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Guipuzcoan Company Of Caracas
The Royal Guipuzcoan Company of Caracas
Guipuzcoan Company of Caracas
(modern spelling variant Gipuzkoan, known also as the Guipuzcoana Company, Spanish: Real Compañia Guipuzcoana de Caracas; Basque: Caracasko Gipuzkoar Errege Konpainia) was a Spanish Basque trading company in the 18th century, operating from 1728 to 1785, which had a monopoly on Venezuelan trade. It was renamed in 1785 the Royal Philippine Company.Contents1 History1.1 Foundation 1.2 Operations and effects in Venezuela 1.3 Effects in Gipuzkoa 1.4 Later years2 See also 3 References 4 Further reading 5 External linksHistory[edit]The old buildings of the Guipuzcoan Company of Caracas
Guipuzcoan Company of Caracas
in La GuairaStock certificate of the Guipuzcoana Company (Madrid, 1 June 1752Foundation[edit] The Company was founded by a group of wealthy Basques from the province of Gipuzkoa
Gipuzkoa
in 1728
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List Of Business Entities
A business entity is an entity that is formed and administered as per corporate law in order to engage in business activities, charitable work, or other activities allowable. Most often, business entities are formed to sell a product or a service. There are many types of business entities defined in the legal systems of various countries. These include corporations, cooperatives, partnerships, sole traders, limited liability company and other specifically permitted and labelled types of entities. The specific rules vary by country and by state or province
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Royal Basque Society Of Friends Of The Country
The Royal Basque Society of Friends of the Country (in Basque Euskalerriaren Adiskideen Elkartea and in Spanish Real Sociedad Bascongada de Amigos del País), also known as La Bascongada or Bascongada Society, was founded in the mid-18th century to encourage the scientific, cultural and economic development of the Basque Country.[1][2][3][4][5]Contents1 Establishment 2 Importance for the arts, culture, and the territory 3 Historical members or "friends" 4 Organisation Today 5 References 6 External linksEstablishment[edit] The founding members were the Knights of Azcoitia or the Triumvirate of Azcoitia, under the encouragement of Xavier María de Munibe e Idiáquez, count of Peñaflorida, José María de Eguía, marquis of Narros, and the encyclopedist and Enlightenment scholar Manuel Ignacio de Altuna. The blueprint for its constitution was drafted in 1763 in Vergara and approved in 1765
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Criollo (people)
The Criollo (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈkɾjoʎo]) is a term which, in modern times, has diverse meanings, but is most commonly associated with Latin Americans
Latin Americans
who are of full or near full Spanish descent, distinguishing them from both multi-racial Latin Americans and Latin Americans
Latin Americans
of post-colonial (and not necessarily Spanish) European immigrant origin. Historically, they were a social class in the hierarchy of the overseas colonies established by Spain beginning in the 16th century, especially in Hispanic
Hispanic
America, comprising the locally born people of Spanish ancestry.[1] Although Criollos were legally Spaniards, in practice, they ranked below the Iberian-born Peninsulares
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Public Company
A public company, publicly traded company, publicly held company, publicly listed company, or public corporation is a corporation whose ownership is dispersed among the general public in many shares of stock which are freely traded on a stock exchange or in over the counter markets. In some jurisdictions, public companies over a certain size must be listed on an exchange
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Cocoa Bean
The cocoa bean, also called cacao bean,[1] cocoa (/ˈkoʊ.koʊ/), and cacao (/kəˈkaʊ/), is the dried and fully fermented seed of Theobroma
Theobroma
cacao, from which cocoa solids and, because of the seed's fat, cocoa butter can be extracted.[2] The beans are the basis of chocolate, and of such Mesoamerican
Me

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Guayana Region
The Guayana Region
Guayana Region
is an administrative region of eastern Venezuela.Contents1 Geography1.1 States2 See also 3 ReferencesGeography[edit] The region has a population of 1,383,297 inhabitants and a territory of 458,344 km2, slightly over half the area of the whole country. During the colonial period, it was known as Spanish Guiana
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Puerto Cabello
Coordinates: 10°28′00″N 68°01′00″W / 10.46667°N 68.01667°W / 10.46667; -68.01667Puerto CabelloFlagSealPuerto CabelloCoordinates: 10°28′00″N 68°01′00″W / 10.46667°N 68.01667°W / 10.46667; -68.01667Country VenezuelaState CaraboboCounties Puerto CabelloDemonym PorteñoGovernment • Mayor Economista Rafael Lacava Evangelista (2008 - 2012)Area • Total 729 km2 (281 sq mi)Population (2001) • Total 201.511 (INE, 2,010) • Density 276.42/km2 (715.9/sq mi)Website Alcaldía de Puerto CabelloPuerto Cabello (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈpweɾto kaˈβeʝo]) is a city on the north coast of Venezuela. It is located in Carabobo State, about 210 km west of Caracas. As of 2011, the city had a population of around 182,400. The city is home to the largest and busiest port in the country and is thus a vital cog in the country's vast oil industry
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Soraluze-Placencia De Las Armas
