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Xhosa Wars
The XHOSA WARS (also known as the CAPE FRONTIER WARS, KAFFIR WARS or "AFRICA\'S 100 YEARS WAR"), were a series of nine wars or flare-ups (from 1779 to 1879) between the Xhosa tribes and European settlers in what is now the Eastern Cape
Eastern Cape
in South Africa. These events were the longest-running military action in the history of African colonialism . The reality of the conflicts between the Europeans and Xhosa involves a balance of tension. At times, tensions existed between the various Europeans in the Cape region, tensions between Empire administration and colonial governments, and tensions and alliances of the Xhosa tribes. Alliances with Europeans introduced to the Xhosa tribes the use of firearms; even so, the Xhosa lost most of their territory and were incorporated into the British Empire
British Empire

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South African Special Forces
Primary tasks: * Special Reconnaissance * Underwater demolition * Counter-terrorism
Counter-terrorism
* Combat Search And Rescue * Covert operations * Dire
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Trekboers
In the history of Southern Africa
Southern Africa
, the TREKBOERE (now referred to as "Trekboer" in English; pronounced: /ˈtrɛkbuːr/ ) were nomadic pastoralists descended from European settlers on the frontiers of the Dutch Cape Colony
Dutch Cape Colony
. The Trekboere began migrating into the interior from the areas surrounding what is now Cape Town
Cape Town
, such as Paarl (settled from 1688), Stellenbosch
Stellenbosch
(founded in 1679), and Franschhoek (settled from 1688), during the late 17th century and throughout the 18th century. The Trekboer included mixed-race families of partial Khoikoi descent who had also become established within the economic class of burghers
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South African Military Health Service
The SOUTH AFRICAN MILITARY HEALTH SERVICE is the branch of the South African National Defence Force responsible for medical facilities and the training and deployment of all medical personnel within the force. Though unusual, as most national militaries integrate their medical structures into their existing service branches, the SANDF regards this structure as being the most efficient method of providing care and support to the SANDF's personnel. It is a significant actor in the effort to control HIV/AIDS
HIV/AIDS
within the SANDF
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South African Navy
The SOUTH AFRICAN NAVY (SAN) is the naval warfare branch of the South African National Defence Force . The role of the navy is to prepare for and to conduct naval operations in defence of the Republic
Republic
of South Africa
South Africa
, its citizens and interests and to carry out peacetime operations in support of other national objectives. Other tasks include the maintenance, preservation and the provision of naval services in support of other state departments and authorities, including search and rescue, protection of maritime resources, and diplomatic sea transport support
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South African Air Force
C-130 , Atlas Oryx , Agusta A109 , CASA C.212 , Cessna Caravan The SOUTH AFRICAN AIR FORCE (SAAF, SUID-AFRIKAANSE LUGMAG (SALM) in Afrikaans
Afrikaans
) is the air force of South Africa
South Africa
, with headquarters in Pretoria
Pretoria
. The South African Air Force
South African Air Force
was established on 1 February 1920. The Air Force has seen service in World War II and the Korean War. From 1966 the SAAF was involved in providing infantry support in a low intensity war ("The Border War ") in Angola
Angola
, South-West Africa ( Namibia
Namibia
) and Rhodesia
Rhodesia

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South African Defence Force
The SOUTH AFRICAN DEFENCE FORCE (SADF) comprised the South African armed forces from 1957 until 1994. Shortly before the state reconstituted itself as a republic in 1961, the former Union Defence Force was officially succeeded by the SADF, which was established by the Defence Act (No. 44) of 1957. The SADF, in turn, was superseded by the South African National Defence Force in 1994. The SADF was organised to perform a dual mission: to counter possible insurgency in all forms, and to maintain a conventional military arm which could defend the republic's borders, making retaliatory strikes as necessary
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Cape Town
CAPE TOWN ( Afrikaans : Kaapstad ; Xhosa : Ikapa) is a coastal city in South Africa
South Africa
. It is the second-most populous urban area in South Africa after Johannesburg
Johannesburg
. It is also the capital and primate city of the Western Cape province. As the seat of the Parliament of South Africa
South Africa
, it is also the legislative capital of the country. It forms part of the City
City
of Cape Town metropolitan municipality . The city is famous for its harbour , for its natural setting in the Cape Floristic Region , and for such well-known landmarks as Table Mountain and Cape Point . As of 2014 , it is the 10th most populous city in Africa and home to 64% of the Western Cape's population
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British Empire
The BRITISH EMPIRE comprised the dominions , colonies , protectorates , mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states. It originated with the overseas possessions and trading posts established by England
England
