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Zhengyi School
ZHENGYI DAO (Chinese : 正一道; pinyin : Zheng Yi Dào) or the WAY OF ORTHODOX UNITY is a Chinese Daoist movement that emerged during the Tang dynasty
Tang dynasty
as a transformation of the earlier Tianshi Dao movement. Like Tianshi Dao, the leader of Zhengyi Daoism was known as the Celestial Master. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Beliefs * 3 Practices * 3.1 Rituals * 4 Texts * 5 See also * 6 Notes * 7 References HISTORY Longhu Shan , the headquarters of the Zhengyi Daoists, in Jiangxi
Jiangxi
, China
China
By the beginning of the Tang dynasty
Tang dynasty
in 618, the term 'Celestial Master' had lost the potency it had in earlier movements such as the Five Pecks of Rice , and any prominent Daoist could be accorded the title
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Zhang Jue
ZHANG JUE (died 184) was the leader of the Yellow Turban Rebellion during the late Eastern Han dynasty
Eastern Han dynasty
. He was said to be a follower of Taoism
Taoism
and a sorcerer. His name is sometimes read as ZHANG JIAO, since the Chinese character of Zhang's given name can be read as either "Jiao" or "Jue". "Jue" is the traditional reading, while "Jiao" is the modern one. CONTENTS * 1 Yellow Turban Rebellion
Yellow Turban Rebellion
* 2 In Romance of the Three Kingdoms
Romance of the Three Kingdoms
* 3 In popular culture * 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 References YELLOW TURBAN REBELLIONGiving himself the title of "Great Teacher", Zhang Jue
Zhang Jue
led the Yellow Turban Rebellion with his younger brothers Zhang Bao and Zhang Liang in a campaign called "The Way of Heaven" or "The Way of Peace"
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Zhang Daoling
ZHANG LING (simplified Chinese : 张陵; traditional Chinese : 張陵; pinyin : Zhāng Líng; Wade–Giles : Chang Ling; 34–156), courtesy name FUHAN (simplified Chinese : 辅汉; traditional Chinese : 輔漢), was an Eastern Han Dynasty
Han Dynasty
Taoist figure credited with founding the Way of the Celestial Masters sect of Taoism, which is also known as the Way of the Five Pecks of Rice . He is also known as ZHANG DAOLING (simplified Chinese : 张道陵; traditional Chinese : 張道陵; pinyin : Zhāng Dàolíng; Wade–Giles : Chang Tao-ling), CELESTIAL MASTER ZHANG (張天師, Zhāng tiānshī), ANCESTRAL CELESTIAL MASTER (祖天師, Zǔtiānshī) or ZHENGYI ZHENREN (正一真人) to Taoists. Zhang is sometimes pictured riding on a tiger
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Ge Hong
GE HONG (Chinese : 葛洪; pinyin : Gě Hóng; Wade–Giles : KO HUNG, 283–343) — courtesy name ZHICHUAN (稚川) — was a minor southern official during the Jìn Dynasty (265-420) of China
China
, best known for his interest in Daoism
Daoism
, alchemy , and techniques of longevity. Yet religious and esoteric writing represents only a portion of Ge's considerable literary output, which as a whole, spans a broad range of content and genres. Although a prolific writer of many literary styles, most of Ge's early work, such as rhapsodies (fu), verse (shi), historical commentary, and biographies , are now lost
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Chen Tuan
CHEN TUAN 陳摶 (d. 989) was a Taoist
Taoist
sage credited with creation of the kung fu system Liuhebafa
Liuhebafa
("Six Harmonies and Eight Methods"). Along with this internal art, he is also said to be associated with a method of Qi (energy) cultivation known today as Taiji ruler and a 24 season Daoyin method (ershisi shi daoyin fa) using seated and standing exercises designed to prevent diseases that occur during seasonal changes throughout the year. CONTENTS * 1 Name and titles * 2 Biography and legends * 3 Later historical references * 4 Sources * 5 See also * 6 References * 6.1 Sources * 7 External links NAME AND TITLESThe character "Tuan" (摶) is sometimes confused with the very similar-looking character "Bo" (搏), thus the name is sometimes incorrectly romanized as Chen BO or Chen PO
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Taoist Schools
TAOISM is a religion with many SCHOOLS or DENOMINATIONS, of which none occupies a position of orthodoxy . Taoist branches usually build their identity around a set of scriptures, that are manuals of ritual practices. Scriptures are considered "breathwork", that is "configurations of energy" (qi ), embodiments of "celestial patterns" (tianwen), or "revelations of structures" (li). The earliest Taoist schools
Taoist schools
emerged during the late Eastern Han dynasty (25-220 CE). They blossomed especially in the region of Shu , modern-day Sichuan
Sichuan
. From the 12th and 13th century onwards several smaller branches merged in larger ones, but in turn side-schools developed around the large traditions. In modern times the existing schools tend to be classified under few overarching headings, in most cases two: Quanzhen Taoism
Taoism
and Zhengyi Taoism
Taoism

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Zhuang Zhou
ZHUANG ZHOU, often known as ZHUANGZI ("Master Zhuang"), was an influential Chinese philosopher who lived around the 4th century BC during the Warring States period
Warring States period
, a period corresponding to the summit of Chinese philosophy , the Hundred Schools of Thought . He is credited with writing—in part or in whole—a work known by his name, the Zhuangzi , which is one of the foundational texts of Daoism . CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Writing * 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 External links LIFE See also: Zhuangzi (book)
