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Wilno
VILNIUS (Lithuanian pronunciation: ( listen ), see also other names ) is the capital of Lithuania
Lithuania
and its largest city, with a population of 542,664 as of 2015 . Vilnius is located in the southeast part of Lithuania
Lithuania
and is the second largest city in the Baltic states
Baltic states
. Vilnius is the seat of the main government institutions of Lithuania as well as of the Vilnius District Municipality
Vilnius District Municipality
. Vilnius is classified as a Gamma global city according to GaWC
GaWC
studies, and is known for the architecture in its Old Town , declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994. Prior to World War II
World War II
, Vilnius was one of the largest Jewish centres in Europe
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Justiniškės
JUSTINIšKėS, located in western edge of Vilnius , is one of the newest districts in the capital of Lithuania . It is also one of the 21 elderships of Vilnius city municipality . It was built mainly in the 1980s as a microdistrict . Almost all buildings are large Soviet-built residential apartment complexes. According to the Lithuanian census of 2011, it has a population of 27,462. FACILITIESThere are about 289 large apartment buildings. Streets in Justiniškės: Taikos (Peace), Rygos (Riga ), Justiniškių, Ežeraičio, Skatulės and Mozūriškių. Justiniškės has stores from major Lithuanian store chains such as IKI , Maxima , Norfa and Rimi
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Žvėrynas
ŽVėRYNAS (Polish : Zwierzyniec, literally the menagerie ) is one of the older neighborhoods and smallest elderships in Vilnius , Lithuania . According to the 2011 census , 11,079 people live within a 2.6 km² area. It lies on the banks of the Neris River, and is situated to the west of the Lithuanian Parliament building. The river surrounds it from three sides and isolates it from the city. On the other side of the river, to the northwest, lies Vingis Park . HISTORYOriginally the district belonged to the Radziwiłł family, who maintained wild animals in the area for hunting purposes (hence the name). In 1825, a summer house was built which later became the residence of the Governor General of the Vilna Governorate . At the end of the 19th century, Žvėrynas became the property of businessmen who in turn sold individual tracts of land to the city's residents. In 1901, it was incorporated into the city
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Lazdynai
LAZDYNAI (Lithuanian : Lazdynų seniūnija, Lazdynai) is an eldership in Vilnius , Lithuania , situated on the right bank of the Neris River . It covers area of 9.9 square kilometres (3.8 sq mi) and has population of 31,097 (according to the 2011 census ). The word means "hazel bushes" in Lithuanian. HISTORY 1893 map of the area from the Russian Empire Since the 1950s, the Baltic states experienced fast population growth and faced housing shortages. When the Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev put forth his program of fast residential construction, based on prefabricated panel buildings dubbed khrushchovkas , it threatened the integrity of the well-preserved historical style of Vilnius. A group of architects struggled against the intrusion of khrushchovkas into the historical city center. Eventually they were awarded with the project to build a satellite city outside Vilnius
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Naujamiestis, Vilnius
NAUJAMIESTIS is an eldership in the Vilnius city municipality , Lithuania . It occupies 4,9 km². According to the 2011 census, it has a population of 23,232. REFERENCES Wikimedia Commons has media related to NAUJAMIESTIS . * ^ http://statistics.bookdesign.lt/table_125_10.htm?lang=lt#viln_m * v * t * e Elderships of Vilnius * Antakalnis * Fabijoniškės * Grigiškės * Justiniškės * Karoliniškės * Lazdynai * Naujamiestis * Naujininkai * Naujoji Vilnia * Paneriai (Žemieji, Aukštieji) * Pašilaičiai * Pilaitė * Rasos * Senamiestis * Šeškinė * Šnipiškės * Verkiai * Vilkpėdė * Viršuliškės * Žirmūnai * Žvėrynas This Lithuanian location article is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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Grigiškės
GRIGIšKėS ( pronunciation (help ·info ) (Polish : Grzegorzewo; Russian : Григорьево Grigoryevo) is a town in the Vilnius city municipality , Lithuania . It is an industrial town with AB Grigiškės , a major paper factory built in 1923. Grigiškės is situated on the both banks of the Vokė river, south from the river Neris . HISTORYMounds from the 5th to 10th centuries show that the surrounding lands have been inhabited for a long time. Kunigiškės, Kauno Vokė and Salos-Afindevičiai villages were there, modern Grigiškės settlement was founded only in the 20th century. The name was given by Grzegorz Kurec , a Polish industrialist, who built a paper and cardboard factory and a water power plant with a unique Grigiškės water aqueduct . In the aftermath of World War II , factory was expanded, many new workplaces were created and returning Belarusian workers from Siberia , who were prohibited to live in Vilnius , settled here