between the late 16th and early 18th centuries. At its height, it was the largest empire in history and, for over a century, was the foremost global power . By 1913, the British Empire
Empire
held sway over 412 million people, 7001230000000000000♠23% of the world population at the time, and by 1920, it covered 35,500,000 km2 (13,700,000 sq mi), 7001240000000000000♠24% of the Earth's total land area. As a result, its political, legal , linguistic and cultural legacy is widespread
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Eastern Cape
The EASTERN CAPE is a province of South Africa
South Africa
. Its capital is Bhisho
Bhisho
, but its two largest cities are Port Elizabeth
Port Elizabeth
and East London . It was formed in 1994 out of the Xhosa homelands of Transkei
Transkei
and Ciskei
Ciskei
, together with the eastern portion of the Cape Province
Cape Province
. Landing place and home of the 1820 settlers, the central and eastern part of the province is the traditional home of the Xhosa people
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Kaffir (racial Term)
The word KAFFIR (alternatively KAFFER) is a term used in Southern Africa to refer to a black person . Now considered an offensive ethnic slur , it was formerly considered by whites to be a neutral exonym for Bantu peoples
Bantu peoples
. The term is also used to refer to an ethnic group in Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
, the Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Kaffirs , who are partially descended from 16th century Portuguese traders and the African slaves who were brought by them to work as labourers and soldiers. Unlike in South Africa, the Sri Lankan Kaffirs do not consider the term offensive. There is a non-Islamic ethnic group in the Hindu Kush
Hindu Kush
mountains of Northern Pakistan who are called the Kalash Kafir
Kafir
by their neighbors. Their land was known as Kafiristan in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries
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List Of Wars Involving South Africa
This is a list of wars involving South Africa , since the foundation of the Union of South Africa on 31 May 1910
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Dutch East India Company
The DUTCH EAST INDIA COMPANY (Dutch : VERENIGDE OOST-INDISCHE COMPAGNIE abbreviated to VOC), was a publicly tradable corporation that was founded in 1602 and became defunct in 1799. It was originally established as a chartered company to trade with India
India
and Indianized Southeast Asian countries when the Dutch government granted it a 21-year monopoly on the Dutch spice trade . The VOC was an early multinational corporation in its modern sense. The VOC was the first company in history to issue bonds and shares of stock to the general public, on an official stock exchange . making it the world's first listed public company , The VOC was influential in the rise of corporate-led globalization in the early modern period. With its pioneering institutional innovations and powerful roles in world history, the company is considered by many to be the first major modern global corporation, and was at one stage the most valuable corporation ever
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Colonialism In Africa
The history of external colonisation of Africa can be divided into two stages : Classical antiquity and European colonialism . In popular parlance, discussions of colonialism in Africa usually focus on the European conquests that resulted in the scramble for Africa after the Berlin Conference in the 19th century. In nearly all African countries today, the language used in government and media is a relic inherited from one of these waves of colonisation. The existence of a vast African diaspora is largely the legacy of the practice of transporting millions of African slaves out of the continent by these external colonisers
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South African Army
The SOUTH AFRICAN ARMY is the army of South Africa
South Africa
, first formed after the Union of South Africa
South Africa
was created in 1910. The South African military evolved within the tradition of frontier warfare fought by Boer Commando (militia ) forces, reinforced by the Afrikaners ' historical distrust of large standing armies . It then fought as part of the wider British effort in World War II
World War II
, but afterwards was cut off from its long-standing Commonwealth ties with the ascension to power of the National Party in South Africa
South Africa
in 1948. The National Party's opposition to socialism and democracy, and its introduction of the policy of apartheid , led to friction with neighbouring states that helped to spark the border wars in South West Africa
South West Africa
, now Namibia
Namibia
, from 1966
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Gcaleka
The AMAGCALEKA are a major subgroup of the Xhosa found in the former Transkei
Transkei
area of the Eastern Cape
Eastern Cape
. Their counterparts in the former Ciskei
Ciskei
are the Rharhabe (of which the primary tribe is the Ngqika ). The Gcaleka
Gcaleka
kingdom was founded by Gcaleka kaPhalo , who became King in 1775. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Great Kings * 3 The Great Cattle Killing * 4 Conflict * 5 Womanhood * 6 See also * 7 References HISTORYThe Xhosa royal blood line stretches from Ntu, whose heir was Mnguni, the father of Xhosa. The whole division within the Xhosa nation stretches to the time when King Phalo had both of his intended wives arriving on the same day, and for whom he had already paid lobola , one from the Mpondo royal family and one from the Thembu royal family
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