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+996
Year 996 (CMXCVI ) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar
Julian calendar
. CONTENTS* 1 Events * 1.1 By place * 1.1.1 Asia * 1.1.2 Europe * 1.2 By topic * 1.2.1 Religion * 2 Births * 3 Deaths * 4 References EVENTSBY PLACEAsia * Al-Aziz Billah , fifth Fatimid Caliph in Egypt , dies and is succeeded by his son, Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah
Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah
. * The Niujie Mosque
Niujie Mosque
is constructed in Beijing
Beijing
. * The citizens of Tyre rise up in revolt against the Fatimid Caliphate .Europe * March or April – Pope John XV
Pope John XV
dies before being able to crown Otto III , King of Germany as Holy Roman Emperor
Holy Roman Emperor

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Chinese Calendar
Traditional CHINESE CALENDAR is a lunisolar calendar which reckons years, months and days according to astronomical phenomena. Currently, the Chinese calendar
Chinese calendar
is defined by GB/T 33661-2017 Calculation and promulgation of the Chinese calendar, which is issued by the Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of China on May 12, 2017. The Chinese calendar
Chinese calendar
is used for traditional activities in China and overseas Chinese communities. It depicts and lists the dates of traditional Chinese holidays, and guides Chinese people in selecting the most auspicious days for weddings, funerals, moving, or beginning a business. In the Chinese calendar, the days begin and end at midnight. The months begin on the day with the dark (new) moon . The years begin with the dark moon near the midpoint between winter solstice and spring equinox
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Byzantine Calendar
The BYZANTINE CALENDAR, also called "CREATION ERA OF CONSTANTINOPLE" or "ERA OF THE WORLD" ( Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
: Ἔτη Γενέσεως Κόσμου κατὰ Ῥωμαίους, also Ἔτος Κτίσεως Κόσμου or Ἔτος Κόσμου), was the calendar used by the Eastern Orthodox Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
from c. 691 to 1728 in the Ecumenical Patriarchate . It was also the official calendar of the Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
from 988 to 1453, and of Kievan Rus\' and Russia from c. 988 to 1700. The calendar was based on the Julian calendar
Julian calendar
, except that the year started on 1 September and the year number used an Anno Mundi epoch derived from the Septuagint version of the Bible
Bible

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Chinese Sexagenary Cycle
The SEXAGENARY CYCLE, also known as the STEMS-AND-BRANCHES or GANZHI, is a cycle of sixty terms used for reckoning time in China and the East Asian cultural sphere . It appears as a means of recording days in the first Chinese written texts, the Shang oracle bones of the late second millennium BC. Its use to record years began around the middle of the 3rd century BC. The cycle and its variations have been an important part of the traditional calendrical systems in Chinese-influenced Asian states and territories, particularly those of Japan , Korea , and Vietnam , with the old Chinese system still in use in Taiwan . This traditional method of numbering days and years no longer has any significant role in modern Chinese time keeping or the official calendar
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Goat (zodiac)
The GOAT (Chinese : 羊; pinyin : yáng) is the eighth sign of the 12-year cycle of animals that appear in the Chinese zodiac
Chinese zodiac
related to the Chinese calendar
Chinese calendar
. The sign is also referred to as the RAM or SHEEP sign, since the Chinese word yáng is more accurately translated as CAPRINAE , a taxonomic subfamily that includes both sheep and goats. The YEAR OF THE GOAT is associated with the 8th Earthly Branch symbol, 未 (wèi). CONTENTS * 1 Goat
Goat
or Sheep * 2 Characteristics * 3 Years and the Five Elements * 4 Chinese Zodiac Goat
Goat
* 5 Basic astrology elements * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 Further reading GOAT OR SHEEPThe Chinese word yáng refers both to goats and sheep, with shānyáng specifically goats and miányáng sheep. In English, the sign (originally based on a horned animal) may be called either
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Monkey (zodiac)
