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Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary
Krishna
Krishna
Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary and estuary located in Andhra Pradesh, India.[2] It is one of the rarest eco-regions of the world because it harbors vast tracts of pristine mangrove forests. It is believed by conservationists to be one of the last remaining tracts of thick primary mangrove forests of South India, which is rapidly disappearing due to absence of protective measures.[3]Contents1 Geography 2 Flora and fauna2.1 Snakes3 See also 4 References 5 External linksGeography[edit] The sanctuary is a part of the mangrove wetland in
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IUCN
The International Union for Conservation of Nature
International Union for Conservation of Nature
(IUCN; officially International Union for Conservation of Nature
International Union for Conservation of Nature
and Natural Resources[2]) is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources. It is involved in data gathering and analysis, research, field projects, advocacy, and education. IUCN's mission is to "influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable". Over the past decades, IUCN has widened its focus beyond conservation ecology and now incorporates issues related to sustainable development in its projects. Unlike many other international environmental organisations, IUCN does not itself aim to mobilize the public in support of nature conservation
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Lycodon Striatus
Lycodon striatus, commonly known as the northern wolf snake or the barred wolf snake,[2] is a species of nonvenomous colubrid snake from southern Asia.Contents1 Geographical range 2 Description 3 Taxonomy 4 Ecology 5 Reproduction 6 References 7 Further readingGeographical range[edit] Lycodon striatus is found in Afghanistan, India (Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh), eastern and north-eastern Iran, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, western Tajikistan, southern Turkmenistan (Kopet Dagh) and Uzbekistan.[3] Description[edit]Lycodon striatus from BidarLycodon striatus is dark brown or black above, with white transverse spots or crossbands, which are widely separated anteriorly. The sides are lineolated with white, with a black spot corresponding to each white crossband. The upper lip and ventrum are uniform white (coloration in alcohol)
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Tortoise
Tortoises (/ˈtɔːr.təs.ɪz/) are a family, Testudinidae, of land-dwelling reptiles in the order Testudines. Tortoises are shielded from predators by a shell. The top part of the shell is the carapace, the underside is the plastron, and the two are connected by the bridge. The carapace is fused to both the vertebrae and ribcage, and tortoises are unique among vertebrates in that the pectoral and pelvic girdles are inside the ribcage rather than outside. Tortoises can vary in size from a few centimeters to two meters. They are usually diurnal animals with tendencies to be crepuscular depending on the ambient temperatures. They are generally reclusive animals. Tortoises are the longest living land animal in the world, although the longest living species of tortoise is a matter of debate
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Python Molurus
Python molurus
Python molurus
is a large nonvenomous python species found in many tropic and subtropic areas of the Indian Subcontinent
Indian Subcontinent
and Southeast Asia. It is known by the common names Indian python,[2] black-tailed python[3] and Indian rock python. The species is limited to Southern Asia
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Naja Naja
The Indian cobra (Naja naja) also known as the spectacled cobra, Asian cobra, or binocellate cobra is a species of the genus Naja found in the India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, and Bhutan, and a member of the "big four" species that inflict the most snakebites on humans in India.[4] This snake is revered in Indian mythology and culture, and is often seen with snake charmers
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Eryx Conicus
Gongylophis conicus, also known as Russell's boa or rough-scaled sand boa, is a non-venomous boa species found in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. No subspecies are currently recognized.[3]Contents1 Description 2 Geographic range 3 Habitat 4 Mimicry 5 See also 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External linksDescription[edit]G. conicusAdults may attain a total length 3 feet 3 inches (99 cm), which includes a tail 3 inches (76 mm) long. The anterior maxillary and mandibular teeth are longer than the posterior. The head is covered with small scales. The eye is small with a vertical pupil. The dorsal scales are small and keeled. The tail is pointed, not or but very slightly prehensile.[4] The rostral scale is twice as broad as long, slightly prominent, without an angular horizontal edge. The top of the head is covered with small obtusely keeled scales, except for the nasals and internasals which are enlarged
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Vipera Russelli
Russell's viper (Daboia russelii) is a species of venomous snake in the family Viperidae. Daboia is a monotypic genus[2] of venomous Old World vipers. The single member species, D
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Eryx Johnii
Eryx johnii
Eryx johnii
is a nonvenomous boa species endemic to Iran, Pakistan, and India. No subspecies are currently recognized.[4]Contents1 Etymology 2 Description 3 Geographic range 4 Habitat 5 Diet 6 Reproduction 7 Illegal trade 8 See also 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External linksEtymology[edit] The specific name, johnii, is in honor of German naturalist Christoph Samuel John (1747–1813), who was a missionary in India
India
from 1771 until his death.[5] Description[edit]E. johniiAdults rarely exceed 2 feet (61 cm) in total length (including tail), although they sometimes reach 3 feet (91 cm). Adapted to burrowing, the head is wedge-shaped with narrow nostrils and very small eyes. The body is cylindrical in shape with small polished dorsal scales. The tail, which is blunt, rounded, and not distinct from the body, appears truncated
