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Gentleman Of The Bedchamber
GENTLEMAN OF THE BEDCHAMBER was a title in the royal household of the Kingdom of England
Kingdom of England
from the 11th century, later used also in the Kingdom of Great Britain
Kingdom of Great Britain

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James Hamilton, 4th Duke Of Hamilton
LIEUTENANT GENERAL JAMES HAMILTON, 4TH DUKE OF HAMILTON AND 1ST DUKE OF BRANDON KG KT (11 April 1658 – 15 November 1712) was a Scottish nobleman, the Premier Peer of Scotland, and Keeper of the Palace of Holyroodhouse
Holyroodhouse
. He was a Master of the Great Wardrobe , Master-General of the Ordnance , Ambassador
Ambassador
, and Colonel-in-Chief of his regiment. Hamilton was a major investor in the failed Darien Scheme , which cost many of Scotland's ruling class their fortunes, and he played a leading role in the events leading up to the Act of Union in 1707. He died on 15 November 1712 as the result of a duel in Hyde Park , Westminster , with Charles Mohun, 4th Baron Mohun , over a disputed inheritance
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Richard Jones, 1st Earl Of Ranelagh
RICHARD JONES, 1ST EARL OF RANELAGH PC (Ire) FRS (8 February 1641 – 5 January 1712), known as THE VISCOUNT RANELAGH between 1669 and 1677, was an Irish peer, politician both in the Parliaments of England and Ireland. CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 Irish parliamentary career * 3 English parliamentary career * 4 Family and later life * 5 References BACKGROUNDHe was the eldest son of Arthur Jones, 2nd Viscount Ranelagh and Katherine Boyle , daughter of the Earl of Cork who counted amongst her brothers the chemist Robert Boyle
Robert Boyle
and Lord Broghill, the later Earl of Orrery who was a prominent politician in Cromwellian and Restoration times. Jones's mother was estranged from her husband who appears to have been a drunkard and Richard Jones was largely brought up in his mother's household in London
London

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Peregrine Osborne, 2nd Duke Of Leeds
Vice-Admiral PEREGRINE OSBORNE, 2ND DUKE OF LEEDS (1659 – 25 June 1729), styled VISCOUNT OSBORNE between 1673 and 1689, EARL OF DANBY between 1689 and 1694 and MARQUESS OF CARMARTHEN between 1694 and 1712, was an English Tory politician. CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 Political career * 3 Family * 4 See also * 5 References BACKGROUNDOsborne was the second son of the Thomas Osborne (later 1st Duke of Leeds ) and his wife, Bridget, a daughter of the 2nd Earl of Lindsey . In 1673, his father was created Viscount Osborne in the Peerage of Scotland , but surrendered the title in favour of Peregrine when the former was created Viscount Latimer in the Peerage of England later that year. POLITICAL CAREERIn 1677, Osborne sat in Parliament as MP for Berwick-upon-Tweed and then briefly for Corfe Castle when he succeeded his brother to the seat in 1679. In 1689, he briefly sat in Parliament again, this time for York
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Thomas Lennard, 1st Earl Of Sussex
THOMAS LENNARD, 1ST EARL OF SUSSEX, 15TH BARON DACRE, (13 May 1654 – 30 October 1715) was an English peer . He became Earl of Sussex in 1674 when he married Lady Anne Palmer . The Baron Dacre title became abeyant in 1715 following his death. CRICKETLennard was a supporter of cricket which developed into a major sport during his lifetime. His 1677 accounts include an item which refers to £3 being paid to him when he went to a cricket match being played at "ye Dicker " (sic), which was then a common in the vicinity of Hailsham in East Sussex . REFERENCES * ^ thepeerage.com * ^ McCann, p. xl.BIBLIOGRAPHY * McCann, Tim (2004). Sussex Cricket in the Eighteenth Century. Sussex Record Society. PEERAGE OF ENGLAND NEW CREATION EARL OF SUSSEX 4th creation 1674–1715 EXTINCT Preceded by Francis Lennard BARON DACRE 1st creation 1662–1715 IN ABEYANCE Title next held by ANNE BARRETT-LENNARD This biography of an earl in the Peerage of England is a stub
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Louis De Duras, 2nd Earl Of Feversham
LOUIS DE DURAS, 2ND EARL OF FEVERSHAM, KG (1641 – 19 April 1709) was a French nobleman who became Earl of Feversham in Stuart England. Born in France, he was marquis de Blanquefort and sixth son of Guy Aldonce (1605–1665), Marquis of Duras and Count of Rozan, from the noble Durfort family . His mother was Elizabeth de la Tour d'Auvergne, sister of Henri de la Tour d\'Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne . His two brothers Jacques Henri and Guy Aldonce were Marshals of France . He was a Huguenot . In 1663 he came to England in the suite of James, duke of York , and was naturalized in the same year. On 19 January 1673 he was raised to the English peerage as BARON DURAS, of Holdenby, his title being derived from an estate in Northamptonshire bought from the duke of York, and in 1676 he married Mary, daughter and elder co-heiress of Sir George Sondes , created in that year Baron Throwley, Viscount Sondes and EARL OF FEVERSHAM
