HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff
[::MainTopicLength::#1500] [::ListTopicLength::#1000] [::ListLength::#15] [::ListAdRepeat::#3]

picture info

Yaldā Night
Shab-e Yalda ("Yalda night" Persian: شب یلدا‎) or Shab-e Chelleh ("night of forty", Persian: شب چله‎) is an Iranian[1] festival celebrated on the "longest and darkest night of the year," Yalda is a winter solstice celebration,[rs 1] that is, in the night of the Northern Hemisphere's winter solstice. Calendrically, this corresponds to the night of December 20/21 (±1) in the Gregorian calendar, and to the night between the last day of the ninth month (Azar) and the first day of the tenth month (Dey)[rs 2] of the Iranian civil calendar.[rs 2] The longest and darkest night of the year is a time when friends and family gather together to eat, drink and read poetry (especially Hafez) until well after midnight. Fruits and nuts are eaten and pomegranates and watermelons are particularly significant. The red color in these fruits symbolizes the crimson hues of dawn and glow of life
[...More...]

"Yaldā Night" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo
Parouse

picture info

Persian Language
Persian (/ˈpɜːrʒən/ or /ˈpɜːrʃən/), also known by its endonym Farsi[8][9] (فارسی fārsi [fɒːɾˈsiː] ( listen)), is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan
Afghanistan
(officially known as Dari since 1958),[10] and Tajikistan
Tajikistan
(officially known as Tajiki since the Soviet era),[11] and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran
[...More...]

"Persian Language" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo
Parouse

picture info

Kingdom Of Pontus
The Kingdom of Pontus
Kingdom of Pontus
or Pontic Empire was a state founded by the Persian Mithridatic dynasty,[1][2][3][4] which may have been directly related to Darius the Great and the Achaemenid dynasty.[4] The kingdom was proclaimed by Mithridates I in 281 BCE and lasted until its conquest by the Roman Republic
Roman Republic
in 63 BCE. It reached its largest extent under Mithridates VI
Mithridates VI
the Great, who conquered Colchis, Cappadocia, Bithynia, the Greek colonies of the Tauric Chersonesos, and for a brief time the Roman province of Asia
[...More...]

"Kingdom Of Pontus" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo
Parouse

picture info

Urartu
Urartu
Urartu
(/ʊˈrɑːrtuː/; Armenian: Ուրարտու), also known as Kingdom of Van (Urartian: Biai, Biainili;[3] Assyrian: māt Urarṭu;[4] Babylonian: Urashtu; Armenian: Վանի թագավորություն, translit. Vani t′agavorut′yun)[5] was an Iron Age
Iron Age
kingdom centred on Lake Van
Lake Van
in the Armenian Highlands. It corresponds to the biblical Kingdom of Ararat. Strictly speaking, Urartu
Urartu
is the Assyrian term for a geographical region, while "Kingdom of Urartu" or "Biainili lands" are terms used in modern historiography for the Urartian-speaking Iron Age
Iron Age
state that arose in that region
[...More...]

"Urartu" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo
Parouse

picture info

Mannaeans
The Mannaeans
Mannaeans
/məˈniːənz/ (country name usually Mannea; Akkadian: Mannai, possibly Biblical Minni, מנּי) were an ancient people who lived in the territory of present-day northwestern Iran
Iran
south of lake Urmia, around the 10th to 7th centuries BC. At that time they were neighbors of the empires of Assyria
Assyria
and Urartu, as well as other small buffer states between the two, such as Musasir
Musasir
and Zikirta. In the Bible
Bible
(Jeremiah 51:27) the Mannaeans
Mannaeans
are called Minni
[...More...]

"Mannaeans" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo
Parouse

picture info

Medes
The Medes[N 1] (/miːdz/, Old Persian
Old Persian
Māda-, Ancient Greek: Μῆδοι, Hebrew: מָדַי‬) were an ancient Iranian people[N 2] who lived in an area known as Media (northwestern Iran) and who spoke the Median language. At around 1100 to 1000 BC, they inhabited the mountainous area of northwestern Iran
Iran
and the northeastern and eastern region of Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
and located in the Hamadan
Hamadan
(Ecbatana) region.[5] Their emergence in Iran
Iran
is thought to have occurred between 800 BC and 700 BC, and in the 7th century the whole of western Iran and some other territories were under Median rule
[...More...]

