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Whistled Language
WHISTLED LANGUAGES use whistling to emulate speech and facilitate communication. A whistled language is a system of whistled communication which allows fluent whistlers to transmit and comprehend a potentially unlimited number of messages over long distances. Whistled languages are different in this respect from the restricted codes sometimes used by herders or animal trainers to transmit simple messages or instructions. Generally, whistled languages emulate the tones or vowel formants of a natural spoken language, as well as aspects of its intonation and prosody , so that trained listeners who speak that language can understand the encoded message. Whistled language is rare compared to spoken language, but it is found in cultures around the world. It is especially common in tone languages where the whistled tones transmit the tones of the syllables (tone melodies of the words)
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Chepang Language
CHEPANG is a language spoken by approximately 37,000 people in Nepal . The people are known as Chepang . Randy LaPolla (2003) proposes that Chepang may be part of a larger "Rung " group. GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTIONChepang is spoken in the following districts of Nepal
Nepal
( Ethnologue ). * Makwanpur District , Narayani Zone
Narayani Zone
* Chitwan District
Chitwan District
, Narayani Zone
Narayani Zone
* Southern Dhading District , Bagmati Zone
Bagmati Zone
* Southern Gorkha District
Gorkha District
, Gandaki Zone
Gandaki Zone
Dialects are Western Chepang and Eastern Chepang. REFERENCES * ^ Chepang at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) * ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Chepang". Glottolog 3.0
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New Guinea
NEW GUINEA (Tok Pisin : Niugini; Dutch : Nieuw-Guinea; German : Neuguinea; Indonesian : Papua or, historically, Irian) is a large Island in Oceania
Oceania
It is the world\'s second-largest island , after Greenland
Greenland
, covering a land area of 785,753 km2 (303,381 sq mi), and the largest wholly or partly within the Southern Hemisphere
Southern Hemisphere
and Oceania
Oceania
(if excluding Australia
Australia
as an island). The island is divided between two countries: Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea
to the east, and Indonesia
Indonesia
to the west
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West Africa
WEST AFRICA, also called WESTERN AFRICA and the WEST OF AFRICA, is the westernmost subregion of Africa
Africa

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Ewe Language
20 million (2017) ) LANGUAGE FAMILY Niger–Congo * Volta–Congo * Volta–Niger * Gbe * EWE WRITING SYSTEM Latin (Ewe alphabet) Ewe Braille LANGUAGE CODES ISO 639-1 ee ISO 639-2 ewe ISO 639-3 Variously: ewe – Ewe wci – Waci kef – Kpesi GLOTTOLOG ewee1241 Ewe kpes1238 Kpessi waci1239 Waci Gbe THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS IPA PHONETIC SYMBOLS. Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode
Unicode
characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA . Gbe languages
Gbe languages
EWE (Èʋe or Èʋegbe ) is a Niger–Congo language spoken in southeastern Ghana
Ghana
by over three million people
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South America
SOUTH AMERICA is a continent located in the western hemisphere , mostly in the southern hemisphere , with a relatively small portion in the northern hemisphere . It may also be considered a subcontinent of the Americas
Americas
, which is how it is viewed in the Spanish and Portuguese-speaking regions of the Americas. The reference to South America instead of other regions (like Latin America
Latin America
or the Southern Cone) has increased in the last decades due to changing geopolitical dynamics (in particular, the rise of Brazil). It is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
and on the north and east by the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
; North America
North America
and the Caribbean Sea
Caribbean Sea
lie to the northwest
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Oaxaca
OAXACA (English: /wəˈhɑːkə/ wə-HAH-kə , Spanish: ( listen ), from Nahuatl : Huāxyacac, pronounced ( listen )), officially the FREE AND SOVEREIGN STATE OF OAXACA (Spanish : Estado Libre y Soberano de Oaxaca), is one of the 31 states which, along with the Federal District , make up the 32 federative entities of Mexico . It is divided into 570 municipalities , of which 418 (almost three quarters) are governed by the system of Usos y costumbres (customs and traditions) with recognized local forms of self governance. Its capital city is Oaxaca de Juárez . Oaxaca is located in Southwestern Mexico. It is bordered by the states of Guerrero to the west, Puebla to the northwest, Veracruz to the north, Chiapas to the east. To the south, Oaxaca has a significant coastline on the Pacific Ocean
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Griot
A GRIOT (/ˈɡri.oʊ/ ; French pronunciation: ​ ), JALI or JELI (djeli or djéli in French spelling) is a West African historian, storyteller, praise singer, poet and/or musician. The griot is a repository of oral tradition and is often seen as a societal leader due to his or her traditional position as an advisor to royal personages. As a result of the former of these two functions, he or she is sometimes also called a bard . According to Paul Oliver in his book Savannah Syncopators, "Though has to know many traditional songs without error, he must also have the ability to extemporize on current events, chance incidents and the passing scene. His wit can be devastating and his knowledge of local history formidable". Although they are popularly known as "praise singers", griots may use their vocal expertise for gossip, satire, or political comment
