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William J. Dometrich
Chitō-ryū
Chitō-ryū
(千唐流) is a style of karate founded by Tsuyoshi Chitose (千歳 强直, Chitose Tsuyoshi), (1898-1984). The name of the style translates as: chi (千) - 1,000; tō (唐) - China; ryū (流) - style, school, "1,000 year old Chinese style." The character tō (唐) refers to the Tang Dynasty
Tang Dynasty
of China. The style was officially founded in 1946.[1] Chitō-ryū
Chitō-ryū
is generally classified as a Japanese style because Chitose formulated and founded Chitō-ryū
Chitō-ryū
principally while living in Kumamoto, Japan. However, some modern practitioners[2][3][4][5] feel it is better categorized as an Okinawan style given that its roots and techniques are firmly grounded in and derived from traditional Okinawan Tōde (唐手)
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Peggys Cove
Peggy's Cove
Cove
is a small rural community located on the eastern shore of St. Margarets Bay in Nova Scotia's Halifax Regional Municipality, which is famous for the Peggys Point Lighthouse
Peggys Point Lighthouse
(established 1868).Contents1 Geography 2 History 3 Tourism 4 Geology 5 Atlantic Ocean 6 Cultural impact6.1 William deGarthe7 Swissair Flight 111 8 See also 9 References 10 Sources 11 External linksGeography[edit]Peggy's Cove
Cove
landscapePeggy's Cove
Cove
is 43 kilometers (26 miles) southwest of Downtown Halifax and comprises one of the numerous small fishing communities located around the perimeter of the Chebucto Peninsula. The community is named after the cove of the same name, a name also shared with Peggy's Point, immediately to the east of the cove. The village marks the eastern point of the St
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Kanji
Kanji
Kanji
(漢字; [kandʑi]  listen) are the adopted logographic Chinese characters
Chinese characters
that are used in the Japanese writing system.[1] They are used alongside hiragana and katakana
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Chintō
Chintō (In Shotokan, Gankaku (岩鶴)) is an advanced kata practiced in many styles of Karate. According to legend, it is named after a stranded Chinese sailor (or pirate), sometimes referred to as Annan, whose ship crashed on the Okinawan coast. To survive, Chintō kept stealing from the crops of the local people. Matsumura Sōkon, a Karate
Karate
master and chief bodyguard to the Ryūkyūan king, was sent to defeat Chintō. In the ensuing fight, however, Matsumura found himself equally matched by the stranger, and consequently sought to learn his techniques. It is known that the kata Chintō was well-known to the early Tomari-te
Tomari-te
and Shuri-te
Shuri-te
schools of Karate. Matsumura Sōkon
Matsumura Sōkon
was an early practitioner of the Shuri-te
Shuri-te
style
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Aragaki Seishō
Arakaki Seishō
Arakaki Seishō
(新垣 世璋, 1840–1918) was a prominent Okinawan martial arts master who influenced the development of several major karate styles.[1][2][3] He was known by many other names, including Aragaki Tsuji Pechin Seisho.[4]Contents1 Life and martial arts 2 Kata 3 Legacy 4 ReferencesLife and martial arts[edit] Arakaki was born in 1840 in either Kumemura, on Okinawa Island, or on the nearby island of Sesoko.[3] He was an official in the royal court of Ryūkyū, and as such held the title of Chikudon Peichin,[2] which denoted a status similar to that of the samurai in Japan.[1] On 24 March 1867, he demonstrated
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Sōgen-ji
Sōgen-ji
Sōgen-ji
(崇元寺) was a Buddhist temple
Buddhist temple
and royal mausoleum of the Ryūkyū Kingdom, located in Naha, Okinawa. It was erected during the reign of King Shō Shin
Shō Shin
(r. 1477-1526), and destroyed in the 1945 battle of Okinawa. In 1496, memorial tablets representing the kings of the Ryūkyū Kingdom were installed in the temple, establishing it as a royal mausoleum. Anyone entering the temple grounds, including the king himself, had to dismount and enter the temple on foot out of respect for the prior sovereigns
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Ryūkyū Kingdom
The Ryukyu Kingdom
Ryukyu Kingdom
(Okinawan: 琉球國 Ruuchuu-kuku; Japanese: 琉球王国 Ryūkyū Ōkoku; Middle Chinese: Ljuw-gjuw kwok; historical English name: Lewchew, Luchu, and Loochoo) was an independent kingdom that ruled most of the Ryukyu Islands
Ryukyu Islands
from the 15th to the 19th century.[note 1] The kings of Ryukyu unified Okinawa Island and extended the kingdom to the Amami Islands
Amami Islands
in modern-day Kagoshima Prefecture, and the Sakishima Islands
Sakishima Islands
near Taiwan
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Niseishi
Nijūshiho (二十四歩) (Japanese: Twenty-Four Steps) is an advanced kata practiced in Shotokan, Shituryu, and Wadō-ryū
Wadō-ryū
karate. The origin of Nijūshiho is unknown, but it is presumed[citation needed] that it originates from the Aragaki group like Sochin and others. This is shown through the similarity to Unsu. In introducing karate from Okinawa
Okinawa
to Japan, Gichin Funakoshi
Gichin Funakoshi
changed the name of the kata from Niseishi to Nijūshiho. Both names mean "Twenty-Four Steps." This kata is also practiced in Tang Soo Do and is called E Sip Sa Bo in Korean. Due to its difficulty, this kata is often reserved for advanced black belt level students
