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Yilan City
Yilan City
Yilan City
(Chinese: 宜蘭市; pinyin: Yílán Shì; Wade–Giles: I2-lan2 Shih4) is a city and the county seat of Yilan County, Taiwan. The city lies on the north side of the Lanyang River.Contents1 History1.1 Qing dynasty 1.2 Empire of Japan 1.3 Republic of China2 Geography 3 Climate 4 Administrative divisions 5 Government institutions 6 Tourist attractions 7 Transportation 8 Sister cities 9 References 10 Bibliography 11 External linksHistory[edit] The Yilan Plain
Yilan Plain
in which the city is located has historically been referred to as Kapalan (Chinese: 蛤仔難; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Kap-á-lān),[1] Kapsulan (蛤仔蘭; Kap-chú-lân; also 甲子蘭), Komalan (噶瑪蘭; Kat-má-lán), etc. These names, as well as that of Yilan itself, were given to the sites by the Kavalan tribe of Taiwanese aborigines
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James W. Davidson
James Wheeler Davidson (14 June 1872 – 18 July 1933) was an explorer, writer, United States diplomat, businessman and philanthropist. He is remembered for The Island of Formosa, Past and Present (1903) on the history of Taiwan
Taiwan
and also noted for greatly aiding the internationalisation of Rotary International.Contents1 Adventure and journalism 2 Diplomatic career, emigration to Canada, Rotary International 3 Bibliography 4 Notes 5 References 6 Further readingAdventure and journalism[edit] In 1893 Davidson was a member of the Peary expedition to Greenland, which was attempting to find a route to the North Pole.[1] In 1895 he travelled to Taiwan
Taiwan
as a war correspondent to report on the transition from Qing rule to Japanese rule, and witnessed the resistance to the Japanese takeover which centred on the short-lived Republic of Formosa
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Taiwan Railways Administration
The Taiwan
Taiwan
Railways Administration (Chinese: 臺灣鐵路管理局; pinyin: Táiwān Tiělù Guǎnlǐjú; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Tâi-oân Thih-lō͘ Koán-lí-kio̍k) is an agency of the Ministry of Transportation and Communications of Taiwan
Taiwan
responsible for managing, maintaining, and running passenger and freight services on 1097 km of conventional railroad lines in Taiwan.[1] Hence conventional rail services in Taiwan
Taiwan
are known as TRA (Chinese: 臺鐵; pinyin: Táitiě; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Tâi-thih). Since Taiwan
Taiwan
is heavily urbanized with a high population density, railways have played an important part in domestic transportation since the late 19th century. Most of the main lines are fully electrified and service is generally efficient and reliable
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Lanyang Plain
Coordinates: 24°42′56″N 121°47′3″E / 24.71556°N 121.78417°E / 24.71556; 121.78417Yilan PlainYilan Plain
Plain
(Chinese: 宜蘭平原; pinyin: Yilán Píngyuán), also called the Lanyang Plain
Plain
(蘭陽平原), or historically Kabalan[1] (Chinese: 蛤仔難; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Kap-á-lān), Kapsulan (蛤仔蘭; Kap-chú-lân), Komalan (噶瑪蘭; Kat-má-lán) is a plain in Yilan County, Taiwan. The plain has an alluvial fan which formed by Lanyang River. The plain was formed in the shape of nearly equilateral triangle. The broad and flat feature of this plan has made transportation so convenient in the region which drew large population to the towns and city in the area. The plain was inhabited by the Kavalans, an aboriginal group which mostly had migrated to southern places such as Hualien and Taitung.[2][3] See also[edit]Yilan County, Taiwan Geography of TaiwanReferences[edit]^ Campbell, William (1903)
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Taipeh Prefecture
Taipeh Prefecture (Chinese: 臺北府) was a Qing dynasty
Qing dynasty
prefecture created from the northern part of Taiwan
Taiwan
Prefecture, Qing-era Taiwan in 1875, while the island was still part of Fujian Province.[1] It consisted of a region surrounding modern-day Taipei
Taipei
in northern Taiwan, including modern-day Hsinchu, Hsinchu
Hsinchu
County, Taoyuan City, New Taipei
Taipei
City, Taipei, Keelung, and Yilan County
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Geographic Coordinate System
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols.[n 1] The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position, and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position
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Humid Subtropical Climate
A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot, humid summers and mild winters. These climates normally lie on the southeast side of all continents, generally between latitudes 25° and 35° and are located poleward from adjacent tropical climates, and south of temperate climates. While many subtropical climates tend to be on or near a coast, in some cases they extend inland, most notably in China
China
and the United States
United States
(US). The subtropical climate was created in the 1966 update of the Koppen climate classification. The Trewartha climate classification
Trewartha climate classification
sought to redefine middle latitude climates into smaller zones (the original Köppen system grouped all middle latitude climates into a single zone, which was the major criticism)
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Precipitation
In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity.[2] The main forms of precipitation include drizzle, rain, sleet, snow, graupel and hail. Precipitation
