama. It served to protect the trade routes to cities further inland such as Banyas. The castle itself stands on a platform about 20 meters above the surrounding plain. The citadel became famous as the stronghold from which Rashid ad-Din Sinan, known as the Old Man of the Mountains ruled. He was a leader of the Syrian wing of the Nizari
Nizari
Hashshashin
Hashshashin
sect, also known as the Assassins, and a figure in the history of the Crusades. History[edit] Evidence suggests that the lower layers and foundations of the castle are of Byzantine origin.[1] Later levels were added by the Nizari Ismailis, Mamluks, and Ottomans
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Shaizar
Shaizar
Shaizar
(Arabic: شيزر‎; also called Saijar or Larissa
Larissa
in Syria) is a town in northern Syria, administratively part of the Hama Governorate, located northwest of Hama. Nearby localities include, Mahardah, Tremseh, Kafr Hud, Khunayzir
Khunayzir
and Halfaya. According to the Syria
Syria
Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Shaizar
Shaizar
had a population of 5,953 in the 2004 census.[1] During the Crusades, the town was a fortress in Syria, ruled by the Banu Munqidh family
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Shmemis
Shmemis (Arabic: قلعة شميميس‎) also ash-Shmemis, ash-Shmamis) is a castle located 3 km north west of Salamiyah and 30 km south east from Hama.A view of Shmemis castle at sunsetThe castle (Qalat Shmamis) was first built, on top of an extinct volcano, in the 1st century BC by Sampsiceramus I, the first Priest King of the Royal family of Emesa. Most of the original structure was subsequently destroyed by an earthquake. It was later destroyed by the Persian king Khosrau II in AD 613. It was rebuilt in AD 1229 by Assad ud-Din Shirkoh, an Ayyubid governor of Homs. The castle was rebuilt by the Ayyubid Cherkouh. The date of this reconstruction was set by Abu Fida in 626 e (1228), while Muhammad Kurd Ali in his book "al-Sham Plans" fixed the 627th (1229). However, the Mongols destroyed it in 1260 and then by the Tatars in 1401. It was rebuilt after the expulsion of the Mongols and Tatars from Syria
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Citadel Of Homs
Homs Castle (Arabic: قلعة حمص‎) is located in Homs, Syria. The citadel was built on top of an ancient tell with remains dating back to the 3rd millennium BCE.[1]Contents1 History 2 Trivia 3 See also 4 ReferencesHistory[edit] Julia Domna, daughter of the high-priest Julius Bassianus, has contributed to improve the city of Emesa and its citadel during the Roman Syria era. At that time, the citadel was able to contain accommodation, warehouses and administrative buildings surrounded by semi-circular walls. However, today the Citadel is in ruinous state as a result of massive demolition started by the Egyptian army of Ibrâhîm Pasha in the 1830s
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Homs Governorate
Homs
Homs
Governorate (Arabic: مُحافظة حمص‎ / ALA-LC: Muḥāfaẓat Ḥimṣ) is one of the fourteen muhafazat (governorates or provinces) of Syria. It is situated in central Syria. Its area differs in various sources, from 40,940 km2 (15,807 sq mi)[1] to 42,223 km2 (16,302 sq mi).[2] It is thus geographically the largest governorate of Syria. Homs
Homs
Governorate has a population of 1,763,000 (2010 estimate). The Homs
Homs
governorate is divided into 6 administrative districts (mantiqah), with the city of Homs
Homs
as a separate district. Homs
Homs
is the capital city of the district of Homs
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Fakhr-al-Din Al-Maani Castle
Syrian Civil WarPalmyra offensive (May 2015) Palmyra offensive (March 2016) Palmyra offensive (December 2016)UNESCO World Heritage SiteType CulturalCriteria i, ii, ivDesignated 1980 (4th session)Part of Site of PalmyraReference no. 23State Party  SyriaRegion Arab StatesEndangered 2013–presentPalmyra Castle, also known as Fakhr-al-Din al-Ma'ani Castle (Arabic: قلعة فخر الدين المعني‎) or Tadmur Castle, is a castle overlooking Palmyra in the province of Homs, Syria. The castle is thought to have been built by the Mamluks in the 13th century[1] on a high hill overlooking the historic site of Palmyra, and is named for the Druze emir Fakhr-al-Din II, who extended the Druze domains to the region of Palmyra during the 16th century. The site of the castle and Palmyra in 1980 became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in recognition of the monumental ruins of a great city, which was one of the most important cultural centres of the ancient world
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Qasr Al-Hayr Al-Gharbi
Qasr al-Hayr al-Gharbi
Qasr al-Hayr al-Gharbi
(Arabic: قصر الحير الغربي‎) is a castle or qasr located 80 km south-west of Palmyra
Palmyra
on the Damascus road in Syria, is a twin palace of Qasr al-Hayr al-Sharqi, built by the Umayyad
Umayyad
caliph Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik
Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik
in 727 CE. It was built in the Byzantine
Byzantine
architectural style. It was used as an eye of the king during the Umayyad
Umayyad
era, to control the movement of the desert tribes and to be a barrier against them, as well as being a hunting lodge. Later it was utilized by the Ayyubids and the Mamelukes
Mamelukes
but was abandoned permanently after the Mongol invasions. The castle is quadrangular in outline with 70-meter sides
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Krak Des Chevaliers
Krak des Chevaliers
Krak des Chevaliers
(French pronunciation: ​[kʁak de ʃəvaˈlje]; Arabic: حصن الفرسان‎), also Crac des Chevaliers, Ḥoṣn al-Akrād (حصن الأكراد‎), Castle Alhsn, formerly Crac de l'Ospital, " Castle
Castle
of Kurds" is a Crusader castle in Syria
Syria
and one of the most important preserved medieval castles in the world. The site was first inhabited in the 11th century by a settlement of Kurdish troops garrisoned there by the Mirdasids. As a result, it was known as Hisn al-Akrad, meaning the " Castle
Castle
of the Kurds". In 1142 it was given by Raymond II, Count of Tripoli, to the Knights Hospitaller. It remained in their possession until it fell in 1271
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Abu Qubays
Abu Qubays
Abu Qubays
(Arabic: أبو قبيس‎ also spelled Abu Qobeis, Abu Qubais or Bu Kubais; also known as Qartal) is a former medieval castle and currently an inhabited village in northwestern Syria, administratively part of the Hama
Hama
Governorate, located northwest of Hama. It is situated in the al-Ghab plain, west of the Orontes River. Nearby localities include Daliyah
Daliyah
21 kilometers to the west,[1] al-Laqbah to the south, Deir Shamil
Deir Shamil
to the southeast, Tell Salhab
Tell Salhab
to the northeast and Nahr al-Bared further northeast
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Citadel Of Salah Ed-Din
Limestone UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage SiteType CulturalCriteria ii, viDesignated 2006 (30th session)Part of Crac des Chevaliers and Qal’at Salah El-DinReference no. 1229State Party  SyriaRegion Arab StatesThe Citadel of Salah Ed-Din
Citadel of Salah Ed-Din
(Arabic: قلعة صلاح الدين‎, Qal'at Salah al-Din), also known as Sahyun or Saladin
Saladin
Castle, is a medieval castle in northwestern Syria. It is located 7 km east of Al-Haffah
Al-Haffah
town and 30 km east of the city of Latakia, in high mountainous terrain on a ridge between two deep ravines and surrounded by forest, the site has been fortified since at least the mid 10th century. In 975 the Byzantine
Byzantine
Emperor John I Tzimiskes captured the site and it remained under Byzantine
Byzantine
control until around 1108
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