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Wat Phra Si Rattana Mahathat
WAT PHRA SI RATTANA MAHATHAT (Thai : วัดพระศรีรัตนมหาธาตุ; "Temple of Great Jewelled Reliquary"), colloquially referred to as WAT YAI (Thai : วัดใหญ่; "Big Temple"), is a Buddhist temple (wat ) in Phitsanulok Province
Phitsanulok Province
, Thailand
Thailand
, where it is next to the Nan River
Nan River
, near Naresuan
Naresuan
Bridge
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Lithai
MAHATHAMMARACHA I (Thai : มหาธรรมราชาที่ ๑), born as LITHAI (Thai : ลิไทย), was a king of the Sukhothai kingdom, reigning from roughly 1347 until his death in 1368. Lithai was the son of Lerthai , also known as Loethai or LeLue Thai, and the grandson of Ramkhamhaeng . The exact chronology of Lithai's rise to the throne is unclear. Popular tradition names him as the fourth king of Sukhothai, but dynastic records seem to indicate that at least one other king (Nguanamthom) ruled between Lithai and his father, as well as the regent Phaya Sai Songkhram who ruled during Lerthai's absence following the death of Ram Khamhaeng the Great . Lithai served as uparat during his father's reign from the city of Srisatchanalai , an important urban center of the early Sukhothai kingdom
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Ekathotsarot
SANPET III (Thai : สรรเพชญ์ที่ 3, Khmer: សព៌េជ្ញទី៣) or EKATHOTSAROT (Thai : เอกาทศรถ, Khmer: ឯកាទឝរថ or ឯកាទសរថ;-1620) was the King of Ayutthaya from 1605 to 1620 and overlord of Lan Na
Lan Na
from 1605 to 1608/09 succeeding his brother Naresuan . His reign was mostly peaceful as Siam was then a powerful state through the conquests of Naresuan. It was also during his reign that foreigners of various origin began to fill the mercenary corps
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History Of Thailand
Thai people
Thai people
, who originally lived in southwestern China , migrated into mainland Southeast Asia over a period of many centuries. The oldest known mention of their existence in the region by the exonym Siamese is in a 12th-century inscription at the Khmer temple complex of Angkor Wat
Angkor Wat
in Cambodia
Cambodia
, which refers to syam, or "dark brown", people. "Siam" may have originated from the Sanskrit
Sanskrit
śyāma "dark", referring to the relative skin colour of its native people. Chinese : 暹羅; pinyin : Xiānluó was the name for the northern kingdom centred on Sukhothai and Sawankhalok , but to the Thai themselves, the name of the country has always been Mueang Thai . The country's designation as Siam
Siam
by Westerners likely came from the Portuguese , the first Europeans to give a coherent account of the country
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Borommakot
BOROMMAKOT (Thai : บรมโกศ) or BOROMMARACHATHIRAT III (Thai : บรมราชาธิราชที่ 3) was the king of Ayutthaya from 1733 to 1758. His reign was the last blooming period of Ayutthaya as the kingdom would fall nine years after his death. :68–69 "His reign of 25 years is important for being the last peaceful period of Ayudhya during which literature with the arts and crafts flurished." However, the king himself was known for "cruelty to people and animals alike," with seven of his sons meeting violent deaths. :67–68 AYUTTHYA CIVIL WARPRINCE PHON (Thai : พร) was the son of Phra Chao Suea . His elder brother, Prince Phet (เพชร), succeeded the throne as Thai Sa in 1708. :277 Phon was then appointed as the Front Palace . Upon the death of Thai Sa, however, Thai Sa decided to give his throne to his second eldest son, Prince Aphai, since his eldest son had entered the priesthood
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Thai Language
THAI , CENTRAL THAI , or SIAMESE , is the national and official language of Thailand
Thailand
and the first language of the Thai people
Thai people
and the vast majority of Thai Chinese . It is a member of the Tai group of the Tai–Kadai language family . Over half of its words are borrowed from Pali
Pali
, Sanskrit
Sanskrit
, Mon , and Old Khmer . It is a tonal and analytic language . Thai also has a complex orthography and system of relational markers . Spoken Thai is mutually intelligible with Laotian , the language of Laos
Laos
; the two languages are written with slightly different scripts but are linguistically similar
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Borommaracha III
BOROMMARACHA or BOROMRACHA (Thai : บรมราชา; "supreme king"), or the extended version BOROMMARACHATHIRAT or BOROMRACHATHIRAT (Thai : บรมราชาธิราช; "supreme king of kings"), was a Thai royal title. A historian suggestion says the title was created after the legendary leader Khun Borom . BOROMMARACHATHIRAT is the name of: * Borommarachathirat I (died 1388), also known as the Fifth Lord (ขุนหลวงพะงั่ว Khunluang Pha Ngua) * Borommarachathirat II (died 1448), also known as the Third Lord (เจ้าสามพระยา Chao Sam Phraya) * Borommarachathirat III * Borommarachathirat IV (died 1533), also known as Athittayawong (อาทิตยวงศ์) * Taksin
Taksin
(1734–1782), known in some chronicles as Borommarachathirat IVREFERENCES * ^ Wongthes, Sujit (2013-12-24)
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Chulalongkorn