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Echis Carinatus
Echis carinatus is a venomous viper species found in parts of the Middle East and Central Asia, and especially the Indian subcontinent. It is the smallest member of the big four snakes that are responsible for causing the most snakebite cases and deaths, due to various factors including their frequent occurrence in highly populated regions, and their inconspicuous nature.[4] Five subspecies are currently recognized, including the nominate subspecies described here.[5]Contents1 Description1.1 Scalation2 Common names 3 Geographic range 4 Habitat 5 Behaviour 6 Feeding 7 Reproduction 8 Venom 9 Subspecies 10 See also 11 References 12 Further reading 13 External linksDescription[edit]E. c. carinatus, southern India.The size of E. carinatus ranges between 38 and 80 cm (15 and 31 in) in total length (body + tail), but usually no more than 60 cm (24 in).[2] Head distinct from neck, snout very short and rounded
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Lycodon Aulicus
Coluber aulicus Linnaeus, 1758 Lycodon aulicus - F. Boie, 1827[1]Lycodon aulicus, commonly known as the Indian wolf snake, is a species of nonvenomous snake found in South Asia and Southeast Asia. Early naturalists have suggested its resemblance to the venomous common krait as an instance of Batesian mimicry.[2]Contents1 Description 2 Scalation 3 Distribution 4 Behaviour 5 Diet 6 Reproduction 7 References 8 External linksDescription[edit] The colouration of this snake is variable.Lycodon aulicus (Common Wolf Snake )This snake is often confused with the common krait. The presence of a loreal shield can be used to distinguish it from kraits. The following is a description of various forms from Albert Günther's Reptiles of British India (1864).Snout broad, much depressed, long, spatulate, with the upper lip swollen, and without canthus rostralis
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Trimeresurus Gramineus
Trimeresurus
Trimeresurus
gramineus (bamboo pit viper, Indian green pit viper,common green pit viper)[4] is a venomous pit viper species found only in southern India
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Oligodon Arnensis
Simotes arnensisThe common kukri snake or banded kukri, Oligodon arnensis, is a species of nonvenomous colubrid found in Sri Lanka, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Bhutan and Nepal.[2] Description[edit]See snake scales for terms usedThe nasal scale is divided; the portion of rostral seen from above is as long as its distance from the frontal or a little shorter; the suture between the internasals is usually nearly as long as that between the prefrontals. The frontal is as long as its distance from the end of the snout or a little shorter, and a little shorter than the parietals. The loreal, if distinct, is longer than it is deep, and frequently united with the prefrontal. It has one preocular and two postoculars; the temporals are 1+2; of its seven upper labials, the third and fourth enter the eye; its four lower labials are in contact with the anterior chin shields; the posterior chin shields are one-half to two-thirds the length of the anterior. Its scales are in 17 rows
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Amphiesma Stolata
The buff striped keelback (Amphiesma stolatum) is a species of nonvenomous colubrid snake found across Asia. It is the sole species of genus Amphiesma. It is a typically nonaggressive snake that feeds on frogs and toads. It belongs to the subfamily Natricinae, and is closely related to water snakes and grass snakes. It resembles an Asian version of the American garter snake. It is quite a common snake but is rarely seen.Contents1 Anatomy and morphology1.1 Morphs 1.2 Identifying characteristics 1.3 Size2 Distribution 3 Conservation status 4 Ecology and life history4.1 Habitat 4.2 Feeding ecology 4.3 Life history5 Behavior 6 Local names 7 Gallery 8 References 9 Bibliography 10 External linksAnatomy and morphology[edit]Keeled scalesA small, slender snake, the buff striped keelback is generally olive-brown to gray in colour
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Garden Lizard
27 species, see hereCalotes is a genus of lizards in the draconine clade of the family Agamidae. The genus contains 27 species. Some species are known as forest lizards, others as "bloodsuckers" due to their red heads, and yet others (namely C. versicolor) as garden lizards.Contents1 Geographic range 2 Description 3 Taxonomy 4 Species 5 Gallery 6 Further reading 7 ReferencesGeographic range[edit] Species in the genus Calotes are native to South Asia, southern China, mainland Southeast Asia and Ambon. Additionally, C. versicolor has been introduced to Florida (USA), Borneo, Sulawesi, the Seychelles, Mauritius and Oman.[2] The greatest species richness of the genus is from the Western Ghats, northeast India, Myanmar, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Description[edit] Calotes is distinguished from related genera in having uniform-sized dorsal scales, and lacking a fold of skin extending between the cheek and shoulder, and in having proportionately stronger limbs than Pseudocalotes
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Lycodon Jara
Coluber jara Shaw, 1802 Lycodon jara - Schlegel, 1837 Coluber bipunctatus Cantor, 1839 Leptorhytaon jara - Günther, 1858 Lycophidion bipunctatum - Peters, 1863 Lycodon jara - Stoliczka, 1871[3]Lycodon jara, commonly known as the twin-spotted wolf snake, is a species of colubrid snake. It is endemic to Asia.Contents1 Distribution 2 Description 3 Gallery 4 References 5 Other referencesDistribution[edit]dorsal scales of Lycodon jara showing the yellow "twin spots" to which the common name refersFound in Bangladesh, India (Assam, Odisha, Arunachal Pradesh, Nadia District, West Bengal and parts of Uttar Pradesh) and Nepal. Description[edit] Snout much depressed; eye rather small
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