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Hms Tigris
The Tigris
Tigris
(/ˈtaɪɡrɪs/; Sumerian: 𒁇𒄘𒃼 Idigna or Idigina; Akkadian: 𒁇𒄘𒃼 Idiqlat; Arabic: دجلة‎ Dijlah [didʒlah]; Syriac: ܕܹܩܠܵܬ‎ Deqlaṯ; Armenian: Տիգրիս Tigris; Դգլաթ Dglatʿ; Hebrew: Ḥîddeqel חידקל‎, biblical Hiddekel; Turkish: Dicle; Kurdish: Dîcle, Dîjla دیجلە‎) is the eastern member of the two great rivers that define Mesopotamia, the other being the Euphrates
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Tigris (other)
The Tigris
Tigris
is the eastern member of the two great rivers that define Mesopotamia. Tigris
Tigris
may refer to:
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Central Marshes
The Central or Qurna Marshes were a large complex of wetlands in Iraq that were part of the Tigris-Euphrates river system, along with the Hawizeh and Hammar Marshes. Formerly covering an area of around 3000 square kilometres, they were almost completely drained following the 1991 uprisings in Iraq
Iraq
and have in recent years been reflooded.Contents1 Characteristics 2 Draining 3 Reflooding 4 ReferencesCharacteristics[edit] The Central Marshes
Central Marshes
stretched between Nasiriyah, Al-'Uzair (Ezra's Tomb) and Al-Qurnah
Al-Qurnah
and were mainly fed by the Tigris
Tigris
and its distributaries (the Shatt al-Muminah and Majar al-Kabir). They were drained by the (partially artificial) Prosperity Canal, and by the Glory River
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Euphrates
The Euphrates
Euphrates
(/juːˈfreɪtiːz/ ( listen); Sumerian: 𒌓𒄒𒉣 Buranuna, Akkadian: 𒌓𒄒𒉣 Purattu, Arabic: الفرات‎ al-Furāt, Syriac: ̇ܦܪܬ‎ Pǝrāt, Armenian: Եփրատ: Yeprat, Hebrew: פרת‎ Perat, Turkish: Fırat, Kurdish: Firat‎) is the longest and one of the most historically important rivers of Western Asia
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Drainage Basin
A drainage basin is any area of land where precipitation collects and drains off into a common outlet, such as into a river, bay, or other body of water
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River
A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end of its course without reaching another body of water. Small rivers can be referred to using names such as stream, creek, brook, rivulet, and rill. There are no official definitions for the generic term river as applied to geographic features,[1] although in some countries or communities a stream is defined by its size. Many names for small rivers are specific to geographic location; examples are "run" in some parts of the United States, "burn" in Scotland and northeast England, and "beck" in northern England. Sometimes a river is defined as being larger than a creek,[2] but not always: the language is vague.[3] Rivers are part of the hydrological cycle
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Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
is a historical region in West Asia
West Asia
situated within the Tigris– Euphrates
Euphrates
river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq, Kuwait, parts of Northern Saudi Arabia, the eastern parts of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Turkish–Syrian and Iran– Iraq
Iraq
borders.[1] The Sumerians and Akkadians
Akkadians
(including Assyrians and Babylonians) dominated Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
from the beginning of written history (c. 3100 BC) to the fall of Babylon
Babylon
in 539 BC, when it was conquered by the Achaemenid Empire
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Persian Gulf
The Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf
(Persian: شاخاب پارس‬‎, translit. Xalij-e Fârs, lit. 'Gulf of Fars') is a mediterranean sea in Western Asia. The body of water is an extension of the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
(Gulf of Oman) through the Strait of Hormuz
Strait of Hormuz
and lies between Iran
Iran
to the northeast and the Arabian Peninsula
Arabian Peninsula
to the southwest.[1] The Shatt al-Arab
Shatt al-Arab
river delta forms the northwest shoreline. The Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf
was a battlefield of the 1980–1988 Iran– Iraq
Iraq
War, in which each side attacked the other's oil tankers
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Taurus Mountains
The Taurus Mountains
Taurus Mountains
(Turkish: Toros Dağları, Armenian: Թորոս լեռներ), Ancient Greek: Ὄρη Ταύρου) are a mountain complex in southern Turkey, separating the Mediterranean coastal region of southern Turkey
Turkey
from the central Anatolian Plateau. The system extends along a curve from Lake Eğirdir
Lake Eğirdir
