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George Salting
GEORGE SALTING (15 August 1835 – 12 December 1909) was an Australian-born British art collector . He had inherited considerable wealth from his father; Salting collected paintings, Chinese porcelains, furniture, and many other categories of art and decorative items. He left his paintings to the National Gallery, London
National Gallery, London
, prints and drawings to the British Museum
British Museum
, and the remainder to the Victoria Louisa Salting died there on 24 July 1858. Severin Salting settled in Kent
Kent
, where he died in 1865. Severin Salting made a large fortune in sheep-farming and sugar-growing which he bequeathed to his son; George Salting inherited a fortune estimated at £30,000 a year. CAREER The so-called Salting carpet , wool, silk and metal thread, about 1600
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Meindert Hobbema
MEINDERT HOBBEMA (bapt. October 31, 1638 – December 7, 1709), was a Dutch Golden Age painter
Dutch Golden Age painter
of landscapes, specializing in views of woodland, although his most famous painting, The Avenue at Middelharnis (1689, National Gallery, London
National Gallery, London
), shows a different type of scene. Wooded Landscape with Farmsteads, c. 1665, Mauritshuis , The Hague
The Hague
Hobbema was a pupil of Jacob van Ruisdael
Jacob van Ruisdael
, the pre-eminent landscape painter of the Dutch Golden Age
Dutch Golden Age
, and in his mature period produced paintings developing one aspect of his master's more varied output, specializing in "sunny forest scenes opened by roads and glistening ponds, fairly flat landscapes with scattered tree groups, and water mills ", including over 30 of the last in paintings
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Frans Hals
FRANS HALS THE ELDER (/hɑːls/ ; Dutch: ; c. 1582 – 26 August 1666) was a Dutch Golden Age
Dutch Golden Age
portrait painter who lived and worked in Haarlem
Haarlem
. He is notable for his loose painterly brushwork, and he helped introduce this lively style of painting into Dutch art. Hals played an important role in the evolution of 17th-century group portraiture . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Artistic career * 3 Wedding portraits * 4 Portrait painter * 5 Painting technique * 6 Influence * 7 Legacy * 8 Public collections (selection) * 9 See also * 10 References and sources * 11 External links BIOGRAPHYHals was born in 1582 or 1583 in Antwerp
Antwerp
as the son of cloth merchant Franchois Fransz Hals van Mechelen (c.1542–1610) and his second wife Adriaentje van Geertenryck
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Hans Memling
HANS MEMLING (also spelled MEMLINC; c. 1430 – 11 August 1494) was a German painter who moved to Flanders
Flanders
and worked in the tradition of Early Netherlandish painting . He spent some time in the Brussels workshop of Rogier van der Weyden
Rogier van der Weyden
, and after van der Weyden's death in 1464, Memling was made a citizen of Bruges
Bruges
, where he became one of the leading artists, painting both portraits and diptychs for personal devotion and several large religious works, continuing the style he learned in his youth
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Gabriël Metsu
GABRIëL METSU (1629–1667) was a Dutch painter of history paintings , still lifes , portraits , and genre works . He was "a highly eclectic artist, who did not adhere to a consistent style, technique, or one type of subject for long periods." Only 14 of his 133 works are dated. CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Style and Works * 2.1 Carpets * 3 Two paintings of the Hinlopen family * 3.1 Visit to the Nursery * 4 Works * 5 Notes * 6 Sources * 7 External links LIFE Woman Reading a Letter , (1665) ( National Gallery of Ireland
National Gallery of Ireland
, Dublin). Gabriel Metsu was the son of Jacques Metsu (c. 1588 – March 1629) a tapestry worker and painter, originally from Hainault , who lived most of his days at Leiden
Leiden
. In 1625 he married Jacomijntje Garniers (c. 1590 – September 1651), the widow of a painter with three children of her own
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Jean-François Millet