Zhuangzi (book)
§ History The only account of the life of Zhuangzi is a brief sketch in chapter 63 of Sima Qian
Sima Qian
's Records of the Grand Historian
Records of the Grand Historian
, and most of the information it contains seems to have simply been drawn from anecdotes in the Zhuangzi itself
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Laozi
LAOZI (also LAO-TZU /ˈlaʊˈdzʌ/ or LAO-TZE, Chinese : 老子; pinyin : Lǎozǐ, literally "Old Master") was an ancient Chinese philosopher and writer. He is known as the reputed author of the Tao Te Ching , the founder of philosophical Taoism
Taoism
, and a deity in religious Taoism
Taoism
and traditional Chinese religions . Although a legendary figure, Laozi
Laozi
is usually dated to around the 6th century BCE
BCE
and reckoned a contemporary of Confucius
Confucius
, but some historians contend that he actually lived during the Warring States period of the 5th or 4th century BCE
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Li Hong (Taoist Eschatology)
— Events — * Death * Resurrection
Resurrection
* Last Judgement Jewish * Messianism * * Book of Daniel
Book of Daniel
* Kabbalah
Kabbalah
Taoist * Li Hong Zoroastrian
Zoroastrian
* Frashokereti * Saoshyant Inter-religious * * End times * Apocalypticism * 2012 phenomenon * * Millenarianism * Last Judgment * Resurrection
Resurrection
of the dead * * Gog and Magog * Messianic Age * v * t * e LI HONG (Chinese : 李弘) is a messianic figure in religious Taoism prophesied to appear at the end of the world cycle to rescue the chosen people, who would be distinguished by certain talismans, practices and virtues
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Queen Mother Of The West
MODEL HUMANITY: * Xian * Zhenren * Wen and wu Practices * Fenxiang * Jingxiang
Jingxiang
*
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List Of Taoists
TAOISM (/ˈdaʊɪzəm/ or /ˈtaʊɪzəm/ ), also known as DAOISM, is a religious or philosophical tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao
Tao
(道, literally "Way", also romanized as Dao ). The Tao
Tao
is a fundamental idea in most Chinese philosophical schools; in Taoism, however, it denotes the principle that is the source, pattern and substance of everything that exists. Taoism
Taoism
differs from Confucianism
Confucianism
by not emphasizing rigid rituals and social order. Taoist ethics vary depending on the particular school, but in general tend to emphasize wu wei (effortless action), "naturalness", simplicity, spontaneity, and the Three Treasures : 慈 "compassion", 儉 "frugality", and 不敢為天下先 "humility". The roots of Taoism
Taoism
go back at least to the 4th century BCE
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Way Of The Five Pecks Of Rice
The WAY OF THE FIVE PECKS OF RICE (Chinese : 五斗米道; pinyin : Wǔ Dǒu Mǐ Dào) or the WAY OF THE CELESTIAL MASTER, commonly abbreviated to simply THE CELESTIAL MASTERS, was a Chinese Taoist movement founded by the first Celestial Master Zhang Daoling
Zhang Daoling
in 142 CE . At its height, the movement controlled a theocratic state in the Hanzhong
Hanzhong
valley, north of Sichuan
Sichuan
. In 215 CE, the state was incorporated into Cao Cao
Cao Cao
's Kingdom of Wei , and the followers of the Celestial Master were dispersed all over China. The Celestial Masters believed that qi pervaded everything, and in order to achieve immortality , the correct balance of qi had to be present within the body. Having a poor quantity of qi in the body, would result in illness, and eventually death
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Way Of The Celestial Masters
CELESTIAL may refer to: * Celestial events * Celestial objects * Angels and seraphs of Heaven
Heaven
Not to be confused with Telestial kingdom
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Grotto-heavens
GROTTO-HEAVENS (Chinese : 洞天; pinyin : Dòngtian) are a type of sacred Taoist site. Grotto-heavens
Grotto-heavens
are usually caves , grottoes , mountain hollows , or other underground or semi-underground spaces. Because every community was supposed to have access to at least one grotto, there were many of them all over China
China
. They were first organized systematically in the Tang Dynasty
Tang Dynasty
by Sima Chengzhen 司馬承禎 (647–735, see Zuowanglun ) and Du Guangting 杜光庭 (850-933). The most sacred of these sites were divided into two types: The ten greater grotto-heavens and the thirty-six lesser grotto-heavens. The ten greater grotto-heavens are as follows: * Mt. Wangwu grotto 王屋山 ( Henan
Henan
) * Mt. Weiyu grotto 委羽山 ( Zhejiang
Zhejiang
) * Mt
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Taoist Temple
A TAOIST TEMPLE (traditional Chinese : 觀; simplified Chinese : 观; pinyin : guān, also 道观 dàoguān, literally " where the Tao
Tao
is observed/cultivated") is a place of worship in Taoism
Taoism
. Structure and function can vary according to the Taoist school the temple belongs to. For example, guān of the Quanzhen School are monasteries where celibate daoshi live. The title gōng (traditional Chinese : 宫) "palace" is often used for large temples built with imperial or governmental patronage
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