Precipitation
occurs when a portion of the atmosphere becomes saturated with water vapor, so that the water condenses and "precipitates". Thus, fog and mist are not precipitation but suspensions, because the water vapor does not condense sufficiently to precipitate. Two processes, possibly acting together, can lead to air becoming saturated: cooling the air or adding water vapor to the air. Precipitation
Precipitation
forms as smaller droplets coalesce via collision with other rain drops or ice crystals within a cloud
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Relative Humidity
Relative humidity
Relative humidity
(RH) is the ratio of the partial pressure of water vapor to the equilibrium vapor pressure of water at a given temperature. Relative humidity
Relative humidity
depends on temperature and the pressure of the system of interest
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Sunshine Duration
Sunshine
Sunshine
duration or sunshine hours is a climatological indicator, measuring duration of sunshine in given period (usually, a day or a year) for a given location on Earth, typically expressed as an averaged value over several years. It is a general indicator of cloudiness of a location, and thus differs from insolation, which measures the total energy delivered by sunlight over a given period. Sunshine
Sunshine
duration is usually expressed in hours per year, or in (average) hours per day. The first measure indicates the general sunniness of a location compared with other places, while the latter allows for comparison of sunshine in various seasons in the same location.[1] Another often-used measure is percentage ratio of recorded bright sunshine duration and daylight duration in the observed period. An important use of sunshine duration data is to characterize the climate of sites, especially of health resorts
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United States
Coordinates: 40°N 100°W / 40°N 100°W / 40; -100 United States
United States
of AmericaFlagGreat SealMotto:  "In God
God
We Trust"[1][fn 1]Other traditional mottos  "E pluribus unum" (Lat
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Taiwan Under Japanese Rule
Taiwan
Taiwan
under Japanese rule is the period between 1895 and 1945 in which the island of Taiwan
Taiwan
(including the Penghu
Penghu
Islands) was a dependency of the Empire of Japan, after Qing China
Qing China
lost the First Sino-Japanese War to Japan
Japan
and ceded Taiwan Province
Taiwan Province
in the Treaty of Shimonoseki. The short-lived Republic of Formosa
Republic of Formosa
resistance movement ended to no avail when it was suppressed by Japanese troops. The fall of Tainan
Tainan
ended organized resistance to Japanese occupation, and inaugurated five decades of Japanese rule. The annexation of Taiwan
Taiwan
into the Japanese Empire can be viewed as Japan's first steps in implementing their "Southern Expansion Doctrine" of the late 19th century
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Kansas
Kansas
Kansas
/ˈkænzəs/ ( listen) is a U.S. state
U.S. state
in the Midwestern United States.[10] Its capital is Topeka
Topeka
and its largest city is Wichita. Kansas
Kansas
is named after the Kansa Native American tribe, which inhabited the area.[11] The tribe's name (natively kką:ze) is often said to mean "people of the (south) wind" although this was probably not the term's original meaning.[12][13] For thousands of years, what is now Kansas
Kansas
was home to numerous and diverse Native American tribes. Tribes in the eastern part of the state generally lived in villages along the river valleys
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Madera, California
Madera is a city in California
California
and the county seat of Madera County.[9] As of the 2010 United States
United States
Census, the city's population was 61,416, up from 43,207 in 2000. Located in the San Joaquin Valley, Madera is a principal city of the Madera–Chowchilla Metropolitan Statistical Area, which encompasses all of Madera County, and Metropolitan Fresno. It is located in California's San Joaquin Valley
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California
Native languages as of 2007English 57.4%[2] Spanish 28.5%[3] Chinese 2.8%[3] Filipino 2.2%[3]Demonym CalifornianCapital SacramentoLargest city Los AngelesLargest metro Greater Los Angeles
Los Angeles
AreaArea Ranked 3rd • Total 163,696 sq mi (423,970 km2) • Width 250 miles (400 km) • Length 770 miles (1,240 km) • % water 4.7 • Latitude 32°32′ N to 42° N • Longitude 114°8′ W to 124°26′ W
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Lowell, Massachusetts
Lowell is a city in the U.S. Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Located in Middlesex County, Lowell (along with Cambridge) was a county seat until Massachusetts
Massachusetts
disbanded county government in 1999.[3] With an estimated population of 109,945 in 2014,[4] it is the fourth-largest city in Massachusetts, and the second-largest in the Boston metropolitan statistical area.[5] The city is also part of a smaller Massachusetts
Massachusetts
statistical area called Greater Lowell, as well as New England's Merrimack Valley
Merrimack Valley
region. Incorporated in 1826 to serve as a mill town, Lowell was named after Francis Cabot Lowell, a local figure in the Industrial Revolution. The city became known as the cradle of the American Industrial Revolution, due to a large series of textile mills and factories
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