in the west to the upper reaches of the Euphrates
Euphrates
and Tigris
Tigris
rivers in the east
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Elazig
Elazığ (Turkish pronunciation: [eˈlazɯː]) ) is a city in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey, and the administrative center of Elazığ Province. It is located in the uppermost Euphrates
Euphrates
valley. The plain on which the city extends has an altitude of 1067 metres
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Shatt Al-Hayy
Coordinates: 32°25′30″N 45°51′00″E / 32.425°N 45.85°E / 32.425; 45.85Bridge over the Gharraf Canal
Canal
at Qalat SukkarThe Gharraf Canal, Shaṭṭ al-Ḥayy (Arabic: شط الحي), also known as Shaṭṭ al-Gharrāf (Arabic: شط الغرّاف) or the Hai river, is an ancient canal in Iraq
Iraq
that connects the Tigris
Tigris
at Kut al Amara with the Euphrates
Euphrates
east of Nasiryah. As an Ottoman position lay along the canal, it, was one of the objectives of intense military action during the First World War
First World War
during the siege of Kut (December 1915 to April 1916). The Turks surrounded and besieged General Townsend's British Empire forces which occupied Kut
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Nasiriyah
Nasiriyah
Nasiriyah
(Arabic: الناصرية‎; BGN: An Nāşirīyah; also spelled Nassiriya or Nasiriya) is a city in Iraq. It is situated along the banks of the Euphrates River, about 225 miles (370 km) southeast of Baghdad, near the ruins of the ancient city of Ur. It is the capital of the Dhi Qar Governorate. Its population 2003 was about 560,000, making it the fourth largest city in Iraq.[1] It had a religiously diverse population of Muslims, Mandaeans
Mandaeans
and Jews
Jews
in the early 20th century,[2] but today its inhabitants are predominantly Shia Muslims.[1] Nasiriyah
Nasiriyah
was founded by the Muntafiq tribe in the late 19th century during the Ottoman era.[3] It has since become a major hub for transportation.[1] Nasiriyah
Nasiriyah
is the center of a date-growing area
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Majar Al-Kabir
Majar al-Kabir (Arabic: المجر الكبير‎) is a town in Maysan Governorate, southern Iraq, approximately 24 km from Amarah. History[edit] In 2003, six British servicemen of the Royal Military Police
Royal Military Police
were killed there during the Battle of Majar al-Kabir
Battle of Majar al-Kabir
by Iraqi civilians.[1][2] References[edit]^ "The UK casualties at Majar al-Kabir". BBC News. 10 October 2010.  ^ Fairweather, J. A War of Choice. pp. 62–63. ISBN 978-0-099-54233-9. External links[edit]BBC News report covering the attackCoordinates: 31°35′N 47°10′E / 31.583°N 47.167°E / 31.583; 47.167This Iraq
Iraq
geographical location article is a stub
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Hawizeh Marshes
The Hawizeh Marshes
Hawizeh Marshes
are a complex of marshes that straddle the Iraq and Iran
Iran
border. The marshes are fed by two branches of the Tigris River (the Al-Musharrah and Al-Kahla) in Iraq
Iraq
and Karkheh River in Iran. The Hawizeh marsh is critical to the survival of the Central and Hammar marshes, which also make up the Mesopotamian Marshes, because they are a refuge for species that may recolonize or reproduce in the other marshlands. The Hawizeh Marshes
Hawizeh Marshes
are drained by the Al-Kassarah. This river plays a critical role in maintaining the marshes as a flow-through system and preventing it from becoming a closed saline basin. The Hawizeh Marshes
Hawizeh Marshes
have been populated for more than 5,000 years
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Al-Qurnah
Al-Qurnah
Al-Qurnah
(Qurna) is a town in southern Iraq
Iraq
about 74 km northwest of Basra, within the town of Nahairat.[2] Qurna (Arabic for connection/joint) is located at the confluence point of the Tigris
Tigris
and Euphrates
Euphrates
rivers to form the Shatt al-Arab.[2] Local folklore holds Qurna to have been the site of the Garden of Eden
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Shatt-al-Arab
Shatt al-Arab
Shatt al-Arab
(Arabic: شط العرب‎, River
River
of the Arabs) or Arvand Rud (Persian: اَروَندرود‎, Swift River) is a river of some 200 km (120 mi) in length, formed by the confluence of the Euphrates
Euphrates
and the Tigris
Tigris
in the town of al-Qurnah in the Basra Governorate of southern Iraq. The southern end of the river constitutes the border between Iraq
Iraq
and Iran
Iran
down to the mouth of the river as it discharges into the Persian Gulf. It varies in width from about 232 metres (761 ft) at Basra
Basra
to 800 metres (2,600 ft) at its mouth
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