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Western Civilisation
The Western world, or simply the West (from Proto-Germanic
Proto-Germanic
root wes-; Latin
Latin
vesper, Ancient Greek: Ἓσπερος /ˈhɛspərʊs/, Hesperos,[1] "towards evening") refers to various nations depending on the context, most often including at least part of Europe. There are many accepted definitions, all closely interrelated.[2] The Western world is also known as the Occident (from Latin
Latin
word occidens, "sunset, West"), in contrast to the Orient
Orient
(from Latin
Latin
word oriens, "rise, East"). Eastern
Eastern
world is used as contrary. Ancient Greece[a][b] and ancient Rome[c] are generally considered to be the birthplaces of Western civilisation: the former due to its impact on philosophy, democracy, science, and art; the latter due to its influence on law, warfare, governance, republicanism, and architecture
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Western World (other)
The Western world
Western world
is a term referring to different nations depending on the context. Western World may also refer to:Greco-Roman world, regions and countries that were culturally influenced by the ancient Greeks and Romans Western Bloc, countries allied with the United States and NATO during the Cold WarContents1 Ships 2 Other uses 3 See alsoShips[edit]Western World (ship), a British sailing ship in the mid 1800s USS Western World (1856), a ship acquired by the Union Navy during the American Civil WarOther uses[edit]Western World (news
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Age Of Enlightenment
The Enlightenment
The Enlightenment
(also known as the Age of Enlightenment
Age of Enlightenment
or the Age of Reason;[1] in French: le Siècle des Lumières, lit. '"the Century of Lights"'; and in German: Aufklärung, "Enlightenment")[2] was an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated the world of ideas in Europe during the 18th century, "The Century of Philosophy".[3] The Enlightenment
The Enlightenment
included a range of ideas centered on reason as the primary source of authority and legitimacy and came to advance ideals like liberty, progress, tolerance, fraternity, constitutional government and separation of church and state.[4][5] In France, the central doctrines of the Enlightenment philosophers were individual liberty and religious tolerance, in opposition to an absolute monarchy and the fixed dogmas of the Roman Catholic Church
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Ancient Rome
In historiography, ancient Rome
Rome
is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome
Rome
in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire
Roman Empire
in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic
Roman Republic
and Roman Empire
Roman Empire
until the fall of the western empire.[1] The term is sometimes used to just refer to the kingdom and republic periods, excluding the subsequent empire.[2] The civilization began as an Italic settlement in the Italian peninsula, dating from the 8th century BC, that grew into the city of Rome
Rome
and which subsequently gave its name to the empire over which it ruled and to the widespread civilisation the empire developed
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Christianity
Christianity[note 1] is an Abrahamic monotheistic[1] religion based on the life, teachings, and miracles of Jesus
Jesus
of Nazareth, known by Christians
Christians
as the Christ, or "Messiah", who is the focal point of the Christian
Christian
faiths
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Protestantism
Protestantism
Protestantism
is the second largest form of Christianity
Christianity
with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.[1][2][3][a] It originated with the Reformation,[b] a movement against what its followers con
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Hellenistic Philosophy
Hellenistic philosophy
Hellenistic philosophy
is the period of Western philosophy
Western philosophy
that was developed in the Hellenistic civilization
Hellenistic civilization
following Aristotle
Aristotle
and ending with the beginning of Neoplatonism.Contents1 Hellenistic schools of thought1.1 Pythagoreanism 1.2 Sophism 1.3 Cynicism 1.4 Cyrenaicism 1.5 Platonism 1.6 Peripateticism 1.7 Pyrrhonism 1.8 Epicureanism 1.9 Stoicism 1.10 Eclecticism 1.11 Hellenistic Judaism 1.12 Neopythagoreanism 1.13 Hellenistic Christianity 1.14 Neoplatonism2 See also 3 Further readingHellenistic schools of thought[edit] Pythagoreanism[edit] Pythagoreanism
Pythagoreanism
is the name given to the system of philosophy and science developed by Pythagoras, which influenced nearly all the systems of Hellenistic philosophy
Hellenistic philosophy
that followed
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Judaism
Judaism
Judaism
(originally from Hebrew יהודה‬, Yehudah, "Judah";[1][2] via Latin
Latin
and Greek) is an ancient, monotheistic, Abrahamic religion with the Torah
Torah
as its foundational text.[3] It encompasses the religion, philosophy and culture of the Jewish people.[4] Judaism
Judaism
is considered by religious Jews
Jews
to be the expression of the covenant that God
God
established with the Children of Israel.[5] Judaism
Judaism
includes a wide corpus of texts, practices, theological positions, and forms of organization. The Torah
Torah
is part of the larger text known as the Tanakh or the Hebrew Bible, and supplemental oral tradition represented by later texts such as the Midrash