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Remigijus Šimašius
REMIGIJUS ŠIMAšIUS (born 12 January 1974 in Tauragė ) is a Lithuanian jurist and politician, member of Seimas
Seimas
(2012-2015), Minister of Justice (2008-2012), Mayor of Vilnius since 2015. Head of Liberal Movement of the Republic of Lithuania since June 2016 after replacing Eligijus Masiulis who was forced to step down in the midst of a bribery scandal. EDUCATIONIn 1997 Šimašius graduated from the Faculty of Law at the Vilnius University , with a degree in law. In 2002 attained a PhD, after defending his doctoral dissertation on Legal pluralism at the Lithuanian University of Law (now Mykolas Romeris University ). From 2006 to 2008 he was the President of the Lithuanian Free Market Institute . From 9 December 2008 to 13 December 2012 he was the Minister of Justice of the 15th Government headed by Andrius Kubilius
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Magdeburg Rights
MAGDEBURG RIGHTS (German : Magdeburger Recht; also MAGDEBURG LAW) were a set of town privileges first developed by Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor (936–73) and based on the Flemish law, which regulated the degree of internal autonomy within cities and villages, granted by the local ruler. Named after the German city of Magdeburg
Magdeburg
, these town charters were perhaps the most important set of medieval laws in Central Europe thus far. They became the basis for the German town laws developed during many centuries in the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
. Even more importantly, adopted and modified by numerous monarchs including the rulers of Bohemia, Hungary, and Poland, the laws were a milestone in urbanization of the entire region and prompted the development of thousands of villages and cities
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Elderships Of Lithuania
A SENIūNIJA (in English: ELDERSHIP, ELDERATE, WARD, PARISH, or SUBDISTRICT) is the smallest administrative division of Lithuania
Lithuania
. An eldership could either be a very small region consisting of few villages , one single town , or part of a big city . Elderships vary in size and population depending on their place and nature. A few elderships make up a municipality . Šilainiai (Kaunas) and Dainava (Kaunas) are the most populous elderates, with population counts over 70,000, exceeding the population of some entire municipalities. Elderships manage small scale local matters, such as repairing pavements, dirt roads, keeping records on all families living in the eldership. Its premise is that unlike with higher administrative divisions, an elder (leader of eldership) could have time to talk to every person in the eldership who wants to
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Antakalnis
ANTAKALNIS (lit. 'the place on hills') is an eldership in the Vilnius city municipality , Lithuania . Antakalnis is one of the oldest historical suburbs of Vilnius City. It is located in the eastern section of Vilnius, along the left bank of the Neris River, with the river running along the whole western side of the district. The Antakalnis eldership is the second largest in Vilnius, with an area of 77.2 km². One of the greatest Lithuanian Baroque masterpieces , the Roman Catholic Church of St. Peter and St. Paul , is situated in Antakalnis, as is Sapieha Palace (Sapiegų rūmai). Sapieha Palace is surrounded by the only surviving Baroque-style park in Lithuania, which contains the oldest linden tree in Vilnius. Antakalnis is home to the historically important Antakalnis Cemetery , where victims of the January Events in 1991, killed by the Soviet Army , are buried; their graves are often visited, as they are considered national heroes of Lithuania
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Naujininkai
NAUJININKAI is one of the neighborhoods of Vilnius , Lithuania . It is situated in the south-west of the city and lies between Vilnius International Airport and the railway station. It has an eldership status. It has an Old Believers cemetery and a church. HISTORYSince the 19th century, the territory of Naujininkai was used as a cemetery. Naujininkai holds the only Old Believer cemetery in Vilnius. In 1825, two merchants bought a plot in Naujininkai and built a wooden meeting-house. In the 19th century, when steam energy started to spread, many factories in the suburbs of Vilnius built chimneys, because of that Naujininkai was called Kaminai (English: chimneys). The construction of the railway in Vilnius determined the growth of the neighborhood. Industry (most of which was associated with railways), warehouses and new residential buildings started to grow. Newcomers named many streets, such as Šaltkalvių (Metalworker), Konduktorių (Conductor) streets
