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Arianism
In Christianity, Arianism
Arianism
is a Christological[1] concept which asserts the belief that Jesus
Jesus
Christ is the Son of God
Son of God
who was begotten by God the Father
Father
at a point in time, is distinct from the Father
Father
and is therefore subordinate to the Father.[2] Arian teachings were first attributed to Arius
Arius
(c. AD 256–336), a Christian presbyter in Alexandria, Egypt. The teachings of Arius
Arius
and his supporters were opposed to the theological views held by Homoousian Christians, regarding the nature of the Trinity
Trinity
and the nature of Christ
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Egypt
Coordinates: 26°N 30°E / 26°N 30°E / 26; 30Arab Republic
Republic
of Egyptجمهورية مصر العربيةArabic: Jumhūrīyat Miṣr al-ʿArabīyahEgyptian: Gomhoreyet Maṣr El ʿArabeyahFlagCoat of armsAnthem: "Bilady, Bilady, Bilady" "بلادي، بلادي، بلادي" "My country, my country, my country"Capital and largest city Cairo 30°2′N 31°13′E / 30.033°N 31.217°E / 30.033; 31.217Official languages Arabic[a]National language Egyptian ArabicReligion90% Islam 9% Orthodox Christian 1% Other Christian[1]Demonym EgyptianGovernment Unitary semi-presidential republic• PresidentAbdel Fattah el-Sisi• Prime MinisterSherif IsmailLegislature House of RepresentativesEstablishment• Unification of Upper and Lower Egypt[2][3][b]c
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Jesus
Jesus[e] (c. 4 BC – c. AD 30 / 33), also referred to as Jesus
Jesus
of Nazareth
Nazareth
and Jesus
Jesus
Christ,[f] was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader.[12] He is the central figure of Christianity
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Gothic Persecution Of Christians
A Christian
Christian
(/ˈkrɪstʃən, -tiən/ ( listen)) is a person who follows or adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus
Jesus
Christ
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Artemius
Artemius (d. in Antioch, 362), known as Challita in the Maronite tradition, was a general of the Roman Empire, dux Aegypti (imperial prefect of Roman Egypt). He is considered a saint by the Orthodox Church, with the name of Artemius of Antioch.Contents1 Biography 2 Hagiography 3 References 4 External linksBiography[edit] Artemius was an Egyptian by birth and a chief commander under Emperor Constantine the Great.[2] Constantius II
Constantius II
ordered Artemius to go in the lands beyond the Danube
Danube
and to bring back to Constantinople
Constantinople
the relics of Andrew the Apostle, Luke the Evangelist
Luke the Evangelist
and Saint Timothy. Artemius accomplished his task and was rewarded with the appointment to the rank of dux Aegypti (360).[3] One year later Constantius was succeeded by his cousin Julian, who was a Pagan
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Pope Peter I Of Alexandria
Pope
Pope
Peter I of Alexandria
Alexandria
(Coptic: Ⲡⲁⲡⲁ Ⲁⲃⲃⲁ ⲡⲉⲧⲣⲟⲥ ⲁ̅), 17th Pope
Pope
of Alexandria
Alexandria
& Patriarch
Patriarch
of the See of St. Mark. He is revered as a saint by the Coptic Orthodox Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church, and the Roman Catholic Church.[1]Contents1 Life 2 Martyrdom 3 Feast day 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 External linksLife[edit] The Coptic Orthodox Church believes that Peter was given by his parents to His Holiness Theonas to be brought up as a priest, similarly to the story of Samuel
Samuel
in the Old Testament. He rose through the ranks of holy orders, first becoming a reader, then a deacon, then a priest
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Pope Achillas Of Alexandria
Pope Achillas of Alexandria, 18th Pope of Alexandria
Alexandria
and Patriarch
Patriarch
of the See of St. Mark (Archileus), was born in Alexandria, Egypt, and was renowned for his knowledge and piety; this was why Pope Theonas had ordained him priest and appointed him head of the Catechetical School of Alexandria
Alexandria
upon the departure of Pierius. He was apparently very highly thought of for his work in Greek philosophy and theological science, as Pope Athanasius the Apostolic later described him by the honorific " Achillas the Great".[1] As recommended by Pope Peter "Seal of the Martyrs", he was enthroned patriarch in December (Kiahk) 312 AD, after the martyrdom of his predecessor during the reign of Constantine the Great. As soon as he sat on the throne of Saint Mark, Arius
Arius
beseech him to return him to the participation in the church
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Saint Nicholas
Saint
Saint
Nicholas (Greek: Ἅγιος Νικόλαος, Hágios Nikólaos, Latin: Sanctus Nicolaus; 15 March 270 – 6 December 343),[3][4] also called Nikolaos of Myra
Myra
or Nicholas of Bari, was Bishop of Myra, in Asia Minor
Asia Minor
(modern-day Demre, Turkey),[5] and is a historic Christian saint.[6] Because of the many miracles attributed to his intercession, he is also known as Nikolaos the Wonderworker (Νικόλαος ὁ Θαυματουργός, Nikólaos ho Thaumaturgós). Saint
Saint
Nicholas is the patron saint of sailors, merchants, archers, repentant thieves, children, brewers, pawnbrokers and students in various cities and countries around Europe
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Son Of God
Historically, many rulers have assumed titles such as son of God, son of a god or son of heaven.[1] The term "son of God" is sometimes used in the Old and New Testaments of the Christian Bible
Christian Bible