Midrash
and the Talmud
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Roman Culture
The culture of ancient Rome
Rome
existed throughout the almost 1200-year history of the civilization of Ancient Rome. The term refers to the culture of the Roman Republic, later the Roman Empire, which at its peak covered an area from Lowland Scotland
Lowland Scotland
and Morocco
Morocco
to the Euphrates. Life in ancient Rome
Rome
revolved around the city of Rome, its famed seven hills, and its monumental architecture such as the Colosseum, Trajan's Forum, and the Pantheon. The city also had several theaters, gymnasia, and many taverns, baths, and brothels. Throughout the territory under ancient Rome's control, residential architecture ranged from very modest houses to country villas, and in the capital city of Rome, there were imperial residences on the elegant Palatine Hill, from which the word palace is derived
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Ancient Near East
Fertile Crescent Mesopotamia Akkadian
Akkadian
Empire Assyria Babylonia Neo-Assyrian Empire Neo-Babylonian Empire SumerEgyptAncient EgyptPersiaAchaemenid Empire Elam MedesAnatoliaHittites Hurrians Neo-Hittite
Neo-Hittite
states UrartuThe Levant
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Renaissance Technology
Renaissance
Renaissance
technology is the set of European artifacts and inventions which span the Renaissance
Renaissance
period, roughly the 14th century through the 16th century. The era is marked by profound technical advancements such as the printing press, linear perspective in drawing, patent law, double shell domes and Bastion fortresses
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Renaissance
The Renaissance
Renaissance
(UK: /rɪˈneɪsəns/, US: /rɛnəˈsɑːns/)[1] is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries. It is an extension of the Middle Ages, and is bridged by the Age of Enlightenment
Age of Enlightenment
to modern history. It grew in fragments, with the very first traces found seemingly in Italy, coming to cover much of Europe, for some scholars marking the beginning of the modern age. The intellectual basis of the Renaissance
Renaissance
was its own invented version of humanism, derived from the concept of Roman Humanitas and the rediscovery of classical Greek philosophy, such as that of Protagoras, who said that "Man is the measure of all things." This new thinking became manifest in art, architecture, politics, science and literature
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Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840. This transition included going from hand production methods to machines, new chemical manufacturing and iron production processes, the increasing use of steam power, the development of machine tools and the rise of the factory system. Textiles were the dominant industry of the Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
in terms of employment, value of output and capital invested
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Westerners (Korean Political Faction)
The Westerners (Hangul: 서인, Korean: Seoin, literally West Person, Hanja:西人) was a political faction that dominated Korea in the 17th century. In 1567, the Sarim split into the Easterners
Easterners
and Westerners. The Westerners remained the main contender of the Easterners
Easterners
in the Seonjo age, with Yi I
Yi I
as one of the most influential Westerners. The Westerners lost power in the later years of the Seonjo age, and the Easterners
Easterners
and the factions that split from the Easterners
Easterners
had power throughout the last decade of the Seonjo age and the entirety of the Gwanghaegun
Gwanghaegun
age
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Imperialism
Imperialism
Imperialism
is an action that involves a nation extending its power by the acquisition of inhabited territory. It may also include the exploitation of these territories, an action that is linked to colonialism. Colonialism
Colonialism
is generally regarded as an expression of imperialism. It is different from New Imperialism, as the term imperialism is usually applied to the colonization of the Americas between the 15th and 19th centuries, as opposed to the expansion of Western Powers (and Japan) during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. However, both are examples of imperialism.Contents1 Etymology and usage 2 Colonialism
Colonialism
vs
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Orthodox Churches
The term Orthodox Church or Orthodox Churches may refer to:Eastern Orthodox Church, a form of Eastern Christianity that accepts seven Ecumenical Councils, and the original Nicene Creed Oriental Orthodox Church, a form of Eastern Christianity that accepts first three Ecumenical Councils, and the original Nicene Creed Any other Churches in Eastern and Western Independent Catholics, Roman Catholic, Nontrinitarian and Protestant denominations that self-identifies as OrthodoxSee also[edit]All pages with a title containing Orthodox Church Orthodox Christianity (other) Orthodox (other) Orthodoxy Western Rite Orthodoxy, any Western-Rite church that accepts doctrines and traditions of Christian Orthodoxy Antiochian Orthodox (other) Catholic Church (other)This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Orthodox Church. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the
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