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Votive Candle
A VOTIVE CANDLE or PRAYER CANDLE is a small candle , typically white or beeswax yellow, intended to be burnt as a votive offering in an act of Christian prayer
Christian prayer
, especially within the Anglican
Anglican
and Roman Catholic Christian denominations , among others. In Christianity, votive candles are commonplace in many churches , as well as home altars , and symbolize the "prayers the worshipper is offering for him or herself, or for other people." The size of a votive candle is often two inches tall by one and a half inches diameter, although other votive candles can be significantly taller and wider. In other religions, such as Hinduism
Hinduism
and Buddhism
Buddhism
, similar offerings exist, which include diyas and butter lamps
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Jesus
JESUS (/ˈdʒiːzəs/ JEE-zuss ; c. 4 BC – c. 30/33 AD), also referred to as JESUS OF NAZARETH and JESUS CHRIST, was a Jewish preacher and religious leader. He is the central figure of Christianity
Christianity
. Christians believe him to be the Son of God
God
and the awaited Messiah (Christ ) prophesied in the Old Testament
Old Testament
. Virtually all modern scholars of antiquity agree that Jesus
Jesus
existed historically , although the quest for the historical Jesus
Jesus
has produced little agreement on the historical reliability of the Gospels and on how closely the biblical Jesus
Jesus
reflects the historical Jesus
Jesus

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Blessed Virgin Mary
MARY (Greek : Μαρία, translit. María; Aramaic : ܡܪܝܡ‎, translit. Mariam‎; Hebrew : מִרְיָם‎, translit. Miriam‎; Arabic : مريم‎, translit. Mariam‎), also known by various titles, styles and honorifics , was a 1st-century Galilean Jewish
Jewish
woman of Nazareth
Nazareth
, and the mother of Jesus
Jesus
, according to the New Testament and the Quran
Quran
. The gospels of Matthew and Luke in the New Testament
New Testament
and the Quran describe Mary as a virgin (Greek: παρθένος, translit. parthénos) and Christians believe that she conceived her son while a virgin by the Holy Spirit . The miraculous birth took place when she was already betrothed to Joseph and was awaiting the concluding rite of marriage, the formal home-taking ceremony
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Bye-altar
A SIDE-ALTAR or BYE-ALTAR is an altar that is subordinate to the central or high altar in a church. The term is generally applied to altars that are situated in the bay or bays of the nave , transepts , etc. Side-altars may be recessed in a side-chapel , or against a main aisle wall. REFERENCES * ^ "Bye-Altar". Catholic Encyclopedia
Catholic Encyclopedia
. SEE ALSO * Lady chapel
Lady chapel
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "article name needed ". Catholic Encyclopedia
Catholic Encyclopedia
. New York: Robert Appleton. This Catholic Church
Catholic Church
–related article is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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Eastern Orthodox Church
The EASTERN ORTHODOX CHURCH, also known as the ORTHODOX CHURCH, or officially as the ORTHODOX CATHOLIC CHURCH, is the second-largest Christian Church
Christian Church
, with over 250 million members. As one of the oldest religious institutions in the world, it has played a prominent role in the history and culture of Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe
, Greece
Greece
(including Anatolia
Anatolia
), the Caucasus
Caucasus
, and the Near East . A communion of autocephalous churches (″jurisdictions″, or national churches), each typically governed by its own Holy Synod , its bishops are equal by virtue of ordination , with doctrines summarised in the Nicene Creed
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Intercession Of Saints
INTERCESSION OF THE SAINTS is a doctrine held by the Eastern Orthodox , Oriental Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches. The practice of praying to saints can be found in Christian writings from the 3rd century onwards. The 4th-century Apostles\' Creed states belief in the communion of saints , which certain Christian churches interpret as supporting the intercession of saints. As in Christianity, this practice is controversial in Judaism
Judaism
and Islam
Islam

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Pray For The Dead
Wherever there is a belief in the continued existence of human personality through and after death, religion naturally concerns itself with the relations between the living and the dead. And where the idea of a future judgment or a Resurrection of the Dead or of Purgatory
Purgatory
exists, prayers are often offered on behalf of the dead to God
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Intention
INTENTION is a mental state that represents a commitment to carrying out an action or actions in the future . Intention involves mental activities such as planning and forethought. CONTENTS * 1 Definition * 2 The development of an understanding of intention * 2.1 Intentional acts in infancy and childhood * 2.2 Gestures and object-directed intentions * 2.3 Embodiment perspective * 2.4 Social-cultural perspective * 3 Gaze and attentional acts * 4 Biological motion and inferring intention * 5 Simulation theory * 6 Intentions and behaviors * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links DEFINITION Folk psychology explains human behavior on the basis of mental states, including beliefs , desires , and intentions. Mental mechanisms, including intention, explain behavior in that individuals are seen as actors who have desires and who attempt to achieve goals that are directed by beliefs
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Anglicanism
ANGLICANISM is a tradition within Christianity
Christianity
comprising the Church of England and churches which are historically tied to it or hold similar beliefs, worship practices and church structures. The word Anglican originates in ecclesia anglicana, a medieval Latin phrase dating to the Magna Carta (1215) and before, which means the "English Church". Adherents of Anglicanism
Anglicanism
are called "Anglicans". The great majority of Anglicans are members of national or regional Anglican Churches, known as ecclesiastical provinces , which are part of the international Anglican Communion
Anglican Communion
, which is the third-largest Christian communion in the world, after the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church
Eastern Orthodox Church