The MONKEY (猴 ) is the ninth of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac
Chinese zodiac
related to the Chinese calendar
Chinese calendar
. The YEAR OF THE MONKEY is associated with the Earthly Branch symbol 申
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Burmese Calendar
The BURMESE CALENDAR (Burmese : မြန်မာသက္ကရာဇ်, pronounced , or ကောဇာသက္ကရာဇ်, ; BURMESE ERA (BE) or MYANMAR ERA (ME)) is a lunisolar calendar in which the months are based on lunar months and years are based on sidereal years . The calendar is largely based on an older version of the Hindu calendar , though unlike the Indian systems, it employs a version of the Metonic cycle . The calendar therefore has to reconcile the sidereal years of the Hindu calendar with the Metonic cycle's near tropical years by adding intercalary months and days at irregular intervals. The calendar has been used continuously in various Burmese states since its purported launch in 640 CE in the Sri Ksetra Kingdom , also called the Pyu era
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Buddhist Calendar
The BUDDHIST CALENDAR ( Pali
Pali
: Sāsanā Sakaraj; Burmese : သာသနာ သက္ကရာဇ်, ; Khmer : ពុទ្ធសករាជ; Sinhala : බුද්ධ වර්‍ෂ or සාසන වර්‍ෂ ( Buddha
Buddha
Varsha or Sāsana Varsha)) is a set of lunisolar calendars primarily used in mainland Southeast Asian countries of Cambodia
Cambodia
, Laos
Laos
, Myanmar
Myanmar
and Thailand
Thailand
as well as in Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
for religious or official occasions. While the calendars share a common lineage, they also have minor but important variations such as intercalation schedules, month names and numbering, use of cycles, etc. In Thailand, the name Buddhist Era is a year numbering system shared by the traditional Thai lunisolar calendar and by the Thai solar calendar
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Assyrian Calendar
The ASSYRIAN CALENDAR is a lunar -based calendar which begins in the year 4750 BC, inspired by the purported date of the foundation of Assur , ( Assur was in fact founded over 2000 years later, circa 2600 BC) notably based on a series of articles published in the Assyrian nationalist magazine Gilgamesh, edited by the brothers Addi Alkhas and Jean Alkhas and Nimrod Simono . The year begins with the first sight of Spring . The Assyrian new year is still celebrated every year with festivals and gatherings. As of April 2017 AD , it is the 6767th year of the Assyrian calendar, and this calendar is used among many Assyrian communities. It begins 4,750 years before the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
. For example, it is set out like this: 2017+4750 = Assyrian year 6767
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Balinese Saka Calendar
The BALINESE SAKA CALENDAR is one of two calendars used on the Indonesian island of Bali
Bali
. Unlike the 210-day pawukon calendar , it is based on the phases of the moon, and is approximately the same length as the Gregorian year . CONTENTS * 1 Months * 2 Use * 3 Notable days * 4 References * 4.1 Notes MONTHS Information about the Saka calendar on a Balinese wall calendar Based on a lunar calendar, the saka year comprises twelve months, or sasih, of 30 days each. However, because the lunar cycle is slightly shorter than 30 days, and the lunar year has a length of 354 or 355 days, the calendar is adjusted to prevent it losing synchronization with the lunar or solar cycles. The months are adjusted by allocating two lunar days to one solar day every 9 weeks. This day is called ngunalatri, Sanskrit
Sanskrit
for "minus one night"
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Bengali Calendar
The BENGALI CALENDAR or BANGLA CALENDAR (বঙ্গাব্দ Bônggabdô or Banggabda) is a solar calendar used in the region of Bengal
Bengal
. A revised version of the calendar is the national and official calendar in Bangladesh
Bangladesh
and an earlier version of the calendar is followed in the Indian states of West Bengal
Bengal
, Tripura
Tripura
and Assam
Assam
. The New Year in the Bengali calendar
Bengali calendar
is known as Pôyla Bôishakh . The Bengali era is called Bengali Sambat (BS) or the Bengali year (বাংলা সন Bangla Sôn, বাংলা সাল Bangla sal, or Bangabda) has a zero year that starts in 593/594 CE. It is 594 less than the AD or CE year in the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