JEAN-FRANçOIS MILLET (French: ; October 4, 1814 – January 20, 1875) was a French painter and one of the founders of the Barbizon school in rural France. Millet is noted for his scenes of peasant farmers; he can be categorized as part of the Realism art movement . CONTENTS* 1 Life and work * 1.1 Youth * 1.2 Paris * 1.3 Barbizon
Barbizon
* 1.3.1 The Gleaners * 1.3.2 The Angelus
Angelus
* 1.4 Later years * 2 Legacy * 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 External links LIFE AND WORKYOUTH The Sheepfold. In this painting by Millet, the waning moon throws a mysterious light across the plain between the villages of Barbizon
Barbizon
and Chailly. The Walters Art Museum
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Jan Van Goyen
JAN JOSEPHSZOON VAN GOYEN (Dutch pronunciation: ; 13 January 1596 – 27 April 1656) was a Dutch landscape painter. Van Goyen was an extremely prolific artist; approximately twelve hundred paintings and more than one thousand drawings by him are known. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Dutch painting * 3 Van Goyen\'s technique * 4 Legacy * 5 Sources * 6 External links BIOGRAPHY Memorial stone in Leiden
Leiden
Jan van Goyen
Jan van Goyen
was the son of a shoemaker and started as an apprentice in Leiden
Leiden
, the town of his birth. Like many Dutch painters of his time, Jan van Goyen
Jan van Goyen
studied art in the town of Haarlem
Haarlem
with Esaias van de Velde . At age 35, he established a permanent studio at Den Haag (The Hague)
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Domenico Ghirlandaio
DOMENICO GHIRLANDAIO (Italian: ; 2 June 1448 – 11 January 1494) was an Italian Renaissance painter born in Florence
Florence
. Ghirlandaio was part of the so-called "third generation" of the Florentine Renaissance, along with Verrocchio , the Pollaiolo brothers and Sandro Botticelli
Botticelli
. Ghirlandaio led a large and efficient workshop that included his brothers Davide Ghirlandaio
Davide Ghirlandaio
and Benedetto Ghirlandaio , his brother-in-law Bastiano Mainardi from San Gimignano
San Gimignano
, and later his son Ridolfo Ghirlandaio
Ridolfo Ghirlandaio
. Many apprentices passed through Ghirlandaio's workshop, including the famous Michelangelo
Michelangelo

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John Constable
JOHN CONSTABLE, RA (/ˈkʌnstəbəlˌ ˈkɒn-/ ; 11 June 1776 – 31 March 1837) was an English Romantic painter. Born in Suffolk
Suffolk
, he is known principally for his landscape paintings of Dedham Vale , the area surrounding his home — now known as "Constable Country" — which he invested with an intensity of affection. "I should paint my own places best", he wrote to his friend John Fisher in 1821, "painting is but another word for feeling". His most famous paintings include Wivenhoe Park of 1816, Dedham Vale of 1802 and The Hay Wain of 1821. Although his paintings are now among the most popular and valuable in British art, Constable was never financially successful. He did not become a member of the establishment until he was elected to the Royal Academy
Royal Academy
at the age of 52
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Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot
JEAN-BAPTISTE-CAMILLE COROT (French: ; July 16, 1796 – February 22, 1875) was a French landscape and portrait painter as well as a printmaker in etching
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Charles-François Daubigny
CHARLES-FRANçOIS DAUBIGNY (15 February 1817 – 19 February 1878) was one of the painters of the Barbizon school
Barbizon school
, and is considered an important precursor of Impressionism
Impressionism
. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Paintings * 3 Public collections * 4 Gallery * 5 See also * 6 Notes * 7 References * 8 Further reading * 9 External links BIOGRAPHYDaubigny was born in Paris
Paris
, into a family of painters and was taught the art by his father Edmond François Daubigny and his uncle, miniaturist Pierre Daubigny . Initially Daubigny painted in a traditional style, but this changed after 1843 when he settled in Barbizon
Barbizon
to work outside in nature. Even more important was his meeting with Camille Corot
Camille Corot
in 1852 in Optevoz (Isère)
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Gaspard Dughet
GASPARD DUGHET (15 June 1615 – 27 May 1675), also known as GASPARD POUSSIN, was a French painter born in Rome
Rome
. CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Influence * 3 References * 4 Sources LIFEDughet was born in Rome, the son of a French pastry-cook and his Italian wife. He has always generally been considered as a French painter, although in fact he never visited France. In around 1635 he became a pupil of Nicolas Poussin
Nicolas Poussin
, who had married his sister Anne five years earlier. Because of this connection he was widely known as "Gaspard Poussin" He specialised in painting landscapes of the Roman Campagna
Roman Campagna
becoming, along with his exact contemporary Salvator Rosa, one of the two leading landscape painters of his time. He painted several cycles of frescoes, including one, showing various sites around Rome, at the Colonna Palace
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Adriaen Van Ostade
ADRIAEN VAN OSTADE (baptized as ADRIAEN JANSZ HENDRICX 10 December 1610 – buried 2 May 1685) was a Dutch Golden Age
Dutch Golden Age
painter of genre works . CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Work * 3 Legacy * 4 References * 5 External links LIFE "Peasants in a Tavern" (c. 1635), at the Alte Pinakothek, Munich Engraved portrait of Adriaen van Ostade, shown with a few of his more famous works, by Arnold Houbraken in his "Schouburg", volume I, 1718. According to Houbraken, he and his brother were pupils of Frans Hals and like him, spent most of their lives in Haarlem. He thought they were "Lubekkers " by birth, though this has since found to be false. He was the eldest son of Jan Hendricx Ostade , a weaver from the town of Ostade near Eindhoven
Eindhoven

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Sebastiano Del Piombo
SEBASTIANO DEL PIOMBO (Italian: ; c. 1485 - 21 June 1547) was an Italian painter of the High Renaissance
High Renaissance
and early Mannerist
Mannerist
periods famous as the only major artist of the period to combine the colouring of the Venetian school in which he was trained with the monumental forms of the Roman school. He belongs both to the painting school of his native city, Venice, where he made significant contributions before he left for Rome
Rome
in 1511, and that of Rome, where he stayed for the rest of his life, and whose style he thoroughly adopted. Born SEBASTIANO LUCIANI, after coming to Rome
Rome
he became known as "Sebastiano Veneziano" or "Viniziano" ("Sebastian the Venetian"), until in 1531 he became the Keeper of the Seal to the Papacy, and so got the nickname del Piombo thereafter, meaning "of the lead ", from his new job title of Piombatore
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Andrea Del Verrocchio
ANDREA DEL VERROCCHIO (Italian pronunciation: ; c. 1435 – 1488), born ANDREA DI MICHELE DI FRANCESCO DE\' CIONI, was an Italian painter , sculptor , and goldsmith who was a master of an important workshop in Florence
Florence
. He became known by his nickname Verrocchio, from vero occhio, which in Italian means "true eye", a tribute given to him for his artistic achievement. Few paintings are attributed to him with certainty, but a number of important painters were trained at his workshop. His pupils included Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci
, Pietro Perugino
Pietro Perugino
and Lorenzo di Credi . His greatest importance was as a sculptor and his last work, the Equestrian statue of Bartolomeo Colleoni in Venice
Venice
, is generally accepted as a masterpiece
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Jan Steen
JAN HAVICKSZOON STEEN (c. 1626 – buried 3 February 1679) was a Dutch genre painter of the 17th century (also known as the Dutch Golden Age ). His works are known for their psychological insight, sense of humour and abundance of colour. CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Works * 3 Influences * 3.1 Connection with the Rederijkers * 3.2 Theater * 4 Sources * 5 External links LIFE Jan Steen
Jan Steen
Peasants before an Inn Winter scene, 1650 Woman at her Toilet The Bowling Game, c. 1655 The Drawing Lesson, 1665, J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles Rhetoricians at a Window Steen was born in Leiden
Leiden
a town in Southern Holland, where his well-to-do, Catholic family were brewers who ran the tavern The Red Halbert for two generations. Steen's father even leased him a brewery of his own in Delf from the years 1654 until 1657. He was the eldest of eight or more children
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