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Wałbrzych
Wałbrzych
Wałbrzych
[ˈvawbʐɨx] ( listen) (German: Waldenburg; Lower Silesian: Walmbrig or Walmbrich; Czech: Valbřich or Valdenburk) is a city in Lower Silesian Voivodeship
Lower Silesian Voivodeship
in southwestern Poland. From 1975–1998 it was the capital of Wałbrzych
Wałbrzych
Voivodeship; it is now the seat of Wałbrzych
Wałbrzych
County
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Geographic Coordinate System
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols.[note 1] The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation.[1] To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.[2]Contents1 History 2 Geodetic datum 3 Horizontal coordinates3.1 Latitude
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Potsdam Conference
The Potsdam
Potsdam
Conference (German: Potsdamer Konferenz) was held at Cecilienhof, the home of Crown Prince Wilhelm, in Potsdam, occupied Germany, from 17 July to 2 August 1945. (In some older documents it is also referred to as the Berlin
Berlin
Conference of the Three Heads of Government of the USSR, USA and UK.[2][3]) The participants were the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States, represented by Communist Party General Secretary Joseph Stalin, Prime Ministers Winston Churchill[4] and, later, Clement Attlee,[5] and President Harry S
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Piast Dynasty
The Piast dynasty
Piast dynasty
was the first historical ruling dynasty of Poland. The first documented Polish monarch was Prince Mieszko I (c. 930–992). The Piasts' royal rule in Poland
Poland
ended in 1370 with the death of king Casimir III the Great. Branches of the Piast dynasty
Piast dynasty
continued to rule in the Duchy of Masovia
Masovia
and in the Duchies of Silesia
Duchies of Silesia
until the last male Silesian Piast died in 1675
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Höchberg
Höchberg
Höchberg
is a municipality in the district of Würzburg in Bavaria, Germany. Höchberg
Höchberg
borders, in the east, directly on the city of Würzburg. Höchberg
Höchberg
consists of two main urban areas: Altort and Hexenbruch. Residential construction areas have been added in recent years, for example "Mehle" and " Mehle II". History[edit] The earliest recorded official reference to Höchberg
Höchberg
dates from 748. Jewish families resided in Höchberg
Höchberg
at least since the late 1600s. They established a Jewish cemetery and erected a synagogue in 1721, which was plundered in the November pogrom in 1938 by SA members. Since 1951, the building has served as a Protestant church
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Coal Mining
Coal
Coal
mining is the process of extracting coal from the ground. Coal
Coal
is valued for its energy content and since the 1880s, has been widely used to generate electricity. Steel
Steel
and cement industries use coal as a fuel for extraction of iron from iron ore and for cement production. In the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and South Africa, a coal mine and its structures are a colliery, a coal mine - a pit, and the above-ground structures - a pit head. In Australia, "colliery" generally refers to an underground coal mine. In the United States, "colliery" has been used to describe a coal mine operation but nowadays the word is not commonly used. Coal
Coal
mining has had many developments over the recent years, from the early days of men tunneling, digging, and manually extracting the coal on carts to large open cut and long wall mines
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Weaving
Weaving
Weaving
is a method of textile production in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at right angles to form a fabric or cloth. Other methods are knitting, crocheting, felting, and braiding or plaiting. The longitudinal threads are called the warp and the lateral threads are the weft or filling. ( Weft
Weft
or is an old English word meaning "that which is woven".[a]) The method in which these threads are inter-woven affects the characteristics of the cloth.[1] Cloth
Cloth
is usually woven on a loom, a device that holds the warp threads in place while filling threads are woven through them. A fabric band which meets this definition of cloth (warp threads with a weft thread winding between) can also be made using other methods, including tablet weaving, back-strap, or other techniques without looms.[2] The way the warp and filling threads interlace with each other is called the weave
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China
China
China
(Chinese: 中国; pinyin: Zhōngguó; lit
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Red Army
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army,[a] frequently shortened to Red Army,[b] was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The army was established immediately after the 1917 October Revolution. The Bolsheviks
Bolsheviks
raised an army to oppose the military confederations (especially the various groups collectively known as the White Army) of their adversaries during the Russian Civil War. Beginning in February 1946, the Red Army, along with the Soviet Navy, embodied the main component of the Soviet Armed Forces; taking the official name of "Soviet Army", until its dissolution in December 1991