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Fujian White Crane
White Crane Style (in Chinese: 白鶴拳) is a Southern Chinese martial art that originated in Fujian
Fujian
(福建) province. According to oral tradition, the style was developed by Fang Qīniáng (方七娘; Amoy Min Nan: Hng Chhit-niâ), a female martial artist. It is associated with traditional fighting techniques, including long range, but is most similar to close-quarter or hand-to-hand combat.[1] It is most recognizable by the way the fighter imitates a bird's pecking or flapping of wings. While some white crane styles make use of traditional weapons, others have discontinued the use of weaponry.[2] Fujian
Fujian
White Crane is a type of Shaolin Boxing
Boxing
that imitates characteristics of the white Crane. An entire system of fighting was developed from observing the crane's movements, methods of attack and spirit. It is one of the six well-known schools of Shaolin Boxing
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Sanchin
Sanchin
Sanchin
(三戦) is a kata of apparent Southern Chinese (Fujianese) origin that is considered to be the core of several styles, the most well-known being the Okinawan Karate
Karate
styles of Uechi-Ryū and Gōjū-Ryū, as well as the Chinese martial arts
Chinese martial arts
of Fujian
Fujian
White Crane, Five Ancestors, Pangai-noon and the Tiger-Crane Combination style associated with Ang Lian-Huat
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Bunkai
Bunkai (分解), literally meaning "analysis"[1] or "disassembly",[2] is a term used in Japanese martial arts
Japanese martial arts
referring to process of analysing kata and extracting fighting techniques from the movements of a "form" (kata). The extracted fighting techniques are called Oyo. Bunkai is usually performed with a partner or a group of partners which execute predefined attacks, and the student performing the kata responds with defenses, counterattacks, or other actions, based on a part of the kata. This allows the student in the middle to understand what the movements in kata are meant to accomplish
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Joint Lock
A joint lock is a grappling technique involving manipulation of an opponent's joints in such a way that the joints reach their maximal degree of motion. In judō these are referred to as, 関節技 kansetsu-waza, "joint locking technique"[1]) and in Chinese martial arts
Chinese martial arts
as chin na which literally means "catching and locking"
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Pressure Point
A pressure point (Chinese: 穴位; Japanese: kyūsho 急所 "vital point, tender spot";[1] Sinhala: නිල/මර්ම ස්ථාන Nila/Marma Sthana (in Angampora); Telugu: మర్మ స్థానం Marma Sthanam; Malayalam: മര്‍മ്മം marmam; Tamil: வர்மம் varmam) derives from the meridian points in Traditional Chinese Medicine
Traditional Chinese Medicine
and Indian Ayurv
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Okinawa
Okinawa Prefecture
Okinawa Prefecture
(Japanese: 沖縄県, Hepburn: Okinawa-ken, Okinawan: ウチナーチン Uchinaa-chin) is the southernmost prefecture of Japan.[1] It encompasses two thirds of the Ryukyu Islands in a chain over 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) long. The Ryukyu Islands
Ryukyu Islands
extend southwest from Kyushu
Kyushu
(the southwesternmost of Japan's four main islands) to Taiwan. Naha, Okinawa's capital, is located in the southern part of Okinawa Island.[2] Although Okinawa Prefecture
Okinawa Prefecture
comprises just 0.6 percent of Japan's total land mass, about 75 percent of all United States military personnel stationed in Japan
Japan
are assigned to installations in the prefecture.[3] Currently about 26,000 U.S
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Seisan
The karate kata Seisan
Seisan
(十三)(alternate names: Sesan, Seishan, Jusan, Hangetsu) literally means '13'. Some people refer to the kata as '13 Hands', '13 Fists', '13 Techniques', '13 Steps' or even '13 killing positions', however, these names have no historical basis. Seisan
Seisan
is thought to be one of the oldest kata, being quite spread among other Nahate schools. Shito-ryu has its own version and different versions are now practised even in Shuri-te derivatives like Shotokan
Shotokan
(called Hangetsu) and in Wado-ryu (called Seishan). Isshin-ryū
Isshin-ryū
also adopted this kata. This kata is also practiced in Korean styles such as Tang Soo Do and Soo Bahk Do and is called Sei-Shan or Seishan in Korean
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Gojū-ryū
In alphabetical order: (1) Gōjū-Kai / Gōgen Yamaguchi, founder; Goshi Yamaguchi. (2) IOGKF /Morio Higaonna, founder; Tetsuji Nakamura. (3) Jinbukan, Katsuyoshi Kanei, founder; (4) Jundokan International / Teruo Chinen, founder. (5) Jundokan Okinawa / Eiichi Miyazato, founder; Tetsonuke Yasuda. (6) Kenshikai / Tetsuhiro Hokama, founder. (7) Ken-Shin-Kan / Seiichi Yoshikata Akamine, founder; Raul Fernandez de la Reguera. (8) Okinawa Gojuryu Kenkyukai / Masaji Taira (9) Okinawa-Kan / Kiichi Nakamoto. (10) Seigokan
Seigokan
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