if it is before Pôhela Bôishakh, or 593 less if after Pôhela Bôishakh
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Berber Calendar
The BERBER CALENDAR is the agricultural calendar traditionally used by Berbers . It is also known as the fellaḥi (ﻓﻼّﺣﻲ "rustic" or ﻋﺠﻤﻲ ʿajamī "foreign" calendar). The calendar is utilized to regulate the seasonal agricultural works. It is used in lieu of the Islamic calendar , a lunar calendar considered ill-adapted for agriculture because it does not relate to seasonal cycles. The current Berber calendar
Berber calendar
is a legacy of the Roman province of Mauretania Caesariensis , as it is a surviving form of the Julian calendar . The latter calendar was used in Europe before the adoption of the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
, with month names derived from Latin. Berber populations previously used various indigenous calendars, such as that of the Guanche autochthones of the Canary Islands
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Coptic Calendar
The COPTIC CALENDAR, also called the ALEXANDRIAN CALENDAR, is a liturgical calendar used by the Coptic Orthodox Church and still used in Egypt. This calendar is based on the ancient Egyptian calendar . To avoid the calendar creep of the latter, a reform of the ancient Egyptian calendar was introduced at the time of Ptolemy III (Decree of Canopus , in 238 BC) which consisted of the intercalation of a sixth epagomenal day every fourth year. However, this reform was opposed by the Egyptian priests, and the idea was not adopted until 25 BC, when the Roman Emperor Augustus
Augustus
formally reformed the calendar of Egypt
Egypt
, keeping it forever synchronized with the newly introduced Julian calendar . To distinguish it from the Ancient Egyptian calendar, which remained in use by some astronomers until medieval times, this reformed calendar is known as the Coptic calendar
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Discordian Calendar
The DISCORDIAN or ERISIAN CALENDAR is an alternative calendar used by some adherents of Discordianism . It is specified on page 00034 of the Principia Discordia . The Discordian year 1 YOLD is 1166 BC. (Elsewhere in the Principia Discordia, it is mentioned that the Curse of Greyface occurred in 1166 BC, so this is presumably related to the start-date of the calendar. ) As a reference, AD 2017
2017
is 3183 YOLD (Year of Our Lady of Discord). The abbreviation "YOLD" is not used in the Principia, though the phrase "Year of Our Lady of Discord" is mentioned once. CONTENTS * 1 Composition * 2 Implementations * 3 References * 4 External links COMPOSITIONAs described in the Principia Discordia, the Discordian calendar has five 73-day seasons: Chaos, Discord, Confusion, Bureaucracy , and The Aftermath
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Iranian Calendars
The IRANIAN CALENDARS (Persian : گاه‌شماری ایرانی‎‎ Gâhshomâriye Irâni) are a succession of calendars invented or used for over two millennia in Iran
Iran
(Persia). One of the longest chronological records in human history, the Iranian calendar has been modified time and again during its history to suit administrative, climatic, and religious purposes. The modern Iranian calendar is now the official calendar in Iran. It begins at the midnight nearest to the instant of the vernal equinox as determined by astronomical calculations for the Iran
Iran
Standard Time meridian (52.5°E or GMT+3.5h). It is, therefore, an observation-based calendar, unlike the Gregorian , which is rule-based. The Iranian year usually begins within a day of 21 March of the Gregorian calendar. To find the corresponding year of the Gregorian calendar, add 621 or 622 (depending on the time of the year) to a solar hijri year
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Holocene Calendar
The HOLOCENE CALENDAR, also known as the HOLOCENE ERA or HUMAN ERA (HE), is a year numbering system that adds exactly 10,000 years to the currently dominant AD (or CE ) numbering scheme, placing its first year near the beginning of the Holocene
Holocene
geological epoch and the Neolithic Revolution , when humans transitioned from a hunter-gatherer lifestyle to agriculture and fixed settlements. The current year in the Holocene
Holocene
calendar is 12,017 HE. The HE scheme was first proposed by scientist Cesare Emiliani in 1993
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