"Medes" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo
Parouse

picture info

Scythians
Pontic SteppeDomestication of the horse Kurgan Kurgan
Kurgan
culture Steppe
Steppe
culturesBug-Dniester Sredny Stog Dnieper-Donets Samara Khvalynsk YamnaMikhaylovka cultureCaucasusMaykopEast
[...More...]

"Scythians" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo
Parouse

picture info

Neo-Babylonian Empire
The Neo-Babylonian Empire
Empire
was a period of Mesopotamian history which began in 626 BC and ended in 539 BC.[1] During the preceding three centuries, Babylonia
Babylonia
had been ruled by their fellow Akkadian
Akkadian
speakers and northern neighbours, Assyria. A year after the death of the last strong Assyrian ruler, Assurbanipal, in 627 BC, the Assyrian empire spiralled into a series of brutal civil wars. Babylonia
Babylonia
rebelled under Nabopolassar. In alliance with the Medes, Persians, Scythians
Scythians
and Cimmerians, they sacked the city of Nineveh
Nineveh
in 612 BC, and the seat of empire was transferred to Babylonia
Babylonia
for the first time since the death of Hammurabi
Hammurabi
in the mid 18th century BC
[...More...]

"Neo-Babylonian Empire" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo
Parouse

picture info

Achaemenid Empire
The Achaemenid Empire
Empire
(/əˈkiːmənɪd/ c. 550–330 BC), also called the First Persian Empire,[11] was an empire based in Western Asia, founded by Cyrus the Great. Ranging at its greatest extent from the Balkans
Balkans
and Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe
proper in the west to the Indus Valley in the east, it was larger than any previous empire in history, spanning 5.5 million square kilometers. Incorporating various peoples of different origins and faiths, it is notable for its successful model of a centralised, bureaucratic administration (through satraps under the King of Kings), for building infrastructure such as road systems and a postal system, the use of an official language across its territories, and the development of civil services and a large professional army
[...More...]

"Achaemenid Empire" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo
Parouse

picture info

Kingdom Of Armenia (antiquity)
The Kingdom of Armenia, also the Kingdom of Greater Armenia,[3] or simply Greater Armenia
Armenia
(Armenian: Մեծ Հայք Mets Hayk;[4] Latin: Armenia
Armenia
Maior), was a monarchy in the Ancient Near East which existed from 321 BC to 428 AD. Its history is divided into successive reigns by three royal dynasties: Orontid (321 BC–200 BC),[5][6] Artaxiad (189 BC–12 AD) and Arsacid (52–428). The root of the kingdom lies in one of the satrapies of the Achaemenid Empire
Empire
of Persia
Persia
called Armenia
Armenia
( Satrapy
Satrapy
of Armenia), which was formed from the territory of the Kingdom of Ararat (860 BC–590 BC) after it was conquered by the Median Empire
Empire
in 590 BC
[...More...]

"Kingdom Of Armenia (antiquity)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo
Parouse

picture info

Atropatene
Atropatene
Atropatene
(in Greek: Ἀτροπατηνή; originally in old Persian and Pahlavi languages known as "Atropatkan" and "Atorpatkan") was an ancient kingdom established and ruled under local ethnic Iranian dynasties, first with Darius III
Darius III
of Persia and later Alexander the Great of Macedonia[1] starting in the 4th century BC and includes the territory of modern-day Iranian Azerbaijan,[2] Iranian Kurdistan,[3] and a small part of the contemporary Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
Republic. Its capital was Ganzak. Atropatene
Atropatene
also was the nominal ancestor of the name Azerbaijan.[4]Contents1 History 2 List of rulers 3 References 4 SourcesHistory[edit] Following the death of Alexander the Great
Alexander the Great
in 323 BC, the Macedonian's conquests were divided amongst the diadochi at the Partition of Babylon
[...More...]