to refer to those with special relationships with God. In the Old Testament, angels, just and pious men, and the kings of Israel are all called "sons of God."[2] In the New Testament, Adam,[3] and, most notably, Jesus
Jesus
Christ[2] are called "son of God," while followers of Jesus
Jesus
are called, "sons of God."[4] In the New Testament, "Son of God" is applied to Jesus
Jesus
on many occasions.[2] Jesus
Jesus
is declared to be the Son of God
God
on two separate occasions by a voice speaking from Heaven
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God The Father
God
God
the Father is a title given to God
God
in various religions, most prominently in Christianity. In mainstream trinitarian Christianity, God
God
the Father is regarded as the first person of the Trinity, followed by the second person God the Son
God the Son
( Jesus
Jesus
Christ) and the third person God
God
the Holy Spirit
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Father
A father is the male parent of a child. Besides the paternal bonds of a father to his children, the father may have a parental, legal, and social relationship with the child that carries with it certain rights and obligations. An adoptive father is a male who has become the child's parent through the legal process of adoption. A biological father is the male genetic contributor to the creation of the infant, through sexual intercourse or sperm donation. A biological father may have legal obligations to a child not raised by him, such as an obligation of monetary support. A putative father is a man whose biological relationship to a child is alleged but has not been established. A stepfather is a male who is the husband of a child's mother and they may form a family unit, but who generally does not have the legal rights and responsibilities of a parent in relation to the child. The adjective "paternal" refers to a father and comparatively to "maternal" for a mother
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Circa
Circa
Circa
(from Latin, meaning 'around, about'), usually abbreviated c., ca. or ca (also circ. or cca.), means "approximately" in several European languages (and as a loanword in English), usually in reference to a date.[1] Circa
Circa
is widely used in historical writing when the dates of events are not accurately known. When used in date ranges, circa is applied before each approximate date, while dates without circa immediately preceding them are generally assumed to be known with certainty
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Presbyter
In the New Testament, a presbyter (Greek πρεσβύτερος: "elder") is a leader of a local Christian congregation. The word derives from the Greek presbyteros, which means elder or senior. The Greek word episkopos literally means overseer; it refers exclusively to the office of bishop
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Alexandria
Alexandria
Alexandria
(/ˌælɪɡˈzændriə/ or /-ˈzɑːnd-/;[3] Arabic: الإسكندرية al-ʾIskandariyya; Egyptian Arabic: إسكندرية Eskendria; Coptic: Ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓⲁ, Ⲣⲁⲕⲟⲧⲉ Alexandria, Rakotə) is the second-largest city in Egypt
Egypt
and a major economic centre, extending about 32 km (20 mi) along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
in the north central part of the country. Its low elevation on the Nile delta
Nile delta
makes it highly vulnerable to rising sea levels. Alexandria
Alexandria
is an important industrial center because of its natural gas and oil pipelines from Suez. Alexandria
Alexandria
is also a popular tourist destination. Alexandria
Alexandria
was founded around a small, ancient Egyptian town c. 331 BC by Alexander the Great
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George Of Laodicea
George of Laodicea (fl. 335–347) was a philosopher from Alexandria, involved in the debate over the doctrine of the Trinity. From 356 to 361, he was archbishop of Alexandria. Life[edit] He was born about the beginning of the 4th century. According to Ammianus (xxii. ii), he was a native of Epiphania, in Cilicia. Gregory Nazianzen tells us that his father was a fuller, and that he himself soon became notorious as a parasite of so mean a type that he would "sell himself for a cake." After many wanderings, in the course of which he seems to have amassed a considerable fortune, first as an army-contractor and then as a receiver of taxes, he ultimately reached Alexandria. It is not known how or when he obtained ecclesiastical orders; but, after Athanasius had been banished in 356, George was promoted by the influence of the then prevalent Arian faction to the vacant see
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Hosius Of Corduba
Hosius of Corduba (c. 256 – 359), also known as Osius or Ossius, was a bishop of Corduba (now Córdoba, Spain) and an important and prominent advocate for Homoousion Christianity in the Arian controversy that divided the early Christianity. He likely presided at the First Council of Nicaea and also presided at the Council of Serdica.[1] After Lactantius, he was the closest Christian advisor to Emperor Constantine the Great and guided the content of public utterances, such as Constantine's Oration to the Saints, addressed to the assembled bishops.[2] Life[edit] He was probably born in Corduba in Hispania, a province of the Roman Empire[3][4][5] although a passage in Zosimus has sometimes been conjectured as the writer's belief that Hosius was an Egyptian. Elected to the see of Cordova about 295, he narrowly escaped martyrdom in the persecution of Maximian
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