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Grace Episcopal Cathedral (Topeka, Kansas)
Towers 92 feet Limestone
Limestone
High Altar 17 feet SPIRE HEIGHT 33 feet MATERIALS Limestone
Limestone
BELLS Deagan Tower Chimes ADMINISTRATION DIOCESE Kansas CLERGY BISHOP(S) Rt. Rev. Dean E. Wolfe DEAN Very Rev. R. Steve LipscombGRACE EPISCOPAL CATHEDRAL is located in Topeka, Kansas
Topeka, Kansas
, United States . It is the seat of the Episcopal Diocese
Diocese
of Kansas . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Architecture * 3 Photos * 4 See also * 5 References HISTORYGrace Cathedral started as a mission founded by the Rev. Charles M. Callaway. The first service was held on January 20, 1857 at Constitution Hall, a building used by John Farnsworth for his general merchandise business. Two years later services were moved to the Ritchie Block
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Anglo-Catholic
The terms ANGLO-CATHOLICISM, ANGLICAN CATHOLICISM, and CATHOLIC ANGLICANISM refer to people, beliefs and practices within Anglicanism that emphasise the Catholic
Catholic
heritage and identity of the various Anglican churches. The term Anglo- Catholic
Catholic
was coined in the early 19th century, although movements emphasising the Catholic
Catholic
nature of Anglicanism
Anglicanism
had already existed. Particularly influential in the history of Anglo- Catholicism
Catholicism
were the Caroline Divines of the seventeenth century and later the leaders of the Oxford Movement
Oxford Movement
, which began at the University of Oxford
University of Oxford
in 1833 and ushered in a period of Anglican history known as the " Catholic
Catholic
Revival"
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Icon
An ICON (from Greek εἰκών eikōn "image") is a religious work of art, most commonly a painting, from the Eastern Orthodox Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
, Oriental Orthodoxy
Orthodoxy
, and certain Eastern Catholic
Eastern Catholic
churches. The most common subjects include Christ , Mary , saints and/or angels . Though especially associated with "portrait" style images concentrating on one or two main figures, the term also covers most religious images in a variety of artistic media produced by Eastern Christianity
Christianity
, including narrative scenes. Icons may also be cast in metal, carved in stone, embroidered on cloth, painted on wood, done in mosaic or fresco work, printed on paper or metal, etc
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Jesus Christ
JESUS (/ˈdʒiːzəs/ JEE-zuss ; Greek : Ἰησοῦς, translit. Iesous; Hebrew : ישוע‎, translit. Yēšū́aʿ ‎; c. 4 BC – c. 30/33 AD), also referred to as JESUS OF NAZARETH and JESUS CHRIST, was a Jewish preacher and religious leader who became the central figure of Christianity
Christianity
. Christians believe him to be the Son of God and the awaited Messiah (Christ ) prophesied in the Old Testament
Old Testament
. Virtually all modern scholars of antiquity agree that Jesus
Jesus
existed historically , although the quest for the historical Jesus
Jesus
has produced little agreement on the historical reliability of the Gospels and on how closely the biblical Jesus
Jesus
reflects the historical Jesus
Jesus

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Madonna And Child
A MADONNA (Italian: ) is a representation of Mary , either alone or with her child Jesus
Jesus
. These images are central icons for both the Catholic and Orthodox churches. The word is from Italian ma donna, meaning 'my lady'. The MADONNA AND CHILD type is very prevalent in Christian
Christian
iconography, divided into many traditional subtypes especially in Eastern Orthodox iconography , often known after the location of a notable icon of the type, such as the Theotokos
Theotokos
of Vladimir , Agiosoritissa , Blachernitissa , etc., or descriptive of the depicted posture, as in Hodegetria
Hodegetria
, Eleusa , etc. The term Madonna in the sense of "picture or statue of the Virgin Mary" enters English usage in the 17th century, primarily in reference to works of the Italian Renaissance
Italian Renaissance

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Prie-dieu
A PRIE-DIEU (French : literally, "pray God", plural prie-dieux) is a type of prayer desk primarily intended for private devotional use, but may also be found in churches . It is a small, ornamental wooden desk furnished with a thin, sloping shelf for books or hands, and a kneeler . Sometimes, instead of the sloping shelf, a padded arm rest will be provided. This type is useful for devotions, such as the Rosary
Rosary
which do not require a book, or for private, non-liturgical prayer. The prie-dieu appears not to have received its present name until the early 17th century. In that period in France
France
, a small room or oratory was sometimes known by the same name. A similar form of chair in domestic furniture is called "prie-dieu" by analogy. Sometimes, a prie-dieu will consist only of the sloped shelf for books without the kneeler
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Portugal
PORTUGAL (Portuguese : ), officially the PORTUGUESE REPUBLIC (Portuguese: República Portuguesa ), is a sovereign state located mostly on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe
Europe
. It is the westernmost country of mainland Europe
Europe
, being bordered to the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
and to the north and east by Spain
Spain
. Its territory also includes the Atlantic
Atlantic
archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira , both autonomous regions with their own regional governments . At 1.7 million km2, its Exclusive Economic Zone is the 3rd largest in the European Union
European Union
and the 11th largest in the world
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