"Atropatene" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo
Parouse

picture info

Kingdom Of Cappadocia
The Kingdom of Cappadocia
Cappadocia
was a Hellenistic-era Iranian kingdom[1][2] centered in the historical region of Cappadocia
Cappadocia
in Asia Minor (present-day Turkey). It developed from the former Achaemenid satrapy of Cappadocia, and it was founded by its last satrap, Ariarathes (later Ariarathes I). Throughout its history, it was ruled by three families in succession; the House of Ariarathes (331-96 BC), the House of Ariobarzanes (96 BC-36 BC), and lastly that of Archelaus (36 BC-17 AD)
[...More...]

"Kingdom Of Cappadocia" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo
Parouse

picture info

Seleucid Empire
The Seleucid Empire
Empire
(/sɪˈljuːsɪd/;[6] Ancient Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Σελευκιδῶν, Basileía tōn Seleukidōn) was a Hellenistic
Hellenistic
state ruled by the Seleucid dynasty, which existed from 312 BC to 63 BC; Seleucus I Nicator
Seleucus I Nicator
founded it following the division of the Macedonian empire vastly expanded by Alexander the Great.[7][8][9][10] Seleucus received Babylonia
Babylonia
(321 BC), and from there, expanded his dominions to include much of Alexander's near-eastern territories
[...More...]

"Seleucid Empire" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo
Parouse

picture info

Parthian Empire
The Parthian Empire
Empire
(/ˈpɑːrθiən/; 247 BC – 224 AD), also known as the Arsacid Empire
Empire
(/ˈɑːrsəsɪd/),[9] was a major Iranian political and cultural power in ancient Iran
Iran
and Iraq.[10] Its latter name comes from Arsaces I of Parthia[11] who, as leader of the Parni
Parni
tribe, founded it in the mid-3rd century BC when he conquered the region of Parthia[12] in Iran's northeast, then a satrapy (province) in rebellion against the Seleucid Empire. Mithridates I of Parthia
Parthia
(r. c. 171–138 BC) greatly expanded the empire by seizing Media and Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
from the Seleucids. At its height, the Parthian Empire
Empire
stretched from the northern reaches of the Euphrates, in what is now central-eastern Turkey, to eastern Iran
[...More...]

"Parthian Empire" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo
Parouse

picture info

Kassites
The Kassites
Kassites
(/ˈkæsaɪts/) were people of the ancient Near East, who controlled Babylonia
Babylonia
after the fall of the Old Babylonian Empire
Babylonian Empire
c. 1531 BC and until c. 1155 BC (short chronology). The endonym of the Kassites
Kassites
was probably Galzu,[1] although they have also been referred to by the names Kaššu, Kassi, Kasi or Kashi. They gained control of Babylonia
Babylonia
after the Hittite sack of the city in 1595 BC (i.e
[...More...]

"Kassites" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo
Parouse

picture info

Suren Kingdom
The Suren Kingdom, also known as the Indo-Parthians, was a kingdom ruled by the House of Suren from c. 119 BC to 240 AD. The kingdom mainly ruled in Sakastan
Sakastan
during its whole existence, but at its zenith, it stretched as far as Sindh. In 240, the kingdom was incorporated into the Sasanian Empire.Contents1 Origin 2 History 3 List of rulers 4 SourcesOrigin[edit]This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (January 2016)History[edit]This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (January 2016)List of rulers[edit] The following list shows the known rulers of the kingdom:Vonones of Sakastan
Sakastan
(75–65 BC) Surena (??? - 53 BC) Gondophares
Gondophares
(r. 19 AD - 46) Abdagases I
Abdagases I
(r. 46 - ???) Ardashir Sakanshah (??? - 240)Sources[edit]Greatrex, Geoffrey; Lieu, Samuel N. C. (2002)
[...More...]

"Suren Kingdom" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo
Parouse
.