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Jingle
A JINGLE is a short song or tune used in advertising and for other commercial uses. The jingle contains one or more hooks and meaning that explicitly promote the product or service being advertised, usually through the use of one or more advertising slogans . Ad buyers use jingles in radio and television commercials ; they can also be used in non-advertising contexts to establish or maintain a brand image. Jingles are a form of sound branding . Many jingles are also created using snippets of popular songs , in which lyrics are modified to appropriately advertise the product or service. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Jingle downturn * 2 Long running jingles * 3 Alternative jingles * 4 Radio
Radio
Jingles * 5 See also * 6 References HISTORYThe jingle had no definitive status: its infiltration of the radio was more of an evolutionary process than a sudden innovation
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Pyrenees
The PYRENEES (/ˈpɪrᵻniːz/ ; Spanish : Pirineos , French : Pyrénées , Aragonese : Pirineus, Catalan : Pirineus , Occitan : Pirenèus, Basque : Pirinioak or Auñamendiak ) is a range of mountains in southwest Europe
Europe
that forms a natural border between France
France
and Spain
Spain
. Reaching a height of 3,404 metres (11,168 ft) altitude at the peak of Aneto
Aneto
, the range separates the Iberian Peninsula from the rest of continental Europe, and extends for about 491 km (305 mi) from the Bay of Biscay
Bay of Biscay
( Cap Higuer ) to the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
( Cap de Creus ). For the most part, the main crest forms a divide between France
France
and Spain, with the microstate of Andorra
Andorra
sandwiched in between
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French Language
FRENCH (le français ( listen ) or la langue française ) is a Romance language
Romance language
of the Indo-European family . It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
, as did all Romance languages. French has evolved from Gallo-Romance , the spoken Latin
Latin
in Gaul
Gaul
, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. Its closest relatives are the other langues d\'oïl —languages historically spoken in northern France
France
and in southern Belgium
Belgium
, which French ( Francien ) has largely supplanted
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Southern Africa
SOUTHERN AFRICA is the southernmost region of the African continent , variably defined by geography or geopolitics , and including several countries. The term southern Africa
Africa
or Southern Africa, generally includes Angola
Angola
, Botswana
Botswana
, Lesotho
Lesotho
, Malawi
Malawi
, Mozambique
Mozambique
, Namibia
Namibia
, South Africa
South Africa
, Swaziland
Swaziland
, Zambia
Zambia
, and Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe

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Whistled Sibilant
SIBILANCE is an acoustic characteristic of fricative and affricate consonants of higher amplitude and pitch , made by directing a stream of air with the tongue towards the sharp edge of the teeth , which are held close together; a consonant that uses sibilance may be called a SIBILANT. Examples of sibilants are the consonants at the beginning of the English words sip, zip, ship, chip, and jump, and the second consonant in vision. The symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet used to denote the sibilant sounds in these words are, respectively, . More specifically, the sounds , as in chip and jump, are affricates, whereas the rest are fricatives. Sibilants have a characteristically intense sound, which accounts for their paralinguistic use in getting one's attention (e.g. calling someone using "psst!" or quieting someone using "shhhh!")
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Daoist Meditation
DAOIST MEDITATION refers to the traditional meditative practices associated with the Chinese philosophy and religion of Daoism
Daoism
, including concentration, mindfulness, contemplation, and visualization. Techniques of Daoist meditation
Daoist meditation
are historically interrelated with Buddhist meditation
Buddhist meditation
, for instance, 6th-century Daoists developed guan 觀 "observation" insight meditation from Tiantai
Tiantai
Buddhist anapanasati "mindfulness of breath" practices. Traditional Chinese medicine
Traditional Chinese medicine
and Chinese martial arts have adapted certain Daoist meditative techniques
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Code (cryptography)
In cryptology , A CODE is a method used to encrypt a message that operates at the level of meaning; that is, words or phrases are converted into something else. A code might transform "change" into "CVGDK" or "cocktail lounge". A codebook is needed to encrypt, and decrypt the phrases or words. By contrast, ciphers encrypt messages at the level of individual letters, or small groups of letters, or even, in modern ciphers, individual bits . Message
Message
can of course be transformed first by a code, and then by a cipher. Such multiple encryption , or "superencryption" aims to make cryptanalysis more difficult. Another comparison between codes and ciphers is that a code typically represents a letter or groups of letters directly without the use of mathematics. As such the numbers are configured to respresent these three values: 1001 = A, 1002 = B, 1003 = C, ... . The resulting message, then would be 1001 1002 1003 to communicate ABC
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Mozambique
Coordinates : 18°15′S 35°00′E / 18.250°S 35.000°E / -18.250; 35.000 Republic
Republic
of Mozambique * República de Moçambique (Portuguese ) Flag Emblem ANTHEM: Pátria Amada (Portuguese) Beloved Homeland Location of Mozambique
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