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Aubrey De Vere, 20th Earl Of Oxford
AUBREY DE VERE, 20TH EARL OF OXFORD KG PC (28 February 1627 – 12 March 1703) was a Royalist during the English Civil War . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Family * 3 Notes * 4 References BIOGRAPHYHe was the son of Robert de Vere, 19th Earl of Oxford and his wife Beatrix van Hemmend. He was educated at Friesland in the Netherlands after his father was mortally wounded at the siege of Maastricht in 1632, when de Vere was only six years old; years later he joined the English Regiment of Foot serving on the continent with the Dutch. He remained in Holland, but returned to England in 1651 an ardent royalist. He was involved in a succession of plots, for which he was imprisoned in the Tower for allegedly plotting against Cromwell . He was interned without trial. On release he joined Sir George Booth 's rising in 1659 against Richard Cromwell 's regime. He went with five other peers to petition The Hague for the return of King Charles II in early May 1660
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Robert Bertie, 3rd Earl Of Lindsey
ROBERT BERTIE, 3RD EARL OF LINDSEY PC FRS (8 November 1630 – 8 May 1701), styled LORD WILLOUGHBY DE ERESBY from 1642 to 1666, was an English nobleman. He was the son of Montagu Bertie, 2nd Earl of Lindsey and Martha Cokayne. He travelled on the Continent, in France and Italy from 1647 to 1652, attending the University of Padua in 1651. In 1654, he married Mary Massingberd, who died in the late 1650s, after bearing him one daughter: * Lady Arabella Bertie (d. 28 February 1716), married Thomas Savage, 3rd Earl Rivers .Before 1660, he married again to Elizabeth Wharton (d. 1669), daughter of Philip Wharton, 4th Baron Wharton , by whom he had five children: * Robert Bertie, 1st Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven (1660–1723) * Rt. Hon. Peregrine Bertie (c. 1663–1711) * Hon. Philip Bertie (c. 1664–1728), married Elizabeth Brabazon, daughter of William Brabazon, 3rd Earl of Meath , without issue * Hon. Norris Bertie (c. 1666 – 27 August 1691) * Hon
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John Sheffield, 1st Duke Of Buckingham And Normanby
JOHN SHEFFIELD, 1ST DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM AND NORMANDY, KG , PC (7 April 1648 – 24 February 1721) was an English poet and Tory politician of the late Stuart period who served as Lord Privy Seal
Lord Privy Seal
and Lord President of the Council
Lord President of the Council
. He was also known by his original title, Lord Mulgrave . CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Works * 3 Family * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 Further reading LIFEJohn Sheffield was the only son of Edmund Sheffield, 2nd Earl of Mulgrave , and succeeded his father as 3rd Earl and 5th Baron Sheffield in 1658. At the age of eighteen he joined the fleet, to serve in the Second Anglo-Dutch War ; on the renewal of hostilities in 1672 he was present at the Battle of Sole Bay
Battle of Sole Bay
, and in the next year received the command of a ship. He was also made a colonel of infantry, and served for some time under Turenne
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Christopher Monck, 2nd Duke Of Albemarle
CHRISTOPHER MONCK, 2ND DUKE OF ALBEMARLE, KG , PC (14 August 1653 – 6 October 1688) was an English soldier and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1667 to 1670 when he inherited the Dukedom and sat in the House of Lords. CONTENTS * 1 Origins * 2 Youth * 3 Career * 4 Boxing pioneer * 5 Residences * 5.1 Potheridge, Devon * 5.2 Clarendon House, London * 6 Marriage and succession * 7 Death and succession * 8 References ORIGINSMonck was the son and heir of George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle (1608–1670) by his wife Anne Clarges (d.1700), a daughter of John Clarges, "Farrier in the Savoy ", of Drury Lane , Westminster. Anne's brother was Sir Thomas Clarges (c. 1618–1695), MP , who greatly assisted his brother-in-law, then before his elevation to the dukedom, General George Monck, in bringing about the Restoration of the Monarchy in 1660
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Lionel Cranfield, 3rd Earl Of Middlesex