Soraluze (Basque) or Placencia de las Armas (Spanish), officially Soraluze-Placencia de las Armas, is a town located in the province of Gipuzkoa, in the Basque Country, Spain. The town of Placencia de las Armas has been involved since its foundation in the manufacture of weapons of all kinds. At its founding in 1343, it called Placencia Soraluze then in the fifteenth century it added las Armas or weapons to its name in reference to its main industry. In this village the Royal Guns Factory ended weapons manufacturing in the middle of the twentieth century. Its coat of arms consists of the following elements: a field of gules a castle battlements three gold exiting their respective sides small white flags with the cross of Burgundy. The field is surrounded by a rope whose sides have two lions and various weapons
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Tolosa, Spain
Tolosa (Spanish pronunciation: [toˈlosa]) is a town and municipality in the Basque province of Gipuzkoa, in northern Spain. It is located in the valley of the river Oria, next by Uzturre, a local iconic mountain topped by a white cross. On 29 March 1939, there was a fatal accident to the overnight Sud Express train between Paris
Paris
and Lisbon. Its economy relies primarily on the industrial sector, specifically papermaking.Contents1 Etymology of the name 2 Geography2.1 Neighbourhoods3 Notable buildings 4 History 5 Famous people from Tolosa 6 External linksEtymology of the name[edit] The origin of the toponym Tolosa is in the Pre-Indo-European languages, ilirio-ligur, tol , toll , tul or tull, that means prominent
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Bergara
Bergara
Bergara
(Spanish pronunciation: [berˈɣaɾa]; Spanish: Vergara) is a town located in the province of Gipuzkoa, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the north of Spain. An Enlightened center of education operated by the Real Sociedad Bascongada de Amigos del País ("Royal Basque Society of Friends of the Country"), it was the place where Faustino Elhuyar
Faustino Elhuyar
discovered wolfram. During the Carlist Wars, it operated as the capital and royal court of the Carlists
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Xavier María De Munibe E Idiáquez
Xavier María de Munibe e Idiáquez, Conde de Peñaflorida (Count of Peñaflorida) (Azkoitia, 1723—Bergara, 1785), was an important figure of Enlightenment Spain. He founded the Royal Basque Society of Friends of the Country in Bergara in 1748, which would become the first Sociedad Económica de los Amigos del País, a society inextricably linked to the Real Compañía Guipuzcoana de Caracas.Contents1 Early life 2 Enlightenment figure 3 Literary work 4 Sources 5 See alsoEarly life[edit] Peñaflorida studied in Toulouse, where he established contacts with the Society of Jesus. He returned to Gipuzkoa—a semi-autonomous Basque territory—in 1746, settled in Azkoitia and became a senior official in the Regional Government (Diputación) in 1750. Enlightenment figure[edit] Peñaflorida closely associated with two other men, the Marqués de Narros (José María de Eguía) and Manuel Ignacio Altuna
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Bayonne
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once. Bayonne
Bayonne
(French pronunciation: ​[bajɔn]; Gascon: Baiona [baˈjunɔ]; Basque: Baiona [baiona]; Spanish: Bayona) is a city and commune and one of the two sub-prefectures of the department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, in the
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Sociedad Económica De Los Amigos Del País
The Sociedades Económicas de Amigos del País (Economic Societies of Friends of the Country) were private associations established in various cities throughout Enlightenment Spain, and to a lesser degree in some of Spain's overseas territories including (the Philippines, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Guatemala, Chile, Venezuela, Mexico, and elsewhere).Contents1 History 2 In Spain 3 In America 4 In the Philippines 5 Legacy 6 List of societies6.1 In Spain 6.2 Spanish Americas 6.3 Spanish Philippines 6.4 Elsewhere7 See also 8 Sources 9 References 10 External linksHistory[edit] the Sociedades Económicas were founded as part of a movement to stimulate the economic and intellectual development of Spain. Many Spaniards recognized that Spain was lagging behind other European states and sought to diffuse and apply the principles of the Enlightenment
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Think Tank
A think tank, policy institute, or research institute is an organisation that performs research and advocacy concerning topics such as social policy, political strategy, economics, military, technology, and culture. Most policy institutes are non-profit organisations, which some countries such as the United States and Canada
Canada
provide with tax exempt status. Other think tanks are funded by governments, advocacy groups, or corporations, and derive revenue from consulting or research work related to their projects.[1] The following article lists global policy institutes according to continental categories, and then sub-categories by country within those areas
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Consulado De Mercaderes
The Consulado de mercaderes was the merchant guild of Seville founded in 1543; the Consulado enjoyed virtual monopoly rights over goods shipped to America, in a regular and closely controlled West Indies Fleet, and handled much of the silver this trade generated. A consulado was founded in Mexico City in 1594, controlled by peninsular wholesale merchants who dealt in long-distance trade and often married into local elite families with commercial ties. Their assets had to amount to at least 28,000 pesos. Although they were not supposed to deal in local retail trade, they often did some indirectly.[1] They mainly lived in Mexico City and had positions on the city council or cabildo. A number of them were connected to the crown mint in the capital
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