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Naujoji Vilnia
NAUJOJI VILNIA (Polish : Nowa Wilejka) is a neighborhood in eastern Vilnius , Lithuania situated along the banks of the Vilnia River . It has eldership status. According to the 2011 census, the municipality has a population of 31,933. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 People * 3 Twin towns * 4 Footnotes * 5 References HISTORYIt started as a separate town in the second half of the 19th century when the Warsaw – Saint Petersburg Railway was built. It grew as a narrow strip along the rails. Then another major Libau–Romny Railway line connecting Vilnius with Minsk was built. In 1911, Church of St. Casimir was built. Before Vilnius passed to Poland in 1920, it had a number of small manufacturing shops including wood products, yeast , scythes (known as error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help )), knives, paper and knitting mills. During mass deportations to Siberia in June 1941, some 30,000 deportees passed through the Naujoji Vilnia railway station
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Verkiai
VERKIAI (Polish : Werki) is a northernmost eldership in Vilnius , Lithuania . Historically it was a separate settlement situated north of Vilnius but today it is a part of Vilnius city municipality . It occupies 5,565 ha and has 42,179 inhabitants. Verkiai Regional Park has been established in 1991 to preserve a valuable composition of historical, cultural, architectural, and nature landmarks. LANDMARKSVerkiai has been known from Middle Ages , since Bishop of Vilnius built his palace here. It has been a residence of noble families in Verkiai Palace . Verkiai Calvary is the second oldest Calvary in Lithuania established in 1662–69. Almost all chapels and gates (except those nearby the Roman Catholic Church of The Discovery of The Holy Cross ), were demolished by the Soviet Union in 1963. They were reconstructed by 2002 in their original predominantly in Baroque style
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Vilkpėdė
VILKPėDė is an eldership in the Vilnius city municipality , Lithuania . It occupies 10,8 km². According to the 2011 census, it has a population of 21,346. REFERENCES Wikimedia Commons has media related to VILKPėDė . * ^ http://statistics.bookdesign.lt/table_125_10.htm?lang=lt#viln_m * v * t * e Elderships of Vilnius * Antakalnis * Fabijoniškės * Grigiškės * Justiniškės * Karoliniškės * Lazdynai * Naujamiestis * Naujininkai * Naujoji Vilnia * Paneriai (Žemieji, Aukštieji) * Pašilaičiai * Pilaitė * Rasos * Senamiestis * Šeškinė * Šnipiškės * Verkiai * Vilkpėdė * Viršuliškės * Žirmūnai * Žvėrynas This Lithuanian location article is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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Vilnius Old Town
The OLD TOWN OF VILNIUS (Lithuanian : Vilniaus senamiestis, Polish : Stare Miasto w Wilnie, Belarusian : Стары горад Вільні, Russian : Старый город в Вильнe), one of the largest surviving medieval old towns in Northern Europe , has an area of 3.59 square kilometres (887 acres). It encompasses 74 quarters, with 70 streets and lanes numbering 1487 buildings with a total floor area of 1,497,000 square meters. The oldest part of the Lithuanian capital of Vilnius , it has developed over the course of many centuries, and has been shaped by the city's history and a constantly changing cultural influence. It is a place where some of Europe's greatest architectural styles—gothic , renaissance , baroque and neoclassical —stand side by side and complement each other. Pilies Street is the Old Town's main artery and the hub of cafe and street market life. The main street of Vilnius, Gediminas Avenue , is partially located in the Old Town
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Šeškinė
ŠEšKINė is a fairly new district located in the north of Vilnius , the capital of Lithuania , built in 1977 as a microdistrict . Šeškinė is a largely residential district although it is also home to the Akropolis Mall, one of the largest in Eastern Europe . The second largest sports facilities in Lithuania, the Siemens Arena and the Lietuvos Rytas Arena , are also located there. The only water park in Vilnius was opened on June 1, 2007 next to the Siemens Arena. Earlier, the village of Šeškinė was located there, from which the neighborhood derives its name. HISTORYIn historical sources, Šeškinė has been mentioned in 1390 and 1545. From 12th till mid-19th centuries, the current territory of Šeškinė belonged to Radziwiłł family. Until then, it was but a small settlement with wooden houses. In 1955, Šeškinė was incorporated to Vilnius city municipality and became a neighborhood. In 1977, Šeškinė neighborhood started to build multistorey apartment blocks
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