LIONEL CRANFIELD, 3RD EARL OF MIDDLESEX (1625 – 26 October 1674) was an English peer , styled HON. LIONEL CRANFIELD from 1640 until 1651. The Dowager Countess of Bath, later Countess of Middlesex Cranfield succeeded his brother James as Earl of Middlesex in 1651. Around 1655, he married Rachel , daughter of the Earl of Westmorland and widow of Henry Bourchier, 5th Earl of Bath . In May 1660, he was one of the six peers deputed by the Convention Parliament to invite the return of Charles II of England . He was appointed a Gentleman of the Bedchamber to Charles II in 1673. He died the following year without issue; his titles became extinct, and his estates passed to his nephew Charles Sackville, 6th Earl of Dorset . Autograph letter from Cranfield (at Copt Hall ) to his estranged wife, circa 1670. REFERENCES * ^ A B Doyle, James William Edmund (1886). The Official Baronage of England, v. 2. London: Longmans, Green. p. 499
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Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl Of Sunderland
ROBERT SPENCER, 2ND EARL OF SUNDERLAND, KG , PC (5 September 1641 – 28 September 1702) was an English nobleman and politician of the Spencer family
Spencer family
. An able and gifted statesman, his caustic temper and belief in absolute monarchy nevertheless made him numerous enemies. He was forced to flee England
England
in 1688, but later established himself with the new regime after the Revolution of that year. Subsequently, he took on a more disinterested rôle as an adviser to the Crown, seeking neither office nor favour. He evinced no party loyalty, but was devoted to his country's interests, as he saw them. By the notoriously lax standards of the Restoration Court, his private life was remarkably free from scandal, which won him favour in the more sober post-Revolution state
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Edward Lee, 1st Earl Of Lichfield
EDWARD HENRY LEE, 1ST EARL OF LICHFIELD (4 February 1663 – 14 July 1716) was an English peer . He was a staunch Tory and followed James II to Rochester, Kent after the king's escape from Whitehall in December 1688. His subsidiary titles were VISCOUNT QUARENDON and BARON SPELSBURY. CONTENTS* 1 Biography * 1.1 Issue * 2 Ancestry * 3 References BIOGRAPHYLee was the son of Sir Francis Henry Lee, 4th Baronet of Quarendon and his wife Lady Elizabeth Pope, daughter of Thomas Pope, 2nd Earl of Downe , who was later third wife of Robert Bertie, 3rd Earl of Lindsey . His great grandfather, Henry Lee, was the cousin and heir of Henry Lee of Ditchley . His father's half-brother was the libertine -poet the Earl of Rochester
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Thomas Bruce, 2nd Earl Of Ailesbury
THOMAS BRUCE, 2ND EARL OF AILESBURY AND 3RD EARL OF ELGIN (1656 – 16 December 1741) was the son of Robert Bruce, 2nd Earl of Elgin
Robert Bruce, 2nd Earl of Elgin
and Lady Diana Grey. His maternal grandparents were Henry Grey, 1st Earl of Stamford and Lady Anne Cecil, daughter of William Cecil, 2nd Earl of Exeter . His Memoirs, which were not published until long after his death, are a valuable source for English history in the last quarter of the seventeenth century. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Family * 3 Later life * 4 Character * 5 Memoirs * 6 Ancestry * 7 Notes EARLY LIFELORD BRUCE, as he was styled from 1663 to 1685, was M.P. for Marlborough between 1679 and 1681 and M.P. for Wiltshire in 1685. He became a Gentleman of the Bedchamber in 1676
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George FitzRoy, 1st Duke Of Northumberland
Lieutenant-General
Lieutenant-General
GEORGE FITZROY, 1ST DUKE OF NORTHUMBERLAND, KG , PC (28 December 1665 – 28 June 1716) was the third and youngest illegitimate son of King Charles II of England
Charles II of England
; his mother was Barbara Villiers
Barbara Villiers
, Countess of Castlemaine (also known as Barbara Villiers, Duchess of Cleveland). On 1 October 1674, he was created Earl of Northumberland
Earl of Northumberland
, Baron of Pontefract ( Yorkshire
Yorkshire
) and Viscount Falmouth ( Cornwall
Cornwall
). On 6 April 1683, he was created Duke of Northumberland . The first Duke of Northumberland
Duke of Northumberland
was born at Merton College
Merton College
, Oxford . In 1682, he was employed on secret service in Venice
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George Douglas, 1st Earl Of Dumbarton
Major-General GEORGE DOUGLAS, 1ST EARL OF DUMBARTON KT (1635 – 20 March 1692) was a Scottish nobleman, and soldier. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Career * 3 Marriage and Issue * 4 See also * 5 References * 5.1 Notes * 5.2 Sources EARLY LIFEThe son of William Douglas, 1st Marquess of Douglas
William Douglas, 1st Marquess of Douglas
and his second wife Lady Mary Gordon daughter of George Gordon, 1st Marquess of Huntly , Douglas was the younger brother of the William Douglas, 1st Earl of Selkirk . Douglas was probably born at Douglas Castle . He is first mentioned in a safe conduct dated 1647 giving him permission to go to France
France
. CAREERIn 1653, he succeeded his half-brothers Lord James Douglas and Archibald Douglas, Earl of Angus as colonel of the Régiment de Douglas, then in the service of Louis XIV
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