PHRA BAT SOMDET PHRA PORAMINTHRA MAHA CHULALONGKORN PHRA CHUNLA CHOM KLAO CHAO YU HUA (Thai : พระบาทสมเด็จพระปรมินทรมหาจุฬาลงกรณ์ พระจุลจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว), or RAMA V (20 September 1853 – 23 October 1910), was the fifth monarch of Siam
Siam
under the House of Chakri . He was known to the Siamese of his time as Phra Phuttha Chao Luang (พระพุทธเจ้าหลวง, the Royal Buddha). His reign was characterized by the modernization of Siam, governmental and social reforms, and territorial concessions to the British and French
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Bhumibol Adulyadej
BHUMIBOL ADULYADEJ (Thai : ภูมิพลอดุลยเดช; rtgs : Phumiphon Adunyadet; pronounced ( listen ); see full title below ; 5 December 1927 – 13 October 2016), conferred with the title KING BHUMIBOL THE GREAT in 1987, was the ninth monarch of Thailand
Thailand
from the Chakri dynasty as RAMA IX. Reigning since 9 June 1946 he was, at the time of his death, the world's longest-serving head of state, the longest-reigning monarch in Thai history and the longest-serving monarch having reigned only as an adult , serving for 70 years, 126 days. During his reign, he was served by a total of 30 prime ministers beginning with Pridi Banomyong and ending with Prayut Chan-o-cha . In 1957, a military coup overthrew the government of Field Marshal Plaek Phibunsongkhram with allegations of lèse-majesté , :136–137 which is an offense against the dignity of the monarch, punishable under Thai law
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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Khmer Architecture
In KMER ARCHITECTURE, the period of Angkor
Angkor
is the period in the history of the Khmer Empire
Khmer Empire
from approximately the later half of the 8th century AD to the first half of the 15th century CE. In any study of Angkorian architecture, the emphasis is necessarily on religious architecture, since all the remaining Angkorian buildings are religious in nature. During the period of Angkor, only temples and other religious buildings were constructed of stone. Non-religious buildings such as dwellings were constructed of perishable materials such as wood, and so have not survived. The religious architecture of A temple in Sambor Prei Kuk Many temples had been built before Cambodia became a powerful Kingdom of Khmer Empire
Khmer Empire
which dominated most of the Indochina
Indochina
region
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Boromakot
BOROMMAKOT (Thai : บรมโกศ) or BOROMMARACHATHIRAT III (Thai : บรมราชาธิราชที่ 3) was the king of Ayutthaya from 1733 to 1758. His reign was the last blooming period of Ayutthaya as the kingdom would fall nine years after his death. :68–69 "His reign of 25 years is important for being the last peaceful period of Ayudhya during which literature with the arts and crafts flurished." However, the king himself was known for "cruelty to people and animals alike," with seven of his sons meeting violent deaths. :67–68 AYUTTHYA CIVIL WARPRINCE PHON (Thai : พร) was the son of Phra Chao Suea . His elder brother, Prince Phet (เพชร), succeeded the throne as Thai Sa in 1708. :277 Phon was then appointed as the Front Palace . Upon the death of Thai Sa, however, Thai Sa decided to give his throne to his second eldest son, Prince Aphai, since his eldest son had entered the priesthood
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Rattanakosin Kingdom
The RATTANAKOSIN KINGDOM (Thai : อาณาจักรรัตนโกสินทร์, IPA: ) is the fourth and present traditional centre of power in the history of Thailand
Thailand
(or Siam). It was founded in 1782 with the establishment of Bangkok
Bangkok
as the capital city. The maximum zone of influence of the Rattanakosin Kingdom
Rattanakosin Kingdom
included the vassal states of Cambodia
Cambodia
, Laos
Laos
, Burmese Shan States
Shan States
, and some Malay kingdoms. The kingdom was founded by King Rama I (Phra Phutthayotfa Chulalok) of the CHAKRI DYNASTY . The first half of this period was characterised by the consolidation of the kingdom's power and was punctuated by periodic conflicts with Burma
Burma
, Vietnam
Vietnam
and Laos
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Vihara
VIHARA (विहार, vihāra) is the Sanskrit
Sanskrit
and Pali
Pali
term for a Buddhist monastery. It originally meant "a secluded place in which to walk", and referred to "dwellings" or "refuges" used by wandering monks during the rainy season. The northern Indian state of Bihar
Bihar
derives its name from the word "vihara", due to the abundance of Buddhist monasteries in that area. The word "vihara" has also been borrowed in Malay where it is spelled "biara," and denotes a monastery or other non-Muslim place of worship. In Thailand
Thailand
and China
China
(called jingshe; Chinese : 精舎), "vihara" has a narrower meaning, and designates a small shrine hall or retreat house. It is called a "Wihan" (วิหาร) in Thai, and a "Vihear" in Khmer
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Ayutthaya Kingdom
Phitsanulok
Phitsanulok
(1463–1488) Ayutthaya (1463–1666) Lopburi (1666–1688) Ayutthaya (1688–1767) LANGUAGES Ayutthayan Thai RELIGION MAJORITY: Theravada BuddhismMINORITY:
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