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Victory In Europe Day
Victory in Europe
Europe
Day, generally known as V-E Day, VE Day or simply V Day, was the public holiday celebrated on 8 May 1945 to mark the formal acceptance by the Allies of World War II
Allies of World War II
of Nazi Germany's unconditional surrender of its armed forces. The formal surrender of the German forces occupying the Channel Islands
Channel Islands
did not occur until the following day, 9 May 1945. It thus marked the end of World War II in Europe. The term VE Day existed as early as September 1944,[3] in anticipation of victory. On 30 April 1945, Adolf Hitler, the Nazi leader, committed suicide during the Battle of Berlin. Germany's surrender, therefore, was authorised by his successor, Reichspräsident
Reichspräsident
Karl Dönitz. The administration headed by Dönitz was known as the Flensburg Government
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World War II
Pacific WarChina Pacific Ocean South-East Asia South West Pacific Japan Manchuria & North Korea Mediterranean and Middle EastNorth Africa East Africa Mediterranean Sea Adriatic Malta Yugoslavia Iraq Syria–Lebanon Iran Italy Dodecanese Southern France Other campaignsAtlantic Arctic Strategic bombing Americas French West Africa Indian Ocean Madagascar Contemporaneous warsSoviet–Japanese border conflicts Franco-Thai War Ecuadorian–Peruvian War Ili Rebellion World War II Alphabetical indices A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0–9Navigation CampaignsCountriesEquipment TimelineOutlineLists PortalCategoryBibliography vte World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis
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Angelus Silesius
Angelus Silesius
Angelus Silesius
(c. 1624 – 9 July 1677), born Johann Scheffler and also known as Johann Angelus Silesius, was a German Catholic priest and physician, known as a mystic and religious poet. Born and raised a Lutheran, he adopted the name Angelus ( Latin
Latin
for "angel" or "heavenly messenger") and the epithet Silesius ("Silesian") on converting to Catholicism in 1653.[1] While studying in the Netherlands, he began to read the works of medieval mystics and became acquainted with the works of the German mystic
German mystic
Jacob Böhme
Jacob Böhme
through Böhme's friend, Abraham von Franckenberg.[2] Silesius's mystical beliefs caused tension between him and Lutheran
Lutheran
authorities and led to his eventual conversion to Catholicism. He took holy orders under the Franciscans and was ordained a priest in 1661
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Czech Republic
The Czech Republic
Republic
(/ˈtʃɛk -/ (listen);[12] Czech: Česká republika [ˈtʃɛskaː ˈrɛpublɪka] (listen)),[13] also known by its short-form name, Czechia[14] (/ˈtʃɛkiə/ (listen); Czech: Česko [ˈtʃɛsko] (listen)), is a country in Central Europe
Europe
bordered by Germany
Germany
to the west, Austria
Austria
to the south, Slovakia
Slovakia
to the east and Poland
Poland
to the northeast.[15] The Czech Republic
Republic
has a landlocked and hilly landscape that covers an area of 78,866 square kilometers (30,450 sq mi) with a mostly temperate continental climate and oceanic climate. It is a unitary parliamentary republic, with 10.6 million inhabitants
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Wawel
Wawel
Wawel
(Polish pronunciation: [ˈvavɛl]) is a fortified architectural complex erected over many centuries atop a limestone outcrop on the left bank of the Vistula river
Vistula river
in Kraków, Poland, at an altitude of 228 metres above sea level.[1][2] The complex consists of many buildings and fortifications; the largest and best known of these are the Royal Castle and the Wawel
Wawel
Cathedral (which is the Basilica of St Stanisław and St Wacław). Some of Wawel's oldest stone buildings, such as the Rotunda of the Virgin Mary can be dated to 970AD
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Teutonic Order
The Order of Brothers of the German House of Saint Mary in Jerusalem[2] (official names: Latin: Ordo domus Sanctæ Mariæ Theutonicorum Hierosolymitanorum, German: Orden der Brüder vom Deutschen Haus der Heiligen Maria in Jerusalem), commonly the Teutonic Order (Deutscher Orden, Deutschherrenorden or Deutschritterorden), is a Catholic religious order
Catholic religious order
founded as a military order c. 1190 in Acre, Kingdom of Jerusalem. The Teutonic Order
Teutonic Order
was formed to aid Christians
Christians
on their pilgrimages to the Holy Land
Holy Land
and to establish hospitals
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Malbork
Malbork
Malbork
[ˈmalbɔrk] ( listen) (German: Marienburg ( listen); Latin: Civitas Beatae Virginis) is a town in northern Poland
Poland
in the Żuławy region ( Vistula
Vistula
delta), with 38,478 inhabitants (2006). Situated in the Pomeranian Voivodeship
Pomeranian Voivodeship
since 1999, it was previously assigned to Elbląg Voivodeship
Elbląg Voivodeship
(1975–1998)
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